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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 25, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well plned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ros: i'm ros ah "outside source." the u.k. in france called for greater cooperation to stop human traffickers after migrants died in the english channel. >> this is about smashing the gangs that treat human beings as cargo. this requires a coordinated international effort. >> in a way, we are guarding
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this for the british. these men and women don't want to claim asylum in france and if they do, we have centers for them. ros: in calais, a vig for the victims, seven women, one of whom was pregnant and three children among those who drowned. despite the dangers, more people crossed the english channel today. also, a report from south africa, that has detected a new coronavirus variant. six cases identified, multiple mutations, and a top scientist told outside source he's worried it could drive further waves of covid-19. >> it has got mutations that are common to the delta variant, so it is likely to have higher transmissibility. in those characteristics together pose a problem. -- and those characteristics together pose a problem. ♪ ros: let's begin by lookit international reaction to the deaths of 27 people who died
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trying to cross the english channel wednesday. you can france are calling for stronger international cooperation to tackle human trafficking, and these pictures of the vigil in calais. at least 27 people are known to have died, 17en, seven women and three children. we are told one of the women was pregnant. there are two survivors who are recovering in hospital and according to several charities, many of the dead appear to be kurds from iraq and iran, some may have been arabs and afghans as well as other iranians. the prime minister of iraq says come i am deeply saddened by the tragic loss of 27 innocent lives last night. our thoughts are with their families. he goes on, this is a potent reminder of the dangers of illegal migrations of the smugglers who sent people to their deaths. we must act together to stop them. french authorities tell us they may 5 arrests in connection with
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what happened. on the u.k. side, government is calling on french counterparts to take more action. here is the u.k.'s home secretary. >> joint patrols prevent these dangerous journeys from taking place. i offered to work with france, put more officers on the ground and do what is necessary to secure the area so that vulnerable people do not risk their lives getting it on seaworthy boats. ros: for the french government, it is an issue for the u.k.. here is the french president. >> when these men and women arri at the coast, it is already too late. at this morning, our prime minister held a special meeting, where they considered all our operational options, including calls for maximum presence, using drones and mobilizing the reservist, and asking the british to increase their efforts because remember, in a way, we are guarding this border for the british. these men and women don't want
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to find asylum in france. we offered that, and if they do, we have centers for them there calais and dunkirk. ros: they are also calls in the you can france for a joint effort from other european union countries. let's hear from the bbc european editor. reporter: there's going to be a meeting here in calais with ministers responsible for migration with the u.k., representatives of the europe paean -- european commission, germany, netherlands, and france. the home secretary has called for inteational cooperation. france says it wants it, too, although it is rejecting joint troubles with the u.k. on french beaches and frenc waters, but is turning to the eu and says, you know about regular migration and the loss of life caused by people smugglers with flimsy dinghies. we saw it in 2015 in the migrant crisis but we just had poland asking for eu help on its border with belarus.
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e.u., you have got to do something about this because france says, where do you think these people are coming from who had to calais to head over to the u.k.? they have to cross through other european countries to get here and year after year, we have seen other european member states absolutely incapable of deciding on any fact event humane migrant asylum policy. ros: even before the tragedy, the u.k. and france were pledging funds t tackle the issue. the countries have a joint intelligence group which so far his country did to 94 paid this week, france announced an extra 11 million euros as opposed to tevin -- as opposed to 10 million pounds worth of equipment and vehicles. a pledge to give france over 60 million euros that goes towards police patrols, a boost of aerial surveillance and to strengthen security at ports. at some french politicians say these actions will solve the fundamental issue.
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here is a member of parliament for calais. >> i can assure you that having more money or having more police officers at the french sure will not change anything. it will not change anything because we have 200, 300 come along matters -- 300 kilometers of shore to monitor and it only takes a few minutes for smugglers to go to seat with a boat full of migrants and we are ill going to have dead bodies in the channel. ros: the conservative mp for dover in southeast england, that is the area where many of these boats land, here is her response. >> what now needs to happen with these small boats is action taken to stop people getting the boats. yesterday, just hours before the tragedy, we saw footage of french police standing by and not taking action as boats were brought outcome as people got in the boats, as children were
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placed in boats that were taken to sea, and no attempt to stop them. ros: the uk foreign secretary says migrants should claim asylum in the first safe country that reach comes of the u.k. government argues these migrants should be claiming asylumn france. but the french president says these people don't want to be registered in france. sos they are waiting for their crossing, many leave in camps like these, often open up and destroyed by french police, but soon enough, others are built. the bbc's louis goodall has been speaking to people in these camps. >> french police have taken all r items that belong to us, they destroyed our tents, our sleeping bags. from your viewpoint, france is a safe country. but actually, it is not. lewis: when we asked why people weren't miming asylum in france,
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some said family in britain, historic ties between their country in britain, language, but many cited how they have been treated by the french government and their belief britain will be moreane. ros: but many do stay in france, obviously in camps, but find permanent solutions come and stay in other eu countries as well. we also know some do choose to go across the water. a reporter has been on a beach at dungeness in kent in the south of england th week, speaking to people as they arrive. she explains why they chose to take that risk and getting those dinghies to reach the u.k.. reporter: some had lived here before. i spoke to one young man who studied at city university in birmingham and left to afghanistan and now felt he had to go back to the only country he knew. others just spoke very good english and wanted to come. many were reluctant to talk about their experiences in france. they had to be in on these boats
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for 10, 12 hours at this point and were finding it difficult to articulate what it was like in france. ros: are you convinced all these people were arriving with the help of people smugglers? reporter: i can't sak for all. about 600 arrived in dungeness while i was there, but i did speak to one young man who described the process he encountered with people smugglers. he had been in calais and they moved him down to the beaches where there are fewer patrols. he said he paid 2000 pounds to get on the boat and he realized, with 50 other people on this boat, they all paid the same price, he reckoned the people smugglers must have made up to 100,000 pounds for his boat alone. there were describing the interactions with smugglers, and the boats all look very similar, suggesting they may have been made specially. and they were in poor condition when they arrived. ♪ ros: now, we must talk about
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russia because media there is reporting 52 people are presumed to have died after a fire in a siberian coal mine. at least three who died were rescuers who sent in to help those trapped. almost 300 people were inside the mine when the fire began, caused by coal dust in the ventilation shaft that caught a light and filled the mind with smoke. a major rescue operation got underway. most of thoseerground were successfully brought to the surface. when official speaking to afp news agency said it is unlikely those who remained underground would survive. in addition, the rescue operation had to be stopped after a few hours because it was too dangerous. this is the region's governor. >> the chance of an explosion is very high. we decided to suspend the search and rescue operation until the concentration of gas reduces. ros: this mine is in a region in
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siberia about 3500 kilometers from moscow. three days have mourning have been declared in the region. mining is a big part of the economy despite the dangers paid this mine has been in operation for more than 60 years at this is the third time accidents have caused significant loss of life there. while president putin has already commented on the tragedy. >> unfortunately, the situation is not getting easier, and there is a danger to the lives of the rescuers. nessary decisions are taken at the scene. we hope they will save as many as they can. when people lose their lives come aid is always a great tragedy. ros: f more on this, i have been speaking to abba and -- adam robinson of bbc news. adam: the first details emerged this morning, it happened around 2:00 our time, i think. first reports suggested smoke had filled mind. -- the mine.
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there were also reports of an explosion. we have found out the cause was coal dust catching fire and thereafter, spoke -- smoke spread through the mine. ros: it sounds like everyone in the mine would have been aware of the security threat, because they have encountered it before. adam: yes, there was a similar accident in this mine in 2004. the death toll was far lower. gas and co dust are seen as the biggest threats to safety in russian mines. they are a chronic problem. there are reports practically every year about mining accidents in the country. ros: tells more about this region, for people who don't know russia well. adam: this is in a basin that is a huge coal mining area established under the soviet
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union and its drive to industrialize. it is in siberia, the area of the soviet union wanted to invest in to push forward its agenda of industrialization. ros: stay with me here on "outside source," in a few minutes, we talk about the solomon islands, hit by two days of rioting, some of it triggered by the country's relationship with china. ♪ ros: the world health organization says an estimated 470,000 lives have been saved in older age groups since the start of the covid-19 rollout. here is richard peabody from the who >> covid-19 vaccines are saving a large number of lives across the european region. as you highlight, we estimated vaccination has saved approximately 470,000 lives amongst those older adults more
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than 60 years of age across these 33 countries since the start of the covid-19 vaccine rollout. it is likely, if anything, to be a bit of a conservative estimate. but what we are saying is that large proportio of these age groups, particularly in some countries, remain unvaccinated, and it is important those groups take up the offer of this vaccine and get themselves protected. ♪ ros: i'm ros atkins with "outside source," live in the bbc newsroom. our top story, the u.k. in france calling for international cooperatn to stop human traffickers after 27 people drowned in the english channel
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on wednesday. scientists are warning of a new covid-19 variant that may have properties that help the virus evade the body's immune response rate only 10 cases identified, some in botswana, the majority in south africa. here is south africa's health correspondent. reporter: the variant has not been named a concerned by the who yet, but sou african scientists have classified it as an area of concern because they were able to notice the virus mutated more than 30 times. there is a lot to know about this variant. but in south africa, they are tripping behind number of cases especially in one province to this variant. ros: there have been thousands of covid-19 mutations and onl a handful have been declared variants of concern by the who. we are focused on four of them, the alkyd -- the alpha variant, beta variant, the gamma
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vaant first identified in brazil and the delta variant, the most important, which became dominant around the world. but this new variant has brought a warning from a top u.k. virologist, saying the high amount of spike notations suggest this could be of real concern. i spoke to a professor who chaired the south african ministerial advisory committee on covid-19. he said it is all most impossible to predict how serious this variant is. >> i am quite concerned. this particular variant has such a wide range of mutations and importantly, it has characteristics of the alpha variant. for example, the s gene is not picked up, as is the case of the alpha variant. it has similar mutations tt we see in the beta variant, some aspects of immunity, and it has mutations that are common to the delta variant.
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so, it is likely to have higher transmissibility. and those characteristics to gather pose a problem. we don't yet know how this virus is behaving, it is only just being described, but we are extrapolating based on mutations that we know from the other variants. ros: bearing in mind everything you just said, sir, what should be done in south africa, botswana, and globally? >> the first important point is that it has highlighted the importance of good surveillance, and we picked it up at a very early point. so the critical aspects now is that this first set of cases have come from a group of university students. so, tracking them down, establishing how widespread this variant is among those students, is our first port of call.
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then, it would be to increase surveillance and establish of this variant is currently distributed, and is it growing at a particularly rapid pace, and then would come guidance about what restrictions we need to put in place while the search is underway, to establish how vaccines remain effective against this variant. ros: can i ask how easy or difficult it is to predict how a variant will behave? with delta or gamma or alpha, could we say very early on that this was a big problem? or is it only after time that we recognize it definitely was? >> there is almost no way to tell. the virus is so new, these mutations are so new, we really don't know. after we have seen the way the virus behaves, that is when we catch up and better understand it. the thing about this virus that has been so challenging is the
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rapid pace at which things occur. ♪ ros: every day on "outside source," we look at the biggest stories around the world. we just heard from south africa. next, the solomon islands, a south pacific island nation of 600,000 people. for the past few days, it has been rocked by rioters, some of whom accuse the prime minister of being too close to china. the close does the focus is the capital, city of 85,000 people. this was the scene earlier, buildings satellite went over 1000 protesters stormed the chinatown district and targeted chinese businesses. this is drone footage of a building sn fire. we are told banks and markets have also been looted. this gives you aense of the devastation in the city center. other buildings have been ransacked. there is rubbish everywhere. we are told police are guarding critical infrastructure
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including hospitals and government buildings, but they can't guard everything. that's hear more from a journalist there. reporter: for us, it is quite a sad day for us, especially with what is happening now. it is getting out of contr, and people are looting, burning down buildings, starting from the east of the city. ey burned down a branch of bank of the south pacific, also isnd enterprise, local company that has been here for a long time. so they have not only looted or are burning down chinesewned shops, but they also burned down local as this is, which is quite a sad thing to happen, especially at this time. yesterday, unfortunately, they managed to get more protesters with them as they go along, and now it has gotten to a time where there is chaos, and i am not too sure the local police
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will be able to keep such a crowd, but with what we have seen, it seems as if things are getting out of control, especially in some arts of the town. ros: that was the situation thursday. this violence though began wednesday come outside parliament, where protesters tried to storm the building in a bid to topple the prime minister. the day started peacefully. these pictures are outside parliament, you can see a few hundred people gathering, most from a neighboring province which has long complained of neglect from the central government. things then escalated -- buildings were set alight. this smoke was seen from inside the parliamentary compound. this police station was also targeted at almost completely destroyed. next came a 36-hour curfew, but the violence didn't stop. this video was posted on twitter on thursday. [groaning]
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it went up in flames, as you can see. the unrest has alarmed the island's south pacific neighbors. australia has close relations. it is sending 100 military and police personnel. thiss the australian prime minister. >> our purpose here is to provide stability and security, to enable the normal constitutional processes within the solomon islands to be able to deal with the various issues that have arisen, and that that be done in a climate of peace come stability a security. it is not the australian government's intention in any way to intervene in the internal affairs of the solomon islands. that is for them to resolve. ros: to understand what is happening in the solomon islands now, we need to go back to 2019 when the government took up diplomatic relations with china and severed them with taiwan.
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this was after a government report found the solomon islands could benefit a lot if it switches. until then, the country was among a handful of countries with formal diplomatic relations with taipei rather than with beijing. the move angered the government of the most popular province, a province that long had tensions with the central government, and that was stoked further. i have been speaking with the solomon islands journalist for radio new zealand international and the new zealand capital of wellington. he explained what measures the government is taking. reporter: i think the authorities are reeling from just the sheer size of this revolt, and they are just welcoming the support of the australians, who started arriving last night, and more arriving today. the dialogue and the original protest, and that whole
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political issue that was initially raised on wednesday i think is no longer the focus. this is criminal activity, opportunts, they are looting, and the rioters i don't think are completely connected to the initial political fallout of a seeming lack of consultation, a lack of the government hearing what the people of the province that initially started the protest were talking about. ros: before this started, was this a known issue, this animosity toward china and chinese people? reporter: the switch from china domestically isn't the big issue, and the straw that broke the camel's back. there has been a long-running issue with this province and the
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national government, grandstanding in the elections in terms of massive projects that were supposed to be delivered. it goes back to the original ethnic unrest of the late 1990's and 2000s, where there was massive violence and bloodshed, so there is a lot of unresolved issues in terms of what the demands, which are basically four eight decentralization -- basically for eight decentralization of some of the wealth in the islands, and the provinces. so there has been for consultation from the government in terms of the switch from taiwan to china. ros: australian has just confirmed its peacekeepers are now on the ground and what it calls the volatile capital city. quick update on our top story -- those 27 deaths in the english channel yesterday. u.k. prime minister boris johnson has written to french
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president emmanuel macron, outlining steps he says the t countries can take. it includes joint patrols to prevent boats from leaving french beaches and using radar. meanwhile, vigils have been held in calais for those who lost their lives. that brings to an end in this edition of "outside source." thanks for watching. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond jas financl advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at currt opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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