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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 19, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: : pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. annocer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i am lan new york. a not guilty verdict in a paralyzing case. kyle rittenhouse, the u.s. teenager who shot two people dead, has been cleared of murder. belarus's leader alexander lukashenko speaks exclusively to the bbc and admits his forces may have helped a migrants cross into.
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is re-imposing a lockdown. ♪ plus, we hear from an extraordinary musician who has overcome the odds to achieve his dream. ♪ welcome to "world news america." the u.s. teenager who shot dead to people during racial justice protests in wisconsin last year has been found not guilty of murder. in a trial that divided public inion, kyleittenhouse argued he acted in self-defense because he feared for his life. prosecutors said he behaved like an armed vigilante. prosecutor -- president biden said he stood by the verdict. >> the defendant will rise and face the jury. >> a dangerous vigilante or
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someone acting insult defense? the jury decided kyle rittenhouse'sate. >> we the jury find kyle rittenhouse not guilty. >> the 12 men and women of the jury accepted the teenagers claim he killed out of fear for his safety. >> somehow, someway, those 12? -- 12 jurors found he was innocent. >> second amendment! >> outside court, the potical divisions were clear. >> i have the right to defend myself. that is what kyle was on trial for. that is what kyle was acquitted for. if two guys come up to you and accost you, you can't defend yourself? >> there is no way in a land of law where a person can shoot three people, killed two of
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them, and be acquitted. >> the shooting happened against the backdrop of nationwide protests over racism and police brutality following the murder of george floyd. in kenosha, another black man jacob blake had been shot by police seven times, and on the third night of riots, kyle rittenhouse entered the city. said he came to provide security. >> i am running into harm's way. i will protect myself. >> he shot dead joseph rosenbaum who would chase after him. he killed after another man who chased after rittenhse thinking he was in acte shooter. police later arrested the teenager and charged him with murder. at his trial, there were tears, challenges -- >> when you pointed the gun at
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someone else, that will make them feel like they are about to die, right? that is what you wanted him to feel. >> shouting by the judge -- >> don't get brazen with me! >> a controversial defense in terms of the shooting of jacob blake. >> othereople have shot someone in this community seven times, and it was found ok. my client did four times to protect his life from mr. rosenbaum. that is what happened. >> this case has become a big flashpoint on gun rights. laura: this was a very divisive case. what is the reaction. the reaction has been division.
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>> this is a case that has brought together so many issues, racial injustice. many civil rights protesters had said, if kyle rittenhouse was a black teenager, the police would have behaved very differently. the national guard is on standby . the family of one of the men shot dead anthony huber released a statement, and they said of not guilty verdict sends the message that armed civilians can show up and justify shooting people. that political divide in america exists in america. it is much deeper tonight.
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>> you mentioned the national guard being on standby. president biden has urged people to abide by the verdict, but what does the mood seem to be? >> that's right. he said the verdict will leave many americans feeling angry, including himself. it is pretty calm at the moment. every now and then, you hear cars saying, we love the 25th amendment. the city is not leaving a lot of things to chance. this is a city that does not want a repeat of the violence. laura: the president of belarus alexander lukashenko has told the bbs he will not stop migrants from flowing through his country as they try to enter
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the eu. president lukashenko admitted his armed forces may be helping migrants cross the border into poland. steve rosenberg talk -- spoke to him. steve: the west says lukashenko is using migrants as a political weapon. we confronted him with claims that his troops have been cutting border fences to help migrants into the eu. >> our guys are helping the migrants get into the territory. it is perfectly possible. maybe someone helped to them. won't even look into this. steve: thousands of migrants have been coming to belarus to slip into europe. alexander lukashenko denies bringing them here.
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he said belarus had been stopping migrants. the migrants took that to mean that belarus was open. >> i told the eu we would not detain migrants the border, and if they keep coming, i still won't stop them. they aren't coming to my country. they will go to yours. we will sorthis problem out ourselves as best we can. steve: this was belarus last year. alexander lukashenko under intense pressure, accused of rigging and election and stealing the presidency, but he launched a brutal crackdown on the his critics and on civil society. we saw protesters being beaten, and we saw young people coming out of detention centers with injuries on their bodies.
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>> i admit i people were beaten, but there were police beaten, too, and you didn't show this. steve: since july, 270 ngos have been shut in belarus. >> i will answer your question with no bother. we will gather up all of the mosque that you have been financing. you are upset that we destroyed your ngos and all those you have been paying for? steve: europe does not see mr. lukashenko as a legitimate president. he claims not to care, a pariah in the west. henows there is always president putin's russia to fall back on. steve rosenberg, bbc news. laura: a defiant interview. let's turn to the pandemic. austria will impose a full lockdown as coronavirus cases
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surge. the lockdown starts monday. vaccinations will be compulsory starting friday. more on the reaction from vienna. >> frustration and some anger about the prospect of a new lockdown, at the real controversy is about the plains of the government to make everybody get a covid chad by february. austria is the first count in europe to announce plans like this. it says vaccination rates are too low. about two thirds are vaccinated, one of the lowest rates in western europe. others like the freedom party say the move is unconstitutional, and they called for protests against it. the government says there are plans for thiso be legal because you can do this during a
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pandemic. others say it is about time everybody got jabbed. laura: bethany bell reporting. as austria locks down, in the u.s., more booster shots are on the way. advisors have allowed all adults an era shot, and they are urging people over the age of 50 to get one. the move comes as the number of new infections is rising, and there are concerns about this winter as people move indoors and travel for the holiday. in austria, about two thirds are vaccinated. do you think a compulsory vaccination will bring cases down?
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>> there's a confusion of issues. we do see a likely need for boosters particularly in older people and people immunocompromised, but what is driving the hospitalizations and deaths is not breakthrough infections. it is the failure to vaccinate. in certain circumstances, the existence of a mandate is stifiable. if you are health care worker, if you are not vaccinated, you might result in a fatal infection in your patients. mandates are here to sta the next couple years. we will see them in more and more contexts, and even if you are not providing care for someone, if you go to the supermarket and infect someone, you may have preventively caused a ath. a vaccine mandate that saves
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lives is something we will see increasingly used, but increasingly controversial. it is important we address the concerns people have, but also protect people. laura: if americans get booster shots as the cdc is advising, do you think we can avoid a surge cases that europe is seeing? >> no because the surge happening here is iven by the unvaccinated. 30% of americans are still not vaccinated. we look at germany, israel, other places around the world, you can see lots of spread from breakthrough, but especially the unvaccinated. vaccines may not be perfect at preventing infection, but they are remarkably effective at
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preventing severe illness. we are seeing a preponderance of the unvaccinated resulting in intensive care visit units -- unit visits and death. we need an understanding of what we can do to protect breakthrough infection individuals. laura: thank you for joining us. india's prime minister is repealing controversial laws that sparked mass protests i the country's farmers. the laws removed regulations on what farmers could charge for produce, but farmers felt old rules protected their income. our correspondent repos from delhi. >> a victory for india's farmers in a standoff that lasted close to a year. relief and celebration, an unexpected wind that tasted sweet against a prime minister
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who rarely backs down. addressing the nation, narendra modi surprised many when he scrapped his controversial farm reforms. >> today, i've come to tell you, the whole country, that we've decided to repeal all three agricultural laws. >> through many seasons, the cold winter, a devastating covid wave, tens of thousands of farmers camped on the outskirts of the indian capital. they created a community against the laws that they felt would drive them out of business. the government said it wanted to allow farmers to sell directly to big businesses, but farmers were worried they would lose the minimum price guarantees they would get. now they are smiling, but they
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are also skeptical. >> we've taken a lot of pain. we are not happy yet because the laws need to be repeal. >> it is a small step towards a large march towards victory. >> winning in state elections next year is the reason many say the government backed down. the prime minister needed to keep farmers onto his side. will today's move be enough to win them over? laura: in other news, the united nations has called on china to reveal the whereabouts of the tennis star peng shuai because she has not been seen in public since she accused a top chinese official of sexually assaulting her. the um human rights office urged
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authorities to launch an investigation into her allegations. deforestation is at the highest level in 14 years. the report found deforestation increased by 22% in a year. brazil was one of the countries promising to end deforestation by 2030. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come tonight, in south africa, ptesters have taken to the streets objecting to absolute rule from the monarch. u.s. sectary of state antony blinken has arrived in senegal, the final stop on the his africa tour. our correspondent is in daca with more. >> senegal is one of the most
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stable democracies in africa. according to the american ambassador in the country, over the last five years, washington has provided senegal with almost $1 billion in assistance through various programs. the american secretary of state will need to meet his counterpart. he will discuss security issues in west africa. laura: a kingdom in southern africa has seen violent protests against the autocratic ruler.
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the king said he would agree to pro to spate in a dialogue. the bbc southern africa correspondent reports -- >> africa's last absolute monarchy has experienced some of the most violent protests of the country has ever seen. people want an end to the autocratic rule. they want the power to elect their own government and not those appointed by the king, most of whom are his closest and most loyal family members. the protests have been met with resistance. pro-democracy activists say 40 people have been killedy security forces. >> nobody knows who was killed by police.
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there was a lot of looting. people were protecting their properties, and in that process, they are shooting back. the police also are shooting. i'm not saying the police didn't kill anyone, but not everyone was killed by the police. >> the violent demonstrations left many injured, plunging the overwhelmed health care system into crisis. >> some were amputated. to see a small boy, 15-year-old boy, being shot by a state military or state police, it brings emotions to me. we are human. we see blood. we see relatives crying, and it becomes emotional because you know this can stop. who gave the order to shoot and kill? the one who gave that order
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should have made another order. don't shoot to kill. why kill? >> one of the victims was shot in the back. >> i came across a crowd of people running during the day of the protests. what surprised me was they were running away from the police. it shocked me because the police are supposed to protect us as citizens. armed police started shooting at us with one pointing directly at me and opening fire. >> the king who is often accused of ignoring calls for meaningful reforms has agreed to a dialogue to find solutions to the intensified demonstrations. there is an uneasy calm, but tension is simmering with many saying it is only a matter of time before protests start again. bbc news, it's with teeny.
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laura: turmoil insidthe kingdom in southern africa. we have a truly inspiring story that about the musician felix klee set. he plays the french horn in an orchestra, but he was born without any arms. ♪to be a world-famous >> french horn player, you need good lungs. what you don't need our fingers. felix, warming up with an instrument he fell in love with when he was just three years old. > the thing i can remember is i wanted to play this instrument and nothing else.
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>> 27 years later, he is still artist in residence with an orchestra. it's a technique unique among topusicians. >> everyone says, it should be so difficult. the funny thing about it is i am thinking the same with you. because i see your fingers, the fingers are quite long, and i don't understand how you can hold a pencil with these long fingers. the coornation is so difficult. is it difficult to play your ench horn with your feet? i said, no. i've never played with hands. i can't compare. >> this, felix's debut on stage. there were many times he was told to find an easier hobby. his answer was always to practice even harder.
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>> with people around here saying it is not possible, it is difficult, but it could be a wonderful result to go your own way and live your dreams and do what you think, which makes you happy. >> he will be with the symphony orchestra for two years, playing, touring and teaching the next generation to never give up. ♪ [applause] bbc news, the lighthouse. laura: quite amazing. before we go, if you look up at the sky, you would see something extraordinary. a partial eclipse of the moon. it was the longest one in more than 580 years. it was a visit -- it was visible from japan, chile, and the united states.
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the partial eclipse was the longest since the year 1440, and if you missed last night, it will be 648 years until there's another eclipse that lasts that long. that is one for your great grandchiren's great grandchildren to look forward to. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. enjoy yo narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: fincial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accotants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight. >> we the jury find kyle h. rittenhouse not guilty. judy: kyle rittenhouse is declared not guilty in a case that sparked racial injustice, and self defense. the house of representatives passes the president's build back bert bill sending it on to the senate and likely changes. plus, searching for justice. why those wrongly convicted may face greater struggles than others when adjusting to their post prison life. >> sometimes i'm overwhelmed. anxiety. nightmares begin tofa

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