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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 19, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now "bbc world news." >> hello and welcome to "bbc." >> here are the head lines. back home after years in captivity israel yes, sir gilad shalit is exchanged for hundreds of palestinians. >> greece is braced for another strike over osterity cup. africa raised new hopes in finding a vaccine for malaria. >> there was an alleged plot to steal their benefits. >> it's 4:00 here in london. broadcasting on pbc in america and around the world.
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hello, welcome, once again. there have been emotional scenes during a historic prisoner swap between the israelis and palestinians. five years after an ambush and placed in captivity gilad shalit is celebrating his first day home with his family. jeremy bowan has this report from jearls. -- jerusalem. >> this evening. gilad shalit was flown home. his family campaigned for five years for his freedom. he was smiling as they drove him in. most israelis support the deal that was made for his freedom.
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even though his ransom was the release of who they regard as terrorist murders. this morning he was waking up in gaza for the last time. then gilad shalit was marched to freedom by the head of the hamas wing. he gave an interview to egyptian tv. of course, i miss my freedom, meeting people, being active. he hoped the deal would end wars between israelis and palestinians. a show of force ahead of what they saw as a victory. and palestinian families were gathering to welcome the prisoners home. men and women who were jailed for taking up arms against vearl are exalted.
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this 11-year-old was waiting for her mother imprisoned for 10 years for helping suicide bombers reach their target. her father wasn't being released. back in israel gilad shalit was become welcomed by benjamin netanyahu. he needed some good news after a difficult political summer. he ran a tenacious campaign that helped israelis pay a high price for his son's freedom. in gaza palestinian prisoners were welcomed by hamas leaders who's own need for a victory meant they cashed in their israeli offense for less than they've heard. other prisoners are being deported. an illegal israeli act say human rights campaigners. on the west bank clashes started as they waited for prisoners. no sign of a new positive atmosphere here just the old one. >> the west bank welcome was led
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by the palestinian president mahmoud abbas. >> but as the palestinians celebrated they all knew that they had succeeded by president habaz who rejected and failed. after 12 years inside a mask fighter said our enemies only respond to force. >> these men are being treated as conquering heroes. it doesn't of themselves get them closer to a peace agreement because there are still all the big issues of war and peace and the future of this land that remain. >> in gaza tonight, they're still celebrating victory. not a chance for peace. that will have to wait for palestinians and israelis. jeremy bowan "bbc news."
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>> this time it's moodies. it has worsening growth prospect makes it more challenging for it to reach its fiscal projects. parliament prepares to vote on sweeping new austerity measures. while the greek government is trying to emphasize the positives at this point. the prime minister has been speaking to our europe correspondent gavin hewitt. >> greece is a country that is remarkably rich that was however very poorly managed for a number of years. the poor management which we have been fixing in the past couple of years cannot hide the fact that that we have comparative advantages that are extremely beneficial for investors in greece. whether it is energy or alternative energy, shipping, agricultural or tourism, you're
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talking about heavy industries quote/unquote in which greece is the champion. this is not a bleak picture although we are in a very dark part of this dark tunnel. and the question is -- do we focus on attention ahead or do we start listening to anyone who predicts our demise? i choose to look ahead. i choose to move forward. we will not throw our hands up. we will not surrender or abandon the effort. we will fulfill entirely or commitments an i believe that in a year from now if we're sitting here discussing i can look straight at you in the eye, remember i told you this, it happened. >> can you convince those people for instance who are occupying the ministries who are doing all they can to fight what they fear are these austerity measures? are you going to be able to convince them that you have got a plan for the future that's
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going to work? >> well, i have to. and therefore, i will continue making every effort possibly possible to convince them. and i believe that the vast majority of the people who are not happy and some of whom are, in fact, in the streets today, understand that these measures as terribly difficult as they are, are necessary and will guarantee a better future for themselves and their families. >> now ricoh has details of some encouraging news because a vaccine against one of the biggest killers malaria is moved a step closer. >> that's right. reports from a major clinical trial in africa show the chances of getting malaria can be cut by almost 50%. this is raising hopes. there may soon be a more robust defense for the billions are are at risk along the world. our medical correspondent has more. >> that is common sight in many
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african hospitals, row upon row of children laid low by malaria. the parasitic infection is spread by mosquitoes. an effective vaccine would transform the lives of millions. 9 month old tamera is receiving the vaccine. malaria is a global threat. about three billion people in the areas colored red are at risk of infection. but most of the million deaths a year are in africa. nearly 6,000 children under 2 were involved in the trial. the vaccine cut malaria cases by about half. but its effectiveness might have waned after one year. >> over the next couple of years we'll get a very clear view on what's really happening with protection. is it waning or is it that they're acquiring their natural immunity? do we need boost the dose or
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not? all of that will be clear in the next year or so. bill gates has given billions for vaccines in the developing world and is encouraged by the trial results. >> it is promising the very fact that this vaccine works, gives us a tool to combine with the bed nest,s, -- nests, the mosquito killing. >> bed nets and mosquito killing will remain important. but even if it's 50% effective could save huge numbers of lives. >> in other news, europe's highest courts has ruled that embryos cannot be patented. it could have major implication for medicine.
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scientists say the decision may impede european research or drive research abroad. a car bomb has killed four people in di shoe. foreign ministered -- people in mogadishu. kenya are fighting al sha bat militants. >> new measures to promote chinese values around the world. the leadership called for a new push to energize state-owned media. >> police in the united states city of philadelphia say they have arrested three people, imprisoned four people with a learning difficulties in a squa
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led room. they collected their social security checks. >> a grim face detective opens the door to a tiny terrifying world. in this cramped terrifying space vulnerable adults were kept prisoner without food, surrounded by their own waste. they barely had room to stand up. one of the men were chained to a boiler. they've been locked up with dogs and just a single bottle of drink. here are three of the alleged victims given local television a graphic account of their or deal. they're painfully thin and it's not just the physical scars that are shocking. they all have severe learning difficulties making them highly susceptible to abuse. >> and he did this to me too. >> i escaped one time to one of
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the houses that we used to live in of hers and i didn't get away. so he gotten -- >> 51-year-old linda western is charged with kidnap and imprisonment. she has a charge of murder. she preyed on the vulnerable to pocket their social security checks. >> when you look at the conditions under which they were kept, it's just something out of a dungeon. to know that you're taking advantage of a human being like this, just simply is sick. >> inside the property they found dozens of identification documents. the f.b.i. is now looking at linda western's previous homes in texas and florida to see where others may have suffered the same, awful experience. >> steve kingston, "bbc news,"
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washington. >> and you're watching news on the "bbc." still to come, a new cabinet in indonesia as the president looks to boost his popularity. and honoring asian talent at an award ceremony in london. >> the chilean government says it will invote a security law after a day of violent protest in the city of santiago. police fought mask protestors who threw petrol bombs. once again the debate about free public education in chile has descended into violence. angry youths in the capital of santiago threw stones and petrol bombs. the police responded with water canons an tear gas.
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>> the situation quickly escalated as a bus was set on fire. and the kindergartener had to be evacuated. chilean students have been protesting of the education system which they say as outdated. about 40% of education is paid for chileans. in a country which is supposedly experienced economic stability in recent years, many are angry as what they see as broken government on reform. some trade unions are taking part in a two day strike two and further demonstrations are planned. >> it's necessary that our country has a new education system where the state takes control over spending and there should be free and quality education for all. talks between the students and
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the government have collapsed in the past few weeks. and the main student leader ca milla vallejo told the "bbc" that talks was currently broken. many schools and universities have been shut down since may. and these demonstrations are now the biggest civil protests since 1990. will grant, "bbc news." >> this is news on "the bbc." >> these are our headlines. the israeli soldier gilad shalit has been released for thousands of palestinian prisoners. >> indonesia's new government has been sworn in, their
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president has been under pressure to change the lineup of his government after coming under attack for failing to perform in his government. we're speaking with the editor in chief at the "jakarta post." are you surprised by these opponents because critics are saying instead of streamlining the brock city, they are sending more of taxpayers' money and adding positions. >> i don't think anyone was surprised with the final announcement. people were rather exasperated with the process and the likely outcome. so if the efforts were to ensure popularity, it certainly didn't work. >> did the president make these changes because they are political moves and to appease his coalition partners?
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>> yes, i think that was the main intent of the shuffle. it placated and strengthened the coalition that he still had but he did nothing really towards -- in boosting his public popularity. but in short his coalition within the parliament. i think that was the main purpose and it strongly showed that his hand was still playing within this political game. >> as you say it may not boost his popularity but do you think it could strengthen his government in serving the independence -- indonesian people? >> we're not sure. but appointing certain individuals in a lucrative post, a lot of people say that as more
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of insuring support and particularly financial support ahead of the 2014 election. so we don't know whether this is merely a political move to strengthen his position at his party or will it do much for the country in general? >> so what should the s.b.y. administration do at this point to strengthen government and its services to the people? >> well, i think this was very much long coming and long expected. the results was very disappointing. appointing ministers with qualifications that are questionable. it doesn't boost confidence. it's still very early. i don't think they'll react negatively. but i'm sure they won't react too positively either. i think the main thing is that
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it's been steady sailing continuing with the way it has an growing at an acceptable pace. >> thank you so much for your insights. meanwhile an independent report into allegations of torture, murder and police custody in bahrain will be published shortly. it will commissioned by the king of bahrain over his how government failed in the spring uprising. we will assess the human rights situation. >> villages from the shiite majority protested the killing of a teenager part of a wider movement to get the sunni people to share power. there's so much tension that when mo -- processions come, it
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is met with animosity. this is what they do every night going out to the villages. and checking time-out demonstrations, the protests, the roadblocks. they're con frointing spradic disobedience. -- they're confronting sporadic disobedience. most of the ex-patriots have no sympathies for these protests. back in february at the height of bahrain's uprising tactics caused an uproar.
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>> they hit me with sticks. i told him i'm a doctor. but i believe they are not listening. so they start beating me with everything. they told me get up. we will not lift you. i will let you die here, they told me. >> king hamid has responded to all these allegations by commissioning an international inquiry. >> there are abuses of human rights. the government addressed them. those mistakes were not just done by the government. even by the demonstrators and those issues have been faced. >> but the demonstrators are not in charge. >> yes, but what i'm saying is abuse happened from every one? but were they systematic? were they gross? no, they were not. >> they agreed to let me see
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inside a police detention center. this is not the main prison nor is it where most of the interrogations taken place. most said they were well treated, although one, a convicted criminal said he had been beaten. this country is harboring thousands of human rights allegations, many investigated by the commission. how the government reacts to their findings will help determine what happens here next. frank gardner, "bbc news," bahrain. >> a day of celebration, the second annual asian awards held in london, awards in music, sports and business. >> well, among the winners was the legendary singer ashad bosely and there was a post mouse award. and rupert was in the ceremony.
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famous faces and plenty of asian talent from around the world. but perhaps not as great as the queen of indian music. they're all in london for the international asian award. >> i think the irony with this red carpet was that it was probably made by indians. >> i think this is a very inspirational evening. we're celebrating the success of the asian entrepreneur. >> it's international and really does co commend asian people globally. >> 1,000 people joined in the celebration. but the biggest accolade went to a musical legend. ♪ >> asha bosely was awarded the guinness book of world records
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for the most song recorded in her lifetime. i just work and work and work. i sang one day seven songs. ♪ >> freddy mercury was recognized poss tuesday mousely -- posthumously. he was very kind, funny. and then of course, he had his business which is to perform. >> when asked what freddy would say it was short and sweet. >> don't worry, darling. i'm fine.
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>> and more of the news because a british soldier has won the booker prize. it is one of the most prestigious literary awards. julian barnes was the author. he was presented with the $50,000 pound. his novel is called "defensive and ending." he had been the favorite to win and the judges said it's a book about his past, speaks to human kind in the 21st century. >> an congratulations to all of this awardees. you've been watching the "bbc." >> the israeli soldier gilad shalit who has been held captive for five years went home. he was handed over in egypt by the palestinian group hamas. and that is it from rico in
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singapore. good night. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, were developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. lets use energy more efficiently. lets go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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