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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 27, 2022 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program isrovided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ laura: i'm laura trevelyan in new york city and this is world news america resident warns the next decade will be the most dangerous and unpredictable since the end of new york -- world war ii. he defended his actions in ukraine and denied threatening or more. the u.k. prime minister pulls out of the next climate summit and we have an exclusive report from the arctic circle, warming faster than anywhere else on earth. 12 days to go into the u.s. midterm elections, we look at ho patient affects voters in ohio, showing that the american economy is expanding.
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as priscilla struggles with its own cost-of-living crisis, will voters embrace the left-wing former president in the runoff election? ♪. welcome to "world news america," on pbs and around the globe. let me put made a major speech, claiming that he was intent on widening political divisions in e u.s. in europe with the growing costs the board ukraine. by saying western elites were trying to impose values on the rest of the world, he to be speaking directly to conservatives in the u.s. ahead of the midterm elections. he ward the coming decade would most dangerous and unprotect since the end of the second world war. here is our russia editor, steve rosenberg.
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>>'s war in ukraine has not gone according to plan but more than eight months in, from vladimir putin, no regrets and no remorse . he blamed the west for the conflict, making passing references to the human costs of the invasion. >> of course there has been a price to pay. primarily the losses connected to the special milary operation. i'm always thinking about that there are economic costs, to, but there are enormous gains. without any doubt, what is happening now will ultimately benefit russia and its future. it will strengthen our sovereignty. >> strength is what the criminal leader is trying to project. this week oversaw massive exercises by the ruian strategic nuclear forces.
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a clear message to the west, don't mess with moscow. president putin was reminded that he once said in a nuclear war, russians would go to heaven and the enemy to hell. we are in no rush to go to heaven are weak, he asks? is a long pause. your silence is worrying me, he says. >> pausing on purpose, saying that we should be worried. x he rejected accusations that he's been engaging in nuclear sable battling and saying they would have nothing to gain invading ukraine issued a public warning that any country that gets in the way of russia would face consequences the likes of which we've never experienced in history. blacks and the warnings continue. >> according to russian official
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nuclear documents, russia would launch a strategic airstrike against the united states and all the neighboring countries as soon as we witness the launch of western missiles, no matter how well armed they are, against our territories. and then the whole planet will die. >> moscow may be hoping that nuclear rhetoric will scare the west into reducing some for ukraine, but it hasn't so far. laura: steve rosenberg, reported get from moscow as president tries to shake local public opinion, the preside says the army is holding out against a russian offens into towns in the region. presidt zelinski repeated russian attacks east their crazy . our bbc correspondent in kyiv says that the capture would bring more cities into the range of their artillery.
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in the south, radiant forces are advancing on the city there and have been hampered by heavy rain , russian troops building up fortifications and reinforcements. our correspondent has more. >> for weeks we have been talking about this counteroffensive with ukrainians making gains along the river target. the city, one of the largest under russian occupation, the capital of one of the four regions that putin claims to have. it's important and significant for the ukrainians and the russians and the last few days we have heard from ukrainian officials saying that russian forces are reinforcing their positions, bringing in more troops, including soldiers who have been recently mobilized. so they say the russians are preparing the city for a battle, preparing them for positions that are there to defend the
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city as they launch the offensive. . laura: let's turn to the issue of climate change, the new u.k. prime minister has pulled out of the month, saying he has pressing domestic commitments, including the next u.k. budget. >> this is due to other pressing domestic commitments including a spokesperson said preparations for the autumn budget. that's a big event in the financial calendar here in the u.k., happening now in mid-november. having been posted back and forth multiple times after the economic turmoil there is expected to be hugely significant terms of tax rises and spending cuts being announced by the new chancellor in the new government. rishi sunak deciding that the timing is great and he will get tending. laura: jonathan blake, reporting
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from westminster. that news that he won't be attending the summit came as a united nations report warned there was no credible pathway to keep the rise in global temperatures below 1.5 degrees celsius. however the u.s. special presidential envoy for climate, john kerry, says serious commitments can still prevent the worst effects of climate change. >> if we get more countries directly involved in changing their plans, the more rapidly kill the omissions, the more rapidly we transition, it is plausible we could hope to come very close to it. laura: john kerry there. the u.n. climate salmon is meant to help governments reduce global temperature rise in climate having a major act are circle. in norway they are warming more quickly than any other place on
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earth. nick has this exclusive report. >> venture deep into the arctic circle you find a unique place. here, the struggle for survival. climate change is on fast-forward. this polar explorer wants to show uhow her world is disappearing. soon. an incredible sight, one frame with sadness. >> to survive as a polar bear now you would have to be super good at hunting because the main source of food are the seagulls and they are diminishing. the ice that the seals and polar bears are dependent on our diminishing and it's getting ss and less ice. >> this norwegian archipelago is warming six times faster than the global average. there is muchess ice here to reflect heat and more exposed ocean to absorb it.
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these beluga whales are swimming water that is much hotter than it used to be. and all wildlife here is having to adapt to this hotter world. you can now. it's hotter than the water and it's hotter in the arctic. melting here raises sea levels and affects weather patterns across the globe. in what is the northernmost settlement of the world, its life on the edge. houses being moved and rebuilt. new barriers to stop more avalanches triggered by the thawing ground. it attracts tens of thousands of visitors every year, we may strain on the environment. authorities claim they are moving towards renewable energy. >> we are in one of the two
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pruction sites that have. >> this is their last coalminer, which we are told is due to close. >> it makes me sad. it was a mining town, now it is coming to an end. >> just a fortnight after our visit, this company announced it is delaying closure. why? they say that european energy crisis makes the mining more profitable operation. if they cannot give up fossil fuel in the fastest warming place on earth, what hope for the rest? u.n. says that we face a climate emergency. the alarm is sounding we ignore it at our peril. nick beake, bbc news, in laura: the arctic circle. laura:the struggle to survive, there. 12 days to go until the midterms
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in the u.s., president i'm hoping that democrats will keep control of their narrow majorities in congress while republicans feel confident in making gains. tonight we look at what polling said just is a number one issue for voters, the economy. we have a report from the midwest state of io. >> paul festivities are underway in circleville, local farmers and small businesses serving up everything pumpkin. by the looks of things, the economy appears to be back in swing. but the only thing that weighs more than the pumpkins on the he pis the cost-of-living, worrying democrats as they battle to hold onto congress. >> what is happening in washington is they have got the care how much it costs to fill gas tanks. we care about how much eggs are at the grocery store. 18 eggs, $7.85.
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>> the president has done nothing >> ohio used to be a swing state but is moving further to the right and in the midterms is the republican's to lose. inflation only adding to the difficulties of the democrats here, overshadowing what they view some of the biden legislative successes. democrats have tried to highlight their achievement on the long-awaited action on health care and student debt. recently president biden was in ohio at the groundbreaking for the new intel factory. under the chips act, billions will be invested to make america a global leader in chip manufacturing. the project on the site just under 1000 acres will employ 7000 construction workers thousand full-time jobs. intel says that the presence will have a ripple effect >>
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building the factory in ohio, so much more will come. hold ecosystem of suppliers. restaurants coming in. health care, rec nation. so the economic impact of our region is, is, it's enormous. >> in the meantime, low income households can strea you -- you to struggle. this is a single mother who works three jobs. she doesn't lame mr. biden for the tough times but doesn't give him a ringing endorsement either. bikes i don't blame joe biden for the economy. i don't think he has none of that job. i don't think he's done a good job. i think he just does the job. >> she doesn't yet know how she will vote when she heads to the polls. there are other issues at play, but the economy is the top concern nationally and it could be what breaks democratic hopes in november. bbc news, ohio. laura: many americans are
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feeling the pinch at the moment. but there is some good economic news in the u.s. today, the economy growing at an annual rate of 2.6% in the third order, shopping continues, prices rising with higher borrowing costs. more on what this means for the u.s. in the world, we are joined by our business correspondent. is this finally some good economic news or is it a mixed picture? >> look, i think you have to take the good news when you can get it right now and clearly the fact that you are seeing growth in the set of a contraction, which is what we saw for the six months of the year, is something to celebrate. digging deeper into numbers, the exports are put some of the improvement. people don't expect that to continue because the strength of the dollar is such that in the months ahead it will be tougher for u.s. companies to sell goods abroad. the other thing people are
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talking about is consumer spending, which continued to grow but at a weaker rate, which mattered because that after all is the key driver of u.s. economic. it will give some relief to the federal reserve central bank that has been trying to hold the economy and consumer demand by raising interest rates to sort of tamped down on inflation. but it will not dispel the fears of ticking into a recession in the next 12 month. laura: so what does the u.s. outlook mean for the world economy, which has been suffering as the u.s. central bank hikes interest rates? >> yeah i think it is a lesson or a reminder to us all about how locally interconnected the economy is in a lot of this as you point out his interest rates, the fed has raised interest rates five times this year and it still isn't done yet . what this does, one of the many
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things idoes is it makes u.s. assets more attractive to investors, pile to u.s. dollars, making that currency stronger against others, causing a real headache for the countries around the world. not just rich countries but also developing countries that have debts in american dollars. people who buy goods in american dollars. remember after all julio is traded in the u.s. dollar. the strengthening of the dollar is a headache for many around the world. laura: in the tech world, twitter is about to get a new seat. what is that going to mean the direction of the company? >> yes so this deadline set by a delaware judge for elon musk to close the torturous deal with twitter looms. he said he wants to get it done by tomorrow and in the meantime this week we have seen video of him surfacing inside the twitter headquarters, changing his twitter bio to chief twit.
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he released a statement today basic explaining his motives for the deal, saying he is here to do it humanity and that it is important that we have a sort of town square for everyone to communicate. some people are skeptical on this because of his backing push on free speech, saying that if he lifts some of the form, it could become more racist, more sexist, more toxic. he said he doesn't want it to become a hells gate but that said, there are concerns about what will happen. either way, given his big talk, we will have to see if you can live up to those ideals. laura: we will, indeed. thank you so much. there are reports out of iran that security forces have fired on protesters in the northwest of the country.
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[gunfire] laura: you can hear the gunfire in this video received by the bbc persianervice. they have been demonstrating over the shooting of protesters on wednesday night. it has mark days since the death of a young woman in the custody of the morality police. her death after allegedly wearing her hijab imoperly. our correspondent has spoken to one of the protesters who is now in pakistan, waiting for a visa to the united states. to protect it we are concealing his identity and using only his first name. her death has become a symbol for the movement against the country's authoritarian regime. he was in his home city when the uprising began and was in the
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thick of the protests. >> protests almost every other day and they are getting suppressed violently. even if you are not a protester, you might get some of the shrapnel. you might get enough or even killed. >> to protect his family, we are only using his first name and concealing his face >> i've seen shouting -- face. >> i've seen shooting at these protests. i have seen the forces beating people for the sake of beating them up. >> this is the city that is the home of the murdered young woman . a culturally significant moment or iranians.
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>> there is tierney. there is murder -- tyranny. there is murder. i need to bear some risks. i need to do it for the safety of my people. if i don't do it, who's going to? >> attempts to suppress are violent and deadly with a country full of defiance and determined on regime change. laura: videos emerging on social media testers in the tibetan capital, which has been under strict covid lockdown since august. mostf the demonstrators are believed to be chinese migrant
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workers. many were trapped in their homes with no income. in lebanon they finalized a historic maritime border deal they would have a joint signing ceremony. lebanon does not recognize the right of israel to this however the u.s. steel explores the -- paves the way for exploration of online -- offshore drilling. brazil nowa runoff election decide whether the current president will stay in power for if his left-wing opponent will take over. camilla has been to the northeast of brazil, one of the poorest regions, to find out why the ex-president is still s ocular. >> we are here in northeastern brazil. places like this have become crucial in the runoff. both candidates for president are trying to attract boats from
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thpoorest. people have always struggled here but recently things have gotten much worse this video when bible last year. people so hungry that they are jumping inside of a garbage truck, liquid -- looking for leftovers from a supermarket. this woman is one of the people in the video. she and her -- she had her daughter started doing this during pandemic. >> we didn't even have bread. we took everything we could from the garbage. coffee, soap, yogurt, rice, sugar. everything. >> it's really tough when your son asks for a biscuit and you don't have the money to buy it. under the previous president i had so much help and suppor that is why i'm going to vote for him again. >> people who struggle
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financially are more than two times likely to vote for lula over bolsonaro. it may be his ability to connect with the poorest that could swing the election in his favor. >> many people remember fondly he was president, he lifted millions of brazilians out of poverty. >> it's a retrospective vote. he does so well with low income voters because they remember how their lives were transformed. they compare it the current situation and remember what they felt better times and feel he can do it again. >> living in an impoverished neighborhood, this man is an influencer who says the lula policies improved his life every step of the way. >> i was 10 years old when he
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took office and i received financial aid. then i got a grant to go to university. then i have access to a housing program. that is how i got my home when i was seven. for me he represents hope. >> hope is one thing. in reality, if lula wins he will inherit a completely different country than the one he ran 20 years ago. brazil is grappling with women, rising food prices, and a high public debt. this will make it very hard for him to best in the social programs that many of his voters are counting on. abc news, fortaleza. laura: leaving you tonight with a bit of halloween spirit. washington, d.c., celebration begun. this week saw the annual high-heeled a square drag queens and allies alike to the streets in stilettos and spooky attire
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with crowds turning out to celebrate this on mosh to fashion and self-expression and the lgbt community and america's capital. happy halloween. i'm laura narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovr foundation; pursuing solutions for erica's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ judy: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, vote 2022. the risk of voter intimidation over the electoral process as the midterms draw closer. then, after the storm. residents on the florida gulf coast face the long arduous process of cleanup and decisions on how or if they will rebuild in the wake of hurricane in. and under threat, indigenous tribes have existential challenges to their land and way of life. brazilians decide whether to reelected -- reelect the
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incumbent president. >> campaigning in the last elections, he would


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