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tv   BBC World News  PBS  September 8, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> the been releases its first report into the oil -- bp releases its first report into the oil spill in the gulf of mexico. in jail break in nigeria. at least 700 prisoners are freed. getsanka's president potentially unlimited powers. his critics: the death of democracy. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast to our viewers on pbs in america, also around the globe. my name is mike embley. coming up later for you -- despite worldwide outrage, the american pastor who plans to burn the karan is not backing down. -- koran is not backing down. and how unman dances reveals
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more than meets the eye. -- a man dance is it reveals more than meets the eye. hello to you. bp has giving its own account of what caused april's catastrophic oil spill in the gulf of mexico. eleven workers died when the deepwater horizon oil rig exploded and it leaked almost 5 million gallons of crude oil. bp faces hundreds of lawsuits and compensation claims. its report today insist no single factor caused the disaster. it does accept some responsibility, but also points the finger of blame at several other companies and work teams. it speaks of a complex series of mechanical failures, as well as human error and faults in the engineering design.
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>> april 20 of this year. the worst oil disaster in american history. oil leaking into the gulf of mexico for 87 days. at last, a detailed explanation from the company said to be at blame for the disaster. >> this is an animated reconstruction of the tragic accident. >> bp catalogs save the kids that did not work, pressure cast that went on -- safety kits that did not work, pressure tests that went on tested. >> it is an enormous report where bp explicitly admits it got it wrong. the company may feel it has too much to lose. the game is given away in this final section on recommendations. it calls for improvements to
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procedures in engineering, technical practices, the technical capability of staff, and perhaps most important of all, it calls on bp to show better oversight up its huge companies that work for bp. >> they have not totally well away from the blame. they have accepted some responsibility for some of the failings, but they clearly identified who else they feel has a responsibility to bear. >> bp points the finger at halliburton and transocean, which owned and operated the well for bp. would bp be off the hook if contractors were at fault? >> this is the ultimate client? bp is the ultimate client. arguably it should be ensuring through its contracts that the management structures are
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adequate. >> so what is the verdict of bp's outgoing chief executive tony hayward? it would appear unlikely that the well designed contributed to the incident, he said today. which matters, because of the design were flawed, bp would be liable for more fines on top of the staggering costs bp expects to incur. trans ocean -- transocean says that mr. hayward is wrong. which means that just as the citizens of the gulf coast 50 not know how much damage has been done, so, too, bp will be living with uncertainty about the spill. bbc news. >> our correspondent has been speaking to louisiana still struggling to cope with the aftermath of that spill. he described reaction to the bp
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report. >> there simply has not been much of a reaction at all here in louisiana. most people here are still trying to get on with their daily lives. any amount of blame at the moment does not help the immediate problems people are facing. in speaking to shrimp fishermen over the past few days. they had no idea this report is coming out. they were working for bp in the clean-up operation. that has stopped any money has dried up, and they're trying to go back to the only thing they know how to do, and that is to catch shrimp, oysters, and crab. the problem with that is nobody in the united states wants to eat the produce they are catching. there is a perception here, and that is the real battle, that all the see it coming from the gulf of mexico is tainted with oil. the report and he was the plan does not help people get back to work and ultimately earn money
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and. >> from louisiana for as there. there is lots more on our website -- bbc.com/news. read more about who the oil company blames and there is an interactive timeline detailing how the u.s. came to suffer its worst environmental disaster. moving around the globe now, hundreds of prisoners escaped from a jail in nigeria when armed men attacked it. authorities blamed the radical islamists sect boko haram. we have this report. police and art -- >> police are hunting men who attacked and jail. begun and it went from cell to cell, using bolt cutters, then setting fire to the building. the authorities say intelligent man -- intelligence indicates it
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is the work of boko haram, a radical islamists sect blindly opposed to western education. 100 other members were awaiting trial for their part in a riot last year. back then, more than 100 were killed, and the group's leader was shot dead in police custody after a siege of his camp out. -- compound. they have headquarters in the capital. but there has been unrest, too, in other states in the northwest of the country boko haram -- of the country. boko haram want the enactment of strict islamist law. it is feared that boko haram are embracing the new tactics and are behind a number of a so-
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called silent killings in which police officers are shot dead and the gunman speed off on motorbikes. bbc news. >> president obama has been detailing his plans to boost the american economy. his speech in cleveland, ohio highlighted his administration's plans for tax breaks. the hope is it will help businesses invest. 18 people had been shot dead in a city in honduras. police believe the killings are drug-related. two gunmen walked into a shoe factory and opened fire. honduras has been hit by a wave of violence as mexican cartels extended their operations toward central america. one tiny florida church has provoked demonstrations around the world. a response, of course, to its threat to burn a copy of the
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koran. it has provoked comment from the u.s. secretary of state and others. the pastor of the church remains unbowed. we have this. >> from an obscure, dilapidated, and poorly-attended church, comes a preacher with inflammatory ideas. >> this book is not a book of peace. this book is not -- this book is responsible for 9/11. >> pastor terry jones has decided the way to strike back at islamist extremists is to insult all muslims. >> it is regrettable that a pastor in gainesville, florida with a church of no more than 50 people can make this outrageous and distressful, disgraceful plan and get the world's
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attention. but that is the world we live in right now. >> vatican ii spoke out today. "these deplorable acts cannot be remedied by carrying out such a gesture." european leaders are all appalled. many have condemned it. but pastor johnson is defiant. he is determined to make a stand. >> as of now, we are not convinced that backing down is the right thing. so, on september 11, we shall continue with our planned a van. >> protestors have been at taking to the streets in afghanistan and indonesia. at cairo university, where president obama gave his address to muslims, egyptian officials
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see trouble ahead. >> it may not last long, but there will be of very deep wound that will last much longer. >> it is in afghanistan where the u.s. and other international forces are most at risk for retaliation. extreme views can play into the hands of moslem extremists. for them, this is a gift they will likely take maximum advantage out. bbc news. >> details of the psychological present that one woman experience. she describes this in her memoirs, which arrived on bookshelves today. we have this from vienna. >> this is the story of a horrifying ordeal.
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captured at the age of 10, she was kept in a cellar by her kidnapper. in the book, she describes how she was starved and beaten. she was forced to clean house at naked, and he called her -- half naked, and he called her his slave. but she says it was less about sex and more that he wanted something to cuddle. as well as violence, there was psychological manipulation and abuse. she says she tried to kill herself several times before she managed to escape four years ago. on thursday night, it she will read extracts from the book at a presentation in vienna. she says the book is an attempt to draw a line under the darkest chapter of her life. the final words are "i am free."
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bbc news, vienna. >> thank you for being with us. still to come -- malaysia's baby hatch. >> the caretaker will then -- will then come down to take the baby. >> will be new innovation save babies or encourage mothers to give them not? -- give them up? >> first though, a team of explorers and scientists will soon set out for what they hope will be the fastest land crossing of antarctica. they will test new equipment designed to reduce the environmental impact of missions to the south pole. >> it is not a car. it is not a plane. but it is an new contraption of british expedition is hoping to use to cross into arctic up.
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>> of course, you can. absolutely. >> it runs on bio-ethanol. it can run at 80 kilometers an hour. but there are extreme dangers ahead. are 1me of the crevasses kilometer deep. >> with them, two monster trucks that will carry the equipment for the journey. >> we're looking at how we can reduce the overall impact of the expeditions like this in the future. >> unfortunately, i cannot go to antarctica, but i have been offered a quick trip around. we are climbing around a congested area.
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you can just imagine the wild, bleak landscape. for the explorers and scientists lucky enough to go on this expedition, it will be the trip of a lifetime. what they will find on that trip is one of the last remaining places on our planet where humankind has yet to make an imprint. the hope is that with some of the equipment brought on the journey, it will keep it that way. bbc news, central london. >> the latest headlines on "bbc world news." be a report from the oil giant bp says several companies were responsible for the gulf oil spill. and hundreds of prisoners have escaped from a jail in central nigeria. sri lanka's parliament has resoundingly approved constitutional changes that
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extended powers of the president. he now has the power to appoint senior judges and stay in office an unlimited amount of time. we have this report. >> early in the day, government supporters showed they can make their voices heard in the streets. president president mahinda rajapaksa has a huge support base. they wanted to stay in -- they want him to stay in the presidency. they do not believe he has competition in opposition ranks. the constitutional amendment boosting his power seats them well. but this man has other ideas. the defense did -- the defeated presidential candidate come is still able to go to the chamber as an elected mp. >> we have a clear situation where the incumbent president wants to strengthen his hand.
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he can do many things in the existing system, but he is trying to get more and more power, trying to take the country into a dictatorship. >> and not far away, opposition activists demonstrate. for them, the 18th amendment, as an insult, sounds the death knell for democracy. they shouted slogans, accusing the president for going back on promises to make the presidency more accountable, saying he is from a powerful family, and making the country into a dictatorship. their way was blocked by police. >> this amendment is against the constitution, against the standing orders, against the wishes of the people, and it is against democracy. therefore we will take steps to reestablish democracy in this country, to give the power of the a vote back to the people.
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>> but how will they do that? the opposition party has lost the debate badly. the demonstrators -- the police are on the job. the demonstrators have dispersed. the police are putting out fires. the opposition as they cannot do anything to stop this constitutional amendment from going ahead. charles haviland, bbc news. >> it is now believed that 500 women and children have been raped in recent weeks and the democratic republic of congo. a senior u.n. official has accused peacekeepers there of failing the victims. andrew harding reports. >> rape survivors in a region overwhelmed by sexual violence.
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go --s latest -- kong congo's latest survivors. it was an apparently orchestrated campaign. >> they were attacked by a group of men, between two and six people typically. they were physically beaten and then sexually assaulted, often in front of family members and children. >> but could it have been stopped? the united nations runs the world's biggest peacekeeping operation here. troops were in the area. their base was 20 miles away. access and communications are often difficult, but on at this occasion, the u.n. admits it should have done more. >> the primary responsibility for the protection of civilians lies with the states. clearly, we have also failed.
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our actions were not adequate, resulting in an acceptable brutalization of the population of women and children. -- in unacceptable brutalization of the population of women and children. we must do better. >> but doing so will not be easy. the u.n. has 20,000 peacekeepers here, but they are thinly spread, and they are opposed by an increasingly patchwork group of rebels. the situation is confused by the region's enormous mineral wealth. if you have a mobile phone, it contained metal leg that dug in minds like this one. -- mines like this one. for now, a culture of impunity
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holds firm, and congo's women continue to pay the price. andrew harding, bbc news, johannesburg. >> in malaysia, hundreds of babies are being found on doorsteps and in rubbish bins. now the country has opened its first baby hachette you say unwanted newborns. we have this from -- to save unwanted newborns. we have this from kuala lumpur. >> in many ways, this baby was one of the lucky ones. he was left in of the be hatch. women who do not want to keep their babies now have an option -- this. the baby hatch. all the woman has to do is place the baby in here. an alarm is triggered. and the caretaker will come and retrieved the baby.
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and the mother's identity never has to be now. this is radical for a muslim, and the majority -- muslim- majority country. the government is so worried about the rising number of abandoned babies that it ran this advertisement on national tv. it asked the public to call a hotline if it came across an abandoned baby. here on the head of coulomb part is with the few faces -- kuala lumpur is one of the face is pregnant women who are unmarried can turn to. women come to stay at the shelter and other babies are born. these women asked us not to identify them. this woman is 18 and recently gave birth to a baby girl. her father thinks she is away studying. this woman is in her late 20s's.
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she is engaged with a steady job, but she still feels unable to keep her child. >> even though i am getting married soon, my religion tells me this is wrong. the baby knew he was born out of wedlock, he will carry the shame for the rest of his life. >> the shelter was opened by this man and his wife. he says of refuge like this and the baby hatch are there to save lives. but it does not tackle the problem of unwanted pregnancies. >> every year we see an increase. when we opened, we had 10 girls a year. now we have 70. >> most of these women will get their babies up for adoption. in this country, unwed mothers still feel they have little choice. bbc news, kuala lumpur. >> ok. women have been saying it for ages. science has made it official.
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men dancing badly are a turnoff. scientists say that dancing badly is unavoidably wired in the genes. >> i want you to dance for 30 seconds. >> hi -- >> here in new castle, researchers are trying to figure out what the right moves are. these movements were converted into a computer-generated cards and, which when integrated on a scale of -- computer-generated cartoon, which women rated on a scale of one to seven. >> it is a variable movements. quite big movements, but it is variable. it is specifically the movement of the head, neck, and upper body. >> here is an example of bad
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dancing. twitchy, repetitive movements. otherwise known as "dad dancing." but this is good dancing. some nice variation. like many animals, birds use movement as part of the courtship ritual, to show off their characteristics. but scientists say the same may well be true of people. they have found through blood tests and those few dance well are healthier. >> it is great fun and an age old way to meet someone. now it has been shown scientifically, dance moves may be one of the best ways to access a potential partner. for now, it is official. men and to brush up on their moves can stand up on the dance floor. >> i know you want to know.
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i have seen him dance. he is ok. much more on bbc.com. we're on twitter and facebook as well. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its
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financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> there is one stage that is the met and carnegie hall. >> o, that this too, too solid flesh -- >> it is the kennedy center -- >> check, one, two. >> and a club in austin. [woman vocalizing] >> it is closer than any seat in the house, no matter where you call home. i'm there, i'm home ♪ >> pbs -- the great american stage that fits in every living room. your support of pbs brings the arts home. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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doctor mights you can. thank yo. >> what's happened? >> i've called a>> dr. harvey t. >> what's happened? >> i've called a>> dr. harvey t. well, he was.

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