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tv   Journal  LINKTV  November 11, 2013 2:00pm-2:31pm PST

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>> this is the journal coming to you from dw in berlin. >> these are our headlines. >> the tragedy borne by typhoon haiyan, an international relief effort is now underway in the philippines. >> monster storms and how we him may be making them worse. that is on the agenda as you in climate talks began in poland. >> and play the game somewhere else. voters in bavaria say no to a bid to host the 2022 winter olympics.
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>> the figures are absolutely staggering. estimates put the death toll in the philippines at 10,000. food haiyan has left the center of the country and absolute ruins. -- typhoon haiyan. it has sparked an unbelievable global relief effort. >> and appealed for urgent international assistance. many countries have artie pledged support and sent out personnel. >> the difficult thing will beginning to the people who need the most help. >> the area itself is made up of a huge amount of islands, and most of them are very remote area as you can see, some of the hardest hit, including the city that has been hardest hit. >> there is no food, no
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medicine, no water. the situation grows more critical by the hour. people have painted the words help us on the wall here, hoping someone will notice. blood and debris have left roads and bridges him passable. -- floods and debris. shops and warehouses were destroyed, as were most buildings in the port city. before the typhoon, she sold groceries. now she has to scavenge for supplies. >> it's really hard. there is no more food in the warehouse or the malls. >> in many places, frustration is turning to desperation. relief trucks have been looted as well as shops and gas stations. in response, the government has reinforced the military police presence. >> police and military are here to establish law and order.
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we will deal with the looting and are trying to protect businesses. otherwise, everything will descend into chaos. >> and international aid operation is underway and thousands of filipino soldiers have been deployed to deliver supplies. but with only three transport planes in you so far, the military and state emergency services appear overwhelmed. president aquino has expressed frustration over the slow response and has pledged more aid. >> today we declared a state of national calamity in order to hasten the movements of the government in its rescue relief and rehabilitation's efforts in the provinces affected by the typhoon. >> there are moments of rare hope. this mother nearly died in a storm surge. against great odds, she reached a refuge and gave our to a baby girl.
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>> typhoon haiyan was significantly weaker when it plowed into northeastern vietnam early on monday morning. it was downgraded to tropical storm, but was still packing high winds. state media say at least 13 people have been killed. >> in china, at least three people lost their lives. state television reports violent wind, torrential rain and flooding wrecked hundreds of buildings. tens of houses of the people had to evacuate. >> some say the storms have become so powerful and distraught to because of the effects of climate change. -- so powerful and destructive. >> over the next few weeks, delegates will be working to hammer out a deal to greatly reduce carbon emissions by the end of the decade. we have this report. >> meteorologists call it a super typhoon. these monster storms are likely
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to be a more frequent occurrence of the future. the rising temperature of the oceans makes regions around the pacific and atlantic oceans more vulnerable. storms like haiyan and hurricane sandy that struck the caribbean and the u.s. east coast last year form where the oceans warm up. large amounts of water vaporize into the atmosphere. the earth's rotation sets the resulting cloud masses in motion, creating a superstorm. the philippines catastrophe dominated the opening of the world climate conference in warsaw. 194 nations will have to close ranks if they are to reach a new binding agreement to fight climate change. >> it is a global problem and global opportunity at the same time. it is a problem if we cannot concert our actions. it becomes an opportunity when we can act together.
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>> scientists regard carbon dioxide emissions as the biggest threat to the climate. read house gas levels have continued to rise, making a 2010 goal of limiting temperatures to two degrees celsius almost unachievable. but if emissions are not cut and temperatures curb, the future risk for the philippines and many other coastal regions of the earth is unpredictable. >> we are joined by a climate expert at the free university of berlin. tell us, is there a correlation between devastating storms like typhoon high-end -- typhoon haiyan and human made climate change? >> it is an issue that is still not very definite. this is one of the issues that has still to be solved. there is evidence from a few studies that do say that with the warmer temperatures at the sea surface, there is an increasing risk of intense
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typhoons and more typhoons, especially in the pacific basin. >> what do you think? >> i think that the most likely thing is, with the higher potential that we have with the warm water body, there will be definitely stronger storms, and the question is, will there be too many more? this is not really the most important thing. the most important thing is, will there be such intense storms that the devastation of peoples living is so strong. >> what do you expect as far as efforts go on battling this topic in this climate conference in warsaw at the moment? >> i think the climate conference in warsaw has an agenda on damage and loss. this is an issue where there
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could be progress in the direction that i think is most important. this has to do with availability of data. actually, we do not know so much about the distribution in space and time of loss, especially in the developing countries. for example, take this example of the storm now, lost numbers from the different islands in the philippines are not easily available. the same holds for many other such incidents. so i think, for better preparation, and for better estimation of loss to come, we should be in the position to have more of this data. >> for the world to get into that position we have to take this seriously. how serious are countries when you look at this locally, joining into actually get some
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sort of result? >> i think there are so many interests, and these interests must be balanced. but currently, there is still the issue that there is not much knowledge on one hand and less knowledge on the other, and so besides taking measures these days, there should clearly be more progress also on the link between meteorology and the events and the damage and the social implications. >> thank you very much for the analysis, professor. negotiators at the warsaw climate conference will certainly face a number of stumbling blocks, including calls for money to help poor countries convert to cleaner energy sources. >> experts say that would be money well spent. >> melting ice caps, rising sea
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levels, and a host of natural catastrophes. if the international community waits until 20 30 before acting, than the consequences of global warming are likely to become far worse. even now, it may be too late to reverse some effects. the pot stem institute for climate impact research estimates that global gdp could be knocked back by seven percent if the world fails to tackle greenhouse gas emissions. the longer the delay, the greater the cost of combating the results. events like floods, extreme weather, or outbreaks of disease . all these could cost the global community some 4 trillion euros. moreover, the climate researchers believe that energy prices would skyrocket by up to 80%. developing countries would be hit hardest, with the cost of inaction totaling a further estimated 3.5 trillion euros.
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the cost of climate change would also hit germany hard. by 2050, it would need to pay 130 billion euros more for energy and transportation. insurance companies would have to shell out an extra 100 billion euros for damage caused by extreme weather. treating tropical diseases in germany resulting from global warming would cost around 60 billion euros. climate change would also impact each is an ski resorts, costing germany another 30 billion euros. the world bank says the worst could still be averted, at a comparatively cheap price, just 550 billion euros. that is about 1% of what the global economy is worth. other analysts come up with different figures, but all agree on one thing. doing nothing will be more expensive in the long run. >> one could say that poland is an interesting choice for hosting this year's climate conference.
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considering the country will also host and international cold conference just a few days later. >> about 90% of poland's energy comes from coal and it is one of the most polluting fossil fuels. >> the ruins are relic from an earlier foray into nuclear power. an hour's drive from gdansk, poland began building its first atomic plan here in the early 1980s. then came the turn opel disaster, and four years later -- then came the chernobyl disaster. for a long time, there was little talk of nuclear power in poland. so is now rethinking nuclear power, much to the anger of environmentalists. >>: has an unbelievable capacity
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and potential for saving energy, but that is not being exploited. instead we see a megalomaniac's project. we should look to the future, not to the past. >> but warsaw's plans for the future or of a different sort. the government wants to see two brand-new nuclear power plants here in 10 years time, right on the baltic coast where there is plenty of cooling water. a generated capacity of 6000 megawatts, but the proposed site is right next to a nature preserve. besides a return to atomic energy, includes shale gas. energy companies have been drilling test wells for gas and oil. they suspect you're a's big shale gas deposits are trapped here, deep below the surface. energy independence means an end to reliance on oil and gas supplies from its eastern neighbor, russia. in this vision, poland equates
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nuclear power with national self-interest. >> we have long had the plan to return to atomic energy. even after the plug was pulled, that remained our aim. germany has used nuclear power for decades, cheap, reliable energy helped it become a global economic power. >> people in poland are already talking about the pros and cons of nuclear power. >> the question is, what will happen to the nuclear waste? that's a really difficult issue. >> but this man thinks nuclear power would mean cheaper electricity, and that is in everybody's interest. poles deal have questions about their energy mix, but one thing is clear. they want economic progress and prosperity and they won't let climate protection get in the way. >> ~ come, imagine if you had
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the chance to host the olympics, but you just didn't want to. >> that is the view in germany's most southern state. we will explain why, next. >> welcome back. germany's two biggest political parties are back at the negotiating table, trying to former grand coalition following septembers federal elections. x now they have imposed their own deadline, the end of th month. both the conservative chancellor angela merkel -- they both expressed guarded optimism as a new round of talks got under way. the two sides agreed on proposals and reportedly agreed on renewable energy policy, with an eye toward capping sharply higher electricity bills. our political correspondent has
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been following all of those developments and joins us from our parliamentary studios here in berlin. simon, what has come out of today's talks in particular? >> today's talks focused on energy and transport. the two sides, social democrats and conservatives, have said they are committed to reforming germany's energy transformation policy. that is the drive to get more renewables in the mix of germany's power generation. as you say, the objective is to get costs down, but what the plans will likely mean is lower subsidies for wind power and possibly in the short term, more coal. so that will not please the environmentalists. on transport, both sides are saying there is a need for huge investments in both road and rail. the experts say investments of several billion euros a year are needed. that raises the problem, how is all this going to be paid for, particularly without the tax
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increases that angela merkel says she won't accept. >> but this progress into perspective for us. are we any tour -- oriented closer toward seeing -- are we any closer toward seeing the government? >> a lot of work has been done looking at the various areas of policy, but the pressure is on. the two sides say they want to sign the full coalition agreement to set up a new government in a little over two weeks. don't forget, none of these agreements are various areas of policy will be considered as having gone through until the financing, how they are going to pay for it, has been worked out overall. on top of that, the social democrats have said that they are going to consult all their nearly half a million members, and to get the greenlight to press ahead with this grand coalition of social democrats and conservatives. so there is plenty of arguing to do in the weeks ahead.
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>> certainly a lot still to be discussed. simon young, thanks for the update. >> two other high-level talks, iran and the u.n. nuclear watchdog say they have agreed on a roadmap to resolve outstanding issues. >> the plan clears the way for inspectors by the international atomic energy agency at the reactor that western powers they could be used to make bomb grade plutonium. high-level talks broke down over the weekend but are due to resume on november 20. >> moving onto business news, traders are still talking about that little surprised the ecb pulled on them last week. the central bank brought interest rates to a record low of just a quarter of a percent. one hinted that the bank could trim rates even further to buy more liquidity. here is the german reaction. >> this interest rate cut has not been made to be the boost to
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the german economy. investors are sure of that and they fear that this low rate might lead to problems for him surer sandbanks. it will be very difficult now to sell long-lasting financial products like life insurance in the near future. on the other hand, low interest rates give a boost to the share markets because the policy of easy money especially helps the financial and banking sector. so investors decided to buy shares again. the dax went up this monday. >> let's check out those numbers for you. the dax well above the 9000 mark . euro stoxx 50 up as well by over .5%. let's move over to new york, where wall street is looking good. the dow jones putting on just a little bit there, .1%.
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the euro up in positive territory against the u.s. dollar. >> meanwhile, talks on the world's largest free trade zone between the european union and the united states are getting back underway. >> the second round of negotiations is being overshadowed the u.s. spying scandal which has resulted in a breakdown of trust. >> the handshakes may be friendly, but the negotiations going on in brussels are likely to be anything but easy. some observers are saying it is a wonder that the u and u.s. delegations are talking at all. first, the talks had to be postponed due to the government shutdown in the u.s.. then came the fear or over the activities of u.s. intelligence agencies -- then came the fuehrefuror over the activitiesf u.s. intelligence agencies. on the other hand, business in
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is business. the eu says it is sticking to its goal of concluding the negotiations within two years. that could prove difficult if more tensions arise in the transatlantic relationship. quick shifting our focus to greece, the coalition government is bound to stick to its unpopular austerity drive after winning a confidence vote on mondy. >> a late-night ballot was called for the left-wing party to censor the government offers cost-cutting measures, including the abrupt closure of ert. >> it was all reason for another day of mass protest in athens. >> to the frustration of these protesters who were clamoring for a break from years of austerity measures. >> his government has destroyed
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our country. the only thing he knows how to do is sell off our assets to private interests. it has destroyed public health, education, everything. in the name of some growth that will never come. >> i came here to say enough is enough, she says. what this country has gone through in the last few years is unfair. it is humiliating and we don't deserve it. >> the prime minister can declare victory for now. his conservative led government defeated the vote of no- confidence, but just barely. the motion was introduced by the left-wing opposition party. they are railing against what they call the governments catastrophic economic policies and its handling of the former state broadcaster, ert. he accuses the prime minister of taxing the poor to protect the rich. the party says the dependence on foreign lenders is driving
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greece even further into recession. we seven percent of greeks are unemployed, yet athens still continues its cost-cutting policies to secure another eu bailout package. it's this policy that led to the shutdown of the state broadcaster and triggered a public outcry. last thursday, greek riot police cleared ert headquarters, ending a five-month occupation there. >> not in our backyard. that is what citizens in the southern german state of bavaria have said to plans to bid for the 2022 winter games. >> a referendum was held sunday on the plan to campaign to bring the olympics back to munich. the 2022 olympics had no chance in lower bavaria. 13 out of 14 districts and municipalities voted no to hosting the event. only one voted in favor. it would have been the venue for
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the bobsled competition. many here are disappointed. >> we would have liked to have hosted the games, but there is nothing we can do about it now. >> i think they created a sense of panic so people just voted no, which in a way, is understandable. >> i'm not happy about the outcome because i actually support having the olympics here, just not under the proposed conditions. it would have been nice. >> opponents to hosting the games celebrated their victory. no one expected such a clear result. >> the results shouldn't be seen as a vote against professional sport. it's a protest against the ioc's racketeering and greed for profit. >> an emphatic win for no campaigners. the others had no option but to accept defeat. >> that was the last attempt for a munich bid. one cannot assume it will change within a few years.
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's hope of becoming the first to host the summer and winter olympic games has slipped beyond reach. >> some soccer news now. sunday was a day of derbies in the bundesliga. a convincing 3-1 win. >> the host have been juggling domestic and european duties and were punished by dazzling youngster. >> with two goals for stuttgart in this match, the 17-year-old proved that if you are good enough, you're old enough. only seconds later, he bamboozled the defense to make it 2-0 and leave the hosts reeling. they took their time to recover.
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the substitute gave them a glimpse of hope in the 78th minute, but with only eight minutes left to play, he completed an extraordinary 3-1 win, becoming the youngest player ever to score twice in a bundesliga match. >> now it's time to break out your craziest costumes. thousands of germans are doing it because it is that time of year again, the start of carnival season. >> festivalgoers ticked off a celebration in traditional style. singing, dancing, and enjoying themselves. >> thanks for watching. we will see you next time. captioned by the national captioning institute
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picking up the pieces after typhoon haiyan. one of the worst storms in recorded history. tehran and the u.n. said to resolve issues. is tackledpresident by protesters. 1.4


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