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tv   Al Jazeera World News  LINKTV  July 18, 2013 5:30am-6:01am PDT

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demonstrators maintain their protest around egypt. hello, from doha with the world news from al jazeera. also -- are jailed for five years. a fierce critic of russian president vladimir q is found guilty of embezzlement -- critic of russian president vladimir putin. the 95th birthday for nelson mandela and doctors say his health is improving.
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and footing the baby bill -- and by the united states is the worlds most expensive country to give birth in. we began in egypt where supporters of deposed president mohammed morsi have been staging more protests across the country. this was the scene in nasr city in cairo wednesday night. thousands of morsi supporters have been demonstrating ever since he was deposed. they promised to keep protesting until he is reinstated. people also gathered at cairo university and giza on the outskirts of the egyptian capital. and this was the scene in the city of alexandria. a probe morsi supporters have pro-morsirallying -- supporters have been rallying in other cities as amnesty international released new reports about hundreds of
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arrests by security forces. human rights workers say hundreds of people's arrested by egyptian authorities are being denied their rights. amnesty international said more an660 mohamed morsi supporters have been detained since he was removed from the presidency three weeks ago. any of them are muslim brotherhood leaders. an unknown number remain in detention and it is unclear whether they have been charged. arewhereabouts of morsi also uncertain. some who had been released claimed they were blindfolded, beaten, hit and given electric shocks. amnesty international says it appears many detainees have not been given access to a lawyer. joining us live from cairo is our correspondent. just how alarming are the contents of this report? that firsto be said of all it is quite difficult to
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independently verify the content of the report, given it is primarily dependent on testimony from the detainees. though we can tell you that egyptian police did not exactly have a stellar record in processing detainees. what we can confirm first-hand is what we saw during the multiple rounds of violence in the past few weeks. by the account of many observers, it appears to be an excessive use of force during the actual arrest of supporters of deposed president. we also keep seeking what appears to be free rainy given to people and plain clothes, arguably civilians, to actually attack supporters of the deposed president and in some cases carry out citizen arrest. we are talking about mass arrests, more than thousand of supporters being rounded up. it does give a certain impression. and also what politicizes the issue more worthy arrest warrant handed out specifically to political leaders, members of
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senior leadership of the brotherhood and the fact that mohamed morsi remained held incommunicado. >> just how problematic is the fact that morsi is still in detention, as you mentioned, and what do we know about his fate? >> it is quite problematic, because of course it raises a lot of questions about why exactly he is being held. time and time again egyptian officials assured he was cap in a safe place "for his own safety ," that he received suitable treatment appropriate for a former president but you see many voices not just in egypt but the international community as well saying he must be released. catherine ashton, the european union foreign policy chief who was visiting here yesterday insisted she believed he must be released from wherever it is he is being held, that she would have liked to have seen him and she was assured he was given
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good treatment. a lot of flags are being waved about the sort of double standards because, if you remember when hosni mubarak stepped down back in 2011, he was allowed to retreat to his luxury villa in a risky resort the -- as opposed to being held incommunicado. joining usespondent from the egyptian capital cairo on the latest report from amnesty international. other news now -- the head of the united nations team investigating allegations of chemical weapons use in syria, visited the country for the first time next week. he is due to travel to damascus at the invitation of the government. >> the purpose of the visit will be to complete the consultation on the modalities of cooperation required, the proper safe and efficient conduct of the mission. the secretary-general hopes the visit will result in a mutual understanding on the access for
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the mission to conduct fact- finding activities and establish the facts pertaining to the reports received by the secretary-general concerning allegations of the use of chemical weapons in syria. is monitoringr developments from istanbul in neighboring turkey. oman, this has significance, this visit. significant. if you look at the stance of the syrian government, it has changed. now they are allowing the u.n. team to come to damascus. so, it is important and significant in this regard. however, we will really need to wait and see the outcome of the meeting when it happens between d team investigating allegations of chemical weapons with the syrian government. because what the u.n. is asking for is that access to all areas in syria in which the opposition
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are staying and claiming that the government forces used, cool weapons. at the moment, the government is allowing the u.n. to go to one area in which the government accuses the opposition of using chemical weapons against its own forces. we really need to wait and see the outcome of the meeting when it happens next week. >> how has the opposition reacted to the news? spoke with the syrian national coalition -- a spokesman for the syrian national coalition welcomed to visit and he said forces are willing to cooperate with the u.n. team to investigate the allegation of comical cool weapons being used by the opposition in the liberated areas. he did call on the u.n. to conduct a thorough, professional and comprehensive investigation, and not only to accept the areas in which the government will
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allow or give the u.n. team access to. so, they are really welcoming it. however, they want it to be more comprehensive and to include the aleppo, as well as damascus suburb in which the opposition is accusing the government of using chemical weapons. >> take it -- thank you very much. joining us istanbul in neighboring turkey. the u.n. says syrian children living inside a refugee camps experiencing grief and frustration. its representative on children and armed conflict told us the future generation will be illiterate and exposed to radicalization because of the conflict. our apologies. we don't have that from of the u.n. representative. but let's go to the camp where the civilian -- where the syrian children are.
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the second largest in the world and it is now home to thousands of syrian children. this report on what is being done the to help children cope with the psychological impact of the war. >> the united nations says more than half of the syrian refugees in jordan are under the age of 18. some are dealing with the pressure, fear, and anger, according to aid agencies. this is maria. she is scared to use her real name because she has family back in syria. been taking ahas social empowerment training course where she wrote a short story about her sadness. >> i am a girl who used to be happy, and now i am sad because of what happened in syria. it was heaven on earth. >> teenagers like her are suffering from their experiences in war. >> so many women have been raped. children have been raped as well. a two year old girl was raped in a nearby town. her parents could not say
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anything, so they slaughtered her and buried her. beenny resources have devoted to recreational activities to help treat children who have been psychologically affected after witnessing violence and destruction. aid agencies believe one of the best ways to help recover from the war and displacement is group activities and vocational training. these programs, aimed to make life as normal as possible for them, to give them a safe environment to express their feelings openly. education is available at all ages in the camp, but roughly 80% of the children are not in school. many families consider the camp unsafe so they limit their children's movement, especially the girls. most male teenagers have to contribute to household income, but some are depressed and frustrated because they can't find jobs. 's education was interrupted in syria so he says this welding class makes life here more meaningful.
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>> we always hope for a good future but we never expected to become refugees one day, so many of our hopes and aspirations have evaporated and the lot has been lost. these girls are learning how to apply makeup, a desired service when there is a wedding at the camp. >> we want these kids to go back to syria with hope for the future, because they will rebuild at the end of the day, the country, and we want them to be able to engage in activities that will be constructed in there can -- communities back on. >> there are fears the war will start the next generation. even if they can return to syria soon, they say their dreams and aspirations have been crushed because their homes are gone. and russian opposition leader has been found guilty of embezzlement and sentenced to five years in prison. alexei navalny has been a critic putin, and he had emerged as a powerful political
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force in protest against putin that broke out in 2011. >> his political ambitions may have received a huge blow but that do not shop alexei navalny from carrying on tweeting as the judge read the verdict. navalny, who built a success writing cantankerous blocks, was as the -- satirical as ever. this verdict will take forever. we will go crazy before the judge finishes -- he wrote. the kind of style that brought thousands of supporters out into the street in protest against the putin presidency. alexei navalny had become a leader of the opposition movement, and he said that this trial was an attempt to stem his popularity. he plans to appeal. this trial may be taking place 900 kilometers away in kirov, but it is here in moscow where it is likely to have most impact. alexei navalny is challenging to become the next mayor of the capital in september.
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he may now have to rethink his plans, but his supporters claim that this verdict has given him a kind of a martyr status. 's unitedescribed putin russia as a party of crooks and thieves. a description that stuck in people's minds. and his anticorruption campaign was beginning to move from street movement to a mature political force. the verdict on charges of theft and embezzlement while working as an advisor to a state run timber company may also spoiled his ultimate ambition to perhaps run for the presidency in 2018. tim friend, al jazeera, moscow. marks nelson mandela international day, coinciding with the former south african leader's 95th birthday. crowds are outside the hospital where he is being treated. we will betoo next. 100 days and counting for
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kenya's a controversial president we will find out how he is doing. >> good to have you with us. jazeera.stories on al human rights workers say hundreds of people arrested by egyptian authorities are being denied their right. amnesty international says many supporters of deposed president mohammed morsi have been beaten in detention. the united nations representative on children and armed conflict says syria's future generation will be illiterate and exposed to radicalization. it comes as a new report details the grief and frustration felt by many syrian children living inside refugee camps. protest leader has been found guilty of embezzlement and sent to up to five years in prison. alexei navalny has been a
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riddick of president vladimir putin -- a critic of president vladimir putin. mandela's health is improving as people celebrate his 95th birthday. and it is not just any ordinary birthday. it is also national -- elsa mandela international day, the u.n. event where people are encouraged to carry out about an hour of community service to end their day. ago, south african president jacob zuma visited nelson mandela to offer his personal birthday greeting. it is his second visit to a pretoria hospital in the last 24 hours. we have two reporters covering the story for us. in a moment, we will be with a tania paige, who is at an old peoples home in johannesburg where volunteers are carrying out community service. but first, let's go to our reporter outside the hospital in
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pretoria where nelson mandela is being cared for. firstly, tell us about president jacob zuma's visit. people were excited to be here. he came outside the hospital behind me. he greeted hundreds of people waiting to hear news about nelson mandela. he told them he is steadily improving. he told them to keep writing for nelson mandela. to keep doing good for the country, to honor mandela that a -- in that way. to the hospital -- schoolchildren, ordinary south africans. mostf his oldest and personal friends has just come here to wish elsa mandela well. a festive mood in general. a lot of people singing and della -- singing and dancing, singing happy birthday to nelson mandela. to tania paige now who is live for us in johannesburg.
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how is the day being marked where you are? it is also around the country. >> yes, absolutely. people here have been in really good moves. obviously not as noisy because people have been working very, very hard. what they are trying to do here is paint the outside of this old age home. there are 12 buildings in total, so they've got their work cut out for them. this is really part of what nelson mandela international day is about, about volunteering your time. one minute for each of the years nelson mandela spent in public service. a way to show that really anyone can make a friend in the lives of people. not only here in johannesburg,
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all over the country, but also internationally. the u.n. is really driving this across the globe. volunteers from their offices from as far apart and away as either by jean, peru, philippines, doing work in their local communities. in the united states, also workers rebuilding homes for the victims of hurricane sandy. >> thank you very much. tania paige and joining us from johannesburg. tassa outside of the hospital treating nelson mandela. thank you both. other news -- scores of people have been killed in ethnic fighting in the the west african state of guinea. the violence broke out after petrol station guards beat to death and ethnicyouth accused of stealing. a government spokesperson says fighting has subsided since monday. >> the incident began --
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fighting between one agent of security in the gas station and the driver of the car, and then people that heard about the justify tried to themselves. in their own town, to make revenge. that is the reason why it became so dangerous. and why the violence has spread in the area. >> school principals in india's bihar state have been ordered to serves to food it students. the directive was issued after at least 22 people, most children, were killed after eating contaminated beans. there have been angry protests halloween the deaths. -- following the deaths. they will not pursue charges
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after one of the countries worst mind disasters following an investigation of the 2010 type mind tragedy. i wanted to miners were killed. police say there is not enough evidence to prosecute the one. or early last mth the wereayompo the victims families. thursday marks kenyon president kenyatta's first 100 days in office. in a recent poll, nearly half said they are worse off. their main concern is the increasing cost of living and ballooning government that. and reports on the capital nairobi. instudents teaching students tin classrooms. this is not the way it was opposed to be under kenya's new so-called digital government. this 19-year-old has only just graduated from high school. he volunteered to help the students prepare for exams while
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teachers strike over pay that was promised during the campaign. through the election, primary school students were told to expect laptops. teachers, health workers, police, payroll raises. the government was to introduce a more inclusive but vastly more expensive system of government. critics accused kenyatta of bribing the electorate with money the country simply does not have. >>t has been unfortunate about this country is the lack of priorities, lack of tightening of the news where money is concerned. >> jonas is acutely sensitive to the economic climate. when people are optimistic, but 10 to spend more on sweet and soft drinks. when they don't, it is the first they cut back on. were you expecting things to improve after the election? seeing, it is not working. >> canyons are still hoping
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another promise, double-digit economic growth, a comes soon, but the government has already reached its borrowing limit and it is struggling to raise cash. so, between paying for the new layers of government, the extravagant campaign promises and ballooning public wage bill, the new administration is facing a crisis. kenyans seem willing to given more time, but economists say he will have to take more drastic action soon that is bound to have a serious impact on the economy. >> the more interest rates go up, what you want is a situation whereby the earth -- the private sector, it the income will be carried out. when it happens, unemployment goes up. >> that is a problem for a government that badly needs public support. the president and his deputy during the international court -- 100 days into the administration, it is not guaranteed.
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al jazeera, nairobi. >> the commander of the pakistani taliban has written to malala yousafzai, the teenage girl shot in the head by members of the group. a lot less poke at the united nations last week where she urged world leaders -- malala spoke to the united nations last week where she urged world leaders for education. shot overe was not the work for girls education but she was smearing the taliban efforts to establish an islamic system in the district of swathe . greek police banned protest in the capital athens during the german finance minister's visit. or thousand officers on the streets to strengthen security after parliament approved thousands of public sector job cuts. prime minister samaras is meeting wolfgang scahuble. north korea has amended its
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cargo ship that was intercepted carrying arms be released immediately. panama stopped the ship on its way from cuba to north korea last week and seized its cargo. detained a many for posting every online which appeared to show an emerati attacking an indian driver. the man was arrested for charges of filming a government official apartment -- public. he he claims the video damaged his father's reputation. close to theed royal palaces and bob crane. no reports of injuries -- royal palace of bahrain. hundreds of stingrays washed up in veracruz. they are trying to find out if the national oil company nearby have a role. witnesses say they were dumped by fishermen because they were not getting a good price for the stingrays. wings are commonly served as part ofnd -- in that
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mexico. it costs more to have a baby in the united states than anywhere else in the world. that is despite the u.s. having one of the highest infant mortality rates. and next nation wide are footing such a huge bill. why they aretion footing such as you build. >> when this midwife came to the united states from england, she was shocked at how her patients approached something as natural as childbirth. >> women in this country are quite convinced that birth is touch and go, life and death and they may not survive it. most developed countries where midwives deliver babies, in the u.s., 90% of women had to hospitals to deliver. that cost a lot of money. >> physicians need to make a certain amount of income to sustain practices. >> the prices go up from there. in the u.s., the average
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conventional delivery could cost almost $10,000. cesarean birth, $15,000. compare that to the netherlands and britain where it is roughly two thirds less. tother factor contributing the high cost of childbirth in the united states is the country's litigious nature. in order to practice, u.s. obstetricians must buy expensive insurance to protect themselves from lawsuits in case something goes wrong with the birth. it is yet another cost passed on to pregnant mothers. most low income and uninsured mothers cannot afford. insurance,e medical but a pregnant friend did not and was forced to make difficult choices in order to deliver her baby. >> she's been a time figuring out how many hours she would have to be in the labor room and how long she had to stay at the hospital, down to the stamp -- we do not want to spend our time with our new av worrying about
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the bills and worrying about how can we cut costs. escape these to medical setting of a hospital and have their low risk the river he had a midwife center with jenny joseph. but with so few midwives in the u.s., it is an option for very few. >> one of the biggest bubble in blocks of a system like currently is you cannot get into the system if you are uninsured, low income, or even advanced in your pregnancy. there many barriers to getting started with prenatal care. >> prevents millions -- millions of low income from getting the support they need. that is why for all its high- priced care, the u.s. still has one of the highest rates of infant mortality in the world. al jazeera, orlando, florida.
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