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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 25, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond jas financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: andow, "bbc world news". ♪ >> u.k. bands arrivals from six african countries. >> our scientists are deeply concerned about the variant. the current spec -- the current vaccines we have may be less effective. >> politicians call for a
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coordinated effort to stop the crossings across the english channel. >> this is about smashing the gangs that treat human beings as cargo. this requires a coordinated international effort. >> after seven decadesf excavation work, egypt celebrates a public opening. >> welcome to world news america. scientists are warning the new covid variant that has properties to help the body invade an immune response.
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it has not yet been declared variant of concern by the world health organization. virologists describe it as deeply concerning and u.k. has announced new restrictions in an attempt to halt the spread. >> earlier today, the south african government held a press conference and they talked about a new variant they have found. i have been updated on this variant by the u.k. health security agency and they have designated it a variant under investigation. the early indications we have is that it may be more transmissible than the delta variant and the vaccines may be less effective against it.
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to be clear, we have not detected any of this new variant in the u.k.. we have always been clear that we will take action to protect the progress we have made. what we will be doing is from midday tomorrow, we will be suspending all flights fromix or seven african countries and we will add in those countries to the travel red list. >> flights will be suspended and anybody arriving will have to quarantine in a special hotel. a professor chairs the ministerial advisory committee on covid-19. he told us it is almost impossible to predict how serious the variant is. >> i am quite concerned that this particular variant has such a wide range of mutations.
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importantly, it has characteristics of the alpha variant. the s gene is not picked up. it has similar mutations to what we have seen in the beta variant. it has mutations that are also common to the delta variant. it is likely to have higher transmissibility. those characteristics together pose a problem. we don't yet know -- it is only just been described but we know based on the other mutations, it highlighted the importance of good surveillance. we picked it up at a very early point. the could a local aspects now is that the first set of cases have come from a group of university students.
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tracking them down, establishing how widespread the variant is among the students is our first port of call. then to establish how the variant is distributed and is it growing at a rapid pace? then would come some guidance about what restrictions we need to put in place while research is underway to establi if the vaccines remain effective against the variant. >> stay with us for more on this. the u.n. refugee agency says the deaths of 27 people on wednesday as they attempted to cross the english channel could have been avoided. it says closing off routes leads to more dangerous attempts. the u.k. home secretary admits
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there is no quick fix and more will come. today, there were still people willing to pay to get into flimsy boats to cross the channel. >> waters that claimed lives lay still today. >> yesterday the tragedy. it was a tragedy it was dreaded, it was foreseen and we have sounded the alarm on this several times saying that the smugglers are becoming more and more careless. >> this tragedy stopped to nations in their tracks. today, it was business as usual. arrivals in kent were loaded into a double-decker bus. fear inot enough to slow a trade greased by profit. the boats they came in on his
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flimsy and dangerous is the one that capsized yesterday. any puncture on boats like this can be fatal. the one found yesterday had deflated. like a child's paddling pool. there are questions about whether it had been hit by a container ship. this is where the boat is thought to have set off on its journey to the u.k. yesterday. a local person told us the smugglers have become more violent over the past year and the turf wars were vicious. some are carrying guns. >> what happened yesterday was a dreadful shock. it was not a surprise, but it is also a reminder of how vulnerable people are put at peril when in thhands of criminal gangs. there is also a matter, no quick fix. >> could this tragedy have been stopped?
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in the u.k., suggestions that the french police should be doing more. france sent the message straight back. >> we are asking for increasing involvement from the british. all of these women and men do not want to live in france. we are offering to them and they are all processed in centers and we will reinforce the means for sea rescue operations. >> five suspected smugglers have been arrested. france says it has dismantled more than 40 networks since the beginning of this year. why isn't it having an effect? >> they invest the money. i make one accusation, i say why don't you control the money of this? >> people gathered to remember
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those who died. the cold of reminder of the conditions they faced. many migrants say they are still planning to cross. 27 people died yesterday, but the business that killed them lived on. >> earlier, i spoke to a french mep. i asked her whether france would accept the british offered to carry out joint patrols on the beaches. >> there are three answers. no, no, and no. it is a problem of sovereignty. it is a problem of efficiency. the cost is extremely long and more and more people are taking more risks. >> what cooperation, what cooperation does president
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macron want? >> let's start by the cooperation we're having right now. 20,000 migrants were stopped in france because we are doing it for the u.k. since the beginning of the year. thousand boats were stopped before they crossed the channel. there are much less people trying to cross through the tunnel onto chips -- ships than there were five years ago. this is a huge cooperation we are dealing with. there is exchange of information between france and the u.k. on networks of smugglers. >> and mp said the british art asking france, it is impractical police the entire coastline. president macron talked about putting military drones in the air, gathering intelligence than
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the police responding to where there are numbers of people heading into the water. that's where i think the british government is saying i can help you with that. >> i would love that there is more intelligence sharing from the british side. what i'm aware of is that they are exchanging information. the french side is giving everything that has about networks of smugglers. there is one certainty. there are networks of smugglers, part of them are in the u.k.. that would be even more efficient if the u.k. was providing information from what they now -- know what is taking place in the u.k. if people are crossing the channel, it's because they're going to be hosted and welcome in the u.k. as well. we have to crackdown on the smugglers networks. we have to address the problems
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and do it together. i am happy to hear that boris johnson realizes there is a need to work in cooperation with the eu, with the sort of challenges. migration is one of them. there should be definitely an agreement on migration between the u.k. and eu. it is not reason not to make progress right now. >> no easy solutions, but let's not lose sight of the human suffering. a doctor fled the taliban for britain in 1999 after being anted asylum, he went on to become the head of the scottish refugee council. i imagine when you look at the tragic events of yesterday, you see it as because you know it's
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like. >> absolutely. the refugee journey is perilous. these images last night brought back the memories of that journey and also the sufferings. it also opened up old wounds of seeking protection and asylum in a new society. it is not an easy journey. the journey of people seeking protection is full of all sorts of dangers. it's not just smugglers or traffickers, but also the fact that people work on these journeys leaving family members behind and also the fa that these people have hopes and aspirations look anyone of us. the only difference is that they have lost everything they once had. >> i hesitate using the word
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migrants because some of them are refugees. that word sometimes dehumanizes these people. e children and young men who tragically died yesterday. tell us about your journey. this is going back 22 years. you came through on the back of a lorry. tell us how you came to the country and how was it organized. >> not much control over where i want to go and where i wanted to stay and what i wanted to eat. you're basically in the hands of people who control where you are going. for me, what comes to mind is the fact that have i had a safe route to seek asylum in the u.k. is there any way of humanitarian visa for me to come to the u.k., i wouldn't have risked my life or put my life in the hands of
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smugglers. nobody wants that. >> that is one of the issues. we spoke to people today in jordan. there are millions of people in these camps in the released. -- in the least. you have to be selective. those who are not chosen are going to find other ways. is there a workable solution to this? >> there is definitely. securitization of borders and drones and other things is not the only solution. there is a humanitarian solution as well. there is a humanitarian crisis and humanitarian -- crisis of your ship. -- leadership. it is a watershed moment for the u.k.. a call for immediate action by the u.k. government. first of all, no one should ever feel their only option to seek traction in the u.k. is to put their lives at risk and at the
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hands of traffickers and smugglers. crossing through one of the big fish busiest shipping lanes -- busiest shipping lanes in the world. there are conflicts. there is the syrian conflict. a country like the u.k. could easily commit to 10,000 or 20,000 people to be resettled annually. there are other things like family reunification. people come to the u.k. to be closer with her family members, to rebuild their lives and to be supported by others that they know in the u.k.. >> it's lovely to hear your perspective, thank you so much. staying with migrants, angela merkel says the eu needs to be
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united in dealing with what she called the weaponization of migration against poland. she said germany fully sports poland adding that the migrants should be repatriated. earlier, 200 people tried to force their way across the border from belarus. a polish official says they used tree trunks to flatten offense and they threw stones at border guards. the migrants were later forced to return to belarus. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, egypt puts on an elaborate ceremony to mark the ancient path of god in luxor. >> tanzania has lifted a ban on pregnant schoolgirls being able to go to school.
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the law passed in 2002 will no longer be implemented. the world bank estimates 5000 girls per year leave school in nzania due to pregnancy. our correspondent told us about the reaction. >> there has been a big reaction. the world bank has reacted to this saying that it is a good move and it shows that the government is committed toward a girls education and that tanzania is going to be in inspiration to the region. there are also other stakeholders saying that it is a od move, but others want more actions taken by the president. they wanted to be implemented into a law so that it can be dealt with smoothly.
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>> let's return to our top story on covid. a warning from scientists about a new variant. most of the cases detected so far are in south africa. we're going to johannesburg to talk to our correspondent. there is still a lot to know about this variant. there clearly -- clearly concerned about how quickly it spreads. >> that is the one thing scientists are sure about. scientists are busy studying trying to understand the impact the mutations, how they might work together. the one thing we do know is that it is spreading very fast. within a matter of days, it has become the dominant strain in south africa. at a time when the country
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appears to be on the cusp of s fourth wave in the pandemic. a real concern that this is a transmissible virus, a variant that is far more transmissible than the previous ones. >> there's a lot of infection because many countries are in the midst of a fourth wave. do we know how it mutated? >> the suspicion from doctors is that it was probably hosted and someone whose immune system was already cpromised. perhaps they had hiv or aids. being exposed for approval ash for long time to the coronavirus , that virus had time and the motive to try to escape for a long time and during that time, it mutated more and more.
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it is a particular issue scientists here identify with what they call an escape mechanism. when the virus is under pressure, but it is in a host body where the immune system is compromised. that is likely the way that this mutation evolved. >> is the importance of getting people vaccinated in the developing world? >> interesting to hear from the top scientists battling this pandemic in south africa. they are saying we don't want borders to go up, we don't want flight dance. we need financial support to help us do the work that the scientists have been doing for the past couple of years in identifying the strains and helping the world to combat the pandemic. the issue of vaccination is crucial.
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luckily for south africa, about two thirds of people over 60, the most vulnerable potentially to this next wave have had their jabs. the problem for younger people is that the uptake has slowed down. it's not about supply of vaccines, it's about people willing to take it. the bigger issue if the virus spreads further is that cross africa, rates of vaccination are very low. 3% to 4% in many places. >> thank you very much for that detail. take a look at the days other news. reports from russia say that 52 people are presumed dead in the collapse of a coal mine where a fire broke out. at least three of the victims were rescuers. rescue efforts had to be suspended because of the risk of splurge and from high levels of
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methane gas. three days of morning have been declared. australia has sent peacekeeping force to the solomon islands after a second day of unrest threatens to topple the government. the nation has been rocked by rioting. some have accused the prime minister of being too close to china. businesses in chinatown have been targeted. ceremony has taken place in the egyptian city of luxor to mark the public opening of the avenue of sphinxes. the remony incorporates elements of the ancient festival which traveled the route each year. >> after more than 70 years of excavation work, egypt celebrates the public reopening of its ancient path of god. nearly three kilometers long, it
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connects temples in the southern city. the sandstone paved path is flanked on each side by hundreds of sphinx statues dating back more than 3000 years, which were buried beneath the desert for centuries before they were uncovered and restored. the ancient road has been opened by egypt's president hooks this will give a much-needed boost to the tourism industry. 2 million egyptians are employed in tourism which generates more than 10% of the country's income. tourists have been kept away in recent years due to a decade of political turmoil as well as the coronavirus pandemic. with a procession through the streets of cairo earlier this year and another museum opening planned for the coming months, the government says it hopes
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this spectacle will cement the country's reputation as the world open-air exam. -- museum. >> spectacular. thank you for watching world news america. to our viewers in the united states, very happy thanksgiving. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentaon of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening and happy thanksgiving. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, hunger in america: this holiday, many americans face food insecurity amid the ongoing pandemic and rising prices. >> we live on top of a whole foods that we can't afford to shop at, so we feel the weight of food inflation and insecurity on us every day. >> brangham: then, california burning-- the state's largest utility company faces questions over whether its aging equipment sparked this year's biggest wildfire. and, america divided-- how the culture wars engulfing the country are finding their way into nearly every facet of political conversation.
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