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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  October 26, 2022 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by conibutions to this pbs station from
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ karin: this is "outside source," rishi sunak ditches more of his predecessor's plans on his first day as prime minister, reinstates a band on fracking and is ford to defend his choice as home secretary less than a week after she resigned over a series to breach. >> she made an error of judgment, but she recognized that, she raised the matter and accepted her mistake. >> he has done a grubby deal trading national security because he was scared of losing
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an election. karin: russia claims 70,000 people have left an occupied city in ukraine and thousands of people in iran joined demonstrations marng the death of the he job protester exactly 40 days ago. ♪ we starting the u.k.. rishi sunak has had his first day in office as prime minister and has been forced to defend his appointment of suella braverman as home secretary. she was forced to step down last week over a breach of the ministerial code. the issue came up in rishi sunak 's first prime minister questions. >> she recognized that she made an error of judgment, she raised the matter and accepted her
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mistake. that is what i would like to welcome back her into a united cabinet to bring stability into the heart of government. let me tell you what the home secretary will be focused on. cracking down on criminals, defending our borders, on the party opposite. remains soft on crime and in favor immigration -- unlimited immigration. mr. speaker, yesterday, the prime minister stood on the steps of downing street and promised integrity, professionalism and accountability. but with his first act, he appointed a home secretary who was sacked by his predecessor a week ago for deliberately pinging around sensitive home office documents. karin: in her resignation letter, suellen braverman
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admitted committing an infringement of the rules by nding an official document to someone not authorized to receive it. i have made a mistake, i accept responsibility, i resigned, she wrote. the questions remain about the government whether ms. braverman should be allowed the full security clearance her role allows. labor and liberal democrats are both calling for a cabinet office investigation and the leader of the scottish national party didn't miss words. >> we all know why he appointed her, a sleazy, backroom deal to show up his organization. far from being a freshtart, this is a return to this lease and scandal of cabinets asked. karin: he went on to ask if the prime minister would sack suella braverman. >> i had a call last night with the first minister of scotland. it was important i spoke to her because it wanted to express desire to work constructively
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with the scottish government, so we could work together to deliver for the people of scotland. and that is what i plan to do. karin: as you heard, he did not answer the question. a little labor -- later, the labor secretary was granted an urgent question about the home secretary, who had by then left the commons. >> the prime minister promised integrity, professionalism and accountability. yet they discarded the ministerial code, appointed someone who breached core professional standards and has now run away from accountability to this house. it was the same old tory chaos and it is leading the country down. karin: as home secretary, suella braverman is a charge of national security. with the breach came to light, she argued the draft was written ministerial statement do for publication imminently and that mp's had been briefed. but according to reuters, information of the document was argued to have the potential to
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impact market-sensitive growth forecasts. >> he is clearly, you would think, expecting this wittism and ready to absorb it in the early days of his administration , and take the hit to appoint someone who is an influential voice d key figure on the right. and you have to assume, to keep some of his troops happy. karin: that is jonathan blake. in another development, the u.k. chancellor or finance minister announced the plan to tackle the cost-of-living crisis has been delayed. it was due to happen on monday, october 31, but will now be deliverenovember 17. here is the chancellor. >> our number-one priority i economic stability and restoring confidence. and the united kingdom is a country that pays its way. for that reason, the median term
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fiscal plan is extremely important and i want to confirm that it will demonstrate debt falling over the median term, which is very important for people to understand. but it is also extremely important that that statement is based on the most accurate possible economic forecastsand forecasts of public finances. karin: in another development, rishi sunak reintroduced the ban on fracking in england, six weeks after predecessor liz truss lifted it. she faced a backlash from conservative mps and opposition parties over concerns about earth tremors linked to the practice. these concerns were put to the new prime minister in parliament. >> i have set i snd by the manifesto on that. but i am proud this government has passed a landmark, more protection for the natural environment that we have ever had with a clear plan to
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deliver. and i can reiterate my commitment that we will deliver on those ambitions because we care deeply about passing our children and environment in a better state than we found it ourselves. karin: a big, first full day in office for rishi sunak and a lot of challenges. watching the events, political editor chris mason. chris: rishi sunak conference huge challenges and big questions. the economic statement has been pushed back to three weeks tomorrow. there are those big questions -- will, for instance, pensions riney lies with isis? probably. but we await con for mate -- confirmation. will benefits rise in line with prices? again, probably, not certain. two of many decisions that have to be taken and taken quickly. ♪ karin: in ukraine, there are warnings that a large and bloody battle would be looming between ukrainian addressing forces as
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they -- ukrainian and russian forces as they fight for control of the city of curse on -- purse on -- kherson. it has been occupied for many months by russia. ukraine says russia is strengthening its military force there. reports say tens of thousands of people have left as ukrainian people -- as ukrainian forces advanced. christian: -- reporter: the main target here is the city of kherson, the capitol one of the four regions president claims to have annexed. last night command advisor to president zielinski said there were no signs russian troops were preparing to leave the city. in fact, he said russian troops were preparing the streets for defense and sending in more troops. karin: while ukraine advances in
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kherson, this happened today rush's farast. [explosion] the kremlin says ballistic and cruise missiles were fired on land, sea and air a part of annual exercises of russian strategic nuclear forces. here is the russian president watching. according to the kremlin come all missiles reached their targets. the lunches took place as russia continues to make unsubstantiated claims that ukraine is plotting to use a dirty bomb. that is an explosive device mixed with radioactive material. the russian allegions have been widely rejected by western countries as false. meanwhile, the ukraine defense minister says a risk of a large-scale russian nuclear attack is low. >> in my personal opinion, he will not use a nuclear weapon. they did a lot of stupid things, but they continue to be pragmatic. karin: more analysis on kherson,
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here is justin cmp, and intelligence consultancy a royal army veteran. >> the city is very hard for the russians to defend. it is on the wrong bank of the river for them. it is a symbol of their intent to push toward russia, which was stalled earlier in the conflict. it is very, very hard for russia to maintain bruises -- maintain bridges. they have been targeted by long-raise ukrainian missiles. the russians have been struggling to hold their lines. they have fallen back already. but they are trying to build up in the city itself. and i think it is unthinkable, politically, to give up the city without a fight and the point now is to make ukrainians bleed as much as possible if they want to recapture it. scenes in their you polar fresh in our mind. ukrainians want intent to fight
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block by block in the city, and that is the current shape of events. karin: what you think we are hearing these percent. -- these persistent allegations from russia that ukraine is planning to use some kind of dirty bomb. >> this is rush's wider strategy. in the south,t is told dante illegally-seized territories while they mobilize for service, try to bring up to us to sustain the conflict. more widely, the big thing for them is to shut down western support for ukraine comment one way they are doing that is by scaring us -- ukraine, and one way they are doing that is by scaring us with rhetoric to lead us to thinking that ukraine is going to be the aggressor in a nuclear war. that is unthinkable. a radiological device is not a weapon of mass destruction, it is a weapon of mass irritation, a harassment weapon. it allows russia to say it is
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becoming a nuclear batefield and ukraine is starting it. it is very similar to the rhetoric around the power plant we heard earlier, putting pressure on the western backers of ukraine to try to make us bring them to e table. karin: justin crump. stay with us on "outside source." still to come, alarming words on the environment from the united nations, as it says we are nearing the point of no return. ♪ >> indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy died today. only yesterday, she had spoke of dying and svice of her country and said i would be proud if every drop of my blood would contribute to the growth of this nation. >> after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. >> no more suspicion. no morefear. no more uncertainty.
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>> ignition and lift off of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. >> this is beautiful. ♪ >> a milestone in human history. today, this girl in india is the 7 billion person on the planet. -- 7 billionth person on the planet. ♪ karin: you are with "outside source," live from the bbc news room, i am karin giaone e. britton's new prime minister rishi sunak reinstated the band on fracking abolished by his predecessor liz trus on his first day in office.
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more unrest at antigovnment protests in iran. we are hearing reports security forces opened fire on demonstrators in the hometown of the young kurdish woman whose death in police custody triggered nationwide demonstrations. it has been 40 days since she died. the protests contie. this was the scene in her hometown, ae kurdish city in the west of iran. thousands gathered by her grave to mark the official ending of the morning -- mourning. protesters shafted women, life, freedom. there are reports 10,000 people went to her grave. protests continue elsewhere, this is a vigil at the university of tehran. protesters are starting to clap and chant. there were similar scenes at other universities. the bbc has been speaking to an iranian woman who has joined the protests. we are calling her miriam for safety. >> this is 40 days since she
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died. iran is a tradition that we have a ceremony for the 40th. today, many people have stopped working in protest of the memory of massa. cities camino verse it is at schools continue to protest. this is the first time even students have joined the protests. for the a regime to attack schools and arrest the students, the regime treats protesterso cruelly that there are reports of rape and prisoners taken to hospitals, and the medical staffs have also protested, today and days ago. karin: mahsa amini was detained by morality police on september 13 for allegedly wearing her job improperly. 22-year-old fell into a coma and died three days later. the family disputes the police
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account of her death that she suffered a heart attack. there are reports police beater around the head with a baton. protests are now in their sixth week. women and schoolgirls have been at the forefront, despite the danger of doing so. these pictures are from the city of shiraz, women marching without a when humans write -- human rights group says at least 140 protesters including 29 children have died. here is miriam on whether she is afraid. >> a is not about me or afraid, it is about us. it is about the next generation. we want a normal life. nothing re. they have tried their best to scare us all these years, but we have practicedourage all these years and prepared for these days. currently, when people who were silent for years and except
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thesconditions have joined the protters. and now, we are more than other. we are afraid, but we are practicing courage of the day to take bk our freedom. karin: antigovernment protesters set -- iranians over the past 40.
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this is how we have been adding momentum. -- trying to raise awareness, writing to mp's. as a british-iranian, we have a set list of clear dands we would like our mps to address. karin: a new u.n. report was released today on climate change. >> if we areot able to reverse the present trend in the world, we will be doomed. this must be for all of us, and absolute priority. karin: let's get context. this is what countries pledged
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feet in 2013, 2 hundred nations came together for the paris agreement, landmark, ley-winding treaty on climate change. it included a pledge limit the global aperture increased to 1.5 ceius above the industrial levels pre-to achieve this, countries said they would set up targets to cut greenhouse gas omissions. that was reformed -- reaffirmed last year in scotland, where cop 26 countries agreed to strengthen climate action plans. but even then, there was caution, this is the president of the summit at the end of the summit. >> we ca say with credibility that we have kept 1.5 degrees within reach. but it's pulse is weak. karin: those were the promises. actions tell a different story. according to the u.n. report, just 26 of the 193 countries that agreed to more ambitious climate actions have followed through with those plans. based on current pledges come of
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the planet is also on track to warm up by an average 2.5 celsius by the end of the century, dwarfing the 1.5 degrees target. there were some positive development, the report says emissions will increase by 10.6% by 2030. ster, the figure was 13.7%. -- last year, the figure was 13.17 -- 13.7%. antonio guterres says time is running out. >> we have very few years, two or three years to change course. we must absolutely start reducing emissions now. the cooperation of companies is essential. karin: i have been speaking to the former u.n. climate change secretary for her reaction to that report. >> this is no surprise. these reports, and there will be many of them over the next one or two weeks, they also -- they always come up before the cop id
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this is the time of whh year all these assessment reports come out. now, it is no surprise that we are behind schedule. that is not a surprise. it is tragic, but not a surprise. the good news that is in these reports is that when we left paris in 2015, the collective efforts of all countries would have taken us to 2.7 degrees of warming. today, we are down to 2.5. better, but not enough. also, as you mentioned that the beginning of this program, projections last year were that we were going to be increasing 13.7% by the end of this decade. today, that 13.7% is down to 10.6%, better but not sufficient. the conclusion is, we are walking, or rather crawling in the right direction, but not fast enough. it is not enough to have
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marginal and incremental transformation. right now, we should be on exponential transformation and we don't have that yet. karin: you look thought things the world has had to face in the last few years -- the pandemic globally, war in ukraine, now a cost-of-living crisis in many countries. when you look at all of that, are you hopeful that there can be action, when people have so many difficulties confronting them? >> what we should understand is that we would not be in this energy crisis if the world had to renewables and if renebles were the dominant yule for electricity around the world. the reason we are having an energy crisis is because we are still predominantly depending on oil and gas, and depending on erratic states to provide that oil and gas. hence, we have a problem. but we wouldn't if we had moved over to renewables. karin: that is cristiana talking
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to me from costa rica, reacting to that new u.n. rort on climate change. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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