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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 9, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> and nation is born. in south sudan emergence from decades of war and instability to become an independent state. the burden hiking scandal has deepened. suffering unimaginable scale, more than 10 million are affected by the east african severe drought. what aid agencies say they need from the world now. welcome to bbc news, broadcast to our viewers in america on pbs and around the globe. becky ford was the -- betty ford was the former u.s. first lady and a founder of an addiction clinic. she died at the age of 93.
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hello and welcome. south sudan has become the world's newest nation after decades of conflict with the north. huge independence celebrations started as the clock struck midnight central time. it will be one of the poorest nations in the world. there are still many conflicts. >> people have flooded goout ino the street. there is an air of jubilation here. people are banging a homemade drums to celebrate the independence of south sudan. people are driving all the way up and down the roads. the police, the army, everyone, even a fire engine spring water.
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people have been waiting so many years for this moment. the southern sudanese are waving goodbye to the north. their new nation is born. >> will ross in the south sudan. the libyans have said that they have made significant gains against colonel gaddafi's forces in a strategically important town. they had been stationary in misrata for six weeks. the rebels taking the city would open a way for a faster assault on the capital city. hundreds of thousands of protesters packed groot's tahrir square calling for social change and justice. several people have been killed in the latest anti-government
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demonstrations. it is reported that security forces killed several in the capital of cirri, damascus. rupert murdoch is expected to arrive in london shortly to take challenge of the phone hacking crisis. it has led to the closure of this sunday's edition. the editor of the newspaper until 2007 has been released on bail after being interviewed about allegations of corruption. >> what happened? have written better if he were -- and the
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probably been better if he were still at the helm. concern -- conspiracy and corruption. finding himself in the political doc, the prime minister decided to plead guilty for failing to take seriously the epidemic of phone hacking. >> we turned a blind eye to the need to sort this issue, to get on top of bad practices, to change the way newspapers are related. we have not correct this issue. >> their work, though, mitigating circumstances. he, like other politicians, wanted the papers to help him win. >> a relationship that came too close, became too cozy. do we spend enough time asking questions about how these organizations are regulated, and malpractice and the rest of it? no, we did not.
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>> david cameron was warned before the election that his colleague had once hired a man facing serious criminal charges. but today, the prime minister insisted that he had always accepted colston's assurances that he had done nothing wrong. >> he resigned as a result of the practices that were happening. all i could do was give him a chance. that is why i did what i did. >> he has been a set of two inquiries. one is led by a judge investigating why the phone hacking spread, and by the police failed to uncover it. the other will look into the ethics in the media. the prime minister said it was not up to him to decide whether rupert murdoch should be stopped from buying all of sky tv. neighbors disagreed. >> he still does not seem to get it. i'm afraid he does not seem to be able to lead the change we
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need in the way that the press works in this country. he could not even bring himself to apologize for hendrika -- for hiring andy colson. >> he has promised to be the one to end of the cozy relationship between politicians and the newspaper barons. critics say it is the moment -- it is only the beginning of the price he has to pay for hiring andy colson. the man who knows he is destined to make headlines, but never to write them. >> we are getting reports from singapore that the british author alan chandraiah has been free from a singapore prison after serving time related to his book on the death penalty. he was taken from shanghai
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prison in a van marked immigration and headed for the airport, where his client was expected to be deported to london. the -- where he was expected to be deported to london. opposition activists are trying to will the rally for reform. the police said they will do everything to maintain order. let's get the latest from kuala lumpur. jennifer, it must be a very describe what is happening on the street there. >> all of the main roads leading into the downtown core are blocked off traffic. but it does mean that -- does not mean that people cannot move around freely. where i am, people can move about freely.
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shops are just starting to open. before them, it is still business as usual if they can get into the downtown core. at the roadblocks, police are questioning people, their motives, and they have said that if they think somebody is going to participate in the protests, especially if they wear a yellow t-shirt, the color of this rally they will turn them away. people over the past two weeks, people especially, as you say, with these yellow t-shirts. but it does not seem to hamper them. it feels like they will continue, won't they? they are still quite adamant. >> yes, even though the government and police have said that this demonstration is the -- is illegal, the organizers of the rally are not the opposition party. protesters have said they want to call for free and fair
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elections. if there are electoral reforms, they will be able to win more seats. at this time, they would have also been able to defy the government bans. near the stadium where they are headed this afternoon, all of the hotels are booked out. we believe they are with protesters who are prepared to show their support and call for free elections. they have wanted to keep this rally peaceful, they said. what the authorities have been worried about is that there are pro-government rally some said that they would counter this demonstration. police said they will not tolerate violence. that is where security is stepped up. >> thanks very much. a group of british aid agencies have launched a joint fund-
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raising appeal to help more than 10 million people affected by the severe droughts in the one of africa. around 1300 people are trekking across somalia it each day to a refugee camp in eastern kenya. >> aid workers here are pretty overstretched. it is a very overcro.f nebmzu67'ñrivals are coming in y day. the usually around a thousand, sometimes well over that number. the total number of people are about 380,000. that is expected to rise to 400,000, maybe half a million. it is already the size of a city. at the moment, agencies are struggling to cope. it is also a dramatic for the relief worker chris because some of the people -- because some of the people are arriving so malnourished. they are fleeing not only civil war, but the intensifying
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drought. that has not rained for a couple of years. what happens is that the man folks stay behind in somalia and send on their women and children, and maybe the elderly as well. some of the people riding are the where -- the very weakest. -- some of the people that are arriving here are the very weakness. the irony is that the children are the weakest and they can die within a day of writing. what some groups like msf are trying to do is to sort them out. they measure the children, with them, and take themby>3r to whee they can treat them and feed them. some of these children are absolutely may see it. some really harrowing scenes here at this camp. unpaid workers are saying they need all the help they can get from the -- aid workers are
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saying they need all the help they can get from the international community. >> they need help with shelter and water, but particularly to contain the amount of malnutrition among children. mike is on the ethiopian southern border with kenya. >> for these somalis and the 2000 others now are arriving every day, ethiopia is their nearest place of refuge. this woman came with seven of her children today. a hazardous, grueling, six day walk. the of this child, a 3-year-old, left behind, for -- the youngest child, a 3-year-old, left behind for fear he would slow the other children down. this child is 9 months old. he has the circumference of his arm checked by a worker. the rate of severe malnutrition
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among the children is alarming. the biggest problem for the aid workers here at the moment is keeping pace with the numbers pouring across the border just down the track there. and in particular, screening them and making sure that those who are most at risk at not surviving get the help they need most urgently. >> the u.n. high commissioner for refugees, antonio banderas, came here to see what needed to be done -- antonio did guiterres came here to see what needed to be done. it has been difficult to get aid to them in somalia. it must have higher priority, said the commissioner. >> we need to bring in humanitarian aid to somalia. we can mitigate this to them --
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of this enormous humanitarian disaster. >> the remote corners of the camp are feeling as fast as they are being opened. nobody knows how many more somalis will cross the border. >> you are watching bbc news. still ahead, from canada to california, the duke and duchess of cambridge a ride in los angeles for a weekend visit. -- arrive in los angeles for a weekend visit. security forces in pakistan's largest city, karachi, have been authorized to shoot on sight anyone they believe is involved in violence. at least 65 people have been killed in gratia since tuesday. the current unrest is blamed on armed gangs.
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many shops and foreign offices were closed. here is this report. >> armed troops to stand on guard on the streets of pakistan's business and commercial capital. three days of violence have been the worst karachi has seen this year. target killings and drive-by shootings are widely blamed on armed gangs linked to rival political parties. >> killing and violence has increased so much. no one is safe anymore. >> this is the heart of karachi's main shopping thi district. as you can see, today they are deserted. most people did not go to work or open businesses because they are afraid of more violence. >> many of those who were shot dead were ordinary people going about their daily lives. some were killed just for their ethnicity.
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the most powerful political party here, mqm, represents the curfew speaking majority. -- erdu speaking majority. last week, after nine weeks in power, they decided to quit the government, giving rise to instability. the government says those behind the violence will be dealt with. it extra troops have been deployed to deal with the situation. but many in the city remained unconvinced. bbc news, karachi. >> you are watching bbc news. headlines this hour, south sudan has become the world's newest nation. the people of the south voted overwhelmingly for independence in the north and a referendum in january.
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and the british prime minister's former communications director, also the former editor of britain's biggest selling newspaper has been unveiled by police. the former u.s. first lady, betty ford, died at the age of 93. she was the wife of president gerald ford and served as first lady from 1974 to 1977. betty ford was best known for founding a leading california clinic for treating drug and i call addiction. president barack obama said she left a legacy of courage for others. >> ladies and gentlemen, president and mrs. gerald ford. >> gerald ford once said that he was indebted to no man and to only one woman, his wife betty ford. as first lady, she combined grace with candor, a candor that was tested just months after she
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moved into the white house when doctors discovered she had breast cancer and if -- and performed a mastectomy. her frank discussion about the ordeal is credited to learning women about the dangers of breast cancer. >> women are no longer ashamed of having mastectomies. they talk about it. i feel that i have saved many lives. >> she was known as betty plumber growing up in michigan and she dreamed of becoming a dancer. but in 1948 she married gerald ford, her second marriage. he was elected to congress. they moved to washington and have four children. when he became vice president and then president, betty ford became an advocate for women's rights. after leaving the white house, the former first lady shocked the nation by truck -- by checking herself into a treatment facility to battle a long addiction to pain pills and alcohol. soon after, she founded the
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california desert. and she became a tireless advocate for those struggling with substance abuse. >> today, i am very grateful recovering out colic and i know firsthand -- alcoholic, and i know firsthand the treatment does work. >> the center is betty ford's greatest legacy. she was honored by three former first ladies on its 20th anniversary. and honored by the nation with the presidential medal of freedom. she had a quiet dignity on display even the most difficult time, the passing of her husband in 2006. while the country mourned her president, she warned her true love and partner of 58 years. looking back on her life, betty ford once said, it has been a great trip. >> previously classified photos
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of the aftermath of the atomic bomb dropped on the japanese city of beersheba in 1945 have got on display in new york. -- of hiroshima in 1945 have gone on display in new york. >> hiroshima in 1945, a city turned wasteland. these pictures were taken by officials who visited -- visited the city later that year. it is now part of a new expedition that has -- exposition that has opened in new york. %!tmñ6vthis is the first time te once classified pictures have been on display. the exhibition has more than 60 photos, each with its own grim story. >> there is another picture of a school building that has just one wall standing. the drop -- the bombs were dropped at about 8:15 a.m. and so people were at work and children at school. it is again heartbreaking that
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there is only one wall standing. everyone clearly perished. >> about 85,000 people died that day, many more in the following weeks and months. many years after the bomb fell on hiroshima and nagasaki, this is a sign of the beginning of the nuclear age and the world changed forever. >> prince william and the duchess of cambridge have arrived in los angeles for world wind weekend trip to california. their tour will take them from sections of hollywood glitz to the poverty of skid row. >> the american media was searching the skies for a first glimpse of the royal couple, and had them in their sights well before they even touched down in los angeles, courtesy of the canadian military. after nine days crossing the
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continent. so they began a world wind weekend in southern california. hollywood is surely one of the highlights of their trip. they will be mingling with the stars. famous, where everyone has an opinion, and where royalty trust simple stardom. >> i think everybody is excited that is gorgeous couple is coming. i know they will be meeting a lot of stars. that is what hollywood is. there will be nervousness and a lot of excitement. >> they really will be watched every step of the way. helicopters were not just there to follow them to beverly hills, but to keep an eye on the rush- hour travel chaos left behind. if >> there is a little less traffic on the south side of town. -- on this side of town and on the south side. >> i think it is very cool.
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it is interesting to be young and famous. i want to be young and famous. [laughter] >> i think is kind of a camelot thing. a lot of people -- you know, royalty is something they are not used to. it is kind of a fairy tale. >> famous people are famous, but nothing like royalty. >> the first dog was about drumming of trade for business between british businesses and america. and there is nothing like a handshake. >> they will be going to an inner-city school and there's even time for prince william to play a game of polo. the highlight is a red carpet reception with the rich and famous, where they will be introducing some of the upcoming british talent to hollywood. >> the grammy-winning cuban guitarist matter of a bond --
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manuel gabon has died in havana, cuba, after suffering a heart attack. >> he had a unique guitar sound and warm smile. it was a winning formula for him, described as a master of the guitar. his career took off in the 1960's with a vocal quartet. they've landed a-- they blended upbeat american music with more exotic sounds. in 1972, he started his own group, touring more than 60 countries. but he will perhaps be best remembered for his work with the buenavista social club. his time with the groups cemented his reputation as one of the most influential cuban musicians of his time. the 1977 album was an
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international smash hit, selling more than 5 million copies -- the 1997 novel was an international smash hit, selling more than 5 million copies and won a grammy in 1998. he was also an accomplished pianist and died at the age of 80 in havana on thursday. his unique contribution to cuban music will live on. >> and no one has won the record 166 million pound load jackpot in the euro jackpot. the total is now frozen and will be in place for the next drawing on tuesday. '?0n$two u.k. tickets did scoop2 million pounds each after matching five numbers and one lucky star. there is much more on our web site on all of our stories. or you can follow me on twitter.
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>> makes sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman9c)"zkndation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank has put its
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financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. 
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