tv BBC World News America PBS November 17, 2021 2:30pm-3:00pm PST
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i am lan mexico city, welcome to the special edition of "bbc world news america." the so-called three amigos will discuss key issues. as leaders prepare to meet, thousands of migrants are making their way north with the hope of reaching the u.s.. our correspondent has a special report. >> many are finding it hard to
settle in mexico. anchor: and i am in new york with our other top stories. problems defense minister warns the crisis can last for months. two men were convicted of murdering a civil rights activist malcolm x are said to have their convictions overturned. we will have the story. laura: welcome to "bbc world news america." we are in mexico city overlooking the ceremonial heart of the aztec capital were a festival is underway. we are on the cusp of the first north american leader summit in five years, and mexico's president will be in washington tomorrow with prime minister trudeau of canada hosted by joe
biden. a search of migrants at the border will be high on the agenda as the u.s. and mexican leaders meet. our correspondent has been traveling. reporter: it has become the defining image of modern latin america. migrants on theove. setting off before dawn, migrants spent weeks making slow progress across southern mexico, touching their children as they walked. they have come from all corners of the continent. he moved to ecuador where his daughter was born. the family income was hard during the coronavirus pandemic. reaching the united states he says their only hope. for cubans, the doors have
always been open. with or without immigration policies that favor us. it has been harder with the remaining mexico policy. in a gathering of migrants the size, a full cross-section of problems, from economic ruin, to climate change. from cuba to columbia, haiti and honduras. although the factors at home are more acute than ever, many are finding it hard to settle in mexico. in fact, a record number of people have applied for asylum in mexico this year. between january and october, there were 108,000 requests. 80% higher than during the previous president's six years in office. the asylum agency is underfunded, and struggles to cope. >> every nationality has
increased. the numbers are growing. our capacity is limited. reporter: can you cope? >> with these people coming in now, we are overwhelmed. reporter: do you have the budget? >> no. that is the point. we are struggling for that budget. reporter: critics say the lack of funding shows the mexican government is not serious about helping migrants, a point i put to the president at one of his conferences. >> there is no other country that designates as many resources as mexico to help its people, especially the poorest, and mexico remains in solidarity
with migrants. reporter: mexico and washington speak of creating a development fund for central america to dissuade people fr heading north. in truth, it will take much more, both money and time to tackle such an ingrained confident-wide issue. laura: for more, we are joined by anna maria, and national security expert who formerly served as u.s. deputy assistant for defense for drug enforcement policy and support. thank you so much for joining us. you see both ends of this. how much pressure you think the president will come under from president biden over this issue of migration? >> i think the issue in itself is an existential threat to the biden administration, because if mexico cannot stop the flow of millions of people trying to get
into mexico, the politics in the united states will be just terrific. biden is trying to be kind, humane, step away from controlling migration. it's a difficult issue, i think there will be pressure. laura: what would be a good outcome from tomorrow summit on this issue of migration? >> >> >> that's it good question. -- that is a good question. for president biden to say they reach an agreement in which mexico will show a reduction of migrants crossing through mexico. better cooperation on counter narcotics issues, particularly fentanyl. for mexico, the president needs a good picture with him, trudeau, and biden. and hopefully if everything goes well, someone makes a mistake, instead of focusing on the fact
these countries are thinking of the future of the region instead of mistakes. laura: when you think about the economic block that is the united states, mexico and canada, it's a huge strategic importance is in it? >> it's important for the world. in the case of mexico belonging to this bloc, means mexico has an extraordinary opportunity to grow in ways that it would not otherwise. econic development in mexico depends on if they can grab on to the united states growth in the next 1.5 years. if they cannot do that, it will be catastrophic for mexico's economy and the mexican people. laura: how about the cruption, drug cartels, the mexican president has promised hubs and not bullets. the americans are concerned about this. >> anybody would be concerned if your policy is hugs and not
bullets. part of the press or united states has to exercise has to control fentanyl, organizations that traffic in fentanyl, the drug that affects most americans at this point, at least the communities in the united states. laura: thank you so much for joining us. a very important point about fentanyl, as record numbers of people died in the united states from drug overdoses. anchor: we will return to y shortly. here in the united states, two men convicted of the murder of malcolm x,he civil rights leader in 1965, or to have their convictions overturned, really squashed. the manhattan district attorney said they did not get the justice they deserved. for more, i am joined now by
barbara. this is incredibly sad, in particular because these men became victims of the very injustice that malcolm x spoke out against. how did the government fail so badly? reporter: it's a good question because the shake was -- case was shaky. there was no physical evidence, and they both had alibis. what happened with this review is they found out the authorities, the prosecutors withheld evidence at the trial. which pointed towards other suspects and away from these men. they also found prosecutors -- the manhattan district attorney ologized on behalf of law enforcement.
anchor: did the review get into who killed not annexed or why the government did notork to prevent his assassination? reporter: it did not identify any new names, in fact there were three men convicted of killing documents, one of whom confessed. on the stand, he said the other men had not helped him. he mentioned that one point another man. according to the new york times, one witness statement identified the man holding the shotgun with a description that matched an fbi description. he was known to be an enforcer for the nation of islam. it was thought they were targeting him. his lawyer said he did not participate.
anchor: are we hearing anything from the families? reporter: he issued a statement and said they are the results of the system corrupt to the core. he is glad it is showto be the truth. he is an 83-year-old man, did not know how many years he had left, but he hoped the justice system would take responsibility for the harm it had caused him. anchor: make you so much. moving on, poland's border force is 1000 migrants are still at the border. tensions increased yesterday after polish forces used water
cannons. reporter: fury, frustration, the gateway. polish border guards -- night after night they say troops forced migrants to breach the border. >> everyone wants to go. reporter: they paid more than $10,000 to get to the border. spent two weeks trapped in the cold. >> we do not know what is happening there.
child asking you for brreportert would prefer you not to see the human tragedy unfolding in a beautiful part of the country. visitors, journalists are banned from the forest. >> this is a special placed. reporter: like others here, he tells us it's commonplace to see migrants hiding in the woods, afraid guards will push them back. >> we are not going to change it by building fences. it's up to us some -- to manage it. it should happen in a humanitarian way. it's unacceptable someone freezes to death 100 meters from my house. reporter: at least eight people have died on the polish side in
six weeks. >> it's extremely difficult and faced with suffering. when you have to tell the husband's wife is not going to survive, you see a family being separated. reporter: it is starting to get dark and the temperature is beginning to drop. tonight, people will try to get across the border and make it to these forests. this is testing the fundamental values of this community and country, the eu itself. for the people that end up in this with them, it is simply [indiscernible] anchor: in other news, a deadly storm is being described as a once in a century weather event has cut transport around vancouver.
thousands of people are forced to leave their homes. a woman was killed in a highway landslide and two other people are missing. in the indian capital, all schools and colleges have shut in-depth mas lucian worsened. regulators have shut down coal-fired power plants. the toxic k's has smothered since the festival of diwali. doctors in sudan say 10 people have been shot dead after security forces tried to break up protests against the military takeover. activists have called for people to take to the streets to mark the day when a civilian was supposed to take over leadership. you are watching "bbc world news america." more from mexico city and people who once lived in the united
states about life after deportation. ♪ thousands of people in madagascar are risk famine and more than -- global resulting in droughts. reporter: the hunger crisis is centered in the south. did you and is warning the world's first climate change famine could happen. communities are battling temperatures because of years of droughts and are not able to produce, and often have to sell everything they have in order to buy food,eaving them exposed to the climate. in the coming months, the u.n. is worried about -- this should
be the rainy period, but now there is a lack of rain and concern about when it comes to the harvest season, there won't be enough food. laura: welcome back to mexico city where there is a festival underway behind me. like many urban areas, mexico city was hit hard by the paemic. but now, mexico city has one of the highest vaccination rates in the world. for more. >> we have 95% of adults in mexico city vaccinated. laura: does that put you in a good position? >> that's right.
we lost a lot of labor. we are now in the path of economic recovery. laura: talking about the opportunities after covid. being deported from the u.s. to mexico might not seem like an opportunity, but i have been speaking up to deportees about the hardships they faced and the doors that are opened. >> i am living the mexican dream because when i was in the u.s., i did not know that i could have a dream. laura: eduardo is a famous chef in mexico city, but his journey has been a difficult one. he grew up on america's farms as an illegal immigrant. he was deported twice. choosing the food for his
restaurants is therapeutic. >> i worked the fields as a kid. i consider it to be the education i never had, because now, my job revolves around vegetables. ♪ laura: eduardo learned to become a top chef in the u.s.. deportation was brutal experience. he is thriving in mexico with skills he learned in america. >> life after deportation has been good, it can be good for anybody. laura: mexico can seem unfamiliar and unwelcoming to deportees who spent years living in the united states, and that can be a stigma. there is a movement lobbying for the rights of deportees so their voices can be heard. >> they are 18 and 19 years old now.
they were 13 and 14 when i was deported. laura: she was deported from chicago after the u.s. authorities learned she was there illegally. >> in 2016, returning to mexico was very painful. the most difficult part is being away from my children. years have gone by and i can be by their side. laura: she has set up a collective, raising money for deportees. >> it's complicated to return to mexico after so long, because there is a lot of discrimination against deportees. laura: the man on the right represents migrants, and he is fighting for mexico to recognize deportees. >> they feel they do not match in either country.
for the government, these people don't exist. it's mexicans coming back. there are no programs that could bring deportees back into culture. laura: eduardo garcia knows how hard it is. he firmly believes deportation can be an opportunity. >> i am here in mexico achieving the mexican dream, and anyone can do it. laura: the music of mexico city is everywhere as you can hear behind me, it's part of the country's rich and storied heritage. for more on that, we are joined by a group. why the name? >> basically because we are part of a generation that grew up watching american cartoons, music and english. so we havehe mixture in mind.
follow the heart. laura: this is been a difficult time for mexico. are you feeling hopeful? >> we are romantic, so we never lose hope that better times will come. laura: better times are coming. what you play for us ain and take us to the very end of this special edition of "bbc world news america." >> this is called flowers. ♪ [singing in spanish] ♪
narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: censured. the u.s. house of representatives votes to punish a republican member over a video he shared depicting the murder of a democrat-- highlighting again the deep political divisions in congress. then, getting the vaccine. the biden administration reveals its plan to make one billion covid shots available for global distribution, as vaccinations in poor countries lag. and, "searching for justice." the formerly-incarcerated struggle to overcome criminal records when applying for jobs. >> i felt like i was going to be wearing these invisible handcuffs for the rest of my life. and, although i had paid my debt oc