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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 26, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovr foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> i am an alis america washington and this is "bbc world news america. the u.s. secretary of defense said they will make sure ukraine defeats russia. in moscow the u.n. secretary general told president putin's invasion contradicts the charter, but russia is not stopping the shelling. >> putin seems determined to continue the offensive he launched in ukraine to secure what he can present to the
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russian people as a victory. laura: a u-turn from germany's government after months of public pressure. berlin will send tanks to the ukrainians. a special report from the ukrainian village between ukraine, russia and the belarus border. reporter: russian soldiers withdrew three weeks ago, but the feeling is it could all change in a matter of minutes. laura: north korea's kim jong-un vows to speed up the battle for nuclear weapons. we hear from our correspondent in seoul. and, an all-american pickup truck that is electric. we look under the hood. ♪ laura: welcome to "bbc world news america" on pbs and around the globe. as the war in ukraine wages on,
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the u.n. secretary general is calling for peace between russia's leader putin and moscow. we went to kyiv. russia accuses nato of waging war by sending weapons to ukraine. the defense ministers talk about increasing military support for kyiv. our russia editor steve rosenberg starts our coverage. steve: he was trying to show it was business as usual. in the kremlin vladimir putin began the day them, he hates losing. putin was up close and personal. not so with his next guest. the u.n. secretary general had come to talk about russia's invasion of ukraine.
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the seating plan said everything about moscow and the international community. >> you are telling me russia's humatarian corridors in ukraine are not functioning. mr. secretary general, you have been deceived. the core doors are open. we have helped more than 100,000 people leave mariupol. steve: from the u.n., a plea to russia for peace. >> it is my deep conviction that the sooner we end this war, the better. for the people of ukraine, for the people of the russian federation. steve: the kremlin agreed in principle to u.n. and red cross involvement in evacuations from mariupol, but moscow is not rushing to halt its offensive.
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for diplomacy to succeed, there needs to be the political will for peace, but there is little sign of that in the kremlin. putin seems determined to continue the offensive he launched in ukraine, at least until he can secure a victory. that means, no cease-fire in ukraine. the russian military continues to attack and continues to deny that russian troops have committed war crimes. kremlin critics argue that considering the scale of destruction, the u.n. chief should have traveled to ukraine first before flying to moscow. >> i am not in a position to give advice to the u.n., but i would probably go to mariupol first. i would go to bucha. i would go to all those places
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and talk to people and then fly to moscow and meet with putin and say, mr. president, what you're doing is a crime. steve: russia claims to be acting in self-defense, but it was president putin who ordered his troops to attack ukraine. the kremlin started this. it is determined to end this on its terms. laura: steve rosberg reporting. as russia's military campaign grinds on, germany's government will allow heavy weapons to ukraine, a u-turn in the face of mounting pressure. they sent 50 antiaircraft tanks to ukraine as nato defense ministers and allies met today at a u.s. airbase in germany. i spoke to damien mcgill lists
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in berlin. what is behind this change of heart on supplying these heavy weapons? damien: it is the latest in a range of taboo-breaking by the german government. germany delivers a lot more arms to ukraine than many people outside germany thanks. one reason we do not know is because the german chancellor is very unclear in his communication about how many arms germany is sending. when you look at international comparison, germany sends similar amounts to france, italy . it is less than the u.k., less than the u.s., but not an outlier. the difference in germany, such a controversial topic area particularly with german chancellor olaf scholz. he tries to play down how much germany is delivering. and the announcement of tanks
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that germany would send germ-made tanks directly to ukraine, has been controversial. many people in his party believe it would prolong the war. the view of many social but democrats. laura: how about germany's dependence on russian oil and gas. is that receding because of the war on ukraine? damien: it is a huge debate, a massive controversy. many would say germany should implement an instant overnight embargo on russian energy. thmoney indirectly helps them fund the war. many in germany want an embargo even though it would mean higher prices, but the government has argued when it comes to gas, if it was an overnight ban, you would have unemployment, entire
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industries would close overnight and because hundreds of thousands of job losses. the german government argues it is unsustainable and hurts germany more than it would help ukraine and hurt russia. they are trying to wean themselves off russian energy, but argue it will not happen overnight. i do not see a shift in government attitude so far. to be honest, nothing is off the table. originally germany said the controversial pipeline would go ahead. they said they would not send arms to ukraine, but that is happening. all sorts of things germany said they would not do they have done. it depends what happens in ukraine. if the war carries on, if more atrocities come to light, the pressure will increase further from outside and within germany. we could see increasing pressure on the government to do an
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overnight embargo and a may decide to do that soon. in the meantime, they are trying to pivot away getting energy from elsewhere, including lng energy from thu.s., which is taboo and something germany sai they would never do. laura: thank you. as germany tries to buy less russian energy, tonight the russian company gazprom said it would stop supplying oil to poland and belarus. this town is on the front line of the war. families have been separated and divided by the border and are now living in fear. our correspondent is there with this report. yogita: barely a highway in ukraine that does not [indiscernible]
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we traveled to the northern edge of the country. the last village by the border with russia and belarus. it is still being shelled. only a few of its residents remain. malina is living with a rocket that landed in her yard when the invasion began. these civilian homes are visible from russia. they can see what they are firing at. it is scary to live like this, but where will i go? i can hear the shelling, i can show you from my yard russian checkpoint, she said. i feel so sad about everything, my heart is going numb. i have run out of tears. on the road outside, another rocket. experts who have seen these images say they could have held cluster bombs. banned in other parts of the world because of the devastation they cause, both russia and
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ukraine are accused of using them. this was one of the roads russian soldiers took when they were entering ukrae from the north on their way to cities like kyiv and chernhiv. the focus has shifted south and east of the country, but at the northern edge, just about two miles fr the border, and russian soldiers withdrew from here around three weeks ago, the feeling is that it could all change in a matter of minutes. this video from ukraine's border guard shows russian soldiers rolling in in february. for this 91-year-old, it was the second time in her life seen tanks at her door stop. she remembers hiding in trenches in world war ii, but said there was no mass shelling the way there is now. back in the day, i could run
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away. now i can't. there is nothing good about war. we have been friends with russia and belarus for years. people from our countries visited each other, married each other. from almost everyone we spoke to, we heard about friendships and families spread across borders that have now been broken. his brothers and a sister live in russia. my sister told me it was us that started the war. i want my families to use their heads, look at the situation independently. yogita: nina said she has cut her brother from belarus out of her life because he does not believe what she told him is really happening. after we left, there were multiple grenade explosions here. no one was hurt, but the threat is constant. yogita lamaye, bbc news. laura: we turn next to north korea where kim jong-un has
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vowed to speed up the development of nuclear weapons and make them ready for use anytime. he wasn't speaking during a huge military parade last night in pyongyang which showcased the country's most powerful weapons. here is our correspondent with more. >> he made a commitment to his troops and people to pursue the development of nuclear weapons, what he said was maximum speed. you have a country saying it is committed to forging ahead and developing its nuclear weapons program in spite of the fact it was banned from doing so by the u.n., that it is under severe sanctions from doing so. kim jong-un saying he plans to continue in this direction. north korea has always said it has nuclear weapons for one goal, to prevent war, to prevent it from being attacked, a deterrent. but what he said last night,
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north korea would not be afraid to move away from this primary purpose to a secondary purpose, suggesting he would use nuclear weapons to annihilate, destroy, any military that threatens or provoked north korea. this is what we have seen north korea say more recently, that they want to develop tactical nuclear weapons for the battlefield. the suggestion they are thinking about a nuclear deterrent not just as a deterrent, but something that could be offensively used, it comes from the fear the north korean regime has it may be attacked by another country who would seek to destroy its nuclear weapons before they have a chance to use them, what we call a preemptive strike. this is kim jong-un's way of saying they would not be afraid to use nuclear weapons on another army if this would happen. laura: that was jean mackenzie reporting.
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in news from around the world, south africa's president vowed more help to communities devastated by floods, and ensuring relief funds are not lost to corruption. 135 people died and more than 50 are missing. ramapo's a -- ramphosa said it is evidence climate change is a threat to humanity. iran could develop a nuclear weapon in weeks, that weapon from jen psaki. i ran's new -- iran's nuclear program had been accelerated. in sudan, outbreak of violence in the darfur region has left more than 200 people dead. u.n. peacekeepers withdrew from darfur after their mandate ended in 2020. social media platform twitter is owned by elon musk, what will it
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look like? elon musk plans to relax content rules, sparking fears it could lead to more misinformation and abusive comments. reporter: elon musk's big ideas include colonizing mars and implants of human brain machines. his successes include the tesla electric car and payment giant paypal. now he set his sights on his favorite social network, twitter. >> this is not a way to make money. my strong intuitive sense is that having a public platfor that is trusted and broadly inclusive is extremely important to the future of civilization. reporter: he wants to see less moderation. some people delighted, especially those whose tweets have gotten banned in the past,
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like a right-wing commentator tucker crossan, who is -- tucker carlsen, who is now back. >> elon musk believes in free speech. he thinks everyone should be allowed to talk, including people who disagree with him. reporter: reaction on twitter was predictably mixed. an actress and activist said one thing -- one good thing about elon buying twitter is that i will finally leave. twitter founder dorsey said, nobody should own twitter. elon is the singular solution i trust. another warned, social media companies should do more, not less, to protect communities. >> it sets the agenda for big issues and small issues. the concern might be, it eases the quieter voices, minority voices, who do not have the strength, who suffer when
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twitter is on policed. -- un policed. reporter: his purchase is a surprise to many, including twitter. it is nowhere near the size of facebook or tiktok. downing street and the e.u. warned muska there are strict rules around what is not allowed online in europe. he wants to move the firm away from its main way of making money, adverts. he said he would like to see more subscribers, but will people pay to tweet? one person, the king of controversy, former president trump. he has a lifetime ban on twitter and sofar says he is happy to stay away. the question is, for how long? laura: what lies ahead for twitter? in the u.s., online betting expanded dramatically. as the industry expands here, in
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india, the picture is different. online gaming is growing rapidly, but there are calls to ban some of the games. we have more from delhi. reporter: you start first by betting $10 or $20, he tells me, then greed overpowers you. you bet more and more and keep playing because you want to win back the money you lost, but you ju keep losing. a 30-year-old lost over $5,000 in months by playing an online card game. he was betting on doubling his winnings with each new turn, but all he got was disappointment. >> i was physically and mentally disturbed, could not sleep. i was so stressed i could not tell my family, but now i want to warn others. reporter: this is one of
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hundreds of easy to download gaming apps that have mushroomed in a country of nearly 8 million smartphone users. here is the catch, gambling is illegal in india, citing it to be an addiction and impacting mental health, many parts of the country have banned them. but, some say these are games of skill, not chance, so there is no risk. they even warn users to be safe with their money. >> choosing an enterining -- entertainment medium, or earning a return. i would say, make an informed decision. reporter: with over 400 million subscribers to online gaming, there is business potential. taxing the revenue from this would aid economic recovery in a
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cash strapped world. $1 billion annually, so banning it could be counterproductive. they said the regulatory framework is sufficient, but some disagree. >> that is interesting and depends on exploiting users, just like the alcohol industry depends on people to use alcohol. reporter: while the government has yet to clear its issue, legal issues are pending across the country. until then, games of skill or games of chance? it is hard to bet on this one. laura: from online gaming to the all-american pickup truck getting an upgrade, u.s. automaker ford launched an
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electric version of its best-selling model. it is seen as a turning point for the company. given the stiff competition, there are plenty of obstacles ahead. our business correspondent ha been finding out. reporter: this automotive plant in dearborn, michigan used to make some afford's most emblematic parts. today it has been retrofitted to create the electric f-150 pickup truck. tesla dominates the electric car market. u.s. car manufacturers are playing catch up. ford is gbling by creating an all electric version of an american favorite. if successful, they could close the gap between it and tesla. >> other than iphone, it is the second largest revenue consumer product in the world and we are electrifying it.
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you would not think of truck customers in the u.s. as the first target customer to go after. you would go after west coast crossover customers. reporter: this could be a pivotal moment for the automobile industry in america. eth f50or has been the best-selling truck in this country for more than four decades. ford believes if customers buy into this, drivers here are ready to go electric. >> i love driving the electric. >> it is a big car. >> it is, 6000 pounds. but it is effortless. particularly during acceleration. oh, sorry. reporter: clearly, the car has power. getting it to run on battery allowed ford to get an electric truck to market at least a year
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ahead of any of its american competitors. the trucks may be ready to hit the road, but do people want them? >> as soon they can get them to me, i have customers who want to buy. reporter: clients are still skeptical. are you interested in electric cars? >> i want to do it right now. [laughter] >> may be somewhere down the line, but not now. there are not enough charging stations and there are still things that need to be worked out. reporter: ford may be charging into a battery-powered future, but electrifying the american market has only just begun. bbc news, michigan. laura: is the future of the road really electric? two aspiring writers having trouble finishing their great works, it may be time to head to this cfee shop in tokyo, known as the manuscript writing cafe.
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the deal is, before you leave, you must enter the project you have been working on. you have to write down your goal and the amount of time you need to finish. throughout the day, the staff check in to see how your work is going. the cure for procrastination and writers block. i am laura trevelyan, thank you for watching "bbc world news america." ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ judy: good evening. i am. the united states and its allies increases arms shipments to ukine. prompting worries about russia's reaction. then, wildfires search -- surge in the southwest forcing thousands to flee. the impact on enrollment, as colleges and universities drop admissions tests. >> unrepresentative students from lower income zip codes tended not to take the test or do well. if they took the test did not. -- it is a really big divide. judy: all of that and more on tonight's newshour.


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