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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 15, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond jas financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexib workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". anchor: this is america. as a standup along the border of belarus and poland continues, th e eu steps of sanctions. thousands of people are trapped in freezing conditions. our correspondent is there. >> these people want a better life. they are desperate to get to the european union, which right here. anchor: president biden prepares
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foa virtual meeting with china's president xi as tensions between the countries grow. a new coronavirus lockdown in austria, but only for the unvaccinated as 2 million people are told to stay home. we will hear from our correspondent. plus, as concerns about climate change continue to grow, we report from denmark on how parts of the country are going green by harnessing the power of hydrogen. ♪ anchor: welcome to world news america. we begin tonight on the border between belarus and poland were several hundred migrants have walked from their makeshift camp to one of the main border crossing points to get into poland. belarusian police no attempt to stop the group, but they have did -- they were denied entry by polish forces. the eu a new round of sanctions
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against belarus. the country's president has been accused of orchestrating this migrant crisis as a way to destabilize the european union. steve rosenberg has traled to the border and met with the migrants trapped between the two nations. he sent this report. steve: in the migrant camp, word got out. the belarusian soldiers did not try to stop them. they streamed towards the border crossing that leads from belarus to poland. the closer they came, the more urgent it got. the last fence on the belarus side swept away. after a week in the camp, the migrants are now pouring through
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right up to the checkpoint in poland. they are determined to be let through into the european union. >> attention, attention. steve: but, no entry. polish police were out in force and standing firm. >> the baby is crying for milk. we have nothing. please help with these people. steve: the eu says delarosa is using migrants as a weapon against the west. to pressure europe. a form of hybrid warfare. these people want a better life. they are desperate to get to the european union. it's right here. but, the eu says these migrants are being used, exploited by belarus to spark a humanitarian crisis on the eu's doorstep. back in the camp, we heard stories about how belarusian
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soldiers had helped some migrants cross illegally into poland. >> they told us you will go to poland. they cut the fence. the belarusians cut it. weide ourselves in the forest. they see us and return back to this side. it is like a football game and we are in the middle. steve: many of these migrants from the middle east say they are escaping conflict at home. they paid thousands of dollars each to get here, but they are stuck. they say there's no way back. but for now, there's no way forward. steve rosenberg, bbc news. anchor: that crossing point is just one of the many ways that migrants from afghanistan and iraq are trying to enter europe. another route is passing along the border between northeast serbia and romania. the situation there look starkly different than what's happening
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in belarus. nick thorpe sent this report. nick: it does not look like fortress europe. there are no walls or fences. more like an observation post on the long road from afghanian into the european union. this is a thermal vision team of the romanian border police. the border is 260 kilometers long. 6500 people are known to have frosted so far this year. the real number is certainly much higher. the cameras can see for five kilometers in the dark. >> the most important thing is to identify all persons who try to enter europe, because we are the main gate to europe. if they ask for asylum, they will go into the procedure which comes in this form of protection. or if they don't want asylum, they are going to be taken back to serbia. nick: the police insist they never use force to push migrants
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back. those who ask for protection or who get through undetected end up here. most are afghans and reached the balkans before the taliban took power. this ngo offers clothing, showers and the first kindness most have met for a long time. >> we will help them to bring security. they call me and my colleagues -- they sleep outside and it is so cold. i think more people are on the road and will call here. nick: this is the field where asylum-seekers traditionally congregate. in five years coming here, i have never seen so many people. almost all of them are in transit. you're afghani? around 500 people are acmmodated in the official refugee camp at at least 100
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more sleep rough. he and his volunteers try to ease their aches and pains. romania seems less hostile than other countries. >> what we are seeing now, we are seeing supportive messages. we are seeing people say, h, we should help. you remember how we used to be migrants and we were happy when someone was at least not judging us? maybe they couldn't help us, but at least they were not throwing stones. nick: afghans now reaching europe hope the situation backhoe means there asylum requests will be looked on more favorably. this field is just one more oasis on that journey. nick thorpe, bbc news. anchor: now president biden, is set to hold a virtual meeting with president xi of china later tonight. the two nations surprised many last week by issuing a joint declaration to address climate change. there are rising tensions between the countries on a range of other issues. at the top of the agenda for
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both leaders will be taiwan. for beijing, taiwan is a renegade province it always wanted to fully reunite. but, united states wants xi to maintain peace across taiwan in concerns beijing might use force to seize the island. other issues are likely to be addressed as well, such as inquiries into the origin of covid-19, concerns over human rights abuses against china's muslim minority, and growing frustration from beijing over restrictions on chinese telecom companies. joining me now for more is the bbc's state department correspondent barbara platt-usher. no shortage of topics but what is the main message that president biden wants to deliver? barbara: he wts to find a way to prevent these tensions from veering into conflict. he talks about the relationship in three c's. aggressive competition, cooperation when possible, confrontation when necessary. he wants to make sure the chinese know he is not trying to
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steer towards conflict. he's not seeking conflict. that is a message that has not always got through in lower level meetings. so, we are expecting taiwan to be a core topic. that is the most likely source of a hot conflict. it is a big area of concern for the chinese in particular. they are worried t biden administration is weakening its commitment to what is known as the one china policy. that is the americans recognize only one chinese government and it is in beijing, not taipei. the americans are alarmed that all these chinese warplanes that have been flying into taiwan's air defense zone recently. that will be a big topic. there are other concerted -- other security crns. the key thing is that both men need tunderstand what each other's bottom lines are. the white house says that is setting the guardrails and says it has to be done at the leadership level. anchor: both of these leaders go in with real domestic concerns
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at the moment. do you think that has really led them to be more eager to address the issues in this relationship? barbara: that is probably part of the mix. they have substantive differences that are not going to be fixed. mr. biden frames the relationship, his foreign policy around the idea that china is america's biggest competitor in national security and economic issues. that includes a competition between democracy and autoccy. the chinese do not like this framework. they have given no indication they plan to change their outlook fundamentally, but both men could do without some sort of international rupture next year. xi jinping has the olympics that has a conference of the communist party later this year that is expected to approve him for a third term. mr. biden and the democrats have what looks to be a quite rocky midterm coming up. it would help both of them to fi a sustainable working relationship. nada: inflation is a real issue
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in the united states at the moment. do we expect trade to come up at all in these conversations? barbara: janet yellen said that reducing those tariffs that the united states has on china could help to reduce prices here. i don't think the trade will come up in any great detail in the talks, not at that level anyway. the white house has been saying mr. biden will talk about what he calls rules of the road. he wants china to observe international norms when it comes to respecting international -- intellectual property rights. but, there are working groups that have made some progress on certain aspects of the trade relationship, so it is possible we may see that bear fruit after the meeting. nada: that meeting tonight. barbara, thank you so much for breaking that down. now, austria has introduced a partial lockdown for the 2 million people who have not had
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two doses of the coronavirus vaccine. for the next 10 days, they have been told to stay home except for going to work and essential shopping. the country has one of the highest infection rates in europe, but one of the continent's lowest vaccination rates. bethany bell reports. bethany: karina does not want to get vaccinated against covid-19 so she's under lockdown like 2 million other austrians. as ofoday, she's only allowed to leave her home for essential reasons like work or shopping for food. we met her in a vienna park where she's allowed to take exercise. >> i was walking that the cafes and it is strange to look inside and know that if i wanted to, i couldn't go in and join. it makes you feel really excled and ostracized. ♪ bethany: the lockdown for the unvaccinated is controveral. some took to the streets in protest.
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police say they will carry out random spot checks on people in publ places and fine anyone who cannot show a certificate of vaccination or recovery. austria's chancellor says the government was forced to act because of the surge in new infections. >> we must raise the vaccination rate. it is still shamefully low. this vaccination rate will not allow us to escape from the pandemic. it will keep us trapped in a vicious circle from one lockdown to the next. bethany: since the measures tightened, more austrians have been getting jabbed. as you can see, there are long lines of people that are forming here outside this vienna vaccination center. some people are coming from the booster jabs. others are getting the first injections. some austrians are concerned the move is not constitutional. he's pro vaccination but worried
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about the impact of the lockdown. >> i think it is a catastrophe t o divide between vaccinated and not vaccinated. bethany: clothes shopping is not only for the vaccinated. many austrians say that makes them feel safer. >> we all have to be vaccinated. that is the only solution. otherwise, we ve a problem for a long time. bethany: people disagree on lockdowns, but if the covid numbers keep rising, austria faces a bleak christmas. bethany bell, bbc news, vienna. nada: let's turn to the u.s. state of wisconsin. jurors heard closing arguments in the case of kyle rittenhouse who fatally shot two men and injured a third with an assault rifle during protests in kenosha last year. the 17-year-old traveled to the area, he said, to protect people's property during riots that erupted after police shot a black man, jacob blake.
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prosecutors say he was a vigilante. we're in kenosha tonight. this case really rests entirely on what the jury tanks kyle rittenhouse's motive was. w did the two sides end closing arguments? nomia: that is right. this comes down to the question, was kyle rittenhouse an armed vigilante or was the active in self-defense? it is a case that, as you can imagine, is incredibly divisive. there are protesters carrying signs that show different viewpoints on it. just a few moments ago, someone shouted "free kyle rittenhouse." just to show you how this trial is pying out. both sides have been summing up their arguments. for the defense, the way they are portraying kyle rittenhouse is as a courageous teenager who
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came to kenosha with good intentions. they say he came here to protect buildings, to help to stop any kind of theft, and he only used his gun in self-defense. whereas, the prosecution's argument is he's an armed vigilante. he turned up in a state where he's not from, he had no business being here, and inserted himself into a very volatile situation. kenosha what it's in his third night of protests. the only killings that happened during that entire period of unrest was because of kyle rittenhouse. he's facing five charges. if he's convicted of the mt serious charge, he could face life behind bars. nada: as you have been mentioning, this is an extremely polarizing case for america, not just kenosha. do you think any side will be satisfied with the verdict and how is kenosha preparing for that moment? nomia: it is a really good question.
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there are national guard on standby just in case the protests turn violent. the national media is here, as you can imagine. i think there are so many issue at the part of the trial that that deftly goes beyond kenosha -- racial justice, the right to protest, the right to bear arms. kyle rtenhouse has become the face of two types of movements. you have conservatives who generally back kyle rittenhouse. they look at him as a patriot who was standing up against lawlessness and he only used his gun to defend himself. you have the more liberal groups who say kyle rittenhouse is the face of a gun culture that is completely out of control. both sides are invested in what the outcome is. if he is convicted, the conservatives believe that could have a chilling effect on gun rights and the right to self-defense. liberal grou think it could be a green light for anyone to potentially turn up at protests armed and face no konta what is
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-- no consequences. nada: thank you so much, nomia. let's take a look at some other news now. the president of the philippines will see collection as a senator next year when his six-year term of office ends. campaigners believe the move is an attempt to evade prosecution for his war on drugs which has left thousands of people dead. president biden held an event at the white house today for the signing of his bipartisan infrastructure deal. the $1 trillion measure is excited to create jobs across the country by sending billions of dollars to local governments so they can fix roads, bridges and extent internet access. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, u.s journalist danny fenster has been released from a prison in myanmar weeks after being sentenced to 11 years in jail. we will have the latest. ♪
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nada: the women's tennis association has called for an investigation into a chinese athlete's claims of sexual abuse against a top communist party official. the allegations have already been scrubbed from the chinese internet. carrie allen has more. >> it is very evident, the chinese equivalent of facebook or twitter, is having a lot of sensitivity around this iss. if you search, you don't get any results that are more than two months old. you cannot even comment on historic posts or see historic comments on posts about her. this is a usually sensational claim. we don't see any criticism from anybody about china's top leadership. people like -- there are posts that mention him that are taken away. you don't see state media reporting on this.
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on social media, it is such a tight clampdown. nada: myanmar has released u.s. journalist danny fenster from prison after sensing him to serve 11 years in jail last week. his sudden release follows months of quie pressure by the biden administration. here he is arriving in doha earlier today with former u.s. diplomat bill richardson who helped lead the negotiations for his release. here is what mr. fenster hato say. >> i was arrested and held in captivity for no reason. but, physically, i was healthy. i was not starved or beaten. nada: an official from myanmar's military told the bbc that mr. fenster was released after humanitarian reasons were taken into account. it is unclear why mr. fenster was released now.
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jonathan head has more. jonathan: this was very unexpected. i think most people assumed eventually the burmese military would release danny fenster. there was no reason to keep him. the charges they filed against him appeared to be absurd. they related to a news organization he already left more than a year before. what the burmese military got out of this is very hard to guess. clearly, they've had some diplomatic engagement from governor richardson, although he does not represent the u.s. government. the thai foreign minister has also gone to myanmar this week. that is a controversial visit because, in general, ministers are not engaging officially. all this diplomacy might be the reason the military felt and needed to make this concession. of course, now, it will leave the focus on all the other journalists who are still locked up in myanmar, often in very grim conditions, and the
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thousands of political prisoners. there have been many calls for the release and that has not happened. we had one big amnesty last month but a lot of people remain inside. i think there will continue to be this diplomacy, trying to find a way to establish some understanding with the government in myanmar and widen the space to improve the humanitarian situation to ease the growing conflict there. there's a lot of work still to be done despite this one rare spark of good news. nada: from myanmar to denmark, hydrogen has been hailed as a future clean fuel. many governments are making it a key part of their remission -- omission cutting plans. most of the world's hydrogen is made from fossil fuels but there could be a solution in denmar as adrian murray reports. adrian: these giants of renewable energy tower over the danish countryside. a project offers what might be a glimpse of the future.
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this turbine is harnessing energy from the wind. that power is being used to produce another type of clean fuel. hydrogen gas. the plant is not connected to the grid. the hydrogen made here supplies local taxis. >> we could produce eight kilos per hour with the equipment you can see behind me. nevertheless, eight kilos is what a car can drive 800 kilometers on. adrian: the need to slash carbon emissions has brought carbon -- hydrogen into focus. >> when you burn it, you don't get the co2 commission. adrian: most hydrogen, about 95%, is made using fossil fuels today. green hydrogen, however, i produced from water and renewable tricity. this facility makes electrolyzers, the technology
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needed to produce it. >> we split water into hydrogen and oxygen. what this does is through electricity, we can actually take out the hydrogen molecule from h2o. adrian: hydrogen has been touted as a climate solution before, but it has not really taken off. proponents say it is a different picture today. the danish firm everfuel is making a big bet on green hydrogen and rolling out a network of fueling stations. there are quite a few hydrogen buses on the market right now. >> long-haul trucking is a real challenge on batteries because the grid cannot supply enough. they have to charge for hours. adrian: dozens of new green hydrogen plants are now on the horizon, but much needs to be done if the hopes for this new clean fuel can live up to the hype. adrian murray, bbc news. nada: before we go, we leave you
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with some snowy sights down under. australia's tasmania state was blanketed by record-breaking snowfall over the weeken it was the coldest november night there and more than 60 years. it looks like tasmania's may nap to switch their flip-flops for skis. thank you narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundaon; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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emergency planning for kids. we can't predict when an emergency will happen. so that's why it's important to make a plan with your parents. here are a few tips to stay safe. know how to get in touch with your family. write down phone numbers for your parents, siblings and neighbors. pick a place to meet your family if you are not together and can't go home. remind your parents to pack an emergency supply kit. making a plan might feel like homework, but it will help you and your family stay safe during an emergency.
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight... the road ahead -- president biden signs his $1 trillion dollar bipartisan infrastructure bill into law, as the path for the rest of his agenda grows more challenging. then... under fire -- the pentagon faces new scrutiny for its handling of an air strike in syria that killed dozens of civilians. and... searching for justice -- a former inmate helps others navigate their release from prison and mentors at-risk youth who are still incarcerated. >> they make us feel like we are in the shoes and that we can do bigger things with our life and we do have a future. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."
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