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tv   BBC World News  PBS  May 19, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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arab spring, comparing it to moments in america's history,
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to the boston tea party, the civil rights movement. america's top priority, he says, would now be supporting democracy and change. >> we have the chance to show that america values the dignity of the street vendor in tunisia more than the raw power of the dictator. yes, there will be perils that accompany this moment of promise. but after decades of accepting the world as it is in the region, we have a chance to pursue the world as it should be. >> he said as the renalon changed the need for an -- region changed he said the need for arab-israeli peace was more important than ever. they hope the united nations will respect their cause for statehood in september. israel's prime minister is in town tomorrow, the man who humiliated olympic giving the go ahead for more settlements when the president said they should stop. i see irritation as people are tired of an endless process that never produces an outcofment the acceptance of
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two viable states should be the basis for new talks. >> we believe the borders of israel and palestinian should be based on the 1967 lines with mutually agreed swaths so that secure and recognized borders are established for both states. >> this means the current map would change the two separate states with permanent borders would be based on the lines before the six-day war of 1967. gaza and the west bank, plus or minus agreed land swapes would become the palestinian state but didn't commit himself from the future of jerusalem. israel issue beside a stinging statement saying the borders are indefensible and leave israeli population centers beyond the lines. in an exclusive interview with andrew marr, the president said why he had chosen to talk about the borders. >> our argument is let's get started on a conversation about territory and about security. that doesn't resolve all the issues. you still end up having the
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problem of jerusalem and end up having the problem of refugees. but if we make progress on what two states would look like and a reality sets in among the parties that this is how it's going to end up, then it becomes easier for both sides to make difficult concessions to resolve those two other issues. >> he spoke of other individual countries, egypt, a billion dollars in debt canceled, bahrain, the government must abandon brute force and libya where he said gaddafi should leave or are forced out of power and a stronger line on syria. >> the syrian people showed their courage in demanding a transition to democracy. president assad has a choice, he can lead that transition or get out of the way. >> the president said he wanted to show he could speak honestly to friend as well as foe, and he certainly has done that with one leading republican accusing him of throwing israel under the bus and his tough line may be appreciated more in the arab
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world than at home. bbc news, washington. >> let's get some reaction from the president's speech from different parts of the middle east and hear from our correspondents in ramallah, jerusalem and tripoli but we're going to start with john line and he is in egypt. >> in cairo they certainly will welcome president obama's support, what is described as the core principles which are being fought for in the middle east at the moment, human rights, freedom of expression and assembly. those are all very important of course to the many arabs engaged in uprisings against their governments successfully or otherwise in recent months and will be much more skeptical about his call for middle east peace and for a new initiative on the israeli-palestinian issue. they've heard that before and heard that in his speech in 2009. nothing seems to have come of it and there is deep disillusionment with president obama and the high hopes he raised in 2009.
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interesting many people didn't know president obama was speaking about the middle east today and wouldn't have been aware of what he said. and that raises a wider issue from his speech which is one of the great themes of these recent uprisings and revolutions is declining american interest in the region. >> here in tripoli the government of colonel gaddafi is still digesting president obama's speech. one official said beforehand that we don't react to these things quickly and anyway, we're expecting president obama to tell us off. but what was striking in his speech was how little president obama mentioned libya, given the fact that millions of u.s. dollars are being spent here and many americans are still involved in the military action. in some ways libya has become difficult for president obama. on the one hand, it has highlighted what many are saying is his double standards because while it's taking military action here, it's not doing the same kind of thing,
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the same kind of tough response in relation to other parts of the middle east where governments are also using force to put down protests such as syria or bahrain. president obama in his speech said the u.s. cannot prevent injustice everywhere, its involvement here militarily doesn't mean it will do the same thing in every place. >> here in jerusalem, it's fair to say that the initial israeli government response to president obama's speech has not been a positive one. the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu who is due to beat president obama in washington friday said he appreciated the president's commitment to peace. but beyond that there were very few more words. what angered mr. netanyahu and his government, his right wing coalition government is this assertion from mr. obama that the future palestinian state must be based on the 1967 cease-fire lines, albeit with
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some land swaps. mr. netanyahu said tonight clearly he thinks those cease-fire lines, the 1967 and certainly is a policy the israelis do not agree with. they will not be happy with what they heard from mr. obama, apart from many platitudes of the close relationship between israel and the united states and the fact that israel as a country can defend. israel must decide how it approaches the obama doctrine, this new doctrine about middle east peace and whether israelis in fact are ready and willing to sit down with the palestinians. here with a view, the reaction from the palestinian side is my colleague in ramallah, john donason. >> thank you. in ramallah in the west bank i've just been out into the streets and such was the skepticism, the low expectations from palestinians about this speech. it was actually pretty difficult to find anyone who actually bothered to watch it. those i did find who had seen it were genuinely pretty
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surprised about that line, about america being prepared to push for a palestinian state based on the 1967 borders, the first time the u.s. administration has said that. and people were genuinely pleased. i also called a palestinian official close to the palestinian president mahmoud abbas, and this morning he told me he was expecting nothing from the speech. when i told him that line about 1967, he was genuinely surprised and genuinely pleased. now, palestinians are also pretty savvy, they're pretty skeptical and know that it's one thing to talk about the basis for negotiations, it's quite another thing to get those negotiations actually started. >> the former head of the international monetary fund dominique strauss-khan has been indicted by a grand jury in new york on seven charges of sexual assault and attempted rape of a hotel chamber maid. he's been granted bail but is expected to spend another night in custody while the paperwork is completed.
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from new york we have the latest. >> heavy security is dominique strauss-khan arrives at court from the notorious rikers island jail. having resigned illustrate -- resigned as i.m.f. chief his focus was trying to get bail and attempting to clear himself of charges of attempted rape. his wife and daughter turned up to support him. carefully choreographed to show the judge he's a devoted family man despite the allegations of a hotel maid. in court for a second time, the defense insisted mr. strauss-khan wasn't about to flee the country and would be electronically tagged and confined to one location if bailed. >> he is an honorable man. he will appear in this court and anywhere else the court directs, and he has only one interest at this time, and that is to clear his name. >> the prosecution, though, argued mr. strauss-khan was a flight risk and releasing him from jail was just too big a
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risk. >> he has the stature and resources not to be a fugitive on the run but really to live a life of ease and comfort in parts of the world that are beyond this court and indeed this country's jurisdiction. >> the judge wasn't convinced and ruled there strauss-khan should be granted bail under restrictive conditions with $1 million posted as guarantee. as the bail hearing was going on, prosecutors announced dominique strauss-khan had been formally charged with violent sexual assault and attempted rape. a grand jury had evidence in secret from the 32-year-old west african maid who has been making these allegations and the jury decided there was a case to answer. whatever did happen between the maid and mr. strauss-khan in this manhattan hotel, he's resigned from the i.m.f. and the financial institution is looking for a new boss. the backers of the former prime
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minister gordon brown point to his leadership during the global economic crisis, but he needs the support of the british government to succeed. >> you could be the next -- >> if the i.m.f. is to be headed by a european, france's finance minister, christine lagarde is a frontrunner. >> i have the very highest regard for madam lagarde, and i'm sure, like many other candidates, she would be an excellent choice. >> after a turbulent five days for dominique strauss-khan's family, he has indeed been granted bail but a long legal protest lies ahead. bbc news, new york. >> let's have a look at some of the days other news. officials in eastern afghanistan say 35 workers have been killed by an attack by taliban insurgents. the men were working for a road construction company on a highway that links paktia andpu3
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protesters camped out and wish to have the elections banned in spain sunday. will grant reports. >> no home, no job, no pension, no fear this placard reads distributed by a group called youth without future. thousands of protesters, many of them unemployed are spending a fourth night in madrid's most famous place to protest against what they say is the indifference of central
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governments to their economic plight. unemployment in spain is above 40% and young people see themselves as part of a lost generation who have been denied the chance to have jobs and the regular income their parents enjoyed. there's no single group leading this demonstration. the trade unions have close links to the socialist government and the opposition conservative popular party make very unlikely allies with most of the young people in the square. rather this began as a spontaneous outpouring of frustration and anger with many different actors but one clear message. the problem is the political system itself. [speaking in foreign language] >> the only thing we want is for the party that is elected to pay more attention to the citizens so we can live a little better every day instead of worse. we supposedly live in a developed world in which there's more technology, more means, more money, but instead we're protesting in order to get the pension right that our
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grandparents had. >> the madrid electoral board is seeking to ban the demonstration ahead of local elections sunday. but that's simply spurred the protesters on and in principle intended to stay until sunday's vote, now many are talking about occupying the square for as long as it takes to effect change. will grant, bbc news. >> this is bbc news. still ahead, persona non grata at the cannes film festival. director von trier paid the price about unguarded comments about hitler. here in britain, a legal gagging order preventing the media reporting allegations about the former head of the royal bank of scotland sir fred goodwin has been lifted after the challenge in the house of lords. june kelly has this report. >> top city bankers are not
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usually known by their nicknames but he was fred the shred, so fred goodwin the man at the helm of the royal bank of scotland where he had to be bailed out with 20 billion pounds of taxpayer money. in the past the focus has been on his pension payout but now it's on his private life. in a rare moment of high drama in the house of lords, they used parliamentary privilege to raise the stakes in the injunction debate. >> would he accept that every taxpayer has a direct public interest in the events leading up to the collapse of the royal bank of scotland? so how can it be right for a superinjunction to hide the alleged relationship between fred goodwin and a senior colleague? >> fast forward a few hours to the court and with the allegations now out in the open, a judge agreed to vary the injunction. so fred can be named but there's still a ban on details of the alleged sexual relationship and the other
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person involved. today the culture secretary director jeremy hunt described the situation as now bordering on farce but was clear about one thing, he said we're not minded to have a new privacy law but we're not ruling out the need for legislative changes. we want to make sure the will of parliament is properly reflected in what the courts do so a message to the judges. tomorrow two the most senior judicial figures in england and wales, the lord chief justice will hold a rare short news conference here. and the subject is injunctions. it's believed they could announce changes which would reduce the secrecy surrounding these cases. june kelly, bbc news at the royal courts of justice. >> this is bbc news. the headlines in a major middle east policy speech president obama said the borders before the arab israeli war of 1967 shall be the basis for a future
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palestinian state. the grand jury in new york indicted the former i.m.f. head dominique strauss-khan on seven accounts related to alleged sexual assault. he's been granted bail. the oil spill in the gulf of mexico last year created shockwaves in the oil industry. the u.k. has carried out a huge exercise off the coast of scotland to try to find out how it would cope with such a spill. our environment correspondent reports. >> on the northernmost fringe of the united kingdom, the shetland islands couldn't be more remote but look what's offshore, a tanker. this is the gateway to british oil. shetland has earned millions from this industry, here a new running track and one of many centers. this is where the oil is brought ashore. so far from the shallow north sea but soon it may come from the much deeper atlantic, a far tougher job. today an exercise for a
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nightmare scenario, a plane sprays water to simulate the chemical disbursement to tackle a spill. a few vessels join the rehearsal in case a deep well blows out. we don't believe we're going to have that event, but if it were to happen, then we are well set up and in the u.k. the various agencies and industry is well set up to respond to it. >> this is the risk, a blowout like last summer, a mile deep in the gulf of mexico. for the people of shetland, this rekindled memories, 18 years ago, the tanker ran aground and the oil flowed to the ocean. could the new deep wells trigger something similar? a boat trip to this extraordinary scene reveals what's at stake. this mountain of shoreline hosts one of the largest colonies of sea birds in europe. these spectacular cliffs are home to tens of thousands of
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sea birds, these are ganets circling around me and one reason shetland is famous for its wildlife and one reason some are concerned about the oil industry cruising into deeper waters. a remote-controlled camera is lowered under water. the seas around shetland are teaming with life, which is highly sensitive to pollution. >> this is very, very vulnerable and it's so exposed, it's the open atlantic. >> for tourist operators, wildlife is the major attraction and this man is worried about new oil wells. >> the worst i know is the worst will and can happen and you must do all your preparations and all your precautions to make sure it's catered for, and my big problem is it it does happen out there, there's nothing we can do to stop it coming ashore. >> so will this training be enough? that's the key question for people here weighing up what oil means to them.
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david shookman, shetland. >> circling seven time tour de france winner armstrong talked about allegations he took drugs. on "the 60 minutes" program they were told armstrong used et 2009. armstrong has written he never failed a test. the controversial film director von trier has been banned from the cannes festival telling a media conference he was a nazi and could understand hitler. we have flash photography from the start of this report. >> this is the danish film director lars von trier at the cannes film festival, his movies outraged some in the past and long has been popular with the organizers but he no longer is. >> i really wanted to be a jew and then i found out i was
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really a nazi. >> speaking at the press conference with the new film "melancholia" he drifted off topic and into a storm. >> what can i say, i understand hitler. >> kirsten dunst one of the stars of the film is taken aback and can be heard saying oh, my god, this is terrible. >> but i can see him sitting in his bunker. he's not what you would call a good guy. but yeah, i understand much about him and i sympathize with him a little bit, yes. >> the room was astonished but von trier wasn't done yet. >> ok, i'm a nazi. [laughter] >> this morning he was banned by the festival organizers who declared him a persona nongrata. the view from cannes was divided. >> showed cinema in a bad light.
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get rid of him. >> the idea he's not allowed to speak impolitically and be stupid occasionally without being punished seems a bit harsh. >> another creator allegedly expressed a pro hitler stance. >> dior recently sacked their designer on what seemed to be unsavory comments and said no matter how much artistic license one may be given there's a line between unconventional and unacceptable. >> there's some things for me that are not on the joke table. they go off the table, and one of those things is the holocaust. that's off the table. >> the previous l a, rs von trier film shown at cannes was about a group of people who disregarded social interventions to bring out the idiot in himself. today the filmmaker described himself as an idiot. maybe a case of his life imitating his own art. bbc news.
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>> queen elizabeth is continuing her historic trip to ireland and after the symbolism of so many in the first two days it was the monarch's love of horses which kept her busy on the pen up mitt -- penultimate date. >> two days in dublin she's been addressing the big issues of history and state craft. today there was a chance to relax and see something of an industry vital to ireland and of course of great personal interest to her, the breeding of thoroughbred racehorses. the queen had come to the irish national stud in kildare. some of the most highly prized horse flesh in the world. racehorses need riders and if you happen to be a budding jockey but don't have a horse, this is what you need. it's called a horse simulator. when the queen arrived it was going slowly but the duke of edinborough wanted to see how fast it could go and soon it was running at a racing gallop. the trainee jockey stayed
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aboard and the duke seemed satisfied. but while the queen enjoyed the bloodstock, ireland was still focusing on her speech last night at the state dinner at dublin castle when she talked about britain and ireland's troubled history. >> with the benefit of historical hindsight, we can all see things which we would wish had been done differently. or not at all. >> this morning david cameron joined the irish prime minister on a visit to a dublin brewery and reflected on the queen's words. >> i thought what she said about things in the past that could have been done differently or not been done at all i think would have spoken volumes to people in ireland. >> this evening a very different setting to last night's state dinner and speech. the queen is hosting a celebration of irish music and culture, the theme again is friendship. nicholas mitchell, bbc news, dublin.
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