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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 22, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation >> this is "bbc world news." is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> welcome to newsday on the bbc. i'm in singapore. the headlines this hour, arwin $150 billion for greece, but will it be enough to save the euro? the u.n. and ounces of emergency drops. and hillary clinton joined the quest to move forward on tough security issues. and the artist lucian freud has died. it is 11:00 a.m. in singapore and 4:00 a.m. in london, broadcasting to view -- viewers on pbs in america and around the world. this is "neuza de." -- "newsday."
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>> hello and welcome. of leaders of the 17 countries which use the euro have agreed to a second bailout for greece and preventive measures to prevent the debt crisis from spreading. the greek package will be worth an estimated $150 billion. and there will be billions more from private investors, such as banks. from brussels, gavin reports. >> nearly 10 years ago, the bureau has -- had been launched to a fanfare of celebration. it is now facing its greatest task. and today, europe's leaders came up with an historic package designed to draw a line under the greek debt crisis. the french president and the german chancellor pushed through a rescue plan for greece that amounts to nearly 110 billion euros. the deal not only covers short-
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term funding, but is intended to reduce reece's debt further. >> i have always made it clear that it is not someone standing up and waving a magic wand, but it is about grease having a controlled and controllable process. i am confident we can succeed in this endeavor. >> the problem policing the summit is that greece's dead has shot up to 350 billion euros despite being bailed out last year. europe's leaders insisted that what they were doing for greece was a one-off. what is in the deal? interest on existing loans will be reduced. private loans will take on some of the cost of the bailout and reduce greece's debt. there will be a monetary fund to help banks in trouble. the french president stressed that in order for this to work
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reece's debt have to come down. what we are doing for greece, he said, we will do for no other country. but what is at stake here is a contagion. a key and controversial part of all of this is the involvement and -- of private investments, the banks. they're expected to take some losses and contribute around 37 billion heroes, but as a result, rating agencies could declare greece to be yet in default. the focus will now fall on greece as to whether and even with this extra funding its debts mounting can come down >> -- down. >> we now have a program and a package that create a sustainable path for greece. a sustainable debt management for greece. >> and that is the question, have europe's leaders done enough to end the crisis that for 18 months has threatened a single currency?
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>> fayed will be airlifted into mogadishu within days, according to the united nations. over 3.5 million people, almost half of the somali population are facing severe food shortages. here are reports from mogadishu, one of the world's most dangerous places. >> to move in mogadishu, you need men's with -- men with guns. and plenty of them. it the burundian peacekeepers got ready to drive me to the outskirts of the capital. it in heavily armored vehicles, we passed through the government controlled areas where despite the war, business is still booming. but the landscape is changing. almost every open space we passed was filled with makeshift shelters. the homes for those fleeing the drought and the threat of widespread famine.
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despite only being 400 meters from the front line, thousands are still pouring into this camp. setting of with the few possessions they have managed to bring with them. [navy crane -- baby crying] mothers hugh, desperate to get help for their severely malnourished -- mother's line of, desperate to get help for their civiliaseverely malnouriso children. she caught a ride to mogadishu with her five children. her son does not look it, but he is 12 months old and already in the struggle for survival. despite all the dangers in mogadishu, these families are willing to risk it because life
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has become so dire at home. we are hearing from doctors that children are dying on the way as they walked for days on end and families reached this place too late. it just hang on, 8 month old abdul. his father was forced to move from camp to camp during the war. he is without any work and cannot get the money to feed his children. they keep coming. in the last nine days this clinic alone has seen over 11000 severely now nourished children. the aid workers are struggling to cope -- over 1000 severely malnourished children. the aid workers are shriveling to go. >> we need vaccination, supplementary food, clean water as well. it that is really important. and sanitation.
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but fundamentally, food. >> the hardest part will be getting food deep into the areas held by al qaeda-linked rebels. with war and famine spreading, this is a daunting challenge. bbc news, mogadishu. to julianaoss over for an update on efforts to find consensus in the south china sea. >> absolutely, who owns it? it is a simple enough question, but the answer is more complicated. the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton has been in bali. analysts across the region have been analyzing the issue. >> it is believed the south china sea is rich in oil and gas, but that has yet to be proved. countries are competing with
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each other to stake a claim. china has the largest claim over the south china sea. it says it owns all of it. other countries all say they own parts of it. in recent weeks, there have been skirmishes between the philippines and china and between vietnam and china. the fear is if this problem is not solved soon, it could destabilize the region competing countries against each other. >> malaysia has military presence on some of the beach is a claims. that includes its popular diving resort, which is important to the tourism industry. officials say that its claims are in line with international law. malaysia has come out very strongly against the use of military force. that is why they are proposing the joint monitoring exercises and bilateral talks to avoid confrontation. some analysts say that in order form in asia to have any
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bargaining power it needs to work through cross yon. the feeling here is that small countries need to work together to counter china. >> china says it has indisputable sovereignty over the south china sea islands as well as the surrounding waters. it is a claim that beijing says they back -- dates back almost 2000 years. it puts them on the conclusion course with a host of other countries. why might beijing be interested in these islands? one reason is almost certainly natural resources. according to one chinese estimate, potential quarrel -- oil reserves in that area could be 10 times greater than 12 reserves found in the u.s. >> for the u.s., this is all about geode-strategic competition with china. the obama administration that last year in hanoi. hillary clinton says that
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maritime security in the region was in the u.s.'s national security interests. no surprise there, but she awful -- also offered american help to ease the tension. that annoyed the chinese. washington is also working hard to diepen its size in the region and is encouraging countries like india to become more assertive. next local elections are taking place in parts of northern sri lanka on saturday. in some areas, it will be the sum -- the first such vote in nearly 30 years. although, parliamentary elections were held last year. it will come just two years after the end of the civil war between government forces and the tamil tiger separatists. joining me now from, but it is
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charles. these are the council elections, but even the president campaigned in one city this week. what is at stake for him? >> that is right. the big jet -- the big government juggernaut, if you like. he is responding to the intense wave of international criticism being directed at the country at the moment. the u.s. congressional committee is voting that aid will be cut off to sri lanka unless they show a move away from wartime atrocities. ofy're putting a lot resources into this. >> two opposition groups have claimed harassment by the ruling party, which it denies. it will these elections be free and fair? >> that is a big question about that political -- about that. proper transport is not been
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provided to voters to go to the polls. there are huge rural areas with no transport whatsoever. refugees returning and trying to rebuild their lives, they may not be able to vote. there have been some nasty incidents reported also. a main -- a main group in the north, the tamela alliance, some have said there has been intimidation. a dog was decapitated and its head was left on the gate of one of the candidates, allegedly. the government denies any wrongdoing and says these people are doing this themselves to win sympathy. but the signs are at the moment that this is a bad temper and have the conducted election in many ways. also, state media is giving blanket coverage to the government's eyes, rather -- government side rather than
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equally. >> you were the first to cross into the war-torn north after travel restrictions were listed. did you get the sense that people are eager to vote after some years? >> the one thing that strikes one there is the returning to normality. that is happening in big ways in some towns. in one town, it was completely depopulated as the tamil tigers force ever went out and force them to go with them to what became the final war zone. the house is now have roofs, for instance. people are doing normal things. there is an attempt to grapple with a new normality. that is where the government should be concentrating as a feather in its cap. but at the moment, they have been opening new roads very suddenly. there have been a lot of extravagant promises to people
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if they vote one way or another that they may get development rewards, etc. i think people are focus on retaining their normal lives and voting with a degree of apathy. coalitions are not likely to do terribly well. >> thank you. you are watching news day on the bbc live from singapore and london. still to come, in germany, the grave of rudolf hess is destroyed by some neo-nazis operating there. and they look back at one of the world's greatest artists, luzius -- lucie and freud. -- lucian freud. mowlawi has rejected calls to stand down after two days of protests. at least 80 people have been killed and 40 wounded.
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the elected president is overseeing a steep economic decline. authorities have used force to stop the unrest as well as widespread condemnation. >> for a second day, a military president -- presence on the street of the capital of mowlawi. they are responding to protests like these in the commercial capital on wednesday. all too often with force. across the country, at least 18 are dead and dozens more wounded. the demonstrators want the president to stand down. the civil groups behind this are unhappy at the rising cost of living and the acute shortages. it is the worst, they say, in 70 -- in all the years of independence. the president said he was prepared to meet opposition groups to discuss grievances, but would not step down. >> i strongly believe god will
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intervene in this political crisis. the opposition leaders and civil survive -- civil society activists are not led by god, but by satan. this is why they are happy to ans. fellow mowlawi i \ however, it is the army that has brought criticism. ban ki moon has called for an end. it makes an end to the protests of a more difficult in one of the world's poorest countries. bbc news. >> this is newsday on the bbc. i am in singapore.
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european leaders have agreed on a second financial loan for greece. private investors are contributing more than $150 billion to the deal. with more than half of -- almost half of the somalian people short of food, the u.s. has agreed to food drops. the bbc has learned that the fbi caen -- plans to contact the after jude law filing claims that his mobile phone was targeted in a visit to america. the newspaper news of the world allegedly claimed access to his voice mail. if it is true, it could include investigations in the united states. >> these allegations relate to a gossip article about him that related -- that was in the newspaper in september, 2003.
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and it was not send the that his voice mail was act in order for the article to be written, but at the time, he was in the united states, specifically at new york's kennedy record -- kennedy airport. that could give jurisdiction to the fbi, who are now investigating. it could potentially open the door to prosecutions under u.s. federal wiretap laws if the allegations are proved. i understand from a source close to the investigation that fbi agents would like, if possible, to speak to him. they would buy to contact his representatives. they have spoken to his publicist, which said that he has no intention of speaking publicly at all at this stage. but he adds to the scope of the investigation here in the u.s. the fbi is already looking into claims that reporters from the news of the world attempted to access the phones of people who died on 9/11, a very dramatic
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claim. rupert murdoch was at the british parliamentary hearing on tuesday and categorically denied that claim. he said there was no evidence to support any sort of hiking here in the united states. -- hacking here in the united states. >> a heat wave across central and eastern parts of the u.s. is being blamed for causing as many as 22 deaths, with temperatures rising to 42 degrees centigrade. >> a sweltering heat wave is spreading across the u.s. and millions of people are struggling to stay cool. in recent days, these punishing conditions have spread from central areas to the east coast, bringing temperatures as high as 43 degrees centigrade. making american headlines. the national weather service has issued warnings to areas affecting more than half the population.
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despite this, soaring temperatures have had tragic consequences. missouri officials have said that 13 people have died, including two women in their 70's. several more deaths have been reported in oklahoma. there has been as dramatic increase in emergency call out. cooling cities -- cooling centers have been set up in cities to provide relief. >> already after two minutes, i am extremely uncomfortable. it is already late in the day. it is okay for people who work in air-conditioned offices, but for those who have outside jobs, the conditions are almost unbearable. >> i cannot describe it. it is just very hot out. all you can do is stay hydrated and keep an eye on each other and hope nobody gets hurt. >> forecasters say the conditions could match those that settled over chicago in 1995. then more than 700 people died in a five day time frame.
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with temperatures not expected to drop until sunday, there are concerns about more fatalities to come. >> now on news of the destruction of the grave of adolf hitler's deputy the grave of rudolf hess has been leveled in southern germany. the ashes will be scattered at sea. neo-nazi groups tried to stage rallies there every year. >> this brown patch of ground is all that remains of the final resting place of one of the most notorious figures of nottie germany. rudolf hess was buried in a grave in a small church in the bavarian -- in a bavarian town. >> we had to regulate close the greater around the anniversary of his birthday and there were
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major disturbances. if there were marches by certain groups to -- and the whole town was in turmoil. there was a huge police presence. >> this is what they want to avoid, groups of neo-nazis descending and paying homage to hit there's deputy. -- hit there's deputy. -- hitler's deputy. >> it is good that it is now gone. we hope they do not come back. >> he was one of hitler's closest aides. after the war, he was imprisoned and killed himself in a berlin prison in 1987. since that time, according to the wishes of his will, he laid in this churchyard in a grave carrying the epitaph "i dared."
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the decision was finally reached between his family and church authorities to exhume his remains, cremate them and scatter them at sea. >> lucian freud is one of the greatest artists of his generation and has died. he was 88. he was well known for his fleshy nudes and portraits. usually painted in his studio. >> flesh, naked, unadorned and my wrinkled flesh is what flat -- fascinated lucian freud. his portraits were almost gergel in the way he exposed the sitter. but for his part, he avoided interviews on camera. the closest people got to him was through his many self portraits. >> he more less in -- reinvented the portrait.
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he claimed it from being soft or inadequate. >> he was born in berlin and came to britain at age 10. his father was a broadcaster and politician. his early work was thrillism. he had a one-man show at age 21. but these are not just bodies. he said he wanted to paint people, their hopes, memories, how they happened to be. >> in our computer age, in a way he reinforces what is special and unique about painting. >> he was never flattering, never one to hide a blemish or able to. he painted bodies as he saw them. not even the queen was scared. models often had to endure
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unbearably long sittings, and they were more often than not friends, lovers, and members of his own family. >> i do not want to use them for an idea i have. i actually want to do them and even their identical twin would not do at all if i did not know them. >> he had a large family. these are just two of his daughters, but is thought that he fathered dozens of children throughout his life. his legacy? he was britain's cozy preeminent painter of the nude. in an age of abstract art, he brought the power of paint and the human form laid bare. >> you have been watching news day from the bbc. >> that is it from us for now. and you can get much more on our website
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>> makes sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank has put its
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global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. 
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