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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 5, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wy range
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of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> hello, and welcome to news day on the bbc. >> the headlines this hour. more revelations in the u.k. phone hack scandal. now the british parliament calls a rare emergency debate. 16 years after the massacre, caught in the netherlands, who they say was partly to blame. >> the draught in east africa as a human tragedy of unimagine bling proportions. and japan's government tra proves more money to aid the recovery from the country's earthquake and tsunami. it's 9:00 a.m. here in singapore. >> it's 2:00 a.m. here in london, broadcasting to viewers on pbs in america and around the world. this is "newsday."
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>> the british parliament has called a rare debate about the phone hacking scandal. one of its newspapers, the news of the world, is said to have paid a private detective to hack into the mobile phone of a missing teenage girl who was later found murdered. the action has prompted calls for a public inquiry. >> for months, this scandal has been growing and growing, as more and more celebrities and politicians were informed their phones had been hacked. but now a much more serious allegation has shocked the country. 13-year-old myly went missing in twoufment her body was found six months later. the latest claim is that the news of the world hacked into her phone while she was missing and that some messages may even
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have been deleted in the process. david cameron, who's on a trip to afghanistan, made his feelings clear. >> if they are true, this is a truly dreadful act and a truly dreadful situation. what i read in the papers is quite, quite shocking, that someone could do this, actually knowing that the police were trying to find this person and trying to find out what had happened. >> all this puts more pressure on the prime minister's friend, rebecca brooks. she's the chief executive of news international in the u.k. she was also the editor of the news of the world when milly went missing. she, like other former executives at the paper, has always said she didn't know about the actions of a few rogue reporters. news international argues she's as shocked as everyone else that the latest twist in the scandal. but also making it plain she
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doesn't intend to resign. >> i think she's been very clear today that that's absolutely what she won't do. this happened back in 2002. she's now chief executive of a company in 2011, she's absolutely determined to get to the bottom of this issue. >> but the political heat has been turned up on rupert murdoch's news empire. the house of commons will debate the latest allegations on wednesday. opposition politicians say they want a full inquiry set up. they also think rebecca brooks should go. >> it wasn't a rogue reporter. it wasn't just one individual. this is a systematic series of things that happened, and what i want from executives at news international is for people to start taking responsibility for this. >> actually, it's not just news international which has difficult questions to answers. the police originally said that phone hacking was used to target just a handful of celebrities. the latest claims prompt more uncomfortable questions about whether a blind eye was turned
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at scotland yard. >> a court in the hague has revealed a dutch state was responsible for the death of three muslim men. the town was under the protection of dutch u.n. peace keepers when it was overrun by seren force -- serb forces in july 1995. eight muslims were killed. they should have been protected by dutch troops. peter reports. >> july, 1995. a so called u.n. safe area. but one that was overrun by bosnian serb forces. the bosnian muslims thought they had the protection of dutch u.n. peace keepers. they were wrong. about 8,000 muslim men and boys were massacred by the bosnian serbs. today in a surprise legal ruling, a court in the netherlands decided that the
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dutch government bore some responsibility. the presiding judge said the appeals court believed the dutch state acted illegally towards three bosnian muslims and would have to pay compensation. it's been a long, painful legal ordeal for the relatives of the victims. >> i am after the killers of my family, the serbs, who live in bosnia. one of them even works in the same building where i work, can you imagine that? i have to go to my office every day to the same building, and he is still there. so believe me, it's just one of the cases i have been dealing with for the last 10, 15 years. >> the families have filed the lawsuit because the three bosnian men who were killed have been working for the dutch u.n. peace keepers. the outcome of the case surprised even the layoffs. >> i didn't consider this possible within the borders of the netherlands.
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i thought we had to go outside in order to get this established because we are all too much involved. it's too big. it's too much trauma in our state. i thought the court would not be able to disentangle themselves from the drama. >> 16 years after the massacre, this court ruling about the three men who were turned over to the serbs, could have implications for similar cases against the dutch state. peer -- peter biles, "bbc world news." >> now the concern for the thousands caught up in draught. >> that's right. the draught from east africa is a human tragedy from unimaginable proportions. rains have failed for the past four seasons and more than 10 million people across eethyobeya, so man ya, are
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facing dire shortages of food, shelter, and medical support. >> day after day, mile after mile, they walk and walk. these are the people of the draught. but they're also escaping from somalia's endless civil war and they trek vast distances across land where it no longer seems to rain. some are sick, like alio who's just 6 months old. some will die along the way. these people we came across today are all from the same village in somalia. what they carry is all they possess. >> the journey was too long. we had no food. we had no water. all kinds of suffering. >> this group of villagers have been walking for five days now to get here. others have traveled far longer
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than that, sometimes several weeks. but all of them are looking for the same thing. food, water, and medical supplies. and pleading for help from the international community. when they arrived at the refugee camp, they are desperate, but this place has been overwhelmed and aid workers are struggling to cope. the u.n. say they do give basic rations to everyone comes here, but some refugees complain they can wait for days or even weeks without getting any proper food supplies. >> unless we can get humanitarian aid into this part of the world, unless we can scale up our operations to meet the growing need, this crisis could turn into a catastrophe, and that's what we've got to stop. >> the most vulnerable of this camp are the mall nourished children who have just arrived. often they die within a day or so of getting here.
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and so the graveyards are filling up fast. mainly it's children and babies buried here. families who have come in search of food and water have found death instead. ben brown, "bbc news." >> in other news, reports from sudan say at least 197 people drowned when their boat caught fire and sank in the red sea. it is thought the victims were foreign, illegal immigrants look for work in saudi arabia. only three people have been rescued. four yes, ma'amny nationals who allegedly owned the boat have been arrested. there have been clashes with forces loyal to colonel gaddafi in the east and the mountains on the border. however, local reports suggest neither side is making significant progress at the moment.
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forces have been reported to have shot six anti-government protesters in the city of hamas. more than 20 residents were arrested on monday in an apparent attempt to reassert control. as the united states edges closer to the possibility that it may default on its borrowing, president obama has said he opposed a short-term solution to the problem and wants, in his words, to do something big. his administration has until the second of august to increase the $14.3 trillion debt limit to prevent the u.s. from defaulting. they are look for big cuts and fewer tax breaks for the very rich. >> i believe that right now we've got a unique opportunity to do something big, to tackle our deficit in a way that forces our government to live within its means, that puts our economy on a stronger footing for the future, and still allows us to
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invest in that future. most of us already agree that to truly solve our deficit problem, we need to find trillions in savings over the next decade, and significantly more in the decades that follow. that's what the bipartisan fiscal commission said. that's the amount that i put forward in the framework i announced a few months ago. and that's around the same amount that republicans have put forward in their own plans. and that's the kind of substantial progress that we should be aiming for here. to get there, i believe we need a balanced approach. we need to take on spending in domestic programs, in defense programs, and entitlement programs, and we need to take on spending in the tax code. spending on certain tax breaks and deductions for the wealthiest of americans. >> you're watching "newsday" on the bbc. still to come, friends and
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neighbors, can india and bangladesh sort out the long-standing differences between borders? >> and the country brings the mammoth task of rebuilding following the earthquake and tsunami. duke and duchess of cambridge have traveled to one of canada's most remote regions this part of their royal tour. they traveled to the town of yellowknife, just 250 miles south of the arctic circle, where they were greeted with a display of music and dance. from there is our royal correspondent peter hunt. >> the town may be familiar, the setting less so. they're here for a taste of another way of canadian life. half of the population are aboriginals. 11 languages are spoken. prince william tried his hand at a few. >> we are so excited to be here.
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[speaking foreign language] [cheers and applause] >> thank you very much. >> this is a vast area with few inhabitants. a fair few of them were here to see a couple being referred to repeatedly as megacelebrities. >> i've got my mosquito net on, i've come prepared, and i haven't drank anything for three days. there's no bathrooms here. >> it's nice to see them personally and i'm here in yellowknife, so i'm just lucky. >> we're up in the north. who would have ever thought they'd come up here for us? so how exciting is this? this is great. >> the finalists in the indian princess of competition were on parade nor prince charles and princess anne. it was the 1970's, he was a different prince, and this is a different day. the polo playing prince in a
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suit will have to keep practicing. it doesn't really get dark here at this time of year, and this gives william and kate a chance to travel by sea plane and canoo, out into the forest and lakes, to experience canada's great outdoors for themselves. peter hunts, "bbc news," yellowknife. >> i'm in singapore. >> and i'm in london. the headlines for you this hour. the british parliament has called a rare emergency debate about ill liss it phone hacking. >> a court in the netherlands has ruled that the dutch state was spoonl for the deaths of three muslim men during the bosnian war. >> we'll stay with our main story this hour in the phone hacking scandal involving the news international media group.
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brian is a professor at kingston university in london and co-organizer of the campaign for a public inquiry into phone hacking. he says any inquiry must look at the back crowd into this scandal. >> at the moment, the focus is on individual people who have hacked phones. and i think that the thing would lose its way if we stopped at rounding up a few foot soldiers. this is a serious problem at the heart of a very big, powerful organization, and maybe it extends across wider if journalism in britain. also affected are the police and politicians. there are some brave politicians saying now that politics should have been stronger on this issue. >> professor brian castcart there. the indian former minister arrived on wednesday for a three-day visit. he'll hold talks with officials
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from bangladesh on long standing issues. success there will pave the way for a high-profile visit by india's prime minister in september. our bangladesh correspondent there. >> india and bangladesh are supposed to be friendly neighbors, but they have a range of contentious issues, ranging from river waters to demarcation. the two south asian neighbors also shared more than 50 rivers, but bangladesh believes it's not getting enough water as india has built a number of dams upstream. the two sides are expected to reach an interim agreement on the water and the rivers during the visit of the india prime minister to bangladesh later this year. the two sides are also talking about giving transit access to each other and to connect the entire region by road and train. during the visit of the
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bangladesh prime minister to india last year, the indian government agreed to give a loan of $1 billion to bangladesh. but indian officials admit that there has been some delay. during the visit of the indian foreign minister to bangladesh, the two sides are expected to narrow down some of the differences. india is also chinese interest. bangladesh has also asked for chinese help to build a deep sea port. >> more developments in the debate about nuclear power in japan. >> that's right. the japanese agency gigi is reporting that the trade minister has said that the government will be conducting stress tests on all nuclear power reactors if japan, ensuring there would not be a
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problem with power supplies. for more on this, weir speaking now to our correspondent, who is in tokyo. this is still just a report, but what have you heard on the ground? when are they likely to begin these stress tests on the nuclear power facilities? >> well, all the media reports are reporting about his press conference earlier this morning, saying that the government will test all the nuclear power plants there to make sure that they're all safe. basically the government is trying to find a way to convince the public that they're all still safe to use because we are already experiencing severe electricity shortages at the beginning of this month. all the large manufacturers have been told to cut their usage by 15%. there was a survey conducted by a research company recently showing that only half the companies here feel that they can achieve that goal. so whether that means that their production level might be affected or japan might run out
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of electricity. so the government seems to be quite keen not to ditch a nuclear power plant, but looking for a way to convince the public that they're still safe. >> thank you so much for the update. meanwhile, towns along japan's tsunami devastated coast face years of rebuilding efforts. 23,000 people were killed or remain missing after the disaster. our japan correspondent roland burke is there. roland? >> the grind was actually lowered by the earthquake. it means that at high tide, the sea can come in here, and fish where hopes and businesses once stood. it's one of the huge problems that the people here face. for the scavengers along japan's coast, these last few months have brought a bounty. the cleanup is now under way,
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but there's much work to be done. boats are still stranded inland where they were tossed by the tsunami. the -- for rebuilding to begin, they have to be moved. they're putting it on a trailer. 96 wheels are needed to support the huge weight. and they built a special roadway ice of steel, a pathway to the sea. salvaging just this one boat is taking four days and 24r are three oh's just over there. up and down the coast, there are many more in devastated towns. this is what was the main shopping district of this town. before the tsunami swept through, smashing everything that people had. this area was absolutely full of debris. it's pretty much all been cleared away.
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a huge job, amazing that it's been done so quickly. it's still very dusty here, thoughing and there's not much life here. emotion businesses have not -- most businesses have not come back. all expect this one shop, despite the smashed ceiling, this fruit shop is still serving its customers. it's amazing you're still in business after the disaster. >> yes, it is. we opened up five days after the tsunami. the owner had lost his house, the original shop, and his car. he was evacuated and realized people didn't have food. we didn't have anything. that's when he decided to open up. we felt we needed to do something. >> as for the people who lived along the coast, well, the lucky ones are now getting temporary housing to replace the homes they lost. they're pretty small, prefabricated buildings.
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on this hill top, there are hundreds all grouped together. this one belongs to kioko. inside, there's a kitchen just by the door. a bathroom and loo as well and a washing machine. and through here, a small living room that can also be used to sleep in. now, you just moved in today, didn't you? so a big moment for you. >> i am very happy. i'm filled with happiness. i've waited for such a long time. >> in some places, much of the clearing up has already been done. this is or perhaps was -- the carriers of land, they were people's land. here it's pretty much ready for rebuilding. that is, of course, if anyone wants to come back. a panel of experts have come up
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with a blueprint for rebuilding this region. moving people from low lying areas up to higher ground. in places where there are no hills, rising the ground artificially. the idea is to make it safer. the problem is implementing plans like that because of the political impasse still going on down if tokyo. -- in tokyo. >> roland, more money will be made available in the reconstruction and rebuilding efforts, to be exact, about $24.6 u.s. billion through the supplementary budget. do you think this will really make a difference for those people? >> certainly money helps. in terms of the money, the government is able here to push that through parliament despite the fact that the opposition controls the upper house. despite the other bills, that's
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where the problems are. that's where the government faces a log jam in parliament. when you talk to people up here, what they say is, look, this is how we're living. we want things to get better as soon as possible. when they see the infighting going on in tokyo, people here are actually angry about it. they think it's rather self-indulgent for the politicians to be behaving like that when they're facing so much need up here. >> and the reconstruction and rebuilding process is moving very slowly. >> estimated that it's going to take 10 years at least. another smaller earthquake, the clear-up is taking three years. that gives you an idea of the enormous task for the people today. >> roland burke in tokyo, thank you so much for that update. there is much more on the "bbc news" website. there is full analysis of this ever-changing region. you can see profiles of
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countries and examine how asia is developing in comparison with the west. just go to the website and take a look for yourself. and you've been watching "newsday" from the bbc. >> a reminder of our main news this hour, the british parliament has called a rare emergency debate about the phone hacking scandal that's engulfing the media group news international. one of its newspapers, the news of the world, is said to have paid a private detective to hack into the mobile phone of the missing teenage girl who is later found murdered. the house of commons here in london will be discussing that issue during the emergency debate later on wednesday afternoon. you've been watching news day here on the bbc. you can keep up to date with all the stories we've been covering by visiting the "bbc news" website. from london and singapore, thanks for watching.
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>> international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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