tv BBC World News America PBS November 16, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". anchor: does thousands of migrant are stranded between poland and belarus, authorities use water cannons. steve rosenberg is there. reporter: polish forces have responded with water and gas, it's difficult to breathe. anchor: in their first talks since president biden took office, china's president warns the u.s. not to encourage
taiwan's bush for independence. we will get the reaction from our china correspondent. six people are killed after suicide bomb attacks in uganda. we will hear from our correspondent on the ground. the u.s. calls out russia over a missile test that endangered the crew of the international space station. we will have the latest. ♪ welcome to "world news america." migrants have been targeted with teargas and water cannons by polish security forces. seven officers have been injured. poland has accused belarus of trying to push migrants across the border. a charge belarus denies.
our correspondent is at the border between the nations and synthesis report. -- sent us this report. reporter: first, they asked to be let in. now they are demanding. in belarus, migrants have run out of patience. this is a polish water cannon. migrants on the belarus side started throwing stones and ks is broken out. it's quite difficult to breathe. >> [indiscernible]
reporter: for two hours, the border cssing was like a battleground. the european union says belarus was ung migrants as weapons. to destabilize europe. soldiers stood and watched. they did nothing to stop the migrants from storming the border. why not, i asked this officer? his reply, no comment. while the water cannon fought off the attack on the border, the young and vulnerable took shelter. belarus may have engineered this crisis, but that does not change the fact that it is people that are suffering. an actor fromurdistan's brother sold his house so they could afford tickets and visas.
what do you do now? >> i don't know. we don't know where we are going. we are like a ball in the stadium. they kick us. reporter: when the violence was over, some of the migrants packed up and moved on. they came to belarus to try and get into the european union. now, it's destination unknown. steve rosenberg, bbc news. anchor: last night, president biden held a three hour video call with the chinese leader, their most in-depth waiting -- meeting. there were no breakthroughs, but both accepted competition must not fear into conflict whether intended or not, and they agreed to look into the possibility of arms control talks.
on the issue of taiwan, the u.s. warned china, but the chinese president said they could act if america supported the islands push for independence. reporter: the fact that these two men have met in the meeting past of that incident will be a sign of success by both sides. that is because the relationship has dissented into hostility. the u.s. has accused china of carrying out genocide, and in the last few weeks, joe biden says his military would come to the aid of taiwan if that island was attacked. the fact that these two met, it appeared cordial with waving hands and smiling faces, will be seen as a sign of success. the one big achievement is they agreed they don't want to go to war, it is that blunt.
they want this to be a relationship defined by competition, not by becoming enemies. so, joe biden talked about guardrails. they want to continue talking at their level and other levels but want to ensure the relationship improves and isn't allowed to descend to military hostility. i think it's clear, they want to continue talking, avoid military confrontation. they not going to allies. joe biden wants this to be about being competitive, definitely not enemies. anchor: police in uganda say at least six people have been killed and more than 30 injured in suicide bombings the center of the capital. three attackers are among the dead. the explosions went off within minutes of each other near
parliament and the police headquarters. the islamic state group has claimed responsibility. the bbc is there and has more. reporter: what should have been a normal business day turned to tragedy. the blast went off within minutes, one close to the parliament building and the other across the road from the police station. it is rare to find this part of the city -- the explosions went off about one kilometer apart. . repoer: several injured were police officers. today's explosions come less than a month [indiscernible]
>> i have lost one of my friends, a police officer. the police will give more information about that, it is unfortunate, we are trying to go back to our livelihoods. reporter: these events are troubling for ugandans. the country has not seen attacks like these for at least a decade. anchor: the number of migrants taken into custody by u.s. bord officials along america's border with mexico has fallen for the third consecutive month, overall figures are still at record highs. more than 1.3 million arrests have been made since president haydn -- fighting was inaugurated. on thursday, north american leaders will gather in washington for a summiat the white house. for more, i am joined by laura trevelyan who is in mexco city.
does mexico's president feel he has a good story to tell? laura: certainly a lot that are, and there is no doubt that under pressure from the united states. that is were so many migrants cross into mexico, hoping to reach the united states. even though arrests at the border have dropped in recent months, there were a record 1.7 million arrests, a political problem for president haydn. -- biden. i sat down with the ambassador and asked him why the situation has got worse. more than 1.3 million people have been arrested at the u.s.-mexican border since president biden was inaugurated. as the u.s. lost control?
>> migration is an issue that has bedeviled the united states and mexico for 100 years. it's a broken system, and what president biden is committed to doing -- we have them working hard. looking forward to making progress as we speak including the north american leader summit that is coming up. laura: why has it got so much worse? >> multiple factors. not only here, but across the world. people are fleeing from countries. economics, the poverty that exists in many places in central america. people are fleeing countries where democracy has failed.
laura: how difficult is it for you addressing the root causes of migration when the government to have to work with, nicaragua, honduras, they are so corrupt? >> nicaragua is being condemned around the world because of the fact they rigged election. we take the world as we find it. laura: president biden's approval on the border is 35%. >> people -- every time people see a big problem, they don't believe he will be able to lead, he finds a solution.
laura: how do you have a secure relationship with mexico when there seems to be corruption and drug trafficking and relationship with cartels? >> corruption is a threat to democracy everywhere. what we have at this point is the president of mexico and president biden strongly making a statement and taking actions to deal with the issues of corruption. you cannot have a thriving democracy or economy unls you deal with corruption and violence and the rest of the challenges that affect society. laura: what is it the united states most wants from mexico? >> a continuing and much enhanced partnership. we are neighbors, friends, together forever. we are bound by our geography.
when you have two neighbors that share that foundation and have a shared future, it's one that is going to be here forever. we are excited about that. laura: thank you so much. >> appreciate you coming to mexico. laura: thank you. anchor: let's take a look at other news. president biden has issued an order banning the reelected president of nicaragua from entering the united states, it accuses him of crippling the electoral process and undermining democracy. the measure applies to his wife and other government officials. mr. biden said the u.s. was compelled to act. in canada's british columbia, hundreds of people have been
rescued from a highway after being trapped in their cars. officials were lifted to safety by helicopters. germany's -- regulators say approval will only be considered once it's operator has formed a company under german law. the decision increased hotel gas prices in the u.k. and land europe. the construction was completed earlier this yea and is set to double russian gas supplies to germany. myanmar's military government has brought new charges against the ousted civilian leader aung san suu kyi, saying she collect -- committed electoral fraud though they have not provided evidence. this comes one day after the release of an american journalist who was held for 176 days in myanmar.
he was reunited today with his family and pledged to keep working for others still detained since myanmar's military coup in february. our editor has been speaking with the spokesman from emr's military, and a warning the report contains images some might find distressing. reporter: a united states journalist finally released. the result of lobbying by america and attempt by the myanmar military to improve relations. while he is now free, some 30 journalists are still behind bars. amongst thousands of political prisoners. those lucky to be released and back to their families describe systematic torture in jail, young people detained for months , daring to take to the streets to demand for democracy.
the testimony of one tortured in jail. she was told by her interrogators, do you know what we do here to women? we rape and then kill them. >> we have released her so shaky -- so she can accuse us. this kind of fake news comes around. if she was tortured in prison, there is a system to complain. why didn't she complain? reporter: he appeared to make no attempt to hide the use of torture, on state tv you parade those who have been arrested, clearly their faces bruised and in some cases unrecognizable. >> it can happen when arrests are made. they try to escape and we have to capre them. reporter: the united nations
says the military crackdown points to crimes against humanity, the envoy has been repeatedly denied access to investigate. the general says that is not going to change. >> the reason we don't allow the meis number one, we consider it not the right time. number two, their demands. number three, what they say is not constructed. reporter: when will you allow them to enter the country? >> they need to acknowledging the existence of our government. reporter: you on -- u.n. envoys have insisted on seeing aung san suu kyi, she has not been seen in public since february. the military placing a gag order. while insisting she is well. >> we are keeping her in dention under house arrest.
we are trying our best to give her what she wants, whatever she wants to eat. reporter: 10 months after the military seized power, the people of myanmar continue to protest, telling the world they want democracy, not military rule. laura: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program. civil servants who were hired by the former civilian led government are being fired by the country's new military rulers. we report. a report by the commission has said nigeria's army shot and killed unarmed anti-police protesters last year. the report says the crackdown could be considered a massacre. nigeria's army has denied shooting live rounds at
protesters. here is our west africa correspondent. reporter: biggest protest in a generation, spearheaded by young nigerians. demonstration shook nigeria in the world. it ended in violence and members of the armed forces dissented on a protest site. a report says the road based 40 casualties, four are still missing more than a year on. this report has reignited conversations about good governance here in nigeria. what authorities do with the finding of the panel will influence relationships between the parliament and young people of the country for decades to come. anchor: tomorrow marks a crucial deadline for sudan, one where the military is supposed to hand over power back to civilian
leaders, but there is evidence officials appointed by the civilian government are being fired by the military. since last month scoop, there have been mass protests demanding democracy be restored. the bbc is there for us tonight and send this report. reporter: for nearly 20 years, she has worked in the ministry of agriculture. a few days after the military coup, she lost her job. she lost the post just over a year ago when the civilian government was in charge. many government officials have recently been dismissed by sudan's current military rulers. >> i refuse to work. i was not surprised when they sacked me. i realized many others lost their jobs. apparently they want to bring in
people -- reporter: protests have been going on over the past few weeks. some were violently broken up by security forces. human rights groups are concerned the use of fear is making its way back into sudan. they are warning against press intimidation and restrictions being imposed on local media. this place was once bustling with journalists, now only a few show up occasionally. it is a local newspaper last issued on the day of the coup. as editor-in-chief has suspended it in protest of the military takeover. he says they might eventually shut down. >> we won't let anybody interfere with our work. evidence shows our freedom is
lost and we have seen what has happened to our colleagues. we won't wait until it happens to us. reporter: the roadmap agreed upon in 2019 requires the army to hand over power to civilian leadership. that was originally due to happen tomorrow. but this transition seems to be further than ever now. anchor: russia has confirmed it destroyed a satellite in a missile test but rejected u.s. accusations that it endangered the international space station. the blast created a massive cloud of debris. u.s. officials called moscow's actions dangerous and irresponsible. here is our science correspondent. reporter: it was a moment of high drama in the international space station with an emergency call from mischa control. >> sorry for the early call.
we were informed of a satellite wake up and need to have you start reviewing the safe haven procedures. reporter: on board, the crew were told to take shelter inside return capsules. it was to avoid hundreds of thousands of nieces of space debris created after russia tested a missile system blowing up an old satellit nasa said it was unthinkable that russia would endanger lives. but russia's foreign minister denied it was endangering space activities. traveling at speeds of 14,000 miles an hour, tiny pieces of debris can cause huge damage. >> it was hit at 6.1 kilometers per second. you can see it has gone straight
through. reporter: reflective paint because this crack in the window back in 2016. larger fragments are causing much more concerned. >> something the size of a golf ball, about three centimeters across, that would be large enough to go through the shield on the space station and cause catastrophic damage. reporter: nasa says the next few days will be critical. the space station passes through the debris fid every 90 minutes. the worry is fragments will remain in orbit for years to come. anchor: another danger space. before we go, one chickie's man is putting his skills to the test as he embarks on a 6000 kilometer journey across the atlantic ocean, and he is doing it on kite power. he has already completed the
first leg of his journey from portugal to the canary islands, but the hardest part of it awaits him as he is now heading towards the caribbean island of martinique. the goal is to raise awareness of environmental issues affecting the world's oceans. so many people doing ambitious things to raise awareness about the environment. thank you for watching world news ameri narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the u.s. and china-- president biden meets with china's president xi amid rising tensions and an uncertain future between the two nations. then, inflation fears-- as prices on everyday goods surge, former tasury secretary larry summers has advice for washington policy makers. we hear from him. and, searching for justice-- why older people face larger hurdles and health challenges upon their release from prison. >> all up in the air at the same time. but it's even more difficult for older adults. people have been apart from the community for longer.