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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 28, 2010 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you?
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>> and now "bbc world news." -- >> british witnesses refuse to attend the hearing of why the lockerbie bomb was freed. more changes at the top as bp sense aside $30 billion to cover the oil spill. -- sets aside $30 billion. locking horns, the protest on whether to ban bullfighting in spain. >> welcome to "bbc world news,"
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broadcast to viewers around the world. american politicians investigating whether the man convicted of the lockerbie bombing was released in exchange for oil a deals -- oil deals. former u.k. justice secretary and the chairman of bp all said no. he said -- senator called it disappointing. a postponement of the hearing was announced by an angry senator robert menendez. it was home to 38 of those who died in the bombing. he accused the reluctant witnesses of lacking courage and said all had washed their hands of the suspicions following the controversial release of the bomber last august. >> it is disappointing and pretty outrageous that none of
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these key witnesses will cooperate with our request to answer questions. they have stonewalled us. each side has claimed innocence. each side has blamed the other. >> those comments were directed at the former british justice minister who has written to the committee explaining the scottish government alone decided to release them and to scotland's justice minister who insisted concerns about bp and the media -- and libya be addressed to someone else. the scottish government freed him on compassionate grounds when it was deemed he was dying of cancer. the senator accused bp of corporate irresponsibility. the company says they were prepared to send another
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official to the hearing, but not tony hayward. >> smaller and wiser is what the new boss of bp wants his company to become in the wake of the oil spill. they announced setting aside $32 billion to pay for the cleanup. that cost be paid to announce the biggest quarterly loss in history. >> he the flower of british industry, bp [unintelligible] because of the $32 billion costs related to the worst oil spill in history generating a three- month loss. here is what caused the calamity, the exploration three months ago on the deep corner horizon rate -- horizon rig.
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>> the worst performance in bp's history. are you confident you can rebuild? >> it is a huge loss, but the underlying performance of the company is strong. it continues to be strong. we are strong cash flow. it is a tragedy, but there is no doubt we will not be able to run the company. >> those who run bp know they have to change almost everything about the way the company operates by having to sell assets to raise 20 billion pounds. they know they have to control risks better than in the past and in the face of intense media interest. they know they have to become much more open. [unintelligible] tony hayward will leave as chief
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executive october 1. his exit will be made less chile by a pension of $900,000 a year -- less chilly. he leaves the company weekend, but they cannot take recovery for granted. they made the assumption they will not be found guilty of gross negligence. if it is wrong, of $15 billion of penalties will be payable to the government. >> one of the criticisms many have is that after the explosion he were too focused on the financial impact and not on the human tragedy. >> in every crisis there are things that one could have done differently. i am sure we can look back and draw conclusions and learn from this.
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hikes if a guy on the right cannot answer questions -- >> if a guy on the right. this is bob dudlye, the new chief executive. >> our correspondent is on the louisiana coast. asking whether the news of the amount of money they are setting aside to deal with the crisis is being received well. >> i don't think it does because people down here who have been going to the claims offices are having a bad experience. many have told me they turned up with paperwork to prove they have lost tens of thousands of dollars. the news there are billions more dollars in a fund will come as cold comfort.
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they are not having good experiences, but that exchange of power with tony hayward out and an american coming in is not coming as good news either. the only thing that sticks in their throat is the end tony hayward will remain a wealthy man. >> what do they want? they are not happy about the change of the boss. what do they want? >> what they want more than anything else, there is a cultural divide between what people want here and the rest of the americans. they want the ban on the sea drilling lifted -- on deep sea drilling lifted. people here work on the rigs and their father's work on them. they had a different view of
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oil and its implications. they said this was an accident, we need to move on and get back to work. >> the man who used to be the chief weapons inspector told the inquiry that george bush's administration invaded iraq and thought he could get away with it. the british government has britishers -- prisoners on that train. >> he was a swedish lawyer and diplomat sent to iraq by the un to search for weapons of mass destruction. he ended up going from meeting to meeting caught between saddam hussein and george bush's in patients. he is the executive chairman of the u.s. and monetary inspection
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commission until june 2003. they told us that he believed iraq did have wmd. >> i felt that iraq retains weapons of mass destruction. i did not say so publicly. i said it perhaps to mr. belair privately, but not publicly. >> he said he believed the controversial british dossier was plausible, but critical of the way the intelligence services relied on the evidence of iraqi defections. >> they should have realized in london and washington that their sources were pork. they want to get a reward for intelligence so they try to give what interrogators want to hear. >> president bush believed in force rather than diplomacy.
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>> i think the u.s. was high on military. they felt they could get away with that. >> he believed tony blair and genuinely hope to the inspections would work in the military action would be avoided. >> i never questioned the good faith of mr. blair. what i questioned was a good judgment of bush. >> he told the inquiry one month before the invasion he warned tony blair things had changed and there might not be any wmd;s, but it was too late. britain was a prisoner on the u.s. train. >> an american watchdog criticized the military for failing to account properly for $9 billion of iraqi money.
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the money consisted of the proceeds from the sale of iraqi oil and gas, as well as assets. the u.s. military says funds went mrs. -- records may have gone lost. bangladesh doubled the minimum wage for workers in the garment industry. take-home pay will increase to $40 a month. there have been a violent clashes in recent months with workers complaining of poor conditions. the garment industry produces 80% of the country's exports. american and south korean forces are taking part in joint military exercises. they have been taking place at sea and in the air. they involved the dozens of ships and thousands of personnel.
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a south african judge found four former students guilty of humiliating a group of black domestic [unintelligible] it was recorded on video and placed on the internet. ourselves african correspondent has been at the court. >> guilty of criminal behavior, humiliating their victims. four former students -- shame after what was a racially charged attack, they admitted their guilt but claimed it was an innocence that. it was this video that shows a black staff and a mocked initiation ceremony displaying their athletic skills and forced to eat food that had been
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urinated on. students say they never intended it to be shown widely, but the video ended up on the internet. when it first came to light demonstrators took to the streets, but the man claimed it was part of a process for racial integration. the residence has been shut down. this case has been deeply symbolic in a country trying to come to terms with its past. they could face a fine. they will be sentenced on wednesday. >> stay with us. a 14-year-old new got legal backing and will sail so low of around the world and into record books. -- sail solo around the world. in two years the 2012 olympics will have just got under way and
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mark a crucial milestone of preparations for the games. plenty of current and former olympic stars turned up for a preview of the facilities. there was our sports correspondent. >> the opening of the bridge that will be the gateway to the olympic park. a collection of athletes, tv presenters and builders. inside, a little piece of history. he became the first person to ride a bike at the venue he hopes to add to his gold medal collection. >> it got the goose bumps going and to realize that was the venue the olympic games were taking place. it was inspirational stuff.
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it is a very exciting day. everyone is very excited. >> a special track had been late for -- laid for michael johnson. it is already possible to sprint inside the stadium. >> 3-2-1, go. michael of a jog for johnson. plenty of opportunity for the unexpected, like the london mayor's decision to do his own lap. he was using the same bicycle, but the similarity ended. >> you are watching "bbc world news."
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american politicians are outraged keep british witnesses refuse to attend the hearing of a man convicted of the lockerbie bombing. an american will replace the head of bp's the company set aside money to cover the oil spill. the former un weapons inspector told a british inquiry that -- the u.s. was high on military action. they have rejected a request by serbia to extradite the former president. serbia wants to charge them with war crimes. the judge ruled the request was politically motivated. >> he walked out of court a free man, all charges crushed by the
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judge who accused serbia of a politically-motivated case. [unintelligible] >> this is typical textbook [unintelligible] that students can see with this abuse. the government of serbia tried to undermine the judiciary in this country. they use taxpayer money and kept me here for five months. >> the charges were related to the chaos of 1992. the bosnian war was under way after the country declared independence. serbia believes he was involved in ordering an attack on a convoy of troops that killed 40. ever since belgrade has been determined to try him on serbian soil. serbia felt war crimes committed against serbs have been
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forgotten and the world was too focused on the other side. he is seen as a key figure in the thames to redress that balance. this had strained relations between bosnia and serbia, with the government saying he only protect his country from protection. he was asked whether the verdict would allow the relationship to improve. >> i said i am glad justice has been served. as for relations, if we respect each other it then there will be good relations. >> serbia pledged to launch an official appeal. belgrade remains defiant in its attempt to pursue him in. >> [unintelligible]
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they are synonymous with spain, but on wednesday one region will decide whether to outlaw bullfighting. it will not just be a verdict on animal rights but also on the cultural community. he may find some of the report distressing. >> a moment of silence for the animals slaughtered in the bullring. animal rights activists will not hold up with traditionist over bullfighting. >> i think we will see it. we will see it within our lifetime. they will accept that all fights are barbaric and have no place in an ethical society. >> that is not how
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traditionalist see it. they say bull feeding -- bullfighting is a part of spanish culture. they insist this creates thousands of jobs and remains a major tourist draw. >> this has been highly politicized. you have to give it its due. it is creating art. >> the proposed ban is not just a battle over art, but identity. this comes months after the constitutional court struck down an attempt by parliament to expand -- lawmakers may be trying to exact revenge and distance the region. >> the british prime minister is in india for a jobs mission.
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he was in turkey earlier where he spoke out on israeli policy and urged all sides to work towards peace. our political correspondent is traveling. >> a military friend and a target for our trade. david cameron came with the support. he will fight to help turkey into the european club >> [unintelligible] that is what i will fight for. >> after turkish activists lost their life in the flotilla, these strong words might have appealed here. >> humanitarians must flow in both directions.
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gaza must not be allowed to remain a prison camp. >> the prime minister continued his visit and israel issued a statement saying gusto was criminals -- prisoners of hamas -- gaza were prisoners of hamas. there are tensions, too. david cameron showed his respect for the turkish history. >> it has strong ambition, too. there is reluctance to except cyprus. what would this mean for the uk? that opens up the u.k. for a
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large group of new immigrants. isn't that at odds with your name to cut the level of emigration? >> as economies become more equal, you find the pressure flows between countries is not so great. that is what happened with spain and portugal. >> david cameron is determined to reach further to foreign companies. the prime minister is trying to make it his mission to bring john's home from abroad. >> a dutch court cleared the way for a 14-year-old girl to try to become the first -- youngest person to sail solo around the world. >> when she revealed her burning ambition she did not get the
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reaction she was hoping for. she wanted to sail the global solo. she said she wanted to live in the place under a child protective order. one year later she gets the news she was longing for. >> we are so happy. just one year with all these things and you don't know what happens next. now is all over. it is really cool. >> the judge's decision hinged on getting information from both her parents to attempt the voyage. earlier this year her mother changed our mind and gave her her blessing. believe my own ears. it is amazing. we did not expect this.
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>> the dutch welfare authorities still have their concerns and say they will study the ruling. >> she is still a child. we think it is too young to make a decision for that time. >> laura is pushing ahead with her preparations. she says she could be ready to leave in as little as two weeks. she says she is ready and hoping for smooth sailing ahead. >> experts in california say they believe a box of negative spot for $45 are the work of america's most celebrated landscape photographer and could be worth $200 million. there has been thought the negatives were destroyed in a fire, but publishers say they don't believe the negatives are genuine.
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that is our world news. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> there is one stage that is the met and carnegie hall. >> o, that this too, too solid flesh -- >> it is the kennedy center -- >> check, one, two. >> and a club in austin. [woman vocalizing] >> it is closer than any seat in the house, no matter where you call home. >> ♪ the top of the world, and i'm there, i'm home ♪ >> pbs -- the great american stage that fits in every living room. your support of pbs brings the arts home. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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