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tv   Journal  PBS  July 25, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> live from dw studios here in berlin, this is the "journal." >> here are our headlines this hour -- >> the moment it all went wrong. disturbing footage of spain's train disaster. we will have a live report. lex chancellor merkel's top aide is under scrutiny. how much did he know about u.s. surveillance programs? >> the bike that is made out of cardboard. we will meet its israeli of mentor -- inventor.
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well, was the train traveling too fast? that is the question being asked most as spain comes to terms with one of its worst train accident ever. >> more than 80 people died when the high-speed train jumped the tracks in a curve in the northwest of the country. the entire country is now marking three days of mourning. >> investigators say they have ruled out terrorism, and video of the crash suggest that speed may have played a role. that video is in our next report . we do want to warn you, the images are potentially disturbing. >> closed-circuit video of the train derailing. it shows the carriages behind the locomotive for the first to leave the track. video shot by passersby who rushed to the rat show that the scene of devastation. bodies strewn across the carriages and burning wreckage.
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officials so far have ruled out terrorism, and the rail operator says the train had undergone inspections that day. speculation mounts over the cause, and official sources say the rail company will not make a statement until the train black boxes have been examined, but the train driver has reportedly admitted to entering the curve at more than twice the allowed speed. the prime minister, who was born in nearby santiago, told reporters at the crash site it was the saddest day. >> in my own name, in the name of the spanish government and all spaniards who feel with us, i would like to express my sincere condolences to the families and friends of the victims, of whom there are far too many.
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>> officials surveying the scene held a minute of silence in tribute to the dead. many of the train passengers were on their way to a catholic festival nearby. local officials have canceled the festivities in order to concentrate on caring for the survivors and the families of the dead. >> all right, we want to go to our correspondent on the line from san diego. >> the main square, the center, where i just witnessed the minute of silence. hundreds of people from the region gathered here through social networks to express condolences.
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and a very moving moment, i have to say. at the same time, the king was speaking at the hospital saying all the country is morning and feeling the pain of the families. >> we are looking at footage right now of the rescue and recovery efforts that have been going on. we also have been looking at this disturbing footage of the crash when it actually happened. we are hearing that speed may have laid a role in this accident. what more can you tell us about speed possibly being the cause? >> that's right. we can now confirm that the black foxes indicate that the train was traveling at around 119 kilometers per hour -- the black boxes indicate.
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one thing you can appreciate at the curve is that it is dangerous. the driver will be question. not today, not tomorrow, out of respect for the families, but the holiday is a very important one. the speed limitations and these exaggerated speed out of the ordinary could be behind, most likely, the accident. >> ok. daniel, thank you very much. >> well, here in germany, lawmakers are asking how much did the government know about the u.s. surveillance program known as prism?
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>> angela merkel says she only learned about it recently, but german media reports say the country intelligence services have been working closely with the nsa for years. >> now, merkel's chief of staff is on the hot seat, facing committee which wants answers. >> angela merkel's chief of staff is the man responsible for coordinating germany's three intelligence agencies and for informing parliament about their work. in a special committee session, he answered questions about germany's role in the nsa scandal. he promised parliament 100% transparency and assured lawmakers that germany's intelligence agencies did not break any laws. >> it has been secular did that massive amounts of data on german citizens was given to the nsa.
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that is positively not the case. >> the committee also questioned the heads of germany's office for protection of the constitution and intelligence services. operatives -- opposition politicians afterwards said they were not reassured. >> we still do not know what prism is or what the government knew about it. how is it possible for millions of e-mails and telephone conversations to be recorded without the government knowing any details about what was going on. >> two more hearings are planned to take place before the end of august. there are still a lot of questions to be answered. >> we want to pull in our political correspondent. what are those questions that still have to be answered? >> there are certainly fewer questions about the snooping scandal in germany after thursday's hearing, but one big
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question remains, and that is -- what did german authorities know about the snooping activities of the u.s. national security agency in germany? assuming that chancellor merkel's chief of staff is correct in saying that germany did not actively provide the americans with massive amounts of private data, that is a relief, but what if authorities knew about it and just looked the other way? many germans believe the german government knows a lot more about this than it is letting on. >> there have been these allegations that chancellor angela merkel and her government knew about what was going on at long time before it became public. do you think that has damaged her reputation? is it going to hurt her at the polls when the national elections take lace in september? >> it's interesting -- a new poll came out on thursday showing that again, most germans
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do believe the government knows more about the snooping activities than it is letting on, but people also expect the german government to have secret intelligence that remains secret in the interests of security. so far, chancellor merkel does not seem to have suffered a knee political damage from this. her popularity ratings remain very high, but as long as the pressure remains on the government to reveal information , chancellor merkel has the potential to bear some punishment through this. this story is not over yet. there will be at least two more meetings of the parliamentary oversight committee. this story still has the potential to do some political damage. >> indeed it does. thank you very much. >> there has been a mixed judgment from the european court of human rights on a russian oil tycoon. the court says there's no evidence the trial against him was politically motivated. >> but it did find that some
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aspects of the proceedings were unfair, and it has ordered russia to pay compensation of 10,000 euros. it ruled that he was unjustly sent to a remote penal colony far away from his family. the anti-kremlin critic is serving sentences for tax evasion and fraud. all right, there's some troubling news coming from tunisia. a prominent opposition politician was shot dead in front of his home in tunis. >> he was a member of the country's assembly and critic of the ruling party. this secular allies are up in arms, and some fear for the country -- beer for the future of the country's democracy. >> news of the assassination set off angry protest in front of the interior ministry in tunis. it is the second murder of an important opposition politician this year. brahimi was the leader of the
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nationalist movement of the people party and a member of tunis' parliament. he was gunned down in front of his family just outside the capital. the assailants fled on a motorcycle. human rights activists blamed the governing party and its leader. >> you are a murderer. >> he was a leader of the leftist national front coalition. he was killed in february. he was against what many see as a move toward tunisia's islamic state. the governing party denied any responsibility for the killing. they said extremist forces were trying their best to undermine tunisia's he. >> the goal of a murderer is to
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torpedo the only successful political model. >> in february, the killing triggered mass protests, violence, and serious government crisis. the government has declared friday a day of national mourning. >> egypt is bracing for massive demonstrations in support of the military on friday. >> wednesday, two people were killed in an attack on a military checkpoint north of the sinai peninsula. >> since the arab spring beach egypt more than two years ago, the country has struggled to find stability -- since the arab spring reached egypt. >> that is having an effect on one of the country's biggest sources of income, tourism. >> normally, there are no camels on the beach this time of the
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day. normally, they would be area taurus through the sands of the desert, but normality ended long ago. for the bedouin camel owners, it is a frustrating wait. the attacks in northern sinai are scaring away the taurus -- taurus -- tourists. >> we started working just for touris.ts. >> he feels a long way from the tensions to the north. there are no check points or army vehicles. just sun, sea, and desert. not to mention an eerie calm over the town. the boom of past years has turned to bust. the sea was once teeming with taurus -- tourists, but visitor
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numbers have plummeted since the overthrow of hosni mubarak. only the scuba divers phil come here. >> it is great for the divers. there are not as many people in the water. the flora and fauna can recover, but it is a shame because egypt is a beautiful country. i recommend holidaying here. >> nightfall and the seafront is deserted. only a handful of people are out and about. bars and restaurants along the shore used to be packed. now it is the complete opposite. >> i see people from all over the world, and after that, it changed completely. >> but he knows it cannot go on like this forever. businesses are on the brink. many have long since closed the doors.
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>> still ahead, we will have the latest on the pope's visit to brazil as he prepares to meet young catholics and the copacabana. >> we will also have business news and sports and even a bicycle made out of cardboard. do stay with
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>> welcome back, everyone. pope francis walked into what many consider the heart of brazil's troubles on wednesday. >> he visited slums, areas overrun with poverty, crime, and drug dealing. >> it has already frazzled security guards. it was another challenge to protect the pontiff, the pontiff who wants to be close to the people. >> pope francis had a heavy security detail for his visit. the neighborhood is one of several in rio where police stepped in to clear drug dealers out earlier this year. he brushed off his bodyguards and bad weather to get closer to residents.
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in his address to the crowd, he said society has a culture of selfishness and must do more to combat social injustice. >> no amount of pacification will be able to last, nor will harmony and happiness be attained in a society that ignores, pushes to the margins, or excludes a part of itself. >> the divide between rich and poor is a hot topic in brazil. protests sparked by a rise in public transport fares rocked the country just a few weeks ago. earlier, francis received the key to the city. rio will host the 2016 olympic games, and one of his duties was to bless the flag. france's hopes that sport can bring the people together. the argentinian is a passionate football fan himself. >> we want to pull in our
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religious affairs correspondent. he has been talking with us all week about the pope's visit in brazil. would you say that the visit this thursday is the symbolic high point of the visit? >> there are two aspects, really, to this visit. the pope is attending, of course, the event that occurs every four years. it draws thousands and sometimes millions of enthusiastic young catholics. the other aspect is this year is taking place in brazil, a country faced by very severe social problems. it is the world's sixth largest economy, and yet, half the population live in extreme poverty. the pope is addressing those issues. riots we saw in recent weeks say very many people in brazil appeared to be at the end of their teller. >> the pope spoke about putting money before god, against drug
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abuse. these are very worldly issues, not the kind of theological themes we heard the last pope talk about a lot. is this showing what a different kind of hope he is? >> i think pope francis is a man who does not make much of a distinction if any at all between his faith and ordinary, everyday life. this is not simply a media event going through a slum. he often visited the slums in his native argentina. he was in fact nicknamed the slum archbishop because of that. i think what he was trying to draw attention to, though, is in the background of these remarks about drug abuse, he said he was opposed to the idea of drugs being made more readily available, relaxing the drug wars. the background of that is in this particular slum, it borders to highways. until very recently, until the police flushed people out, hundreds of young people were gathering under the bridges at night and blowing their brains out smoking crack.
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the pope said very clearly they're the answer is not to legalize drugs. the answer is to address the question of social justice, which is at the core of this problem, and what the kids really need is education. >> as always, thanks for coming in. alright, some business news now. more signs that europe's biggest economy would be picking up faster than expected, german business confidence is up for the third month in a row. >> the rise in the closely watched ifo index was forecast. the new survey is pointing to potentially much better performance in the second quarter. there was also some very bad news on the markets for one big- name german firm. our correspondent has more from frankfurt.
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>> electronic giant siemens shocked the markets today with a massive profit warning. the company is not able to reach its goals for 2014. after the management already said that forecast for this year have to be lowered, shares really went down sharply. shares fell by up to eight percent. this earnings season really seems to be a difficult one. numbers have been worse than expected, and also, the outlook has been pretty poor. >> now let's get you the market numbers. the dax index in frankfurt was down by almost a whole percent, finishing at 8298. euro stoxx 50 also down by a little less than .5%. across the atlantic in new york,
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the dow jones trading slightly downward. 15,537. at the moment, the euro is trading up against the dollar -- $1.3 272. >> positive news for the spanish economy. figures show that growth is shrinking more slowly than it was last year, that unemployment is slightly down, too. it is the first time in two years that joblessness has fallen in the crisis-hit country. there were 250 thousand fewer people without a job in spain during the last quarter. the news is largely because of seasonal employment in the tourism sector. >> general motors is hoping to get its european investments back in the black. thanks to aggressive cost- cutting, it has almost done that. european subsidiary opel ended with a major improvement over its 300 million loss last quarter. overall, gm ended the quarter down slightly compared to 2012.
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well, it is a 900 million euro deal and one of the biggest in germany's media industry in years. a publishing giant is selling off some of its most famous titles. >> they include local newspapers right here in berlin and in hamburg, a number of magazines. springer says the decision is part of a plan to focus on its digital strategy and its core titles, which include germany's top-selling newspaper, "bild." >> executives said the decision had not been easy, but the company attributed the move to the ceo's strategy to become germany's leader in digital media. the deal is serious business. they will sell up businesses in berlin and hamburg along with women's magazines and tv guides. the sale is worth more than 900 million euros. one of the country's maine journalist unions said the plan did not bode well.
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>> the media group has already shown that it is not at all serious about quality journalism or about jobs for journalists. it fired one paper's entire editorial team of 120 people from one day to the next. >> the sale is intended to grow its digital media business. last year, over a third of the firm's sales came from digital media, a 22% increase on 2011. the online division now sells more than the mystic newspaper division, and profits continue to tumble for newspapers and magazines. the latest attempt to boost digital profits is at germany's top tabloid, by introducing a paint wall for exclusive reports. consumers will soon have to pay for content on their smart
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phones and tablets. profit margins are slim in the online media world. if they get their way, that is about to change. >> in europe, we are enjoying a sunshine-filled summer. air conditioners are working overtime for many people, that means leaving the car at home and getting out on a bike. it is healthier. it is good for the environment. >> one inventor has come up with a way to make icicles even more eco-friendly, by using recycled cardboard. >> whenever he rides his sky blue bicycle around tel aviv's old port, people quickly gather around. his bicycle does not just look unusual, it really is different. it goes under the -- unassuming name of autotype number seven, and it is made of recycled cardboard, plastic, and rubber. >> the whole idea of these bikes are to take garbage that exists everywhere that right now most places have nothing to do with
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it, which is standard honeycomb cardboard, 90% of these bikes and plastic bottles and rubber, and to build products out of it. the first product we build was a bicycle because it is the most complicated one. >> israeli start up company cardboard technologies is hoping its cardboard bike will turn the market on its head, especially in developing countries. the materials to make it cost only $10. the frame is made of cardboard. the petals are from recycled lasted bottles, and the rubber tires from old car tires. the company's concept -- combining business with social engagement. >> the pricing of our products will be differential. in western countries, we will sell the bikes so that in third world countries, we will be able to give the bikes.pthat is the n of our company.
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>> the bicycle is not ready for the market yet, but a simple test ride convinces musiasm forr seven is not limited to tel aviv . interest in the cardboard bicycle is growing around the world. while cardboard technologies may not have reinvented the bicycle, they have certainly come up with a brand-new concept. >> there are no shock absorbers on that bike. it might be a bumpy ride. >> i hope that is good varnish because the rainy season may hurt them. >> interesting. you are up to date on the "journal." we will see you next time on our bikes. captioned by the national captioning institute
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