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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 11, 2022 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ laura: i am laura trevelyan in washington and this is bbc world news america. a second day of intense missile strikes against ukraine as president zelenskyy calls for more weapons to defend his country. zaporizhzhia, denny pro, and lviv were all hit. president zelenskyy joins leaders of the g7 at their emergency meeting, calling for more weapons and air defenses. the international monetary fund issues a stark warning for the global economy. >> the worst is yet to, and for many people 2023 will feel like
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a recession. laura: as the u.n. warns of a cholera outbreak in haiti, we speak to a haitian journalist about the extreme gang violence there. buckingham palace announces the coronation of king charles the third will be in may 2023. welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. a second day of russian missile strikes in ukraine. president biden and other leaders of the g7 a group major economies held an emergency meeting about what more they can do to support ukraine. the leaders condemned moscow's attacks and warned vladimir putin of severe consequences if russia were to use nuclear weapons. president zelenskyy called for more help with air defense. from keefe. , here is paul adams.
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paul: a day of welcome calm after yesterday's storm. air raid sirens did sound briefly, citizens heating the government warning to seek shelter, some headinfor the metro. >> [translated] we don't feel safe because we don't know what's coming next. i hope what happened yesterday was the scariest thing. >> i'm not afraid because there will be a victory for ukraine, for all our people. paul: one of yesterday's missiles almost hit the city's famous pedestrian bridge. toda people came out to see what almost happened. this popular bridge isn't just a tourist attraction anymore, it's what the mayor calls a symbol of ukraine's indomitable at. the people of this city have had a quiet day on which to reflect on yesterday's events but it hasn't been the same in other parts of the country. in zaporizhzhia, a car showroom
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was gutted. earlier this morning. officials said 12 missiles were fired at the city. zaporizhzhia has been hit every day for the past two weeks. official in other cities have been ordered not to release images of damages to power plants and other infrastructure. they know energy is a key russian target. present zelenskyy directly appealed to allies for help dealing with missiles and drones. he thanked them for helping to secure ukraine's skies, said the threats keep coming and ukraine needs more. back in the capital, cleanup continues. the government has taught people to be vigilant and conserve energy. in this war with many fronts, keeping warm may soon become the next battle. paul adams, bbc news, kyiv. laura: we are joined by our washington correspondent gary
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o'donoghue. president zelenskyy dialed into the emergency meeting of g7 leaders. he called for more weapons, more air defenses. did the leaders give him what he wanted? gary: they gave him a pretty effusive welcome in terms of the promises they made for military and humanitarian at diplomatic and other forms of support. this air shield is the key demand. what's happening is america is about to deliver two navsat systems that are good at defending against cruise missile attacks, particularly at defending cities. that is the system used to defend washington, d.c. in the united states, some americans have believe in that system. they are promising eight and the other six are not going to be delivered for a while. there are other systems coming from germany but none of this
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may be happening quickly enough for the ukrainians who believe this sort of attack could happen at any time and do damage to their open areas. laura: if republicans make gains in the midterm elections, if the energy crisis in europe worsens this winter, code western support for ukraine wane? gary: the level of unity up till now has been extraordinary when you look at the different forms, the eu, nato, transatlantic cooperation. the uny has been pretty much 100%. but there are forces at play. you mentioned the midterm elections. republicans could take the house. that's well within the realm of likelihood. there is a whole chunk of publicans, 50 odd, who voted against support for ukraine, a dozen or so in the senate.
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the weather could change on money for ukraine coming from congress after november. europe is in this deep energy crisis, this gas csis that america is not experiencing. america has more natural gas then it knows what to do with. europe is short of it. that is going to put huge strains on european economies as they spend hundreds of billions of euros and dollars on supporting consumers and businesses. germans alone spending $200 billion just to support consumers and businesses. that could strain the domestic support for ukraine in the coming winter and even the winter after that. laura: as gary was suggesting, further pressure on the west's commitment to ukraine is the increasing likelihood of a
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global recession. the international monetary fund has downgraded its forecast for global growth while urging central banks tuesday tir course in the fight against inflation. the imf said the worst was yet to come for the world economy. >> the 2023 slowdown will be broad-based with countries accounting for a third of the global economy expected to contract this year or next. the three largest economies, the united states, china, and the euro area, will continue to stall. the worst is yet to come and for many people 2023 will feel like a recession. laura: our north america business correspondent miclle fleury is at the imf in washington. a pretty stark morning. where is the most turbulence coming from? michelle: judging by the mood music, it's a question of where the turbulence isn't coming from. the imf cited a laundry list of
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concerns when it gave its bleak assessment, from the war in ukraine pushing up the cost of oil and gas to the cost crisis leading to higher interest rates and be slowdown in china as a result of covid-19 lockdowns and problems in the property market. as you heard the chief economist say, that leads to a slowdown in the u.s., europe, and china. that matters because these countries are engines of global growth for the rest of the world with a third forecast to face a recession next year. laura: h about britain? where those unfunded tax cuts set off a run on the pound and had bond markets in trouble. what has the governor of the bank of england been saying about that at the imf? michle: he was at a meeting on the sidelines of the imf where he faced more tough questions after the bank of england said it was going to buy more bonds
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to try to stabilize the financial markets, where we have seen a huge amount of disruptions and some coern about the health of u.k. pension funds. he said he was acting in the best interest of the country. those inside here offered more criticism of what is happening in the u.k., suggesting their policies were operating at odds with each other and describing it as two drivers at the wheel. one, the central bank trying to cool the economy and limit price rises. on the other hand, the government with tax cuts trying to heat up the economy. when you have two drivers going opposite directions, that typically doesn't end well. laura: does the imf think britain's troubles could spread? michelle: that was fascinating. they said they didn't expect it to be a spillover effect.
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they are using events in the u.k. as an opportunity to point out the risks to other central bankers and finance ministers gathering in washington over the next few days. these are the dangers you face if policy missteps are made. a situation can get much worse very quickly. laura: michelle fleury in washington, thank you. funerals have been taking place in thailand for those killed, many of them children, when a former police man went on a rampage at a nursery last week. thailand's prime minister and cabinet members joined family members at the funerals. 37 people, including 23 children, were killed. the attack shocked the nation. jonathan head reports. jonathan: so many lives cut short, and so young. on the last day of these funerals, families prayed before the coffins of the victims for
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the last time. this woman is saying goodbye to her granddaughter, who she brought up since she was a baby. >> [translated] she always played like a boy. she could be quite rough. she used to climb on me or her grandfather. she would make him fall over and then laugh at him. like me, he loved her dearly. jonathan: it wasn't just children who died. 13 adults also lost their lives to the killer. this man was in the nursery when it was attacked. >> [translated] my daughter might not have enough education to help her reach the stars, but today she is like a hero. i am so proud of her. laura: the king ordered the funerals be given royal status and a sacred flame was brought from the palace in bangkok for the cremations.
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some of thailand's most senior figures were here to demonstrate the rest of the country's solidarity with this small rural community. this is a much grander funeral than they are used to but families of the victims tell us it has brought them some comfort. the shockingly cruel kling of so many young children does leave troubling questions for thailand. was it drugs, guns, some other shortcoming? or was it just a freak attack that no one could have stopped? the search for answers to these questions has only just started. people came from far away to join this final farewell in impressive numbers. picking up sandalwood flowers to be added to the funeral pyre. then the first group was called forward to see their child's face one last time.
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it was a little boy a not quite four years old. one of so many families left bereft by the suddenness and injustice of it all. jonathan head, bbc news, northeastern thailand. laura: a nation mourns. in other news from around the world, baltimore prosecutors have dropped their case against amnon syed, whose case was publicized in the hit podcast cereal. he was found guilty and served over 20 years in prison for the 1999 killing of his ex-girlfriend hyman lee. prosecutors said they discovered information about two alternative suspects, including one who had allegedly threatened to kill the victim. leaders in lebanon reached what president biden called a historic breakthrough in a dispute over maritime borders.
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the deal brokered by the u.s. will enable both nations to exploit offshore gas fields. israel and lebanon have no diplomatic relations and are still technically at war. one of the last remaining stars of hollywood's golden age, angela lansbury, died at the age of 96. her family said she died at her home in los angeles this morning. she was best known for starring as a tv detective in murder she wrote. she also had leading roles in the films bed knobs and broomsticks and beauty and the beast. let's go to haiti. the u.s. state department said the situation has grown dire due to criminal gangs holding up the response to a deadly cholera outbreak. the status quo cannot persist said the u.s. state department. haiti's government asked for international military assistance to stop the armed gangs tightening their grip on the country. i have been speaking to a haitian journalist about the
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situation in port--prince. it's a drastic step for haiti's government to request international military assistance. can you describe the impact that armed games -- armed gangs are having on daily life in port-au-prince? >> armed gangs disrupted everything in haiti right now. last year in july the president of the country was killed by armed people, most of them colombians. one week before the president was killed, dozens of people were killed in the capital. we are in a situation where everything in the country is in the blocked stage because gangs are blocking the fuel distribution, gangs are clashing with each other, killing dozens, sometimes hundreds in different
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cities, including one of the most impoverished areas of the country. you have to pay the gangs and most businesses are disrupted. laura: on top of this, there is now a cholera outbreak. what can you tell us about that? >> at the start of october, the government announced the resurgence of cholera. for more than three years, we did not have cases of cholera, so it is clear why we have cases now. this resurgence is being registered in two slums, one in a city that is a center of gang violence and another in the capital.
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this case is spreading really fast. it is dficult for you to help the population that is really in need when the gangs are in control of all the way to 60% of the capital. laura: that devastating cholera outbreak in haiti 12 years ago, which i covered and i rember how awful it was, u.n. peacekeepers were blamed for bringing cholera to the country. do the people of haiti really want to see a u.n. rapid action force coming to their country now? >> that's how we can sort of relate what is happening on the gangs side, what is happening on the political side, but also what is happening in terms of the solution people are trying to provide. most people i talked to in haiti, poor people but including
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middle-class folks, are skeptical about the human. but also they were implicated in several cases of human rights abuses. this is still fresh in people's memory and it's unclear how the population will react when and if u.n. soldiers happen to come another time in haiti right now. laura: what do the people of haiti see as the solution to this crisis? how do you think peace and stability can be brought to the country? >> frankly i don't know. many people have different ideas regarding what should be done. most people agree that support to the haitian national police
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is necessary, a strengthening of haitian institutions is necessary, because even the folks supporting a u.n. peacekeeping mission or a mission by the u.s. or canada, even them agree that for this to be durable, for us in haiti not to fall again in the same situation, we have to work with haitian institutions and haitians. laura: thank you so much for telling us about daily life in port-au-prince. >> thank you very much. laura: buckingham palance has announced the coronation of king charles iii will take place on saturday, may 6 next year with the queen consort crowned alongside him. the ceremony will be held at westminster abbey. our royal correspondent reports. nicholas: he has been king since
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the moment of his mother's death. charles was near balmoral today thanking local people for their support. alongside king charles, camilla the queen consort. they will be side-by-side in seven months to be crowned alongside each other at the coronation. >> now here comes her majesty. nicholas: in june 1953 queen elizabeth road in a gold coach to her coronation. it's an event which, while it is purely symbolic in constitutional terms, has a deep religious significance. it's the moment when a new monarch is crowned and consecrated, when a queen or king dedicates him or herself to the service of his or her people. for king charles, the coronation will be a blend, ancient traditions with a contemporary feel. buckingham palace said, the
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coronation will reflect the monarch's role today and look towards the future while being rooted in long-standing traditions and pageantry. will britain, in a time of homelessness and restricted benefits and energy prices going up, really cheer to the rafters the site of a head of state riding in a golden coach? there are others who will say, that's just what we want. nearly 70 years after the grandeur of queen elizabeth's coronation, the crowning of charles and camilla will be shorter, smaller, and more diverse, a coronation which in the words of the king's officials will reflect the britain and the world of today. will there be a public holiday to celebrate? that's a matter for the government, says the palace. laura: the u.s. space agency
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nasa says it ken lay claim to the title of defender of the planet following its successful attempt to deflect the path of an asteroid 7 million miles from earth. the mission was created to test a potential plan to defend the earth against threatening objects. are signs editor rebecca morelle has the story. rebecca: extraordinary images from a mission like no other, a nasa's spacecraft closed in on an asteroid 7 million miles away from the earth. it same? to knock the space rock off course by smashing into it. >> 3, 2, 1. rebecca: at a nasa press conference, the mission team has confirmed it worked. >> today nasa confirms that dart successfully changed the targeted asteroid's trajectory. this mission shows that nasa is
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trying to be ready for whatever the universe throws at us. rebecca: telescopes on earth tracked the moving asteroid, capturing the moment of impact, revealing e rocky debris being hurled into space. and this image from the hubble space telescope revealed how the crash created a plume of dust 6000 miles long. all of this debris helped alter the asteroid's path. the target was a double asteroid system. a larger space rock orbited by a smaller one. before the collision, it took dimorphism 11 hours and 53 minutes to fly around the bigger rock. crashing into it gave it a kick, changing its speed a fraction. nasa has confirmed this has altered its orbit. it now takes 11 hours and 23 minutes, a huge decrease of 32
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minutes. >> if you wanted to do this in the future, it could work but you would want to do eight years in advance. warning time is key to enable this sort of asteroid deflection to be used in the future. rebecca: another close encounter with the asteroid is already planned. in two years europe will send a spacecraft to study the crater left by the crash, helping us see if this is really an effective way to defend the planet. laura: for those of you whoeel that age is just a number, here is a story that proves your point. one of the world's oldest politicians is running for parliament in malaysia as upcoming general election at the age of 97. he has been prime minister twice and was in hospital this year with a heart condition but is defending his parliamentary seat, hoping his newly formed coalition will stop his former party from gaining power.
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snap elections to be held within weeks. that is stamina for you. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ william: good evening, i am william brangham. russian attacks -- heightened concerns about the kremlin's next moves in its escalating war. then, inflation spike. american families forced to make tough choices as the cost of food rises. we explore what is behind spiking prices. >> the vast majority has to do with things like processing costs, transportation, wholesale and retail trade. we see all of those prices go up. william: and growing outrage. pressure mounts on essentialist city council members following leaked audio of racist remarks.


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