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tv   Journal  PBS  July 24, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> welcome to dw's "journal" from berlin. the saga continues -- edward snowden's lawyer says the u.s. whistleblower will remain in a moscow airport for now. >> earing his visit to brazil, pope francis puts out a solemn warning not to seek out the false idols of money and success -- during his visit to brazil. >> france confirms what most have feared -- most of the riders in the tour de france have been doping for years.
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deep disappointment -- that's how the u.s. says it would react to any decision from russia to allow american fugitive edward snowden to leave a moscow airport. >> the u.s. intelligence whistleblower has been stuck in transit for a month. who dashes hopes of leaving soon were disappointed. his lawyer says he has failed to secure permission from russian authorities. he applied for temporary asylum last week, a process that could take months to complete. he's wanted for leaking details of a massive government spying operation. washington wants clarity from russia. >> for more, we go to our moscow correspondent. what is the status of snowden's asylum application? >> when we talk about snowden's asylum application and his status, we had a key witness,
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and that is a russian-friendly lawyer. they met on wednesday at the airport, and afterwards, he said to journalists that snowden did not receive the documents necessary to leave the airport, and he said that was quite unusual because seven days have passed since snowden's official application for asylum, and normally, that is when russian officials hand out a document that at least confirms that your case is being dealt with. the reason for this delay we can only speculate. it could be an appeasement signal towards the u.s., with russia wanting to say, "we are not taking this decision lightly . cup snowden has to continue waiting. a final decision could take up to three months. >> would he even be safe if he left the airport and stayed in russia?
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>> russian security experts and media have been speculating about that for quite a while now with some experts suggesting that he may be would not be safe to leave the airport because american special services could maybe even follow him on russian territory, even sees him. all though it is safe to assume that probably the russian authorities would want to avoid this embarrassment. in any case, despite the worries snowden does have about his security, he seems to be quite comfortable with the prospect of staying in russia. he may even want to stay here and not move on to south america . he had his lawyer tell the press today he maybe even wants to learn russian and get to know russian culture. for russia, the case for snowden is far from over. >> thanks for the update.
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how much pressure is all of this putting on u.s.-russian relations? >> well, it is obviously putting pressure on relations between russia and the united states, but there has not been an escalation yet. president barack obama still plans to attend the g-20 summit, which takes place in russia this st. petersburg and sent number -- in september. the most likely scenario seems to be russia and the united it's a trying to isolate this incident and not have it affect their normal relationship. that is what they used to do. that is what they have done in the past for other spying matters. of course, this one is more complicated because it has so much publicity worldwide. >> what about the actual spying revelations? what is the reaction from politicians in washington to those revelations? >> we just heard president barack obama demanding clarification what the actual status is of edward snowden, and there has been this release from
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the state department saying that the united states would be deeply disappointed of snowden would be allowed to leave the airport, but there has been movement in the political arena, especially in the house of representatives. an amendment is up for both that would severely limit the nsa activities that are, of course, linked to what edward snowden publicized, and it would limit the activities of the nsa only two people who are already under surveillance, which would basically end this massive data collection that has been going on, so it is unlikely to pass in the house, but at least it is the first sign of political activity in congress. >> thank you. if he ever did return to the u.s., snowden would face prosecution for linking that classified information. in germany, he is being given a prize for what he did. >> the whistleblower award was established by german human rights organizations. responses said they chose snowden as this year's winner for uncovering uncomfortable
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truths. >> those awarding the prize had not yet said whether edward snowden is aware he is the recipient. snowden has not been easy to contact while marooned at moscow airport. for civil rights campaigners, snowden's case is a scandal. they say he is being persecuted like a criminal for acting in the public interest. >> he is not a pedophile and he is not a person who has committed criminal acts. he is not a tax invader. he is simply a person who has uncovered some uncomfortable truths. >> the prize is not only in tribute to snowden's whistleblowing. it is also intended to put pressure the german government to offer protection to the former i.t. contractor. >> we would welcome it very much it snowden were granted asylum in germany or taken into a witness protection program so that the genuine investigation
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could be undertaken here into what is actually going on there. >> but chancellor merkel has ruled out help for snowden. in a brief statement last week, she said he was not eligible for asylum in germany. >> moving onto other news now. it's a rally cry that egypt's islamists say could be the beginning of a civil war the troubled nation's military chief general has made a call for mass protest on friday, condemning what he calls terrorism. >> there have been nearly 170 deaths in the unrest that has followed the military's ousting of egypt's first democratically elected president. mohamed morsi was an office for just one year, but it was a turbulent year, and one that sparked a huge public outcry. >> quiet before the storm. people in cairo are bracing for more violent clashes between supporters and opponents of egypt's ousted president,
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mohamed morsi. the muslim brotherhood has boycotted egypt's interim government, hand-picked by the military. efforts to bring the brotherhood to the negotiation table have failed. the military says it is committed to conducting new democratic elections. the military chief called on egypt since to take to the streets on friday to show support for his fight against terror. >> i ask egyptian's to come out to give me a mandate to confront violence and terrorism. >> a clear warning directed at the muslim brotherhood. the army accuses the organization of inciting terrorism, saying it will stop at nothing to bring morsi back to office. >> he is calling for a civil war to support his military coup. he wants to be the president of the country and wants to show that the real president, his vice president, and the government hold no power. increasingly tense.t is-
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the muslim brotherhood announced they will answer the calls to protest with their own pro-morsi demonstrations. >> earlier, we talked to our correspondent in cairo and asked if we are likely to see more violence after the call for mass rallies. >> i'm surely expecting another wave of violence. we have got to note that the muslim brotherhood has already been calling for huge marches on this particular friday. they have been calling it for, like, several weeks now. adding to this what the military chief has said today, several other cities will witness a lot of violent action. >> we also ask our correspondent how the egyptian military is likely to react to news that washington is putting the delivery of f-16 fighters to egypt on hold. >> i don't think they will do anything. the military has been at odds and little bit since june 30 and
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particularly since july three when the military ousted president morsi. there has been a lot of anti- american sentiment. due to the perceived support of the u.s. administration for the muslim brotherhood, and i do not think that plays out in any case to how the internal politics and the street mobilization is going to manifest itself. >> over in syria, a team of chemical weapons specialist from the united nations has arrived from damascus. it has been invited by the syrian government to hammer out the terms of a possible united nations investigation. >> both sides of the conflict have accused the other of using chemical weapons. the regime has asked the you in to examine an incident in march, but it is refusing to allow access to other sites where chemical weapons were allegedly used -- the regime has asked the
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united nations. >> police in india have arrested the principal of the school at the center of a food poisoning scandal that left 23 children p>> she has been on the run sine the pupils fell ill after eating a school meal last week. police say they are questioning the headmistress before filing charges. they want to know how the rigging oil used to prepare the food became contaminated with a lethal pesticide. >> news just in -- britain's youngest prince has a name, and it definitely does not stray from tradition. >> george alexander louis. he will be referred to as his world highness prince george of cambridge. the world got its first glimpse of the baby boy on tuesday. >> the european commission has unveiled new proposals to cap the fees on debit and credit cards. >> companies like visa or mastercard charge retailers for every transaction, a cost that
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is often passed on to consumers, and people are often unaware. the fees often amount to two percent of the purchase price, but the commission wants to limit it to 0.3%. for the first time, the entire executive board of a german bank has appeared in court to face charges ranging from breach of trust to fraud. >> all six former members of the board are on trial including the former ceo. the charges relate to a risky debt transaction that almost made the bank go bust during the 2008 credit crisis. taxpayers stepped in, providing the bank with a multibillion euro bailout. >> in more business news, german automaker daimlerchrysler racing ahead in the earnings race. net income tripled between april and june to over over 4.5 billion euros. >> that was mainly due to tyler -- dime letter -- daimler selling its stake.
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apparently, they are not the only ones who think things will be picking up soon. we go our markets correspondent in frankfurt. >> if europe's leading purchase measures are right, then it is very possible that the recession may be over in the euro area pretty soon. the purchase manager index rose sharply, and this shows that the companies are willing to do some investments again, and investments do only make sense if they are followed by growth, so the dax reacted very positively to this purchase manager index. investors seemed to share the optimism of the managers. also, the dax has been driven by results coming from german companies. >> to the market numbers now, the dax index and frankfurt in
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positive territory all day. 8370 nine, the finish. euro stoxx 50 over 1% up. in new york, the dow jones is a bit over .3% down. the euro also down against the dollar, $1.3195. >> german sportswear maker pauma has recorded a steep decline. -- puma has recorded a steep decline. >> europe's second-largest sporting goods maker after adidas has closed stores and cut product ranges to combat the drop in footwear sales. most notably in southern europe and asia. shoe sales make up almost half of their revenue. in soccer, bayern munich had
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just beaten the spanish champions in a friendly. >> more news coming your way in one minute. >> p
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>> thanks for staying with us. the rapturous welcome continues for the leader of the roman catholic church. it is day three of pope franci'' weeklong visit to brazil. >> he is there for world youth day, a church gathering that attracts over one million people from all over the world. >> today's message from the pontiff -- do not seek out the false idols of money and success, ones that he says take the place of god. >> the excitement that has been greeting francis in brazil was evident as the first latin american pope arrived. the small town between rio and são paulo is brazil's most important pilgrimage site. it is an essential stop for
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francis, as it was for his predecessors, john paul and benedict. and it is not francis' first time. he came in 2007 when he was archbishop of buenos aires. around 35,000 people live here, but 200,000 people have come here from all over the world to see the pope. francis is set to hold the first major mass of this trip here. after arriving, he knelt before the statue of mary and prayed. locals believed three fishermen pulled a small figure out of the water in 1717. first the body and then the head. the people of the region began to venerate the statue. in 1930, she was declared principal patron of brazil, the biggest catholic country in the world. francis has a message -- he wants to be a pope for the poor,
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warning against money, success, power, and leisure -- what he calls the false gods for many young people. in their place, he wants magnanimity and brotherly nest -- brotherliness. >> god is our hope. >> francis said young people deserve support in building their world. at the beginning of his trip, he called in the hope for the world. on thursday, he will be meeting many of them. >> we have more sports news now for you. a french report into doping in cycling has uncovered what many long delete. >> the use of the performance- enhancing drug epo was right in cycling even before the late 1990's, before test for it had been developed. >> the latest inquiry centered on the winners of the 1998 tour de france, who fell from grace long ago. >> he has already admitted to
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blood-doping. the new allegations go even further. he's accused of using the banned substance epo at the 1998 tour de france. so, too, is his former teammate. that is according to the report published by the french senate, though the information it contains is difficult to decipher. >> you should draw your own conclusions from the list, but you need to be extremely careful. >> this is what the report looks like. 237 pages listing the analysis of individual doping sand -- scandals. at the back of the book, this number is highlighted in pink, meaning that it contained epo. the substance is used to boost red blood cells in the body and enhance an athlete's performance. in the past, it was undetectable . >> it shows once again that
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follow-up testing makes sense for big events like the tour de france. the should be used years later to reappraise drug use at past boarding events. >> all the riders were deemed clean at this years tour de france, but will new evidence puncture puncture that appraisal in 15 years time? for more, our sports correspondent joins us in the studio. that's a question for you. what can we expect from today's athletes, today's cyclist in, say, 15 years time? >> that's quite the question and really the main interest of this report, i think. at this point, no one was really surprised to learn that there was doping at the 1990 eight tour. this was a tour notorious for its problems. a whole team was kicked out when the doctor was found with a car full of drugs. although in this case, the way the samples have been tested is not a proper drug test following normal protocol, so it is not evidence that could be submitted in prosecution.
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but it does send a very powerful message to today's generation, which is that you may think you are clever using substances thay sophisticated doping products, but the truth will out, and in time, we will catch you. cyclists today sign up for their samples to be stored and tested for up to eight years, and i think that is a very good system, and this is a good reminder of how it can catch people. >> these types of revelations have trickled out over the years. will that trickling continued? >> well, let's hope not. let's hope that finally, the tour has left this terrible period of very substantial epo use behind it. that is certainly the results of this inquiry show that it was absolutely widespread. the scale of it is really what a shocking, even if the revelations themselves are not. i think there will be still victims to come. perhaps in this case, former cyclists who are now coaches on teams, but, you know, cycling just has a lot to do still to
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rebuild its credibility. there are still so many questions at this tour. it remains under a lot of scrutiny. >> why don't we see the sorts of revelations and other sports like tennis or football? >> i think those sports are simply in denial. that was the point of this report -- it was not just about cycling but reforming doping rules in general. the senators said very clearly there is doping taking place in all sports. when you think about the amount of money, the incentives involved in football, there will be people trying to cheat, just as they do in other sports. it is vitally important. >> and the expectations, i suppose you could always say people are always wanting to see more records. >> yes, performance, spectacle, that is what fans pay for. that is what sponsors are therefore. clearly, that is a worrying incentive. . >> thanks very much. >> say the name or one of, and the first thing that comes to mind, to most people's minds, is the genocide that took lace
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their 18 years ago. >> while rwandans do hope that national tragedy is not forgotten, they are also working hard to change their countries image abroad. most of all, they are working to attract foreign investment. >> this week is an event the government is hoping will draw investors by the thousands. >> rwanda's economy is booming. the country is expecting to post gdp growth of up to seven percent this year, and it is easy to start a business in rwanda, according to a study by the world bank. corruption and red tape are not a problem here, making the country and attractive location for investors. but so far, rwanda has failed to attract many german companies. with 51.2 million euros, can you is the largest investor in wanda. swiss companies invested for the 36 million euros in the country, slightly more than south africa. germany trails in ninth place
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with 14 million euros. rwanda wants to become africa's biggest i.t. location by the year 2020, but one thing is still missing -- a reliable power supply. in the past, rwanda had to import most of its energy from neighboring countries. only 11% of households are connected to the public power grid, which fails an average of 14 times per month. companies have to maintain diesel power generators in order to remain at least partially operating when the power goes out. this drives up costs for firms operating in wanda, and that is why the country is investing in large-scale infrastructure like the expansion of its power grid and the construction of geothermal power plants. these are the areas where german companies have a lot to offer. >> well, what do europeans do when the summer turns into a real swelter? besides complain about it. >> well, parisians just open up the fridge. sounds crazy, but of course, i'm
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not talking about your regular household refrigerator. officials have come up with a unique way of cooling down the city using the river. >> shimmering heat on the streets of paris. for weeks now, daytime temperatures in the french capital have exceeded 30 degrees celsius. even the tarmac is melting. people are doing what they can to stay cool, but how can you bring down the temperature of an entire metropolis? it is a mammoth challenge, and the answer is right here -- the river seine. its water is being used to cool down offices, shops, and museums. >> what we have done is to build a giant fridge beneath paris. it is a network to cool down big buildings that utilizes the sewage system. we remove heat from paris by the river send -- the river seine. >> the subterranean bridge is
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run by the sparrow dish -- by this paris metro. it is a system as sophisticated as it is unique. 140 kilometers of cooling pipes crisscross the french capital, using cold river water saves half the energy used by conventional air-conditioning systems, and it even benefits the wider community. >> the connection to the river seine quite literally means that the heat flows out of the river city. air-conditioners to pump heat out of the buildings into the city, raising the temperature. >> so it is cool air that taurus and locals can enjoy at the paris opera house -- that taurus -- taurus -- tourists and locals can enjoy. >> you can see here the water
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arrives at around five or six degrees and leaves at 13 degrees. >> and it has left behind cool, fresh air in the opera building. all the seats have a small cooler underneath. >> the good thing is that it saves space. they probably need 1000 little compressors to cool a space like this the conventional way. instead, it is like a heating system. in winter, we use warm water. in summer, cool water. lex other cities could follow paris' lead. a chinese delegation recently had a look at the unique way of taking a sweat out of summer in the city. >> very well thought through. cool idea. i like it. that's all for the "journal peer code to stay tuned -- that's all for the "journal." do stay tuned. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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