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tv   PBS News Weekend  PBS  July 24, 2022 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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geoff: good evening. i'm gef bennett. tonight on “pbs news weekend,” climate crisis. with fires burning out of control in california, and much of the countrynder heat advisories, the global climate emergency hits home. then, thrifting for change. the economic and environmental costs of buying new clothes fuels a more sustainable thrifting trend. adam minter: buy second hand, but when you buy new stuff, buy durability stuff that can be reused that can feed that secondhand account. geoff: and, what to watch. with so many options, npr tv critic eric deggans walks us through some of his top summer picks. all that, and the days headlines on tonight's “pbs news weekend”"
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♪ announcer: major funding for "pbs news weekend" has been provided by -- >> for 25 years, consumer cellular's goal has been to provide wireless service to help people communicate and connect. we offer a variety of no contract plans and our u.s.-based customer service team can help find one that fits you. to learn more, visit announcer: and with the ongoing support of these individuals and institutns. and, friends of the "newshour."
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this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. geoff: good evening. it is good to be with you. we begin tonight with a fast spreading fire that's burning out of control in california, at the doorstep of yosemite national park. hot and drconditions, linked to climate change, are making it an exceptionally tough fire to fight. reporter: the flames moved so swiftly, residents had very little warning to get out. the fire engulfed entire homes in the sparsely populated mountain communities of mariposa county. . more than 6000 people have been forced to evacuate. the oak fire in -- ignited friday afternoon and since has exploded in size, more than
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doubling from saturday into sunday to 22 square miles, enabling the fire, bone dry vegetation after the worst drought in a decade. cal fire authorities report more than 2000 firefighters are battling the blaze that so far is 0% contained. the oak fire is so large, it is visible from t international space station drifting over a swath of the western united states. that is as 85 million people in the country this weekend are under excessive heat warnings or advisories, in some places temperatures hitting triple digits. geoff: joining us to talk about the role of climate change is michael man, professor of atmospheric science at penn state university and author of the new climate war. good to have you with those. we have record heat from coast-to-coast, drought in the south and the west, pervasive wildfires has this map makes
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clear. does all of this mean climate change is happening faster than expected? >> thank you. good to be with you. it's unfortunate we are always talking about these sorts of damaging extreme weather events. there are some impacts of climate change that are playing out faster and with a greater magnitude than we predicted just a decade ago or so. that's true with the collapsef the ice sheets and sea level rise and true with many of these extreme summer weather events we are seeing. one of the ingredients of course , you make the planetarmer, you will see more extreme heat. you dry out the continents in the summer and you get worse drought. you combine the heat and drought and you get the sorts of wildfires we've seen out west in california and throughout the restaurant united states in
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recent years -- western united states in recent years. there is something not well captured, that is the behavior of the jet stream that causes high-pressure that gets stuck in place. when you have these deep high pressures like we have out west right now, over california and the western u.s., that's when you get extremely hot, dry conditions that give you these wildfires. what's happening those systems are getting stuck in place. so the extreme heat that we've seen, the floods, the wildfires, the droughts across the entire northern hemisphere this summer, part of what's going on is this so of stuck jet stream pattern. it is something that we think is being made more frequent because of climate change, and it isn't well captured in the models. it's another reminder that rtainty is not our friends. geoff: are the heat waves across the globe connected? i asked the question because we saw parts of oklahoma hit 115 degrees this week.
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meantime, you've got airport runways melting in the uk from the heat this week and. is that connected? >> it is connected. i mean, obviously, you know, you make the planet warmer, you g extreme summer heat, so there's that connection. but there's also this behavior of the jet stream where you get these large streams meander when , the jet stream wiggles north and south dramatically. that means that there are big weather systems uneath their big, high and low pressure systems. that's when you get either extreme high or extreme low pressure. the extreme heat drought in those wildfires are with a low pressure, the extreme flooding and so we've seen this summer after summer. it's sort of groundhog day now here every summer. we see this phenomenon. some of the mechanisms are more subtle. they are the reasons the models may be underestimating the effects climate change is having on these devastating extremes we see every summer. geoff: it's interesting, former vice president al gore was on a
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number of sunday shows this morning, and he made the same point. that some of the warnings about climate change might have been in many ways to conservative. take a look. >> and the fact that they were dead right, maybe a little conservative even in their projections, should cause us to pay more careful attention to what they are warning us about now. they are saying if we don't stop using our atmosphere as an open sewer, if we don't stop these heat trapping emissions, things are going to get a lot worse. geoff: what do you make of that? >> you know, al gore was out there in front, warning us decades ago, as the scientific community was warning us decades ago. what we are sing is the predictions playing out. that's the sad part of this. we understood that we had a crisis on our hands decades ago, but because of inaction, much of it because of the fossil fuel industry and politicians who we fused to act on climate we've , allowed this problem now to
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grow to epic proportions to the point where we're seeing the devastating consequences play out in real time. geoff: president biden, as you know, he's trying to keep his faltering climate change agenda alive by taking executive action, since you have democratic senator joe manchin and all of the senate republicans withholding their vote on legislative action. are executive actions enough and what more should the private sector do on their be in many ways good business policy. >> that's exactly right. and you are seeing some companies take a more enlightened view, recognizing that you know that that their customers and clients expect environmental stewardship. this is weighing on the minds of americans increasingly. these devastating impacts that we're seeing from extreme weather events that have been exacerbated by climate change. so it is important that business be out in front, lobbying
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politicians to act on our collective behalf to do what's right here. you're right, right now we're sort of stuck with this split congress with a democrat in joe manchin, who refuses to support his fellow democrats in passing climate legislation. there's a limit to what you can do through executive actions. the biden administration is doing what it can but the most , important thing it can do right now is to use the bully pulpit to convey the absolute ly essential importance of turning out these midterm elections this fall and voting for politicians who will support climate legislation. because the only way that we are going to be able to live up to our obligations to the rest of the world is to cut carbon emissions in half by 2030 as promised. the only way that will happen is if we pass climate legislation, and we need a congress that's willing to do that. if we have, you know congress, people who aren't willing to do
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that, we need to vote them out and vote in those who will. geoff: michael mansour, -- man, it's always great to speak with you, circumstances aside. thank you >> >> for your time. thank you. geoff: in the day's other headlines. president biden's covid symptoms continue to "improve significantly." according to a new letter from the president's physician today the presi's body aches, , runny nose, and cough have diminished, and his main symptom is now said to be a sore throat. earlier today, the white house covid-19 response coordinator said tse considered close contacts of the president have so far continued to test negative. >> 17 is the number that we are tracking in the white house medical unit. none of them have tested positive as of late yesterday. obviously, all those people have been contacted. they are following cdc protocol. and we'll continue to follow them.
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geoff: dr. jha also confirmed that the president was infected with the highly contagious omicron subvariant ba.5. it accounts for nearly 80 % of infections in the u.s. pope francis arrived in canada today, for a week of meetings with indigenous communities. the vatican says the purpose of thip is to ask forgiveness for historical abuses of native children at residential schools onceun by the catholic church. indigenous leaders greeted the pope, who is in a wheelchair due to an knee injury. for more than a century, over 150,000 digenous children were sent to state-funded schools, as a means of forced assimilation into white, christian society. one of the most horrific aspects, the children were subject to widespread physical and sexual abuse. at least 3,200 children died during that period, according to a report funded by the canadian government. a volcano on japan's southernmost island erupted on sunday night, triggering a level 5 high alert for the region.
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flames molten rock, and spewing , ash we seen rising high into the night sky. sakurajima is one of the most active volcanos in japan, and has repeatedly erupted, inuding several times in the last few years. the eruption prompted evacuations, but the japanese government says there are no reports of damage or injuries. and, cycling's biggest race, the tour de france, has a new champion, and the nation of denmark gets the bragging rights. danish cyclist jonas vingegaard beat the defending champ, after finishing as runner-up just last year. vingegaard has only raced professionally. for three years. and, he's the first danish rider to win cycling's biggest race in over 25 years. still to come on “pbs news weekend.” the costs of fast fashion fuel a rise in thrift shopping. and what movies and tv to watch this summer. announcer: this is “pbs news
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weekend” from weta studios in washington, home of the "pbs newshour" weeknights on pbs. geoff: thrift shopping has taken on a completely new life. one reason -- the epa calculates that unwanted clothing and footwear resulted in 13 million tons of waste in 2018. rhode island pbs weekly's isabella jibilian reports on how many young people are turning to thrifting to help the environment, and their wallets. reporter: imagine what it would be like to not purchase any new clothes. >> in 2017, i got a striped shirt, like i said this is the last new thing i'm ever going to get. reporter: that was the goal for the student at relied on -- rhode island school of design. he went nearly two years without a single new item of clothing.
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>> buying used, going through thrift stores, buying things based on need rather than want, so buying less and getting less. reporter: he also learned how to sew his own clothes, darn socks, and make his own repairs. he says his new approach to shopping began when he saw how clothing remained and how it affects the environment. >> huge amounts of water used to produce a single yard of fabric, or especially in dyes and processing and agriculture. cotton is a pretty water hungry plant. reporter: and he says, not too many people know that polyester comes from drilling oil, and synthetics shed. >> fabrics and fuzz, the lint that comes out in your dryer, and first synthetic fabrics, that is micro plastics. reporter: one study found a single garment can cast off up
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to 19,000 threads in a single wash which make their way through sewers and water waste. he reached a tipping point after seeing reports about the frequent human rights abuses when making fast, cheap clothes. in bangladesh, environmental and labor laws are frequently ignored in the $1 billion export leather industry. waste weather with harmful chemicals is dumped into neighborhood streams. the water seen here is actually dyed blue because of the process. workers process skins without protective gear, exposing them to known cancer-causing agents like chromium, and child workers are frequently seen operating heavy machinery. fast fashion also causes problems long after it's been made. author and journalist adam minter has written about the global recycling industry for the last two decades. >> one of the things that happened in the last 25 years really is that garments have become more difficult to recycle.
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that's where you start seeing large amount of textile waste. reporter: mentor says this is why in part we are seeing a thrifty trend. >> because of the development of apps, like poshmark, threup, people can purchase wholesale out of each other's closet. >> we will wear it a couple times and then sell it. reporter: this 24-year-old uses depop, a resale app that a favorite among gen z. >> a lot of people selling clothing online starts with your closet. reporter: she recently made her 700 sales on the platform. >> it is sustainable and it's all being purchased secondhand. reporter: offline, she purchas for deals in hamden,
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connecticut. she calls it the bins. here, they sell by the pound and the more you buy, the cheaper it is. every half-hour, new bins role onhe floor. it is serious business for their main clientele, pickers, people who purchase and sell. everyone has to wait for a signal before they can cut and pete for the best clothes -- compete for the best clothes. >> also. -- all set. reporter: the left of her close go through the doors for good wells recycling center. they are tipped onto a conveyor belt, compressed into thousand pound nails d then stacked. they might be shredded and used two stuffed cushions, cut into rags, or get exported abroad. it is just a small slice of a global secondhand market. >> there's all kinds of consumer survey data showing younger consumers, gen z primarily, are open to this idea of reuse. reporter: but he says their excitement has not made a dent in the massive work in for new
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clothes, but some retailers like patagonia and superstar walmart are listening. they now offer secondhand on their website. >> this is part of a massive consumer shift that will not necessarily happen overnight, but i do think we are seeing a change whe you are going to have secondhand clothing is a bigger part of the overall apparel retail chain. rerter: what is your short take on what is the most responsie way to be a consumer of clothes? >> by secondhand, and when you buy new stuff, by durability stuff that can be reused and feed the secondhand economy. reporter: back at rhode island school of design, he continues to sew and thrift. but after nearly two years, his strict no new clothing streak came to an end. >> i think i broke it for dress socks, actually. reporter: and socks were not the only chllenge. >> underwear, that was one of the things that did end.
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getting new underwear. reporter: i don't think anyone blames you for that one. [laughter] >> i'm definitely not so strict anymore. every once in a while if i need something and i can't make it or don't have the time to make it and can't find it and fit it and repair it, then i will go and get something new. so it is kind of like getting something new is the last resort if the other things don't work out. reporter: for “pbs news weeken”" in providence, rhode island. geoff: from "top gun" to the latest thor and minions movies, some blockbusters are making a comeback. studios and theaters are vying for people to return given covid hesitancy and facing fierce competition from streaming. the big studios and streaming trance battling it out means there's no shortage of content for movie and tv viewers.
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tv critic eric duggins joins us to talk about what we are watching and how we are watching it. great to have you with us. i have four or five streaming apps yet i can never find what to watch. help us out. what are you watching? > right now, better call sauon amc is in the final season and it is the best show on television so people should check it out. there's a show called the bear on fx that finished its first season run but it's a great show about a chef who returns to his families run down sandwich shop and tries to run it. there's also a wonderful show called the old man on fx that jeff bridges is starring in. a lot of great stuff on television that you can catch up on. geoff: you mentioned the o
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man. we have a clip. >> apparently we can match the transponders location to the location of the fn -- phoned in it and then reverse engineer the number. that one surprised me. i didn't know that was a thing we could do. i tell you this partly to remind you that you have no idea how different the game is than the last time you played it. partly because you've got about three minutes before they are on top of you. geoff: hard to go wrong with jeff bridges and john lythgoe. what is it about? >> so jeff bridges plays a cia agent who was living under an assumed name for a long time and suddenly he gets sense someone from his past is trying to kill him and he thinks the cia may be trying to help them do it so he tries to go on the run. he also has a daughter he's trying to keep hidden as well. he went up enlisting the aid of
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a woman whose -- who is innocent to it all played by amy brenneman. it is really interesting, as much about aging, and dealing with the legacy of all the decisions you made in your life. there are pointthat could act as an acting exercise, there's a little too much heartrending scenes between two people, but when the show really gets going, it is really wonderful. geoff: you mentioned "the bear" streaminright now on hulu. that is my favorite show at the moment. i will say it's stressful to watch, but enthralling in the moment. it's about a superstar chef who takes over the family business after the death by suicide of his brother. >> i didn't know my brother was using drugs. what does that say? as we got older, i realized i didn't know anything about him,
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really. he stopped letting me into the restaurant a couple years ago. he just cut me off, cold. that hurt, you know? geoff: that is the actor jeremy allen white. why does that show connect to you? reporter: what's wonderful to me about the show is it depicts a very specific environment. the kitchen in a struggling sandwich shop in chicago. i grew up in gary, indiana to chicago and chicago has a very specific field. they do a great job of evoking wh those shops are like, the way people yell aeach other behind the counter. [laughter] even though the patrons are right there and can hear them. [laughter] on top of all of that, this is a guy who was trained in some of the best kitchens in new york and he's trying to bring some of those values, and he has quite a
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tough time about it, but you get to learn a little bit about how those kitchens work. it is a great character study. you eventually find out that a lot of the characters are hiding things from themselves, and all of that gets peeled away as you see them have friction with each other and try and deal with this situation. i really enjoy the show. geoff: let's talk about netflix because they are changing their business model. you will either pay more for your subscription, or pay less, but there will be commercials. are the glory days of streaming over? reporter: i don't know about at. i think what is happening is wall street is being forced to have a more realistic view of what streaming can actually do. netflix offered this promise to investors and wall street that they could continually and constantly increase their subscriber count, and they foun in the wake of increasing their prices this year, in the wake of
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problems with inflation and people looking at their bottom line a little closer, and in the wake of a flood of competition om other streaming services like disney plus and hulu, their subscriber count has gone down by about 1.2 million people. i think we will see less spending on new projects. i think we will see them crackdown on the 100 million households getting netflix for free by sharing passwords. i think we will see them try to offer a cheaper tear of subscriber. if they offer you a much reduced fee, and you will watch ads, it might be a win-win for everybody. geoff: the way we watched changing what we watch. eric deggans, and peers tv critic, think he was always. that's our show for tonight. i'm geoff bennett. for all of us at “pbs news
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weekend”, thanks for spending part of your sunday with us. have a great week. announcer: major funding for “pbs news weekend” has been provided by -- and with the ongoing support of these individuals and institutions. this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ >> you're watching pbs. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its
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narrator: hollywood s architect the paul r. williams story has been made possible in part by the richard h. driehaus foundation itvs, the independent television service with funding provided by the corporation for public broadcasting the washington dc commission on the arts and humanities the american institute of architects and ariel investments ♪ lonnie: paul williams was one of the most gifted architects of the 20th century. linda: his legacy of buildings is so strong and so compelling and so wide ranging. karen: he had a teacher who very clearly told him, "you cannot be an architect." wesley: he was the first african american architect to have a major crossover appeal to a white clientele,
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