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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 9, 2010 12:30am-1:00am PST

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>> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its
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financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> the british prime minister arrived in china with the u.k.'s biggest business delegation in living memory seeking to double trade in five years. president obama backs a place for india at the top table of world diplomatic power, a move strongly condemned by pakistan. doctors in haiti say they're examining more than 100 suspected cases of cholera in the capital, port-au-prince. welcome to bbc news. also in this program, the gulf of mexico oil spill, a top investigator says there's no evidence it was caused by b.p. cost-cutting. after the latest in a series of assaults on russian journalists, president mediedive says those
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responsible will be brought to justice. the british prime minister, david cameron, has just arrived in china ahead of the biggest british trade delegation in that country carrying the message that britain is open for business and wants a stronger relationship with china. critics are urging him to bring the issue of china's human rights to the table. earlier, i spoke to our correspondent in beijing about the visit to china. >> i think what britain wants to demonstrate is they're serious about doing business with beijing. the british prime minister says this trip is about banging the drum for british trade. what we're going to see is david cameron meeting his chinese
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counterpart. they're expected to announce more deals between british companies operating in china. yesterday, we have the announcement of some deals, very small scale. certainly, the british prime minister is saying this is about trade. he's saying that china is important. this is a country with remarkable economic growth and britain wants to try to share in some of the wealth of china but also the british prime minister will be hoping that chinese investment in britain could perhaps provide more jobs for the u.k. economy. >> how willing a listener, how willing a participant is china going to be for britain? >> certainly, china says that it is willing to do business with china. britain and china have the biggest export market between each other. certainly, china wants to do business in britain. the question mark for british firms trying to do business in china is access to markets.
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there's long been complaints from british firms that they don't get a share in the chinese market and certainly the british prime minister, along with other government ministers, will be pushing that point. whether or not the chinese actually open up their markets, give british firms more access, which would enable them to increase their share of the market, that remains to be seen. >> western leaders usually feel compelled, as the main purpose of that trip, to raise the issue of human rights. how will david cameron deal with that? >> we don't know. what we do know is that david cameron says he will talk about human rights in china. i think what's important is what david cameron says in public and what he says behind closed doors because what he says in public in front of the world media, in front of possibly chinese leaders, could well define what is the british prime minister's first trip to china in his capacity as british prime minister. so, certainly, i think chinese
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officials will be carefully watching to see what david cameron will say on this issue, particularly on the issue of the chinese dissident who was awarded the nobel peace prize last month and is currently in jail for 11 years. certainly there will be pressure on david cameron to raise that issue though it's not clear how he will exactly do that. >> president obama has announced he will support india in its bid for a permanent seat on the united nations security council. the pledge has been opposed by pakistan which is accusing him of playing power politics. our report from delhi on the growing ties between the state and the largest democracy. >> a ceremonial welcome for barack obama in deley.
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this, he says is one of the most important relationships in the world. it was in his speech to parliament that the lofty rhetoric was translated into the one firm commitment that india wanted to hear, a seat at the top table. >> in the years ahead, i look forward to a reformed united nations security council that includes india as a permanent member. [applause] >> the the applause was lengthy but it was followed with a warning, with power comes responsibility, speaking out against the suppression of democracy in places like burma is especially. >> if i can be frank, in the international forum, india has often shied away from some of these issues. and i have no doubt that future generations, indians and americans, will live in a world that is more prosperous and more secure and more just because of the bonds we have forged today. >> earlier, a joint press conference with the indian prime
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minister manmohan singh and a reminder of some of the pressure president obama is facing at home about jobs outsourced to india. >> india is not in the business of stealing jobs from the united states of america. these deals that the president has mentioned are truly an example of a great win-win situation for both our countries. >> there was also time for the president to visit the memorial to india's independence leader muhatma gandhi, a man he's described as a source of inspiration. memories of his past and a partnership looking firmly to the future. what's really striking is the range of big issues on which relations between washington and delhi have a direct impact -- afghanistan and pakistan, the world economy, dealing with china. it makes a difference when they agree and when they don't.
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chris morris, bbc news, delhi. >> president obama is leaving india shortly bound for indonesia. strengthened relations with the muslim community will be aim in the world's most populace muslim nation. the country is wondering what message he'll bring to indonesia. >> a lot of people were hoping that president obama would make his first big speech about u.s. relations with muslim people in jakarta because this is a city he lived in as a boy. he did that in cairo, made great statements about how there should be greater ties between the u.s. and muslim-majority countries and called for greater tolerance between people of all religions. they're wondering what new he will have to add to that. there will be a visit to indonesia's largest mosque and speech to an indian university tomorrow. >> we're looking at pictures of
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his visit to india which he's just completing. he's obviously very popular there with some of the things he has to say. how is he viewed in indonesia, then? >> a lot of people would like to claim him as one of their own. after all, he spent his formative years here from the ages of 8 to 12, he was a primary school student in the primary school in the city of jakarta so there are many people who remember him as a little boy named barry. i think people, though, were feeling jilted that mr. obama hasn't come before. he was scheduled to come twice before this year. both times he canceled due to domestic crises and a little bit of sheen has gone off his visit so perhaps some of his charm would do well. >> former president george bush said the practice of water boarding terror suspects saved precious lives. his memoir, called "decision
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points," is being published today. he said he authorized the use of water boarding and interrogation techniques which simulates drowning. the british government has long rejected the use of water boarding which had regards as torture. in an interview, mr. bush was asked why he thought water boarding was legal. >> because the lawyer said it was legal, it did not fall within the anti-torture act. i'm not a lawyer, but you got to trust the judgment of people around you and i do. i will tell you this, using those techniques saved lives. my job was to protect america, and i did. >> health officials in haiti say they're examining at least 120 suspected cases of cholera in the capital port-au-prince. doctors have told the bbc that cholera is clinically present in the city, but has yet to be officially confirmed. the disease has already killed more than 540 people in haiti.
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>> haitian health officials have confirmed they are looking at at least 120 suspected cases of cholera, spending samples to the laboratory to test to find out whether, indeed, the cholera epidemic has traveled south from the mountains here to the capital of port-au-prince. the worry has always been that, as you can see, people live in crowded, cramped conditions here in the capital. not only the earthquake survivors in the tent cities, but also people living in the slums, most notoriously in city sele, and it turns out that 114 people suspected of having cholera do live in city sele. if, indeed, this outbreak is confirmed there, doctors have said to the bbc that it could explode, and that's because of the conditions in which people live. in this city, many people don't have clean toilets. in fact, they don't have toilets at all. they don't have water. they voluntary got basic sanitation and the way that you stop cholera spreading is by
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washing your hands, by using clean toilets, by having clean drinking water. what's going to happen now is that there will be a campaign, even more of a campaign than there is already here, to tell people about the importance of washing their hands, of basic sanitation to stop this epidemic spreading and taking hold in the capital port-au-prince. >> the lawyer leaving the american government inquiry into the causes of the oil spill in the gulf of mexico says he has yet to find evidence that b.p. cut corners to save money. >> the explosion on the deep water horizon drilling rig in april was devastating. 11 workers killed and hundreds of miles of coast left polluted. millions of barrels of oil poured into the gulf of mexico. it led to the worst environmental disaster in u.s. history. b.p. has been widely criticized since. they, and other companies
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involved in drilling the well accused of putting money ahead of safety. an oil spill commission set up by the white house in the aftermath is challenging those allegations. >> people have said people traded safety for dollars. we studied the hell out of this. we welcome anybody that gives us something we've missed, but we don't see a person or three people sitting there at a table considering safety and cost and giving up safety for cost. we have not seen that. you have to be sure you understand that. >> criticism has come, in part, from decisions made about the design of the b.p. well. b.p. has carried out its own internal investigation. its report assigning much of the blame for the accident to its drilling partners. overall, the commission says it agrees with most of the findings, but its chief investigator has emphasized that not everything done on the rig was safe. b.p. said to have taken
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unnecessary risks as it tried to temporarily abandon the well and workers misread a critical pressure test on cement used in an attempt to plug it. a final report from the commission is due by mid january >> this is bbc news still ahead, a cleric who encouraging attacks on americans says another mission is needed to murder them. here in the u.k., a public inquiry has opened into serious failings at hospital in central england after an official report found appalling standards of care caused hundreds of avoidable deaths between 2005 and 2008. families have spent years fighting for this public inquiry. our health correspondent now reports. >> they went to hospital vulnerable and in need of care.
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instead, they suffered appalling neglect and many of them died, victims of a catalog of healthcare failures, among them, john moore robinson who had a mountain biking accident and went to a&e. he was sent home but died hours later with massive internal bleeding. >> all we want is answers and answers we will get. hopefully the inquiry will assist us in that way. >> we just can't sit back and not do anything. this was john, this was our son. >> a lot of people want answers about why patients here were left crying out in pain in soiled bedding so thirsty they were drinking drinking from flo, about heart monitors switched off because nurses couldn't use them and untrained receptionists assessing patients. there have been several investigations into the hospital but they've left a lot of unanswered questions. what's different about this
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inquiry is that it will look beyond what was going on within the hospital and ask why more senior managers, regulators and ministers didn't realize things were going so badly wrong and step in to prevent them and crucially, it will have the power to compel witnesses to give evidence. important, too, for victims' families, here in the hopes that their personal tragedies could ultimately make the hospital a safer place. >> >> the british prime minister has arrived in china with u.k.'s biggest business delegation in living memory seeking to double trade in five years. president obama has endorsed india's ambition to gain a permanent seat on the u.n. surk security council, much to
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pakistan's displeasure. president castro of cuba has called the first congress of the ruling communist party in 14 years. the meeting, to be held next april, will focus on how to solve the country's economic problems. the communist party congress is supposed to be held every five years but has been repeatedly postponed. >> i think they wanted to go into the congress knowing pretty much the direction they wanted to take and to get approved. cuba is going through fundamental changes at the moment. the man who led the revolution, fidel castro, has stepped down because of ill health. his brother, raul castro, is in charge. the economy is deep trouble and the soviet-based socialist system they've been living under for the last 50 years where it's state-controlled, command economy, cradle-to-grave welfare state, they can no longer afford it and decisions will have to be made on this and this congress
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is the most important decision-making body in the country. >> do you think, then, that we are about to see some kind of move towards market reform? >> it's a very good question. so far, cuba has resisted the sort of moves that other communist countries such as china and vietnam have made, embracing market reform while maintaining political control. it appears that the cubans want to go their own way. they're going to allow self employment. raul castro has said about half a million workers are going to have to go because they're underpleammed and he'll encourage people to be employed in small industries but it doesn't appear they're going to embrace the market reform china has and it doesn't appear they'll give up state control of any of the major industries and businesses in the country. the other thing to watch for is it will give a clue as to who the next generation of leaders
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issue. there will be a party conference before the congress when they decide on the future composition of party leadership. while raul castro may be president, it's still his brother, fidel castro, who remains head of the all-powerful communist party. after that meeting, we may get an idea of who perhaps the next generation of leaders will be. >> a hard-line clearec thought to be in hiding in yemen who has encouraged attacks on americans says no permission is needed to kill them. anwar al-awlaki, born in the united states, delivered his video message on an extremist web site, the message coming a week after bombs were discovered in airline cargo deliveries sent from yemen. our correspondent reports. >> it doesn't matter that anwar al-awlaki isn't at his trial, the authorities are showing they're taking on al qaeda in the way americans want.
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>> his response was to release a new video from wherever he's hiding. al-awlaki urged his followers to kill americans. his servants have already inspired attacks, according to western investigators. inside the court, they led in his co-defend, 19-year-old mohammad asam, on trial for his life for killing and wounding two. they read out what they said was his confession, detailing how anwar al-awlaki incited him to kill a foreigner. the judge asked, are those your words? no, he said. he claimed the confession was beaten out of him. the americans want al qaeda rounded up, but asam said the
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shooting happened because of a personal disagreement. later, i managed to speak to him the verdict is ready, he said, it's a farce and the hero is the prosecutor and the judge is the director. they want to appease the west. he said he had 120 bullets and asked why he'd kill only once if al qaeda was directing him. yemenese seem less concerned about al-awlaki and more concerned about the west. while al-awlaki has a long list of accusations against his name, including contact with the radical that blew up targets.
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it's possible that al qaeda had something to do with the attempt on the life of the british ambassador on this road on that corner down there earlier this year. it's about much more, now, than plugging security gaps at the airport. yemenese are complaining that they didn't create al qaeda, but all of them, not just innocent travelers, are getting blamed. that matters because their consent is needed for whatever happens next. as one western diplomat put it, we can't just kill our way out of this crisis. >> meanwhile, the obama administration is being challenged in a united states court over an alleged plan to kill the radical cleric, anwar al-awlaki. two civil liberty groups are calling for an injunction against a government program which they say authorizes the u.s. to capture and kill militants who join extremist groups.
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russia's president medvedev says those responsible for the beating of the journalist will be punished. he is till in the hospital following the attack outside his home in moscow last weekend. it's the latest on a series of attacks against journalists in recent years which has left some dead and many injuries. >> inside this hospital lies yet another journalist in critical condition. his legs, hand and jaw smashed. his father said he'd been operated on, but it was too early to speak of any improvement in his condition. it was outside his apartment in central moscow he was attacked by two men using a blunt weapon. most believe he'd become a target because of his bold reporting and hard-hitting blog
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on the internet challenging those in power. now, even the president, medvedev, is speaking out about this latest brazen attack on a journalist. he said that the journalist's job was to tell the truth and to do it honestly and professionally. those behind the attack, he said, would be punished. those are the words that journalists who have taken to the streets in moscow in recent days want to hear. but they're also vowing to continue these protests. still, the president's words are turned into action and those responsible for the attack are actually brought to justice. >> scientists working on the large hadron collider in geneva
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say they've recreated mini versions of the big big bang which is thought to have created the universe. as our science correspondent explains, the latest success opens up a new era in research. >> nearly 14 billion years ago, the universe was created in what cosmologists believe was a big bang. the first data from the large hadron collider might shed light on what the early universe might have been like. they show collisions of heavy subatomic particles, each one possibly representing a mini big bang. this is when the researchers first obtained their results. [cheers and applause] >> this is the beginning of a new era, new physics program.
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highest temperatures, and we expect lots of interesting results which have to do with how the universe was beginning, the early stages. >> the particles were accelerated along a 17-mile-long underground tunnel deep beneath the swiss-french border. they traveled close to the speed of light. they then crushed together and smashed into smaller particles. it will take the researchers some time to see if they really have created the mini big bang they'd long hoped for. but if they have, it will enable them to study a tiny piece of the early universe in greater detail than ever before. >> if at first you don't succeed. the british prime minister david cameron has arrived in china at the head of britain's biggest ever trade delegation to that country. president obama has announced his support for india's bid for
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a permanent place on the u.n. security council. this is bbc news. thanks for watching. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe, and click to play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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