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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 21, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> i am in singapore. . >> i am in london. a warning that they need to find a solution to the crisis or they will be partially judge. an accusation that put church ahead of the child rape victims. >> the area is controlled by the militia. >> survivors of the civil war are trying to rebuild their lives in sri lanka. it is 11:00 a.m. in singapore. >> it is for clock in london. viewersoadcasting to around the world. this is "newsday." ♪
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>> late night talks between the french president and german chancellor have reportedly resulted in a joint position over new bailouts for greece. an emergency summit of european leaders will begin to discuss the crisis in a few hours. it comes amid warnings that the currency is facing its greatest test to date. >> for the past year or more, whenever european leaders of that, there has been one issue at the top of the agenda again and again. that is trying to fix the euro. the survival of a single currency has been called into question. there are increasingly urgent appears for eurozone leaders to act decisively. >> they have said they will do what it takes to ensure the stability of the currency.
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now is the time to make good on the promise. >> all eyes are on the biggest countries -- france and germany. how much more will be spent to help solve the sovereign debt crisis? the eurozone cannot take much more uncertainty. three countries have already been bailed out. greece, ireland, and portugal. greece needs a second bailout. if a deal cannot be agreed, it appears the debt crisis scould spread to bigger countries like spain and italy. that could be catastrophic. for the delay could be dangerous. >> postponing over the summer was ridiculous. we would end up in a chaotic summer with speculation and for
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further problems in spain and italy. the problems could be so big they cannot be solved with the current instrument we have. >> there is no simple formula. patience is in short supply. if the european union cannot be made to work in its current form, the alternatives are stark. further integration fiscally or politically. they could break the eurozone apart. finding a solution is one of the biggest challenges the e.u. has ever faced. bbc news in brussels. >> the irish prime minister has made an unprecedented attack on the catholic church. he accuses the vatican of tampering investigation into child abuse by priests. >> the church and state in ireland have been linked for generations. the close relationship appears to have changed with the publication of the report into child sex abuse in the diocese of county cork.
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the report from the vatican had blocked and frustrated and inquiry into the issue as recently as three years ago. he was scathing in his criticism. >> the report shows the disfunction, disconnection, and elitism that dominates the culture of the vatican today. the rape and torture of children were downplayed. they managed to pull the primacy of the institution from its power, standing, and reputation. >> other deputies in parliament voiced similar criticisms. the hierarchy of the catholic church expressed deep remorse. >> i find myself today asking if i can be proud. when i am seeing, i have to be ashamed of. >> after so many clerical sex
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abuse scandals in ireland, many have thought the worst revelations were exposed. the report singled out the former vatican aide to three popes for dangerous failures in child protection after sex abuse cases were not reported to the police in county cork. father mcgee resigned and says he should have done more to protect victims of abuse. he apologized. the alleged cover-up seems to beat the final straw for the irish government. >> a convicted murderer shot three people in what he calls revenge for the 9/11 attacks. he has been executed in texas. he targeted people who believed to be of middle eastern descent in the weeks after the attack. they were in fact from south asia. two were killed. one survived.
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sharon. to you have news about aid for famine victims in somalia. >> united states is saying it will allow aid to be sent to famine-affected areas of somalia controlled by the as noneas non-- as long of it benefits the militia. they've been ravaged by one of the worst droughts in more than half a century. >> it is official. somalia is sinking into famine. it is the first time that compelling word has been deployed in almost 20 years. the united nations is hoping it will dilute the world into action. extreme drought and conflict have driven thousands of somalis into camps like t one. a former irish president was
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here during the last famine. she is back and wondering cheerfully why the world could not prevented from happening again. -- she is back and wondering tearfully why the world could not prevent it from happening again. >> i was here in 1992. i am here again. these people just want food and water for their families. >> a substantial aid operation is already under way. supplies arrived in neighboring kenya. the u.n. is asking for an extra 185 million pounds immediately. the international response has been mixed. britain has given 23 million pounds to somalia this year. united states has given barely half of that. germany and france are among those accused of ignoring the alarm bells. >> contributions from other countries has been dangerously
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inadequate. britain is setting a good lead. we expect others to contribute. there are signs others are beginning. we need that to happen rapidly and vigorously. >> money is not the only problem. the famine has taken hold in areas controlled or influenced by militant islamist group. they made it too dangerous for foreign aid groups to operate directly. they say a ban has been lifted, but the politics are competen-- complicated and aid is not getting to the right people fast enough. the familiar images of hunger and helplessness. the predictable scramble for money and access as famine bites into somalia. erson isast one p reported to have been killed in malawi in demonstrations against
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the government. despite an earlier court ruling banning protests, protests have continued. they have sealed off the city in the center. kenyan officials are burned confiscated are free to highlight the problem of elephant poaching. hundreds of tusks and trinkets worth millions of dollars were set on fire. african elephants remain vulnerable to hunting. the demand for ivory grows in asia and the middle east. they've handed over responsibility for security in helmand province to afghan forces. british troops have been there since 2006. 24 soldiers have been killed there. it is one of the most challenging areas in the wave of transition. it follows the handing over at the weekend of another province to afghan troops. local forces will gradually
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replace troops in five other areas across the country. our defense correspondent reports. >> a moment of national pride. afghans are taking responsibility for their own security. this ceremony is designed to send the message that they are up to the job. who have british t helped train and are now stepping back, a public show of confidence. despite the handshake, there are lingering doubts -- at least about the afghan police. >> there are some allegations of corruption. it would be foolish to deny exists. we're trying to eradicate that in the police. if we get it wrong, the police could push the locals away. >> the clock is ticking for the afghans to get it right. for nato, it marks the beginning of the end. the exit strategy will see all
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british combat troops leave by 2015. afghans are now having to contemplate what the future without nato might look like. this is another province that has just been handed over. unlike helmand, there has been little fighting here for the last 10 years. they're still waiting for the dividends of peace. bombs and bullets are not the biggest killers here. it is diarrhea and on nutrition. international aid keeps this possible going. the biggest concern is what will happen when the foreign troops leave. the test for the afghan government is how to win the trust of its own people. >> there are going to be lots of questions and concerns. we acknowledge the concerns. our job is to change our institutions and the perceptions
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as a result of the performance of those institutions. >> the native transition is about finding the way out. -- been a to a transition is about finding the way out. -- the natio transition is about finding a way out. will it be done with dignity? >> live from singapore and london, you are watching "news de-." will the japanese man be found guilty of the murder of a british teacher? we have a special report on the drug ketamine. >> fighters in misurata say they face further advances of forces loyal to colonel gaddafi. >> we are a few kilometers behind the front line. periodically, we can hear
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rockets falling. we also hear the sound of nato airplanes circling overhead. earlier this morning, the rebels started an offensive pushing back gaddafi's forces. i have been talking to the man in charge of coordinating the rebel operations with nato i asked him what happened this morning. >> our fighters had an offensive to the gaddafi forces. we quickly gained 4 kilometers. the soldiers are running so quickly. they're leaving their weapons and ammunition. >> we have heard some complaints about the lack of action from nato from your side. how have they been acting over the past 24 hours? >> their support is very useful
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this time. we're coordinating. we planned very well this time. >> we can hear the airplanes overhead. jets becausemadenato of the no-fly zone they are imposing. it is pretty much trench warfare going on here. progress is very slow. we have heard and seen the rebels' advance in the past only to be forced back to their original positions. i think it will be crucial to see whether they managed to hold the progress they're making in the days to come. ♪ >> i am in singapore. >> i am in london. here are the headlines. european leaders are preparing to hold an emergency summit on the debt crisis in the eurozone.
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>> the irish prime minister has accused the roman catholic hierarchy of putting power and reputation ahead of a child welfare. >> in tokyo, the verdict is expected on thursday in the trial of the man accused of murdering a british woman who had been teaching english in japan. it took more than two years for him to be arrested after he had plastic surgery. >> her body was found by the police in a bathtub on the balcony of his plot. he was there when the police arrived. he managed to escape barefoot. he disappeared for two years. he went to great lengths to avoid arrest. he changed his appearance by using scissors to cut his lip and cut off moles. he went through plastic surgery
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as well. he was only caught when a doctor and a plastic surgery clinic became suspicious. they gave the police a photograph of his new parents. that was widely publicized. he was spotted a few days later and arrested. >> do you think is likely to get the death penalty? in japan, that tends to be reserved for serial killers. >> the death penalty is on the statute book in japan. it is usually reserved for people convicted of multiple murders. in this case, if he is convicted, the prosecution is pushing for a sentence of life in prison. the victim's family has said he is convicted of murdering their daughter, they would like him to receive the maximum punishment under japanese law. >> hundreds of thousands of displaced tamil civilians are
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returning to their villages in the north. access has been restricted by the military for many years. the rules have just been relaxed. our correspondent is the first journalist to travel there and meet those trying to rebuild their lives. he sent this report from the headquarters of the tamil tigers. >> for years, few outsiders to jungles.he northern every building was planned. people are returning and trying to start again. he is helping his parents build a home. they were forced from this village and displaced time and again before suffering bombardment in the final war zone. they got a small grant -- they got a small u.m. but have had to
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pawn their positions to get by. >> i lost my mother, my brother, and my sister in the war. we've come here without our family. we're not living happily. >> there is at least community spirit here. his two friends are helping him build his house. they are all lucky to be alive. many other men perished. >> most of the civilians confined in government-run camps at the end of the war have returned to villages like this one. all of them have had a difficult homecoming. they're haunted by their traumas and losses. this widow lost her brother in the war. she and her mother are sick and too ill to work. they cannot afford transport to the hospital. the government insists they are doing all they can to help people like her. she disagrees. >> we have been here almost three months.
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we've got nothing since then. we get less than $1 a month each in aid. the government is not helping us. i have sent a lot of letters, but there is no reply. >> just a few miles away, a diers love and leingly tend government war memorial. it represents the government's triumph over the travel tigers. the flowers represent peace. just a year ago, not a single house in this town had a roof. it is now achieving a kind of normality. people here have come back to start again. for the foreseeable future, is under the watchful eye of the military. charles havilland for bbc news.
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>> they say it was a private trip to meet residents and support the philippine territorial claims. china has said the visit could sabotage the relationship between the two countries. we have this report from manila. it is an island paradise. it would be if it was not one of the most hotly disputed places on earth. these are a chain of tiny islands. six countries have laid claim to them. it is not so much for the islands, before the suspected will and gas deposits around them. -- but for the suspected oil and gas deposits around them. the congressman explains why he has decided to organize the trip. >> for a just and peaceful solution, we have to strongly assert our sovereign rights. >> local filipinos told the
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congressman in recent months china has made numerous incursions into what they see as philippine territorial waters. his visit was intended to bolster the philippine claim on the island. the visitors sang the national anthem with the locals. the surrounding south china sea is described by its new, more philippine-friendly name. the threat from rival claimants is apparent. they're outnumbered by more than three to one. china is angry about the philippines' recent complaints and this trip. the troops are on alert for further incursions. >> in manila, the government is committed to fighting an amicable solution. both countries have close ties and a lot to lose if the relationship turns sour. the president has admitted there's not much philippines can do if china decides to use force
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to take the island. he is hoping it does not ever get to that point. kate mcgowan for bbc news in manila. >> you have the story of the growing drug threat to the u.k. >> it is a drug normally used by veterinarians to tranquilize the horses. ketamine has become the fourth most popular recreational drug. much of it is being smuggled into the country from india. >> in delhi, everyone is looking to do a deal. it is manufactured in this country but you will not see it in the market. authorities have taken control because of concerns over the recreational use. it is illegal to openly sell in the country. there is a black market trade. that makes india one of the main
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sources of the drug. they advertise on the internet. they smuggled it out of india to sell around the world. canada, australia. i can show you recent numbers. >> they smuggle it out disguised as something else. he hands out the free sample of ketamine. in the u.k., the drug has become increasingly popular over the last decade. users find out the consequences of abuse. >> very sharp pains in my stomach that have had me
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screaming in agony. >> sure was popular and sociable. that is until she took ketamine. >> her best friends still use it. they loved her. they saw that she died. all i can say is please think carefully before you go on the path of destruction >> india may say it is cracking down, the former head of cracking down on drug trade says differently. >> the confession must be made. the drug trade is not a priority with most enforcement agencies. >> we travel across the country for the final meeting with a man offering to sell us ketamine. are you aware of the damage done
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by the drug? it is doing major damage to people. >> yes. >> do you not care? >> no. >> in many countries, there are worries about the long-term consequences. >> you are watching bbc news. nearly $200,000 was left in a closed recycling bin outside a charity evenshop for the red cr. >> it is not every day we get that kind of money found in a plastic bag among the clothing. it was in the been liner with some nice clothing. the return envelopes with a lot of money. in another envelope, it said to the danish red cross from anonymous. >> you have been watching bbc news.
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bye byye for now. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for
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a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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