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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  December 9, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisotailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ ros: i am ros atkins with "outside source." boris johnson under pressure. an investigation into rule breaking at chrimas parties said to be held at downing street last christmas. conservatives being fined for breaking campaign finance rules over the refurbishment of his plant, and covid rules adding to pressure. also, senior u.k. lawyers investigating china's treatment of its uyghur majority. the unofficial tribunal finds the chinese state carried out genocide. >> the tribunal is satisfied they occurred as a direct result of policies and speeches
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promoted by president xi and others. ros: the world health organization morning wealthy countries against hoarding coronavirus vaccines is the omicron variant continues to spread. ♪ pressure on prime minister boris johnson is coming from several directions. first, the christmas party at downing street a year ago, or possibly parties, which would have broken covid eyed lines. a government investigation launched mr. johnson is being expanded to include two more events. its initial scope was the party at downing street on december 18 last year when officials enjoyed, one source told bbc, drinks, giggles and games. theestigation will now look at a party at the education department on december 10 that has been confirmed.
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the department ostrava's chief civil servant says drinks and snacks were brought by those attending, and a third alleged party on december 27 at number 10 is also being investigated rate "the guardian" is reporting boris johnson attended and gave a speech remarking on helpful the room was with people. a government minister gave more detail about the investigation. >> the primary purpose of the cabinet secretary's investigation will be to establish swiftly a general understanding of the nature of the gatherings [laughter] including attendance, the setting, and the purpose. [laughter] and with reference to adherence to the guidance in place at the time. if required, the investigation will establish whether individualistant binary -- individual disciplinary action is warranted. ros: london police of ruled out
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there investigation into the december 18 policy, based on the absence of evidence and our policy not to investigate such breaches, it said. but at least three people who were reportedly held or went to unlawful gatherings the same day as the downing street party have been fined by courts this month. and labor still has questions about the government's investigation. >> are there more parties we need to hear about? is this investigation just say, we are doing something, or is it a serious investigation? the pre minister said yesterday i have been repeatedly ensured there was no party and no covid rules broken, but i asked the cabinet secretary to establish these facts. who gave these repeated assurances? ros: we heard the reporter ask if there are more parties we need to hear about? there was a gathering with carrie johnson, boris johnson's wife, at the downing street flat
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on december 13 lester. a spokesperson denies this. the bbc has been told on the 13th and 27th of november, there were drinks for the number 10 staff conservative sources say for members of the party's staff were disciplined for taking part in an unauthorized social gathering on december 14. at next headache for boris johnson, questions over how a revamp of his downing street flat has been paid for. the conservative party has been fined 17,000 pounds by the electoral commission failing to accurately report donation paid for the refurbishment. here is been right. ben: we knew the tory donor provided a lot of money to cover the cost of the refurbishment of number 11. lord guit published a report in the spring. the electoral commission was trying to established where the the money -- trying to establish whether the money frothe lord
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was reported or whether it broke electoral donation rules. the commission decided it was not properly declared and this was a loan amounting to 60,000 thousand pounds, of which 52,000 pounds was used to cover the flat refurbishment area the electoral commission says that should have been declared as a loan. it wasn't, which is why they find the tory party 17,800 pounds. ros: sam kurtz from sky news points out, in may, the prime nestor told the lord that he didn't know who was behind the number 11 refurbishment until february 2021. today, the electoral commission says the lord gave the loan in november 2020. the prime minister's spokesperson says mr. johnson acted in accordance with the rules at all times. ask if mr. johnson lied to the lord, the spokesman said no. but pressure on boris johnson does not end there.
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he has been accused by some in his own party of introducing new covid restrictions to deflect attention from the fuhrer around the christmas party. here is one conservative mp. >> is my honorable friend the prime minister aware that very few will be convinced by this diversionary tactic? ros: mps were vote on new restrictions on tuesday and some indicate they may not support the government. >> i find it so depressing we are back at imposing cod restrictions. they are a more lighter touch than previous episodes of new variants, but i haven't made up my mind on how we will look for them on tuesday. i will be looking at them carefully over the weekend and making a decision. ros: the editor of "the sunday telegraph" writing, there is an over the spacefaring end of regime stench emanating from
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downing street that can no longer be ignored. remember, this is boris johnson's former employer and a newspaper normally loyal to him. here is more from our political correspondent. hannah: you have boris johnson trying to sell an unpopular policy to a party that was quite crossed with him and his operation, not just over claims over a christmas party, but a series of things at the way he has handled a series of things that they see as a series of mistakes, unnecessary mistakes that number 10 have made. and some of that private anger is starting to spell out into the airwaves. bolton mp chris green was asked three times this morning in a radio interview to say he had confidence in boris johnson. he did not answer, eventually saying silence speaks volumes. and a political party isn't just made of mp's at its leader, there is membership and there is signs of a degree of upset among conservative
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members. the chair of a conservative association and a live interview today with bbc essex today announced he was resigning. there is a measure of upset at what is being prosed here. and next week, a week from today, you get a measure from the voters. ros: the most important news of the day for the prime minister -- he and his wife carrie johnson announced the birth of a daughter. i have been speaking about this with our u.k. political correspondent rob watson. rob: i was reminded when i was going through this, i don't know if you remember the eagles song "life in the fast lane" where just everything seems to be happening, both in his political and personal life. and i suspect one has to conclude, and suspect prime minister is thinking this of all the fixes he has been in come all the holes, this looks like the deepest. he has two problems, one is a
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problem within his own party, as you have been hearing. that is an awakening for some conservative mps, and a reawakening or others, a sense that the prime minister's brilliance at winning elections, maybe he is just a hopeless prime minister. and then, a pblem with a chunk of the electorate. opinion polls suggest that this story, one rule for the rest of us that we can visit loved ones laughed christmas or dine with relatives, but it was different for those in power, does seem to be hurting. ros: work through the three problems in turn, rob. in terms of a possible rebellion within his party, that is not to be enough to prevent new covid restrictions? rob: no it is not, you are right. but it is important. because what it shows is that many conservative mps feel it is perfectly fine to vote against
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the government. that is a wider problem for boris johnson. if your troops start to not fear you, not to respect you, it makes government -- makes governing more difficult, even when you have a majority on all of the things on the government agenda. ♪ ros: the world health organization says it is concerned that wealthy countries will hoard coronavirus vaccines in response to the rapid spread of the omicron variant. here is the who vaccine director, kate o'brien. >> we are not going to get out of this unless we have true vaccine equity and distribution of vaccines in a timely fashion to every country. there is risk that the global supply is again going to revert to high-income countries according vaccine -- countries hoarding vaccines to protect
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their opportunity for vaccination. ros: they are not the only ones warning about the situation. an advisor to the people vaccine alliance campaigns for vaccines to be made available to everyone around the world. >> we don't have enough doses for the world and the doses that are available are hoarded by rich countries all the time. what is left africa is not enough far more than 60% of the population in europe and the u.k. are fully vaccinated. the situation in africa, you have under 7% of the population fully vaccinated. of course, we have a big problem. ros: an epidemiologist at the london school of hygiene joined me a few minutes ago from karachi, and i asked her to what
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degree for developing countries vaccine supply remains an issue. >> currently, the fact that the omicron variant that emerged has led to a stall of third-booster connections and more recently, decisions over vaccinating children, th is certainly going to put up some stress in terms of vaccineupply being made available to low-income settings. ros: you mentioned the omicron variant. to what degree does that change the equation as you look at the pandemic and the places you are studying? >> i am based in karachi, that is where i live and work, and we have seen a steep climb in cases in the past week or so. in south africa, where the omicron variant was reported, in
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the previous waves, we have seen a lag of two or three weeks before we see the rise in cases. but the last week, we have seen numbers of cases go from 20 or 30 a day to 5000 cases a day. in terms of hospitalizations, the numbers have increased, but not to such a large level as that observed at the third wave of the delta variant. for example, about 200 hospitalizations in the whole country in the face of such a large numbers, and only a small proportion of that, out of 215, about 30 are severe cases. so we have not yet seen a
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massive data on the health system -- massive daieo -- massive deluge at our hospitals. ros: when we returned, a look at the chinese uyghur and why lawyers in london say the chinese treatment amounts to crimes against humanity. ros: new research found the indian capital of delhi has alarmingly high levels of indoor air pollution, 20 times the who standard. here is our correspondent in delhi. reporter: this is the world' is most polluted capital city. many complain about the toxic air, which doctors say can lead to long-term respiratory illness. often, we feel when we are indoors that we are actually protected and safer but according to this university of
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chicago study which surveyed residents in delhi across all socioeconomic groups between 10 2018-2020, the levels of small, dangerous air products's that can get lodged in your lungs were higher indoors that they were in the nearest recorded outdoor meter. that is quite surprising. ♪ ros: i am ros atkins with "outside source," here in the bbc news room. our lead story -- pressure moting on u.k. prime minister boris johnson is an investigation expands into unauthorized parties allegedly held at 10 downing street. tribunal investigating china's treatment of its uyghur minority
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has concluded chinese committing crimes against humanity. the tribunal detailed systematic abuses including torture and religious destruction against the uyghurs. this is the tribunal chair. >> on the basis of evidence hurting public, the tribunal is satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt that china intended to destroy a significant part of the uyghurs and as such has committed genocide. ros: the tribunal is made up of lawyers and business people, doesn't have the backing more power to sanction china. the hearings took place in london and they looked into alleged abuses taking place over 6000 kilometers away. over 70 witnesses were called. some describe shocking details of rape and assaults. one who gave evidence was an ethnic kazakh who now lives in
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london and has been speaking to our premedical respondent -- into our diplomatic correspondence. >> [speaking ethnic language] >> this is a firsthand witness of china's oppression. he is an ethnic kazakh one of dozens of former detainees who give evidence about what they went through. he was arrested in 2017, accused of installing what's, which is blocked in china, and -- installing what's app, which is locked in china. >> [speaking ethnic language] reporter: he says he was once on each for completing he was hungry.
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he was put in something called a tiger chair. >> [speaking ethnic language] reporter: this is where he says he was held for being moved to a reeducation camp. >> [speaking ethnic language] ♪ [singing] [speaking ethnic language] ros: that is the experience of
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one man who had been in detention in china. experts tell us one million uyghurs are being held in camps or presence, which you can see in these satellite images. the u.s. calls them concentration camps. china calls them reeducation camps designed to combat separatism and islamic militancy. >> the tribunal is satisfied very senior officials in the prc and ccp, their primary responsibility for what occurred, and the tribunal recognizes the perpetration of individual acts that occurred, rape and torture, would not have been carried out with the knowledge of the president and others. but the tribunal is satisfied they occurred as a direct result of policies, language and speech is promoted by president xi and others. ros: xinjiang is china's biggest
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region, 12 million uyghurs, roughly half the population of the region, ty see themselves as ethnically most a central asian countries. many fear in xinjiang and abroad that their culture is under threat of being erased. here is the president of the world uyghur congress. >> this is very significant. china has committed genocide against the uyghurs as a people since 2016. but there's no international justice system for china's crimes, so today, the independent tribunal decision is significant. i lost my whole family in 2017. my mother died in a reeducation camp. it lasted for five years, my
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mother died, my brother, my story is not unique. most of the uyghurs have the same situation. ros: the chinese government denies all accusations of abuses in xinjiang. the chinese embassy in london issued this statement, the remarks are a pack of lies, it is an example of an attempt to deliberately slander china and interfere in chinese affairs. the freedom of religious belief with all ethnic groups the region are fully guaranteed. while the tribunal doesn't have power of enforcement, it has significance on the international stage, as caroline hawley explains. caroline: it has some moral authority in the sense that sir jeffrey nice is a serious character. he led the prosecution of slobodan milosevic and has heard
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a lot of evidence. they did not find a determination of genocide on the basis of mass killing's, and there is debate about the definition of genocide in this context. human rights groups like amnesty international have said they are crimes against humanity being committed, but stopped short of calling it nocide. what sir jeffrey nice has done is, he has come to this conclusion because he saw, as a result of evidence he heard, a deliberate, systatic and concerted attempt to lower the birth rate of the uyghurs and that uyghur children would not be born as a result and the future population of the uyghurs would be smaller. ros: next, let's hear from the head of bbc chinese on how much the tribunal will matter to leadership in china. >> not much. it will bring international pressure, but i think with covid
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and many areas still locked down , this will be a secondary consideration. as xinjiang for them is the gateway to their flagship belt and road project. they want xinjiang to be like hong kong, the financial world, xinjiang will have to be a peaceful, under control kind of gateway. so, that is the type of strategic decion they have made, and whatever international pressure is brought about would have little effect on that. ros: will the tribunal be reported in chinese media? >> yes, quite a bit of reporting. of course, it is in the perspective that this is a "terrorist sponsor" with western, anti-china forces behind the scenes. it is a shambolic, phony pr
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stunt and carols no moral authority. it is a fakeribunal, it is along that line, the coverage. ros: is there evidence international pressure has impacted china's approach to the uyghurs? >> there is anecdotal evidence when certain individual cases are rock up in international -- are brought up in international media and certain names are mentioned. apparently, either the ones in jail are mentioned or their relatives are mentioned, and we see slightly better treatment afterwards. in terms of the overall situation, that is up to the experts and people who have access to those areas to determine. ros: many thanks to howard fm bbc chinese. a quick reminder of our top story, u.k. prime minister boris johnson under increasing pressure as an investigation grows into parties held on
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downing street last christmas while coronavirus's were in place -- coronavirus rules were in place. three parties are being investigated and others have emerged. the prime minister ordered an investigation wednesday about video of his staff emerged joking abouthe party. mr. johnson also phase -- also faces questions about money spent to refurbish his flat and they conservative party has been fined for inaccurately reporting a donation to refurbish that flat. there are questions about new covid instructions the conservative prime minister announced. there will be about next week in parliament and some of his empties say they are not sure if they can support tighter rules. that is a most certain to go through, but nonetheless, it shows he has got internal dynamics within his party to manage along with everything else. much more on that on the bbc news website, bbc.com/news but
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for me in the "outside source" narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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emergency planning for kids. we can't predict when an emergency will happen. so that's why it's important to make a plan with your parents. here are a few tips to stay safe. know how to get in touch with your family. write down phone numbers for your parents, siblings and neighbors. pick a place to meet your family if you are not together and can't go home. remind your parents to pack an emergency supply kit. making a plan might feel like homework, but it will help you and your family stay safe
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during an emergency. ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.

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