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tv   Firing Line With Margaret Hoover  PBS  December 26, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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- a legendary actor with a new act, this week on firing line. - can anyone get your head to swivel to the rear? - [margaret] you may know him as an alien. - no. - then how are you supposed to lick your back. [laughing] - [margaret] as the statesman who guided the united kingdom through the second world war. - where there is heroism, there will always be hope. - [margaret] as the disgraced media executive controlling fox news. - into a racial issue. - wider! go to the wide shot. i wanna see her damn legs. - [margaret] or maybe even as one of the biggest villains in cinematic history. - you're a monster. - i'm not the monster here, you are! - [margaret] actor john lithgow has collected tonys, emmys, and golden globes for his de-ranging roles on stage and screen. he found a new muse in the trump era. - trumpty dumpty wanted a crown, to make certain he never would have to step down. - [margaret] and is now a best-selling author
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and illustrator, using the power of poetry to take on the former president and all the scoundrels who came before him. so can comedy save us from tragedy? what does john lithgow say now? - [narrator] firing line with margaret hoover is made possible in part by robert granieri, charles r schwab, the fairweather foundation, the asness family foundation, and by the roslyn p walter foundation, and damon button. corporate funding is provided by stephens, inc. and pfizer, inc. - john lithgow, welcome to firing line. - thank you so much, margaret. i feel welcome. - you grew up around the stage. your father was the director of shakespeare festivals in ohio, growing up, and you have played an astonishing range of characters, and you're really a visionary master of both stage and screen. in this time of trump,
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is it a time of comedy or tragedy? - yeah, well, it's always a time of both. they mingle together. good characters who do bad things, and bad characters who do good things, that's so much at the heart of, of comedy and, and tragedy. so you play a character like roger ailes, whom conventional wisdom has completely dismissed, as a total two-dimensional villain, and you look at the other side of him. - you've just published a confederacy of dumptys. this is your third book in a trilogy of original poems. and the first two took direct aim at the trump administration. they were best-sellers. and for this one, you've actually taken a step back in american history, and focused on portraits of the 25 worst american scoundrels of all time. what did you find? - oh, i, it was very exciting,
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going on that journey, was very much inspired by my wife, who is a historian, and it really sparked my imagination, because here was a chance to write with a certain degree of relief, hope, and even delight, at the fact that as bad as things get in the modern day, things have always been worse before. and you only find that out when you go back and look, that's what history is for. - what had you not fully appreciated about, about that already? - the middle, i think the middle of the 19th century completely astonished me. with last year's contested election, there was an awful lot of talk about 1876. and when they didn't decide the winner of that presidential election until the day before inauguration day, and basically that year was the year that reconstruction ended and jim crow started. and the decision about who would be president
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was all about horse trading. and there's a line in it where the ex-confederates accepted the decision, all aglow. you can have your president, if we can have jim crow. that was astonishing to me. that was discovering something about america i never knew. - you consulted your wife. you consulted other historians, doris kearns goodwin, jon meacham, walter isaacson. - mmm hmm. - [margaret] how'd you pick and choose? who didn't make the cut? - that's an interesting question. what is more interesting is the people i, i missed. i wish i'd been able to write about andrew johnson, for instance. didn't get around to him. - would you be willing to read one of my favorites for us? - sure. you take your pick. - this is boss tweed. - aha. - perhaps at the end.
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- yep. this is call nasty business, the tale of boss tweed, and it's about boss tweed and his opposite number, thomas nast, the cartoonist who brought him down. a subject that was particularly dear to my heart, - since you illustrated. - since i illustrated the book - that's exactly why i thought that was a perfect nexus. - we now introduce the aforesaid cartoonist, who brought down the boss like a punctured balloonist, the depictions of tweed by the great thomas nast were scathing, satiric, and destined to last. nast pictured a slob of falstaffian bulk a baleful, beady-eyed, glowerinhulk. tweed frantically raged at his impotent goons: "my people can't read, but they see them cartoons!" so what do we learn from tweed's gloomy demise?
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what prudent perception to open our eyes? a less to teach both defendant and jurist, from youngest beginner right up to maturest. you needn't be kindest, or cleanest, or purist, just don't ever rankle a caricaturist. [margaret laughing] so that's. - boss tweed is a wonderful scoundrel of american history, but we might not have known of tweed where it not for nast. - exactly, exactly. that's why i'm so delighted that you picked this poem because it's at the heart of this whole enterprise. - you have said, quote: yes, it's true. that satirists are preaching to the choir, but they're emboldening the choir, and that's why it's important. so what service does emboldening the choir provide? - well, i don't know.
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my own feeling is that this is a time when people really have to stand up and be counted. and they have to really examine their convictions and their beliefs in the american enterprise, because it's in trouble. i really feel like it's in trouble. i'm not, ion't come anywhere near a policy maker. i uld be terrible at the job. i'm an entertainer. but i think policymakers have got to be challenged, and then brought up short, and they've got to hear people's objections. i mean, i've never been a front foot political activist. i've never gone public. i think i've always felt very ambivalent about to the degree i am a celebrity celebrity at all, i just don't feel right parlaying that into putting my opinions out there. why should people listen to me rather than people who really know what they're talking about?
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but these past few years have changed everything, as far as i'm concerned. i really think it's important to influence people, if you can. - do you think that you are influencing new people with your satire? are you winning new converts, or are you preaching to the choir? - i don't know. i don't think i'm turning, changing anybody's mind. i mean, that's, that's the, our current disease is people becoming so entrenched, but i think i'm tilling the soil a little bit. - i mean, as you know, manyrump supporters perceive hollywood as full of coastal elites who are out of touch with them, and don't respect their values or their struggles. does it concern you or does it give you pause, that a satirical book about trump might only further embolden them in their position? - maybe. i honestly, i don't know the answers to these questions.
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listen, i'm not a coastal elite. i've ended up on the two coasts, yes, because i'm in the entertainment business, but i'm from ohio. my wife is from montana. some of my best friends are red staters, with red state views. i just, what pains me the most, what makes me so sad is the fact that we are a divided country agn. and it just doesn't need to happen. i think the thing that i hold trump most responsible for is that he's only ever played to his base. he's never reached out to the other side. he's never accommodated other points of view, and he's never invited other opinions, brought other opinions to bear on policy. - on the topic of how to bring the country together, have you given any thought to how performing arts might begin to heal our divides? - well, i mean, when you talk
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about bringing people together, when there's a hit show, or a hit song, or a hit movie that everybody loves, or a sporting event that everybody thinks is really cool. it's a moment when we are all together. and yes, i think the arts have a big role to play. for those moments when we can set aside our differences and sit in the same crowd, and feel good about the same thing. sadly, it's the tragedies that have really brought us together. it's those catastrophic moments, when this country comes together. we had covid. this country could have come together over covid, and it didn't. and that had to do with leadership. i think. - i've heard you say that you write with a combination of contempt and empathy
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for the scoundrels that you've mentioned in your book, including donald trump, how do you manage to inhabit in the same place, both empathy and disdain? - well, we're all human beings. i, my heart goes out to donald trump on many occasions. i mean, i think he leads a miserable life. i've rarely seen a public figure so consumed with grievance and anger. it's what drives him all the time. if he strikes me as a man who is incapable of being hay. and honestly, i pity him. the thing that he likes to hear the least, but i wouldn't be that man for anything. - how do you handle your personal opinion in your portrayal of characters? for example, i've heard you discuss how you went and visited with friends of roger ailes,
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from the seventies, to get a fuller understanding of who he was as a person. - i found the process of playing roger ailes, one of the most interesting things i've ever. the most interesting challenge i've ever been given. and the process was remarkable. stand up and give me a spin. - really? - yeah, it's a visual medium. and yes, the smartest thing i did was to find somebody who knew him and worked with him and liked him, a good friend of his, and it, he was very, very sad at what history had done to roger ailes, the inarguable evidence of roger ailes' behavior appalled him. he found it despicable, but he also knew him as a man who was wonderful company. he had a great sen of humor. in fact, he was very, very tough on his own conservative clients, for being too conservative.
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- yes, he was. i know somebody that worked at fox news that can tell you. - a, i mean, a startling piece of information. none of us is perfect. my favorite line in shakespeare is when hamlet, who is most certainly shakespeare's voice saying, i am myself in different honest, and yet i could accuse me of such things that it would, it were better that my mother had never born me. we're all capable of good. and we're all capable of evil. and it's my job as an actor to explore all those gray areas. - you've also played franklin delano roosevelt, - yeah. what is it? - who i heard you describe. you said you learned of fdr, that quote: he had many slippery qualities. in a way, events tued them into a sort of great unwitting hero, as a descendant of franklin delano roosevelt's chief political punching bag, i fully agree with your characterization, but wonder what did you find that was slippery about him?
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- well, he was so crafty, i guess the great truism i came up against, with playing roosevelt is that every politician has got to be dishonest on some level, you know? - not always, they're just not popular if they aren't. - well, maybe, but you gotta be popular in order to get your way, - yeah, well, but hoover doesn't follow that formula. - and everything can be taken to crazy excess. i also think- - i push back only because hoover, who i know you've had a chance to look at a little bit, really didn't subscribe to any of that. and perhaps, maybe that- - yeah, that's right. - perhaps, perhaps that, you know, maybe has something to do with his lack of political success. - and you will be, you'll be glad to know that my wife is a great defender of hoover. she's an economic historian. she knew him as a great engineer, a man who really did that government could be used to, put to work for on behalf of the people.
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and she, she notes the fact that when bobby kennedy was asked, who he thought was the greatest president, he said, herbert hoover, herbert hoover. - your wife has taught you so much. - yes. whenever i come to her with some fabulous thing that i've found out, she said, "john, all you had to do was come to my lecture on the subject." [john laughing] - [margaret] i'd like to tell you about my favorite role that you played. - pardon me, i hate use a corny line like this, but haven't i seen you before? - you like football? - oh yeah, i used to watch it quite a bit. - well, you might've seen me. i was a tight end with the philadelphia eagles. number 90. robert muldoon. - oh, oh. - i had a great pair of hands. - yes, you did. - it's roberta muldoon. the first role for which you were nominated for an academy award, it was 1982, and a transgender theater critic favorably reviewed that character. d she said, quote:
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roberta is not a victim. she is not a prostitute. and she is not a punchline. and she is not a psychopath. she rings true as a human being rather than as a stereotype. and of course we know those are the ways that trans women and trans people were actually portrayed in 1982. and so to me, it was remarkable that you took on this role to humanize a trans woman, a full three decades before jeffrey tambor is mara in transparent. what inspired you to portray a trans woman in the most humanizing and respectful way in 1982? - well, john irving inspired me by creating that character. it was a great honor to play the role. i was just, i really had a wonderful time doing it. and the, the response i got from transgender men and women, it was so moving. and it was exactly what you just said. i got a letter saying, you have no idea what it's like to see someone play a role
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of a person like me, who is not a pchopath, not a serial killer, not a deviant, but just like everybody's best friend. - she was the most well centered, balanced character of the whole cast. - yeah, that's right. - today, there's a belief on broadway, and in hollywood, that trans characters should only be played by trans actors. and i understand there are a lot of reasons for that, but on some level, do you think we lose something? do you lose something in art when certain peoe can only play certain characters? - well, that's a, that's a very penetrating question, but i think, yes, you do lose something, but you've gained- - what do you gain? - you gain some sense of reality, and a sense of an actor's courage, i think. i mean, i leaped at the, at the,
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the chance to play roberta muldoon, but think what it's like for a trans actor to be given that opportunity now, to express himself or herself, same thing happened among gay actors. neil patrick harris, ian mckellen, these people have really changed our sensibility and i, so it, it wasn't even a matter of courage. it was almost a matter of enough already. let me be who i am. let me be the one to tell my story. - you've recently played donald trump in a live stream. - yeah. - it sounds like you're on the fence about whether you play him again. - you know, i've been asked to play him a couple of times in dramas, and i've turned it down. to me, it's it's too early. it's almost better to play him satirically than for real
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at the moment. i'm not exactly sure why. i just, for one thing, i just be, i wish we'd just leave him alone. - well, he's not leaving us alone, - well, he's not leaving us alone, but i wish we would deliberately ignore him for awhile. i can feel it happening all over again. the coverage of trump is beginning to kick in, and that really alarms me because he capitalizes on that politically. and he becomes a fierce, fearsome political force. - in 1976, william f. buckley jr. hosted one of your scoundrels, roy cohn, to this program, along with mark felt, who of course later outed himself as being "deep throat" in the watergate affair. and they were discussing j edgar hoover. take a look at this.
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- i see you disagr with mr. felt, who believes that mr. hoover should've been retired earlier. - i don't. i wish mr. hoover was still here. - what i said was that i thought he should have retired while he was still champ. and i feel terribly bad about what's being done to him. he's being colored. - well, i think he he's a champ to me, and i think he's a champ to millions of people around this country. and i think to the american people, mr. j edgar hoover is still a pretty darn good name. - wow. - isn't it amazing? all right. so one of your top 25 scoundrels in american history, you write about him in the poem the wonder boy. forty-five years later, roy cohn's reputation has plummeted. j edgar hoover's isn't much better. mark feltz has improved dramatically. how long does it take for history, and our understanding of people, and the perspective we have on them to work itself out? - well, sometimes it takes forever
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and sometimes it never happens at all. actually one of my favorite little couplets, i don't know it by heart. it's at the end of the long poem about george armstrong custer, about what a showman and a self-promoter, and a reckless military figure he was. and yet, his wife, who was virtually his press agent, spent the next 50 years, burnishing his reputation and turning him into a great american legend. a very good history historian of the american west, stephen aron, of ucla. he's the one who told me, "pay attention to george armstrong custer, he's more trumpian than anybody you'll find." i'll read you the last, the last stanza. we shucked our misgivings and struck up the band for the spurious fable of custer's last stand.
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but today, custer's epic has grown cautionary, a timely reminder to warn the unwary. when a scoundrel from history exits the stage, fictions will turn into facts as they age. you know, it's history is tricky. - it is tricky. - it sets some things right. and it gets some things wrong. - the final poem of the book, dumpty's dream, is a 43 stanza recounting of the january 6th insurrection. the last two stanzas, i'd like to ask you about. - okay. - do you want to read them first? - i'll read them, and then we'll talk about them. - and then we'll discuss. - he dreamed that he'd fall silent in his tenure's aftermath lying low at mar-a-lago to devise his future path with a keynote speech at cpac, he'd regain his strident voice. and prove that he remained his party's overwhelming choice.
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he dreamed of three combative years, a struggle for survival, stirring anger, stoking fears, and smashing every rival. he dreamed that in the end, he would ascend to seventh heaven. he'd win the white house, once again, as potus 47. take a breath, and contemplate the 6th of january, a traumatizing memory, impossible to bury, the wound as it left us reeling from a feral public breach, the catastrophic consequences of one despotic speech, a sunny dream for dumpty is a nightmare for the rest of us. the health of our democracy demands the very best of us. for years, our body politic was beaten black and blue. the cure is making sure that dumpty's dream does not come true.
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- in the prologue of your book. you write of trump, quote: we've seen worse. i am convinced that no matter how hard he struggl to regain power, dumpty will eventually drop into the scoring ranks of history's villains, and we will survive him. that is an enormously hopeful note, but those last lines, while intended as satire, i fear may be prophetic. - fear is the operative word. i really do think that we are, if not in trouble, we're at a tipping point as a nation, as us culture, as a political organization. i wrote those hopeful words, in fact, i wrote those stanzas months ago. and a lot has happened since then. you know, biden has steered
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into some very, very rocky shoals. and trump is showing himself to have incredible tenacity. so it's a dangerous moment. - so you're not so sure that the rest of the dream doesn't come true. - no, i'm not sure, i'm not. i can't, i don't think it's guaranteed. i'm a lot less hopeful than i was last fall. - john lithgow, - so great to talk to you. - thank you for, thank you very much for joining me here at firing line. thank you for lifting our spirits. - thank you. - [narrator] firing line with margaret hoover is made possible in part by robert granieri charles r schwab, the fairweather foundation, the asness family foundation, and by the rosalind p walter foundation and damon button. corporate funding is provided by stephens inc, and pfizer, inc. - herbert hoover's astute great-granddaughter uses
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everything history has taught her. she rekindled the flame of her family name when firing line sought her ancaught her. that's for you. - so great, oh my gosh, wow. [fast, upbeat music] - [announcer] you're watching pbs.
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captioning sponsored by wnet >> hill: on this edition for sunday, december 26th: tributes for archbishop desmond tutu, south africa's hero of the anti-apartheid movement, who died today. a look back at why cleveland is making a big investment in trees. and a walk through maine's acadia national park to see and hear the birds. next on pbs newsur weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: sue and edgar wachenheim iii. bernard and denise schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the anderson family fund. the estate of worthington mayo-smith. leonard and norma klorfine.


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