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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  February 1, 2022 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at currenopportunities, buahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> a further russian invasion of ukraine would be a humanitarian disaster. for russiafor the world. >> meanwhile, president putin is using ukraine as a tool people are taking to the streets in defiance.
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tens of thousands of medical waste from the pandemic are a threat to the vine -- to the environment and human health. the latest on the tensions around the ukraine. the west and the ukraine are still in rounds of repeated rounds of talk -- are still engaged in repeated rounds of talk. >> the most important goal is to contain russia. ukraine it is just a tool to achieve this goal. one of them is t draw us into some world conflict.
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>> it goes without saying that a further invasion of ukraine would be a political disaster, a humanitarian disaster. a potential invasion completely files -- flies acting in the entrance of the ukrainian people. >> also today the president signed an order of the ukraine over the next years. >> the territorial sovereignty, potential of bringing back all of our territories. we have discussed also the
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saddle activities to provide the deterrence of the russian federation. any activities, as i said, before rather than after. this story revolves around russia over ukine. russian has thousands of troops at the ukrainian border. we have also heard from the u.s. secretary of state antony blinken telling his russian counterpart to de-escalate. >> we will insist on and on -- an honest conversation. or wants to to fulfill them in its own way. >> you hard to them refer to
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them there. top of the list ino nato membership for the ukraine. it wants to draw back all nato deployments in the region. america hasn't agreed to any of that. if the united states of a formal -- a former diplomat in the ukraine. >> i have not seen this level of intensity and scale since probably 1995 during the piece core efforts. all of our professional diplomats have been networking very closely with our allies and rtners. to maintain this unity. i really believe this is key. this transition to active deterrence. ukraine has not asked for a single soldier. they are asking for support. >> more diplomacy to tell you about. the italian government has
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spoken to vladimir putin on the phone. president putin talked to hungary's diplomat. is being criticized by some that going ahead with this meeting. this is what he sa. >> this is also a peace mission. i would like to show you not a single membership -stand for a political solution. >> the chief net -- international correspondent from the state department. >> a very public show of support for president zelensky. not less than three european prime ministers in kiev today. no wonder the members of parliament, no matter what side politically, all stood up and
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held up the flags of the nations giving support to ukraine. it was a forest of flags. president zelensky will feel very much that the european countries and nato has his back. he made it clear in that press conference today that if there is to be an invasion of ukraine or the military, it would not be a ukrainian war, it would be a european war. this is a chance to redraw the security map and all stand together. steps of prime ministers but also military support. but also economic support in the minds of the ukrainians. >> let's bring you and barbara at the state department. what are you hearing there?
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barbara: secretary blinken had meeting with his counterparts this morning. there wasn't any movement that came out of it. at least not that we could see. the tone was professional and firm. they said it makes a big difference from that very bitter and public exchange at the unh yesterday between russia and the united states. by and large, it sounded as if both men held their positions. this call came after the americans submitted a formal security proposal to address russian security concerns in europe. the secretary of state said we think this will work but we want to talk about a format for how we will negotiate that. russia's concerns that this did not go for a deal.
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there was no any indication of a move to de-escalate. we are not escalating. the u.n. representative said now would be a good time to pull back your troops from the border. they agreed to talk again after the russians responded formally to the russian security proposals. the american said we think this means they are interested in diplomatic engagement. maybe they are trying to draw things out. we do not know. we are ready to talk with them. >> if there is a willingness to talk, there still has to be some common ground. when we look at the public positions of america and russia, there doesn't appear to be any. you are told the people -- you are talking to the people involved in this diplomatic tussle. do you think it can be resolved wiout a tussle?
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barbara: it will take some very dip look her -- very diplomatic language. lines are drawn in bright red fluorescent paint. those red lines are very far apart. when you confuse words like what will be the fate of eastern ukraine, will it be special status, will it be autonomy? that is what russia wants. creepi toward a greater connection to russia. it will be very hard. it was interesting today that president zelensky made a point to say one format for vial -- for dialogue that was working was the normandy group. which includes germany, france, ukraine and russia. it is one place where the ukrainians and the russians get together because one person who has not been talking to president putin on the telephone is president zelensky. because president putin does not pick up the pho
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>> while boris johnson is in ukraine, a fallout from monday's report for lockdown parties on downey street has continued. overwhelmingly backed boris johnson to stay in his job. has the day come to a different conclusion? he has been in that job since 2010. -- reach the conclusion that the prime minister should resign. he has no intention of doing so. advising him i have no confidence in the prime minister as leader of the conservative party. he wrote him and westminster and asked him how many --? >> those are the ones who publicly declared they rate they
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-- they wrote so bravely. he never says a word. he doesn't feel we are anywhe close to that moment at the moment. >> i was going to say i guess we need to focus on that number. it is a long way from 54. even a 54 is reached, it doesn't mean the prime minister gets kicked out. >> that is exactly right. that would trigger the vote of confidence. if the prime minister chose to dan, which everyone thought he would. if he gets more than 50%, he can carry on as prime minister. if he loses that confident vote,
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he cannot stand a subsequent vote to replace him. that could potentially, theoretically unfold. westminster is nowhere near that point at the moment. there are some who said public league that they think the prime minister should go. we had andrew mitchell yesterday. say this morning in an interview she ought this whole saga around this is embattled and he lost faith in the prime mister. privately, there are a number of -- saying they will wait for sue gray to report before deciding what to . now they are saying it is agonizing waiting for the police to decide whether everybody should define lockdown rules. he was kicked furthernto the year before making a decision about boris johnson's future.
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-- the elections before making a call on his electoral >>. >> in a few minutes we are going to see with the who says. tens of thousands of gloves, masks and other medical waste as a cause of the pandemic are going to cause other long-term problems. >> the majesty of -- has been arrested on further suspicion of -- the rate and assault oa young woman. >> mason greenwood is now set to spend a third night in police custody. he was originally arrestedn sunday on suspicion of riep and assault.
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and he is being questioned after a woman posted allegations on social media. in a statement tonight, manchester police said the suspect continues to be question. an extension tomorrow following an inquiry so far. they said he has since made further arrest. sexual assaults and threats to kill. he has become a key member of the first team squad. he has yet to respond to these allegations. >> we are here in the bbc news room. president putin says the west has failed to satisfy security concerns. it is a years since the military -- launched a brutal crackdown on dissent.
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the u.n., for the first time, has categorized the situation as this. >> we are on the verge of a national civil war. we need a response of the people who do not want to be killed. they have organized this militia. they have victims of airstrikes, bombs. all >> >> the elements of a civil war are there now. the attacks across the country. our tying to all of this. >> yes, i agree. >> the u.n. says this is now a civil war. the effective leader of --. the people marked this day by holding a silent strike in
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defiance of the military. [applause] >> that is the sound of people clapping at home at 4:00 p.m. local time. the army arrested dozens of people ahead of the anniversary threatening to punish those who didn't open. dozens of protesters banded against the military. to understand all of this, we need to go back to february 1, 2021. in the capital, people work -- people woke up to soldiers and attacks on the streets. over 100 elected officials were detained. protests were immediate. millions of people joined a national civil disobedient movement. they were allowed -- they were allowed but they were peaceful. it continues today. according to monitoring groups,
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11th thousand people have been detained. 1500 people have been killed. a democracy -- activist who assisted were forced into hiding. >> we clearly see now is the time tt military is showing their true color. they were using the -- back then and everyone else as a player of their script. in the wake of true attempt, we all realize that. we are now on our old path to how our truly new nation. i was so confused in the past 10 years.
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now things are much more clear. miliry nev more ngear. they never changed their ideology. we are the only ones ourselves. we need to lead ourselves to where we are supposed to be. that is the main reflection i have now. >> a yearater, the situation is much more dangerous. you can see from this graph the aftermath. most civilians died in the crackdown of protest. now most people are dying in combat. the civil war, listen to the u.n. at civil rights commission with the bbc. >> the truth is the international community has been not very effective and has lacked urgency. they have to act stronger. it is very important there. like india, china, japan.
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i am frustrated because we have very little tools other than speaking out. >> the military says anyone who opposes its rule are terrorists. today it extended the national state of emergency for another six months. this is set to be a promilitary demonstration in an unspecified location. while all of this is going on, diplomacy efforts to end the crisis have been in effect. the security council which includes allies, russia and china, -- have not stopped the violence either. the u.n. development company -- committee. >> people have the right to prest peacefully. the minute this moves into
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conflict on all i with all parties taken to arms, then there is less likely to be light at the end of that tunnel. especially this envoy that says they hope the to get to the country, speak to everyone. the data has to be a part of these talks. they have got to see how there coulde -- across utilities. it is not enough. >> the difficulties in getting both sides to talk. >> the chances of getting to that negotiating table are very slim. we hear from the national government. government is very clear that all political prisoners neeto be released. the elected government needs to be recognized and -- need to be removed from the critical
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process. the not -- the united nations in roy is being blocked from the country. when i asked the military spokesperson about this, he said the military was not construct it and they were engaged with the international community. the u.n. in particular and the government they see as a terrorist, unless the united nations recognizes them. the united nations say they would not do at this stage. >> the world health organization says the vast amount of waste being generated a response to the pandemic is a threat to the environment and to human health. tens of thousands of used ppe, needles, and other medical waste being produced during covid-19. much of it is going into landfills. the who found much of the 1.5
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billion medical items distributed by the u.n. in the first month of the pandemic, other known -- otherwise known as rubbish. the big contributors to waste and also as well an estimate of 3 billion single use masks were discarded worldwide everyday in the first year of the pandemic. dr. is from the pandemic -- is from the u.n.. >> we want to protect our patients but we need to protect our environment. millions of tons of waste will end up in the landfills. in some cases around the world, many countries, they do not have the compassion the -the capacity to do the waste management.
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the water and the environment that we pollute ourselves. yes, it was avoidable. >> dr., w needed those facemasks. we still need those flow tests, doctors still need ppe. how do we avoid creating that waste when we were being advised to use masks and to wear that equipment question mark -- equipmt? >> we can do it reducing the amount of waste we produce by centralizing with more biodegradable, eco-friendly. many times we use it. things that are nonessential, gloves, we report that alst 50% of patients were using were
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not essential for shooting -- shoes and gloves that were not recommended. we were using recyclable marial at the beginning, we have a way of reducing the packaging we use. and changing the way we recycle the waste. >> and the u.k. and also the world as well, is there a country we can highlight and say this country is making progress? his country is doing it better? in australia, they use, what they d not use, they are using it for rugs or building material. if you go with this idea of recycle, prevent, reduce in a rational way, we can all be a
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part of this. >> a quick reminder robert top story before we finish, president putin made his first comment since december surrounding the ukraine. saying the union -- thited states ignores russia's demand. nato should not expand further eastward. three european prime ministers have been visiting kyiv today to support the ukraine. boris johnson accused vladimir putin of effectively holding a gun against the ukraine. ukraine's president zelensky warned any russian invasion to his country would lead to a full-scale war in europe. if you want further analysis on that story or any other stories from me and the outsourced team you can get them from different places, certainly on the bbc website. bbc you can listen to all of these programs from the bbc's sound cloud.
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thank you for watching all of these programs. see you tomorrow. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundati. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narror: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at rrent opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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