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tv   Journal  LINKTV  November 28, 2013 2:00pm-2:31pm PST

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>> welcome to the "journal" coming to you live from dw in berlin. good to have you with us. >> in the next half-hour -- will he join the trade club or won't he? the ukrainian leader is at an eu summit. german chancellor angela merkel says the door is still open. >> japan and south korea defied china over its new air defense zone, ratcheting up tensions in the area. >> the migrants who died coming to europe. we look at how one man's search
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for a better life ended in tragedy. >> european union leaders are gathered in the lithuanian capital at this hour for a two- day summit to discuss ties with eastern european countries. >> the agenda is expected to be dominated by the sudden decision to scrap lands for closer integration with the european union. >> the german chancellor said she was willing to resume talks with ukraine and that the door was still open for kia to sign the eu trade pact, but she also said she had no hope that the deal would be sealed at this summit. >> meanwhile in ukraine, pro- european groups continue to protest against the government's decision. >> theocrat opposition leader arrived at the eu summit before
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the ukrainian president, upstaging him. also a champion boxer, he met the eu commissioner and called on the ukrainian president to sign the proposed pact with the eu. >> we want to leave with european family, with european rules, with european life standards. it is the wish of ukraine, and we want to do that. that way, the government and president cannot ignore the opinion of the people. >> the protests are still ongoing. demonstrators have hardly let up since the weekend. thousands are backing a closer relationship with europe. an opinion poll commissioned by dw shows these protesters are in the majority. the survey says 60% of ukrainians support joining the eu next year. only around 1/numeral three are
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opposed. the president and his government turned their backs on a historic trade deal with the eu last week after years of negotiations. the reason -- pressure from moscow. the signal from the european leaders is clear -- the opportunity for closer ties remains. >> let's go now live to our correspondent. first off, what is happening behind the scenes at this summit? could we see ukraine actually sign off on this eu partnership deal? >> it could happen, but i think it is highly unlikely. imagine the president having talks with new leaders, perhaps with chancellor merkel and others, coming out of the stalks saying, "sorry, folks, i got it on wrong. i joined the wrong side. now i'm joining your side." he would lose credibility and antagonize russia, so i don't
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think that will happen. >> let's talk to russia. it has stake in kiev. what role is displaying in the eu possible to ee right now? >> the eu is not denying that these countries are close, and they understand very well that the ukrainian economy is very dependent on russia, that they need russia as an export market for energy supplies. so they understand this argument about russian pressure very well, but they also say this is to partnership is not directed against anyone. it is not directed certainly against russia, and in fact, russia may benefit from it, even if it is not part of it, so that is the sort of argument that the ee uu's is. >> still, it is not just ukraine that has turned back or shifted back to russia. belarus, azerbaijan, armenia as
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well have done so. is the eu's eastern enlargement now effectively over? >> at the moment, it does seem as if this movement has run out of steam. it has stalled. it is only georgia and moldova, the two countries who are more or less behaving in the way the eu wants them to. all the others have more or less stopped in the process. belarus has never been part of it, but it may change. it may change only if and when russia realizes that the partnership is not directed against it, and that they may benefit from it. i do not see at the moment, certainly under president putin, but if it changes, if it happens, then i think the whole game would change. >> live from the summit, thanks so very much. >> tensions are mounting in the
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east china sea after japan and south korea followed the u.s. in sending aircraft to the no-fly zone that china has declared over disputed islands. >> the u.s. defense tecra kerry has reaffirmed that a japanese- american treaty covers those islands in question. a u.s. carrier group is now in the area conducting naval exercises with japanese forces. >> china's sole aircraft carrier is now reported to be on its way to the area. >> china has sent off its only aircraft carrier to the south china sea, the location of a territorial dispute with the philippines. officially, it is the vessel's first sea trial, but the timing says a lot. tensions in the region are already high over islands in the east china sea, which are claimed by both china and japan. on saturday, beijing unilaterally impose an air defense zone in the region around the islands. beijing is demanding that all airplanes flying over the zone identify themselves to chinese authorities.
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>> the east china sea air defense identification zone is not aimed at normal international flights. we hope that the relevant countries' airlines can proactively cooperate. >> but the territory overlaps with south korea's and japan's own air defense zones. >> regarding china's use of force to try to change the status quo, we will continue our patrols and surveillance activities without interruption. we are determined to firmly protect our nation's territory, territorial waters, and territorial airspace. >> the u.s. has also refused to follow china's commands. the aircraft carrier george washington is in the region for military exercises with japan. >> as we have seen, other countries in the region, japan and south korea have already defied china. could this become a flashpoint
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for regional instability? we put that question to the head of george abela's chinese department -- the head of deutsche welle's chinese department. >> china may have been surprised by the swift and decisive answer of japan, korea, australia, and especially the u.s. with ending the-52 bombers into the area to clearly demonstrate that they have no intention whatsoever to accept china's reaching out to those islands -- sending the -- b-52 bombers into the area. you can almost hear cries for war in the chinese media. >> in germany, more than 20,000 workers from the european aerospace group had taken to the streets to protest against restructuring plans they fear could cost thousands of jobs.
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>> there are a lot of protest. they were held at about ready sites from the company's airbus factories near hamburg and -- and york. >> with a brass band leading the way, employees of pa ds -- eads marched out of their factory. the protest followed the rumor that their jobs may be on the line. not something people in this part of the boss is said to be planning to fuse it with two other subsidiaries. a year after eads and britain's bae systems called off a merger, they want to make the subsidiary more efficient, which could mean reducing the number of employees and closing some factories. >> what they are out to is a total outrage, especially since we are half a noble and
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operating at full capacity. i do not know what they are thinking. >> he seemed be doing well. in 2012, the company reported total sales of more than 56 billion euros and strong profits. the engine or that success is airbus, the subsidiary that makes passenger jets. the military suppliers, on the other hand, have struggled. >> the information we are getting is not at all clear. we know that something is going to happen, but we don't know what. the only thing he has said is that in the future, we will have to deliver a 10% return on capital investment. >> that is setting the bar very high. managers say they will present more information in the wrist week of december. >> to germany's unemployment figures now, and analyst say what has been termed as the german jobs miracle could the running out of steam. though the rate of unemployment has remained unchanged at the .5% this month, the actual number of jobless did rise
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slightly -- unchanged at 6.5% this month. the labor market will remain an important driver of growth. checking in now on the markets, the dax touched new highs during thursday trading despite those unexciting unemployment figures for germany. it has closed down a little lower, but still up in positive territory. euro stoxx 50 up by a similar amount. the euro trading in positive territory as well against the dollar, trading for $one point 3602 at this hour. iran's state news agency says an earthquake near the nation's sole nuclear power plant has killed at least eight people and injured 30. >> the quake hit the gulf coast and could be felt throughout the surrounding province. the nuclear plant lies about 60 kilometers to the south of that city.
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there has also been reports of damage throughout the area. staying with iran, the new in dash the human nuclear watchdog says it will take time to verify iran is fulfilling its agreement to make sure its agreement to make sure it's nuclear agreement remains civilian. >> after marathon talks, a break to deal was done this weekend. it allows the international atomic energy agency to monitor more of iran's facilities. >> the agreement has been sharply condemned by israel and by saudi arabia, but the german foreign minister says it could pave the way for peace in the region and a reduction in international tensions. >> the german foreign minister says the agreement in geneva is a first step towards ending the nuclear dispute with iran. he says germany advocates a diplomatic solution. >> we want a solution by way of negotiations. we are not getting involved in any military intervention scenarios, and i think that has been the right policy.
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>> iran has told the international atomic energy agency in vienna that it will start opening its nuclear sites to inspectors in december, beginning with the iraq heavy water production plant -- the arak heavy water production plant. many german lawmakers fear the consensus on iran is too fragile and that germany needs to stand firm. >> it's really important to keep calm. let's not kid ourselves. there are plenty who do not want this agreement. >> officials in iran, the united dates, and germany say the geneva agreement could be a model for negotiating ends to other crises like the syrian civil war. >> could it be that? let's go to our political correspondent who has been following the debate at the bundestag or us. this agreement has been hailed as a model. thinking about syria,
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specifically here, but that's a very strong endorsement. >> it is, but you would need a little bit of context. the german foreign minister meant the nature of the agreement, how it was set up, and how it came about. it was set up for both sides to have to take a step forward. it includes transparency and matters for control. he stressed that this was very important. merkel's christian democrats felt this was a direct result of having diplomacy, but also all other options on the table including pressure. social democrats also agreed that this was a triumph of european diplomacy, one of these rare occasions when the entire parliament agreed that this was the case, but even if this agreement leads to nothing in six-month time, it is felt very strongly at the very least there's this engagement of russia and the united states for this diplomatic solution, and it is felt this could well translate into the stalks in january over syria.
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>> thanks so much from our parliamentary studios. >> you are welcome. >> we are going to a short break here he when we come back, two months after the german election, finally, we have a coalition deal, but will it be backed by the spd? >> stay >> welcome back. good to have you with us. european union ministers will be meeting next week. >> the hundreds who died in a shipwreck off italy last month are the lead to be almost all from eritrea, one of africa's poorest nations. thousands flee for europe every year, undeterred by the perils. >> those who do not make it leave their families behind, struggling to come to terms with the loss. >> he was just 36 when he drowned on october 3, just a few hundred meters from his goal, the island of lampedusa.
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originally from eritrea, he has lived in germany for the last 30 years. the death of his brother has left a deep scar. he tried time and time again to talk him out of making the treacherous journey to europe. >> i told him to wait for me, that there are legal ways to get to germany and other places, and that he should not take the route via libya. >> when he heard of the tragedy, he made his way to lampedusa. he identified his brother's body. but the italian authorities would not allow him to take it to eritrea for burial. instead, the bodies of the victims were taken to sicily and buried in a number of different cemeteries. they were brought here, close to
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this. his brother was buried at the cemetery, but he does not want him to stay here. >> it is our tradition, our culture. it is very, very important to bring the body home. our family, my relatives -- they are all waiting for my brother to come back, especially my mother. >> he died in the pursuit of a better life, leaving behind a wife and two children and eritrea. now it is up to the italian authorities to decide if the body can be repatriated. there's new hope it can. they've been asked to provide a dna sample. >> when you carry out a dna test, they can say, "ok, now you can take the body."
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that is what they told me. >> the waters off lampedusa, where he died with almost 400 others. his brother says he will not rest until the body is brought back home to eritrea. >> in other news, the german president has afforded the settings up of islamic departments of german studies. >> one of four in germany was established to train teachers of religious studies. he says the institute provides base for the teaching of islam without political or fundamentalist pressures. >> the visit comes amid controversy. he was under pressure of conservative muslims who accuse him of being too liberal. >> the director faces a tough question -- how to teach islamic
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studies in germany. his institute has come under fire from muslim associations for its liberal approach. >> he's not interested in stoning people are chopping off their hands. he's interested in having order in society, but how to ensure there is order and justice -- those are questions for humans. >> it's a very modern interpretation of the carron, and that is how german politicians would like to see the end the two are scratching its teach islam in schools. the government intends to shape -- the government's intends to shape young muslims' minds and germany have some muslims up in arms. there are plans for an islam advisory council at the muenster institute, but so far, disputes over who gets to sit on the council have made it impossible to form one.
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last year, the government rejected a candidate put forth by religious associations to lead the body. until that sorted out, mohamed will get to teach his version of islam, whether other muslims in germany like it or not. >> so where is this all headed? for more on that, let's bring in our correspondent. this program is off to a bit of a rough start. why would these departments introduced in the first place? >> the former german president said islam belongs to germany. in a way, this is a concrete expression of that, a recognition that we have a very large muslim population here, and that it's only appropriate that islam should be taught not as one used to say as oriental studies, but as islamic theology . that's the first point. these departments are conducting research in theology. second, religion is a subject at schools in germany, and muslims have long resented the fact that
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catholics and muslims could take their subject of religion at schools, but there were not lessons provided for muslims in schools. >> what about this mandate of the departments to help with the integration of muslims? >> this is a very difficult question. i think for the program to maintain integrity and respect among muslims in germany, it must be seen to be not an instrument of integration. if it were simply an instrument of the government to try to check perhaps extreme views among muslims, then it would be likely to be resented by many. i think that is a real danger. >> that perception is certainly a big question. another 1 -- there is a very serious problem right now within the islamic community here in germany about which islam should be taught and by whom. >> that's right. we are seeing that at the moment
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in the controversy about the professor who is resented by salafists who think that he is far too liberal for them. i don't think this is really a religious christian at all. in my view, it is a social and political question. we have two models of society, not just in germany or the islamic community, but worldwide . between conservative people who have a view of society based on the plan a family where the patriarch is at the head of the family, and religion bolsters that by providing a set of rules. on the other hand, you have global society stressing the individuality of people. as we all know, the negative side of that is the loneliness of individuals, but it also brings a lot of freedom with it, the freedom to interpret religion as you understand it. >> germany will have to work through the social and political questions before he gets to the religious ones. thanks so very much.
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>> a fatal accident at a world cup stadium in brazil has put construction on hold. >> prosecutors are investigating an incident in which a crane fell onto the roof of a stadium and crushed to workers to death. it is now believed the project will not be finished by its year-end deadline. the stadium in são paulo is due to host the opening game of next years world cup, coming up on june 12. >> formula one now, mercedes's parting company with its team principal. >> he is one of the most successful racing managers of all time, credited with helping people into the world titles. the announcement follows months of speculation. he has not said what he will do next. if you does not retire, reports suggest he could join rivals for ari or mclaren -- ferrari or mclaren. >> if you have ever been to berlin's national film festival, you will probably recognize the cinema in this next report. >> it has been given a facelift
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to iron out those wrinkles, but there was a sense of déjà vu at the reopening. >> for decades, it was the cinema of the west. this movie star cut the ribbon to open the west berlin cinema in 1957. it was back to cut the ribbon this week. her appearance was a coup for organizers. she traveled up from switzerland for the ceremony. in her suitcase -- fond memories of the old pub last. >> i don't think it has changed much. it is certainly full now, and it was certainly full back >> located in the heart of west berlin, it has been given a facelift. this is the cinema now, and this is what it looked like back then. west berlin's movie palace rose from the rubble of the second worldar. back then, the cinema started hosting the berlinale, berlin's
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international film festival. cinema lovers from all over the world flock to do it the. the cinema saw tears, cheers -- and hollywood stars like dustin hoffman. by the late 1990's, the cinema seemed to have lost its magic. then this cinema enthusiast came on to be seen fighting to bring the cinema of the west back to life. >> and has a really proud tradition. our task was to burnish the old 1950's cinema features and to update the cinema's technology. >> the result -- a cinema where it is not just the stars on the silver screen that shine. and one whose 50's design boasts retro flair and who's comfy chairs are perfect for reclining. so why not sit back, put your
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feet up, and check out a new film in one of the cinema's old- school auditoriums? >> you never know -- you should never say never. >> the revival proves that hollywood is not the only place to find a happy ending. >> looks great. before we go, one of judaism's most popular religious festivals has kicked off. >> hundreds of people arrived to celebrate the judas festival of lights, -- the jewish festival of lights, hanukkah. the exchange of gifts as jews commemorate the arrival of their hero. >> that is all we have time for. thanks so much for joining us. see you again soon. captioned by the national captioning institute
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>> walkabout, you're watching live from paris. a show of military force in asia, china since war plans to its newly declared defense zone. a failed agreement between the talkse and the eu, against lithuania, strengthening time with eastern europe. and americans get things with a traditional turkey dinner and the famous macy's day parade. thousands lineup to take advantage for the early sales the season.


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