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tv   CBS Overnight News  CBS  June 30, 2017 3:10am-4:01am EDT

3:10 am >> announcer: his is the "cbs overnight news." cardinal george pell, the third highest-ranking vatican official, was charged with child sex abuse today in his home country, australia. the alleged assaults happened decades ago. seth doane is following this. >> i'm looking forward finally to having my day in court. >> reporter: this morning cardinal george pell was defiant as he faced reporters. >> i'm innocent of these charges. they are false. the whole idea of sexual abuse is abhorrent to me. >> reporter: australian police did not provide specifics, only referring to the charges as historical sexual assault offenses. in the past pell was criticized
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for not doing more to stop clergy sex abuse in his native australia and was questioned via video link from rome in 2016. >> with the experience of 40 years later, certainly, i would agree that i should have -- should have done more. >> why do you need the experience of 40 years later? wasn't it a serious matter then? >> yes, but people had a different attitude then. >> reporter: you covered the vatican. what do charges like this do to this institution? >> well, i think it's very serious. >> reporter: joshua mcelwee of the "national catholic reporter" says charges against pell renew criticism of the church. >> the church has been trying to move beyond the scandal, to assure people that children are at the center of their concern. but when something like this happens, of course there's a lot of questions raised about what's happening and whether they're doing enough.
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>> reporter: the vatican said that it granted that leave of absence so that pell could defend himself. but vatican watchers tell us, anthony, read between the lines here. it is quite possible the church and the pope is distancing itself from pell and not certain that pell will return. >> seth doane at the vatican. thanks. hot, dry weather continues to fuel a wave of wildfires in the west. nearly 30 large fires are burning in eight states. in central washington state several wildfires were sparked by lightning. they've destroyed more than 56,000 acres. three years to the day after isis declared a muslim caliphate in the iraqi city of mosul, u.s.-backed forces retook that city's famous mosque. isis has also been surrounded in raqqa, the syrian city it considers its capital. as isis loses ground, it's also losing fighters. holly williams has more on that from inside syria. >> reporter: 81 men and boys,
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all accused of fighting for isis in syria, now reformed after serving time in prison according to america's syrian allies, and reunited with their families. [ crying ] abu bakr al baghdadi and his army of terrorists enforced a version of islam unrecognizable to most muslims, marked by vicious acts of violence. but ezadeen khalaf, a former shepherd, told us he joined isis not because he wanted to kill in the name of his religion but out of desperation. why did you join them? >> [ speaking foreign language ]. >> reporter: "we were poor and hungry," he said. "either you join isis and earn a salary or you have nothing." he and most of the others have now signed up to fight against isis. thousands of other young muslims joined isis for more complicated reasons. they came from europe, rejecting the west and its values for extremism. some apparently so alienated from their own communities that they went home to carry out
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terror attacks. and in a refugee camp in northern syria these indonesian women told us they were simply gullible, traveling 5,000 miles to the so-called islamic state in 2015 because they believed isis propaganda. >> best place in the world and the people in there are very happy, no poor, no sad. >> reporter: in reality, they told us, they were abused and their menfolk imprisoned by the extremists because they refused to fight. they ran away two weeks ago, they said, and are too frightened of retribution from isis to show their faces. >> not just naive, we are stupid. we deceive very easily. >> reporter: isis tried to ignite a war between islam and the west, and to do so it preyed on anger, poverty, and ignorance. holly williams, cbs news, ayin isa in northern syria. and coming up next, what happens if medicaid is cut in
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cut drastically? adriana diaz takes a look. >> so let's talk a little bit about when you first heard about vivitrol. >> reporter: for the last 15 months 33-year-old eric hinman has been coming to oriana house, a drug treatment center in akron, to help end an opioid addiction that could kill him. >> you go from feeling dope sick to wanting to kill yourself to living life again -- >> reporter: hinman and lea cohen, also a recovering heroin addict, credit their progress to counseling and monthly injections of a drug called vivitrol, which costs $1,200 a dose. they get it for free because like 2,500 other patients here they qualify for obamacare's expanded medicaid program. >> once my addiction took hold and i quit my job, i was uninsured. i had nothing. so without medicaid expansion i probably would be dead. >> reporter: but the proposal in the senate rolls back medicaid expansion. and that could potentially cut
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this treatment center's medicaid funding by 75%. jim lawrence is ceo of oriana house. >> 98% of our folks weren't eligible for medicaid. now 98% are. >> reporter: what did medicaid expansion allow you to do? >> it allowed us to get people into treatment, which was key. otherwise, they would be out on waiting lists. people would overdose. >> reporter: the opioid epidemic claimed 4,100 lives in ohio last year. 308 here in akron. what would you say to the folks in washington who are talking about cutting back on medicaid? >> please don't do it. you're going to have the blood of a lot of innocent people on your hands. >> reporter: the body count is so overwhelming here that the medical examiner's office had to call in a mobile morgue to help house victims. it will be here through the july 4th weekend, anthony, when another surge in deaths is expected. >> adriana diaz in ohio for us tonight. thanks, adriana. when we come back, if you want to prolong your career, change it.
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the era of working for one company and retiring with a gold watch has gone the way of the edsel. 30 years ago about half of american workers changed careers after the age of 45. these days it's closer to 60%. so what careers are they choosing? jill schlesinger has tonight's "eye on money." >> hey, eric. >> hi, susanne. nice to see you. >> reporter: new york city real estate broker susanne rhow views her career with fresh eyes. >> i love how you can see the statue of liberty. >> reporter: she became an agent just four years ago at age 47. before then rhow spent 25 years in corporate sales and marketing. but when the economy took a dive, rhow decided it was time to trade her career for one that offered potential for greater financial growth. >> i wanted to be in a position where i could never be downsized, you know, because i was older or i was expensive. >> reporter: being proactive like rhow can pay off. individuals who decide to switch careers in their 50s increased the likelihood of working until
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age 65 by 20%, and many work beyond that. career expert caroline ceniza-levine says the financial benefits of working longer are clear. >> it's another year that you're not drawing down on your savings. and so your retirement plan can continue to compound, and that's a big deal. >> reporter: now rhow thrives on the challenges of her new job and has more time to spend with her daughter. retirement is no longer a set age. you looked at 65 as the date when you were the corporate animal. >> mm-hmm. >> reporter: what's the date now? >> i could easily envision myself working well into my 70s. it keeps you really healthy. it keeps you engaged. so why would i want to stop doing that? >> reporter: while many would be tempted to rely on working longer to fund their retirement, certified financial planners warn that could be dangerous. you may not physically be able to do so or your employer may not be able to keep you. anthony? >> jill schlesinger. thank you, jill. and up next, a big challenge for any realtor. a house divided.
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we don't often advertise homes for sale on this broadcast, but michelle miller found a fixer-upper that really is one of a kind. >> have a look at my stone house. there's the border post right there. >> reporter: brian demoulin inherited this home 30 years ago and is reluctantly putting it on the market. >> this is a stairway that leads to the canadian apartments. >> reporter: okay. and over here? >> u.s. >> reporter: you heard him right. this house is literally in two nations at once. beebe plain, vermont and stamstead, quebec, canada. the table on the floor in this upstairs room indicates approximately where the border is.
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selling a home that actually straddles two countries is proving to be a bit of a challenge. >> my ideal buyer is someone with dual citizenship. >> reporter: realtor rosemary lalanne. >> it makes it more difficult because i have to make sure they have the right customs papers to own the property. >> reporter: the historic home was built in the early 1800s as a place to ease commerce between both countries. the nine-bedroom, five-bath estate is listed at $109,000 and needs about $600,000 in repairs. there is one other sticking point. this door has to stay locked all the time? >> absolutely. >> reporter: bolted shut. >> you step out that door and you're in canada, off the property, and subject to be arrested. >> reporter: border patrol offices for both nations are right across the street. u.s. customs and border protection's troy rabideau. >> it's always something we need
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to be cognizant of is who's coming in, who's going out. we do a pretty good job of monitoring it. >> i have a wonderful relationship with both sides. i feel equally u.s. and canadian. she slept in canada and he slept in the united states. >> reporter: demoulin does have dual citizenship, but that perk won't come along with the deed. michelle miller, cbs news, beebe plain, vermont. and that's the "overnight news" for this friday. for some of you the news continues. for others check back with us a little later for the morning news and "cbs this morning." from the broadcast center in new york city, i'm anthony mason.
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>> announcer: this is the "cbs overnight news." welcome to the "overnight news." i'm don dahler. president trump's temporary travel ban on six mostly muslim countries is now in effect. the 90-day restrictions began last night after the supreme court allowed a narrower version of the ban to go forward. it affects travelers from syria, iran, libya, yemen, sudan, and somalia. there will be exceptions, but visa applicants and refugees from those countries must have a close family or business tie to the u.s. jan crawford explains. >> so you know, i mean, they say that the devil's in the details. so what exactly is a close relationship? we've now got some guidance from the state department. and they are saying that a close
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family relationship includes a parent, spouse, child or sibling already in the united states. but grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, other extended family members, those are not considered close relationships. and i think that's where we may see some litigation if, for example, a grandchild is denied a visa. now, when it comes to business ties, the state department says a close relationship there must be formal, documented, and formed in the ordinary course rather than for the purpose of evading the ban. the ban also may not apply to people who have previously established or significant business contacts with the u.s. so that means journalists, students, employees, lecturers who have valid invitations or work contracts in the u.s. would be allowed as well as people who are traveling with a recognized international organization. now, visas that have already been approved, those reportedly will not be revoked, and the guidelines also make other exceptions for infants, adopted kids and people who need urgent medical care.
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and the justices, well, they're going to hear arguments on this ban in the fall to consider whether all of this is constitutional. >> the travel ban comes as the u.s. steps up the pressure in the war against isis. cbs news spoke to the american commander leading the fight against the terror group in both iraq and syria. holly williams is in the war zone. >> reporter: lieutenant general steven townsend is the commander of the u.s.-led coalition to fight isis. and we met with him yesterday at a u.s. military logistics base here in northern syria. general townsend came straight from a forward command post near raqqa. >> hi, holly. it's good to see you again. >> reporter: the city isis calls its capital. where u.s.-backed fighters launched an assault this month assisted by american air strikes.
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>> i think we're actually in the first 25% or 30% of the campaign for raqqa. we're just getting started good in raqqa. >> reporter: american troops have been welcomed in this corner of syria. this logistics base, its air strip carved out of the desert, has storage space for over 100 tons of munitions. but a surge this year in civilian casualties caused by u.s. air strikes bringing the official total to around 500 deaths has drawn criticism. is the u.s. coalition doing something differently in the way that it carries out air strikes? >> no, we're not. you're seeing a convergence of the fight in mosul and raqqa, a condensing of the fight into a very small space. and you have armies slugging it out with high explosives in close quarters. >> reporter: as u.s.-backed fighters close in on isis from the north, they've also clashed with syrian regime forces moving up from the south. the u.s. shot down a syrian regime jet this month after it dropped bombs near u.s.-backed forces. >> we're not here to fight the
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syrian regime. here not here to fight the russians. we're not here to fight iranians. we're here to fight isis. but we will defend our forces against anyone who threatens them. >> reporter: general townsend told us that the u.s. has now agreed a demarcation line with the regime and its ally russia. he downplayed fears that the u.s. and russia could be drawn into a direct conflict here. a cardinal and top adviser to pope francis is taking a leave of absence to fight sex abuse allegations. cardinal george pell faces multiple sex assault charges in australia that allegedly happened decades ago. seth doane is in rome with more on the scandal rocking the vatican. >> reporter: in this elite group of cardinals considered the so-called princes of the church, cardinal pell is at the very top, considered one of the closest advisers to pope francis. so these charges this morning are sending shock waves through the catholic church. the 76-year-old cardinal was
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reflective but forceful this morning, railing against what he said was nearly two years of relentless character assassination. >> i'm innocent of these charges. they are false. the whole idea of sexual abuse is abhorrent to me. >> reporter: australian police did not provide any specific details of the multiple charges of sexual assault. cardinal george pell has been in charge of reforming church finances. but for years has faced allegations he did not properly deal with clergy sex abuse in australia. he was questioned by a commission investigating the church's response to abuse via video link from rome. >> with the experience of 40 years later certainly i would agree that i should have -- should have done more. >> why do you need the experience of 40 years later? wasn't it a serious matter then? >> yes. but people had different attitudes then.
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>> reporter: pell told reporters this morning that he has been in regular contact with pope francis. >> i keep the holy father regularly informed. >> reporter: who's granted him leave to return to australia for his day in court in mid july. >> how big of a blow are these charges to the catholic church? >> this is a major blow. >> reporter: robert mickens with catholic publication "la croix international" has been covering the vatican for 25 years. >> you have to understand the vatican language is always going to be very much more conciliatory. cardinal pell said the pope has given him a leave of absence. it's very likely that the pope stood him down. >> reporter: and that leave of absence according to the vatican is effective immediately. a leave of absence is quite significant for a priest. it is even more serious for a cardinal and for such a close friend and adviser of pope francis it is a shock. the "cbs overnight news" will be right back.
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this is the "cbs overnight news." two men in california are urging netflix to stop streaming "13 reasons why," a popular show that deals with teen suicide. the men say two teenage girls in their families took their own lives after watching the show. here's john blackstone. >> every day i look at bella's picture, and you know, i give her a kiss and i say i miss you, baby. >> reporter: john herndon and peter chiu understand what each has lost. herndon's daughter bella and chiu's niece priscilla, both 15 years old, committed suicide in april, and both had just finished watching the netflix series "13 reasons why." >> none of you cared enough.
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>> bella did suffer from depression. >> i started reading about the signs a little too late. >> reporter: the series shows the lead character, hanna, taking her life after leaving audiotapes describing the 13 reasons why. herndon and chiu knew their girls were troubled, but they didn't know they had watched the show until after they died. >> so netflix is showing children how to commit suicide. >> they provide a blueprint for that action. i agree with peter. that is totally irresponsible. >> the show is as real as it possibly could get. >> reporter: "13 reasons why" executive producer selena gomez defended the show for a teenage audience. >> it hits a very important part in me, and i think this is what they need to see. i want them to understand it. >> reporter: clinical psychologist david swanson does not believe the show can trigger a suicide.
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>> anxiety, depression, and huge life stressors are the triggers for suicide. >> reporter: in a statement netflix says, "we have heard from many viewers that 13 reasons why has opened up a dialogue among parents, teens, schools, and mental health advocates around the intense themes and difficult topics depicted." >> netflix say that the purpose of the show is to open conversations about difficult issues. >> really? you're going to tell me that showing the -- a tragic dramatic death of a 15-year-old girl is supposed to provide some kind of -- some kind of venue for discussion? >> reporter: herndon says he'd like to meet with netflix to convince the network to stop showing the first season and cancel plans for season 2. >> did they take in account any potential negative impact that season 1 has had? >> we're getting through this as a family.
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>> reporter: he and chiu have one hope. saving other families from losing someone young and vulnerable. john blackstone, san mateo, california. the "cbs overnight news" will be right back. thanks for the ride around norfolk! and i just wanted to say, geico is proud to have served the military for over 75 years! roger that. captain's waiting to give you a tour of the wisconsin now. could've parked a little bit closer... it's gonna be dark by the time i get there. geico®. proudly serving the military for over 75 years. it says you apply the blue one ok, letto me. this. here? no. have a little fun together, or a lot. k-y yours and mine. two sensations that work together,
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not all fish oil supplements provide the same omega-3 power. megared advanced triple absorption is absorbed three times better. so one softgel has more omega-3 power than three standard fish oil pills. megared advanced triple absorption. artificial intelligence has taken a big leap forward in
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recent years. leading american corporations are investing billions of dollars and their best scientific minds to push a.i. to the next level. so how advanced is artificial intelligence these days, and what's in store for the future? charlie rose brings us up to speed in a story for "60 minutes." >> this is a super computer with lots of intelligence. >> right. >> reporter: john kelly is the head of research at ibm and the godfather of watson. he took us inside watson's brain. >> oh, here we are. >> here we are. >> you can feel the heat already. >> yeah. you feel the heat? the 85,000 watts. you can hear the blowers cooling it. but this is the hardware that the brains of watson sat in. >> reporter: five years ago ibm built this system made up of 90 servers and 15 terabytes of memory.
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enough capacity to process all the books in the american library of congress. that was necessary because watson is an avid reader, able to consume the equivalent of a million books per second. today watson's hardware is much smaller, but it is just as smart. >> tell me about watson's intelligence. >> so it has no inherent intelligence as it starts. it's essentially a child. but as it's given data and given outcomes, it learns. which is dramatically different than all computing systems in the past, which really learned nothing. as it interacts with humans, it gets even smarter, and it never forgets. >> reporter: that helped watson land a spot on one of the most challenging editions of the game show "jeopardy" in 2011. >> an ibm computer system able to rapidly understand, analyze natural language, watson. >> reporter: it took five years to teach watson human language so it would be ready to compete against two of the show's best champions. >> so let's play. >> reporter: because watson's
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a.i. is only as intelligent as the data it ingests, kelly's team trained it on all of wikipedia and thousands of newspapers and books. it worked by using machine learning algorithms to find patterns in that massive amount of data and formed its own observations. when asked a question, watson considered all of the information and came up with an educated guess. >> watson? what are you going to wager? >> reporter: ibm gambled its reputation on watson that night. it wasn't a sure bet. >> i'll take a guess. what is baghdad? >> even though you were only 32% sure of your response, you are correct. >> reporter: the wager paid off. >> hello. >> reporter: for the first time a computer system proved it could actually master human language and win a game show. but that wasn't ibm's end game. >> man, that's a big day, isn't it? the day that you realized that if we can do this --
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>> that's right. >> -- the future is ours. >> that's right. >> this is almost like you're watching something grow up. you've seen the birth. you've seen it pass the test. you're watching adolescence. >> that's a great analogy. actually, on that "jeopardy" game five years ago when we put that computer system on television we let go of it. and i often feel as though i was putting my child on a school bus and i would no longer have control over it. >> because it was reacting to something that it did not know what it would be. >> it had no idea what questions if was going to get. it was totally self-contained. i couldn't touch it any longer. and it's learned ever since. so fast-forward from a game show five years later we're in cancer now. >> you've gone from game show to cancer in five years. >> five years. >> reporter: five years ago watson had just learned how to read and answer questions. now it's gone through medical school. ibm has enlisted 20 top cancer institutes to tutor watson in genomics and oncology. one of the places watson is currently doing its residency is at the university of north
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carolina at chapel hill. dr. ned sharpless runs the cancer center here. what did you know about artificial intelligence and watson before ibm suggested it might make a contribution in medical care? >> not much, actually. i had watched it play "jeopardy." i knew about that. and i was very skeptical. i was like, oh, this is what we need, a "jeopardy"-playing computer. that's going to solve everything. >> so what fed your skepticism? >> cancer's a tough business. there's a lot of false prophets and false promises. i'm skeptical of sort of almost any new idea in cancer. i just didn't really understand what it would do. >> reporter: what watson's a.i.
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technology could do is simply what dr. sharpless and his team of experts do every week at this molecular tumor board meeting. >> we need to figure this out. >> reporter: they come up with possible treatment options for cancer patients who already failed standard therapies. they try to do that by sorting through all of the latest medical journals and trial data. but it is nearly impossible to keep up. >> i don't think there's a trial open yet -- >> to be on top of everything that's out there, all of trials taking place around the world, it seems like an incredible task for any one university and any one facility to do. >> yeah, it's essentially undoable. and understand, we have sort of 8,000 new research papers published every day. no one has time to read 8,000 papers a day. so we found that we were deciding on therapy based on information that was always in some cases 12, 24 months out of date. >> reporter: however, it is a task that's elementary for watson. >> you know, they taught watson to read medical literature essentially in about a week. it was not very hard. and then watson read 25 million papers in about another week. then it also scanned the web for clinical trials open at other centers.
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and all of a sudden we had this complete list that was sort of everything one needed to know. >> did this blow your mind? >> it totally blew my mind. >> we have the watson recommendation for -- >> reporter: watson was proving itself to be a quick study, but dr. sharpless needed further validation. he wanted to see if watson could find the same genetic mutation that his team identified when they made treatment recommendations for cancer patients. >> we did an analysis of 1,000 patients where the humans meeting in the molecular tumor board doing the best they could do had made recommendations. so not at all hypothetical exercise. real world patients where we really conveyed information that could guide care. in 99% of those cases watson found the same thing the humans recommended. that was encouraging. >> did it encourage your confidence in watson? >> yeah. it was nice to see -- it also encouraged my confidence in the humans. but the probably more exciting part about it is in 30% of the patients watson found something
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new. and so that's 300-plus people where watson identified a treatment that a well-meaning hard-working group of physicians hadn't found. >> because? >> the trial had opened two weeks earlier, a paper had come out in some journal no one had seen, you know, a new therapy had become approved. >> 30%, though. >> that part was disconcerting. because i thought it was going to be 5 -- >> disconcerting that watson found 30%. >> these were real things that by our own definition we would have considered actionable had we known about it at the time of the diagnosis. >> reporter: some cases like the case of pam sharp got a second look to see if something had been missed. >> when did they tell you about the watson trial? >> he called me in january. he said that they had sent off my sequencing to be studied at ibm by watson. i said like -- >> your genomic sequencing? >> i said like the computer on "jeopardy"? he said yeah. >> what did you think of that? >> i thought that's pretty cool. >> reporter: pam has metastatic
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bladder cancer for eight years has tried and failed several therapies. at 66 years old she was running out of options. >> and at this time for you watson was the best thing out there. because you tried everything else. >> i've been on standard chemo. i've been on a clinical trial and prescription chemo isn't working either. >> reporter: one of the ways doctors can tell whether a drug is working is to analyze scans of cancer tumors. watson had to learn to do that too. so ibm's john kelly and his team taught system how to see. >> this is an x-ray scan of a human. >> reporter: it can help diagnose diseases and catch things that doctors might miss. >> and what watson has done here, it has looked over tens of thousands of images, and it knows what normal looks like and it knows what normal isn't. >> to watch the full report go to and click on "60 minutes." we'll be right back.
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to request your free decision guide. tomorrow 30,000 doctors fresh out of medical school will start their first-year residencies. many of them will be working even longer hours. new rules have increased the 16-hour shift limit to 24 hours. some think longer hours can improve on-the-job training. but is that good or bad for patients? here's dr. tara nerula. >> reporter: melissa garuthera's day starts at 5:00 a.m. when she reports for rounds at long island jewish medical center. >> how's your pain? >> it's gone down, like a 5. >> reporter: during her first year as a doctor she's required to clock out after 16 hours even when she wants to stay longer. >> i don't want to say oh, i'm leaving for the day but the night intern's going to come and check on you. i want to be the one doing that. >> when stephon finishes he'll take over. >> reporter: critical patient
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information is relayed during hand-off to the incoming shift. >> we're going to 9 and then to 2. >> reporter: shorter shifts increase handoffs, bringing more opportunities for error and interruptions to doctor training. >> medical emergencies don't all occur between 8:00 and 4:00. >> reporter: dr. rowan zetterman helped update the rules to bring training in line with the realities of hospital care. >> when you had one resident that was only there 16 hours and another resident that was there 24, it interfered with the team-based care that occurs. >> reporter: under the new rules first-year residents can choose to stay even longer than 24 hours. to an average maximum of 80 hours per week. >> keep in mind interns have just graduated medical school. they're the least experienced, the least knowledgeable members of the medical team caring for patients. >> reporter: dr. sammy almeshat tracks doctor training for public citizen. >> what has been considering a rite of passage, working longer hours, being strong, can actually be detrimental to the patient and the resident? >> yes. that's what the evidence shows unequivocally. >> reporter: a harvard study
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found residents made almost 36% more serious errors when working 24 hours or longer. >> they're coming up against the limits of their capacity to function. and all they can think about is sleep. >> are the pain meds taking the edge off? >> reporter: about to start year two, dr. garuthera says extended hours might have enhanced her first-year training. >> i can read about it. i can watch youtube. i can do anything from home. but it's not going to be the same as, you know, being bedside with a patient. >> so you haven't heard a lot of commiserating amongst the residents about how many hours you have to work and about fatigue. >> obviously some people can get -- you can get tired. i think the idea of the intern as a creature that lives in the hospital and comes out after 30 hours in like a dark closet i think that's kind of archaic now. >> keep up the good work. >> we'll come back and check on you. >> thank you so much. thanks a lot. >> that's the "overnight news" for this friday.
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captioning funded by cbs it's friday, june 30th, 2017. this is the "cbs morning news." the travel ban is now in place, but the trump administration made one late night change. >> stop the disrespect. >> president trump's twitter attack has both democratic and republican lawmakers agreeing on one thing. mr. trump needs to lay off social media. ♪ and a dog gets the best seat in the house during a concert and the orchestra doesn't miss a beat.


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