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tv   France 24  LINKTV  December 12, 2017 5:30am-6:01am PST

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anchor: welcome to live from paris. it is 1:00 p.m. in the french capital. let's look at headlines this hour. what leaders to hear today in paris that the aim to keep global warming between two degrees -- below two degrees celsius will become a pipe dream unless trillions are invested in green energy and technology. on the eve of the u.s. election, president donald trump throws senateport behind
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candidate roy moore, who is facing accusations of sexual misconduct. amnesty international has accused european governments of being knowingly complicit in the torture and abuse of refugees in libya. we begin here in paris, where french president emmanuel macron is meeting other world leaders this tuesday, two years to the day since 190 five nations adopted the paris climate agreement. the aim was to keep global warming below two degrees celsius, but dire warnings say the target is going to remain a ofe dream unless trillions euros are invested into green enenergy and technology. country notthe only to sign off on the pact. our environment editor has more. reporter: emmanuel macron is
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putting his reputation on the line in many ways. trumpently accused donald of being aggressive for pulling out of the paris global deal. at the same time, we might consider this an aggressive rebuttal, hosting a global summit -- one to which president trump has not been inviting -- invited -- and highlighting the huge gap in climate finance today. the biggest risk is there is no substantiale and no progress made this afternoon. there are of course many heads of state here, more than 50. however, the leaders of the world's biggest emitters -- china, india, and of course united states -- are not here. any are asked doing what -- many are asking whether this is preaching to the already high converted. this is a carefully orchestrated event. we have the heads of multinationals here. we also have well-known philanthropists, bill gates and michael bloomberg.
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we can be sure that at the end of the day, emmanuel macron will have some announcement he can be proud of. annette: what are we expecting to come out of this gathering? reporter: it is all about finance. it is about mobilizing money and pressuring some of those corporate giants to shift to a more ecological strategy. what has become very clear in these years of climate negotiations is that federal money is not going to be enough to meet the climate funding gap. earlier, i spoke to the french environment minister, who explained why that is the case. >> state budgets are still limited. state funds should be used as leverage. but what we must do is train people in this dynamic, in these .nvestments let's train all private stakeholders, whether they be equity funds, banks, the world bank, or multilateral banks. the aim of this summit on the 12th is to align all investors in the same direction to win the
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battle against climate change. we also asked the french environment minister if we could put a dollar amount on what success would look like at the end of the day. he refused to do that. however, we can be sure we will be somewhat closer to reaching the trillions of dollars needed to brace and ready ourselves for the effects of climate change. annette: and here is what the french finance minister had to say earlier. bruno: we can rely on the support of many american citizens, even if the trump administration is not on board. i am deeply convinced that a large majority of american citizens are on board and are supporting the french effort to fight against the climate change , and to make our planet great again. annette: in the meantime, two climate scientists have been awarded an all expenses paid life in france to advance their
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research in europe instead of the u.s. reporter: theheentists from around world comingng to france take pt in climate change research. 3/4 of them american, like christopher cantrell, a world expert on atmospheric chemistry. in a few weeks, he will l be installeled at the university fr five years, with public funding of 750,000 euros. s no doubtbt there that overr the past 1010 years t has got more difficult. it is more competitive. only the very best p proposals e funded. these researchers answered the call of the french government, launched just after the announcement of u.s. president donald trump to retreat frfrom the paris agreements. president trump:p: the united states will withdraw. reporter: a worrying signal for clclimate scientists like camil, a global warming specialist.
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it is psychologically difficult to have the head of your country not believe in the research you have been doing for 20 years. just to dismiss it, and say it is not real, is astonishing. finance the program, the french government has set aside 30 million euros. the scientific projects were chosen out of 450 serious candidates. 20 more researchers will be welcomed next spring. annette: to the other big story of the day. u.s. president donald trump has recorded an audio message of support for republican senate candidate accused of sexual misconduct. the president having thrown his political weight fully behind former alabama judge roy moore, who is fine with democrat doug jones for a seat. claims by several women he made unwanted sexual advances, mostly when they were teenagers. we have the story. reporter: democratic candidate doug jones noted it is more than
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a single senate seat at stake as alabama voters head to the polls on tuesday. going tos election is be one of the most significant in our state history in a long time, and it is time that we put our decency, our state, the four political party. special: tuesday's election to replace senator jeff sessions has largely been framed as a referendum on donald trump's agenda. the u.s. president himself said on monday that his administration's progress would be stopped cold if republicans failed to win the seat, while barack obama issued his own message of support for the democratic candidate. a victory for doug jones woodcut the republican senate majority to a pencil-thin 51/49 margin, and boost the democrats' chances ahead of the 2018 midterm election. the campaign took on a better a bitter turn after
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several women accused roy moore of molesting them them when they were teenagers. moore, who was twice kicked off the state supreme court, has denied the allegations. campaigns,ive state three county campaigns, in the same county, and never once was this mentioned. deeply conservative state, alabama has not elected a democrat to the u.s. senate in 20 years. but the allegations against moore, combined with past controversies, have divided the republican camp, and turned the race into a tight contest that remains to tight to call. annette: the news is coming in. there are reports that two palestinians have been killed in gaza. according to palestinian officials -- live images of cap -- of clashes happening in ramallah, just north of jerusalem. this comes in the wake of donald trump's declaration that
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jerusalem would be seen as the capital of israel, sparking unrest not only in israel and the palestinian territories, right across the muslim world. palestinians saying that such a declaration has been a kiss of death, as one palestinian official said last week. a kiss of death, rather, to the peace process. details asng you the they come to hand. amnestyn, and international has accused european governments of being knowingly complicit in the torture and abuse of refugees and migrants. libya, in an effffort to stem migration -- the rights grououp says the e.u. is a actively supportingng a system of abuse d exultation on libyan shores. they provided ships and funding to the libyan coast guard. amnesty says the coast guard has been working with criminal gangs and people smugglers tilt the of a range of abuses, with the
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knowledge of do you officials. in the meantime, italy has been having success in their dealing with the migrant crisis. the reason? a 70% drop in people being trafficked across the mediterranean. unprecedented cooperation between italy and libya, they say, is at the heart of this. this report is by our corresespondent. boatter: this 600 meter can carry 500 people. recently, it has been navigating almost empty. forel is a coorordinator doctors without borders. she has spentnthe last seseven months on the aquarius. she checksks the horizon e every mornrning with her binoculars. she has never seen thehe sea que so empty. normally, this would be perfect t conditions. you can see there are very little waves, not a lot of wind.
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in march -- we coming out of the wintertime. we normally would have a larger number of departures. even in winter, we had a lot more small boats coming out than we had expected. that, as summer went along, changed. summer, there were fewer. the factor on land -- politics play a big role in this. reporter: the political situation is personified by one itti, interiorin minister, a specialist in intelligence. his success story -- negotiating directly with the libyan navy so they stop the illegal boats. marco: the first step is the control of the libyan territorial waters. we started training the libyan
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coast guard. we brought them to train in italy, and they have graduated as sailors. we gave them for patrol boats, and by the end of the year, we six more.them since the summer, the number of migrants arriving in italy has dropped 76%. ti's tacticsm mininit are a success, but there is a darkrk side. cremonisi exposed a scscandal. he r revealed a sesecret deal between thee italian m ministryd the traffickekers. this city is known as the smugglgls' capital. lorenzi: in the walls, a lotot f facilities like weapons, guns,
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with human italian help to wowo. eurososvery month. but actualally, we understood at the beginning -- we understood was 5 walls that it million every month, 5 million euros every month, paid by the italians to the group. annette: the russian olympic committee is going to support russian athletes who choose to compete in next year's winter games in south korea. the international olympic committee last week banning russia from the games due to take place in pyeongchang in february because of what it called unprecedented systematic manipulation of the anti-doping system. it did leave the door open for clean athletes to compete as neutrals. correspondent thomas low has more.
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thomasas: the decicision has ben taken. russian athletes won't be boycotting the winteter olympics in south korea next february. that is a decision that the chairman of russia's olympic committee e has said was taken y the athletes. the russian committee listens to them. they decided for heartedly for all russian athletes were in agreement that if they were allowewed to go anand compete ae winter olympics by the international olympic committee, theyey wanted toto be able to do that. he said that the russian olympic committee e would providede p pr all those who would compete, but also those who for one reason nr ananother would decide to perhas boycott the winter olympics or were not allowed to compete by the international olympic committee.e. there are however a number of details left to be ironed out about exactly which russian sportsmen are goioing to be allowed to compete, with the process is about how they a are
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goining to be invited by the international olympic committee to compete in the winter olympics, and that a delegation will be sent to switzerland in the e near future to iron out those details. smaller, finer elements a as well thahat are bg raised d during this conference. fofor example, if a aussian athletete is nonotorious in an evenent, will he or she be ablbo pick up a russian flag given to him or her b by somebody inhe audience, or will that be illegal, given that russiann athletes will not be able to perform m with their flag or listeningg to or singing t the russian national anthem? details arere left to be ironed out,t, c certainly, bubut the mn dedecision is clclear. russian athletes invited to perform at the winter olympics will be going. ofette: a reminder headlines. world leaders here in paris aim to keep global warming below two degrees celsius.
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they warn it will become a pipe dream unless trillions of euros are invested into great energy and technology. of the election, u.s. president donald trump has thrown his support behind republican candidate roy moore, who is facing accusationsns of sexual misconduct. amnesty international has accused european governments of being knowingly complicit in the torture and abuse of refugees in libya. now for business news. stephen carroll from the business desk is joining me. -- parisith the parent climate conference and the need to raise money for environmentally friendly projects. stephen: it was one of the important commitments to years ago -- a massive increase in funding for projects that fight climate change. one of the most popular financial instruments since then have been the so-called green bonds pioneered by the world bank. it is now launching blue bonds to raise money for projects
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focused on the oceans. the executive of the world bank has been speaking to our environment editor. >> we were among the first to do it. now, we now have $16 billion we have issued in green bonds. the green bonds financing is exploding. going to reachre out with blue bonds. what it does is, it transforms the financial sector massively. stephen: the world bank has been a leader in green bonds, funding projects in the private and the public sector. we are looking at some of the ways they're being used. forrter: it is a train used renovating railwayays. to maintain high-speed rail services, this machine removes all tracks to replace them with new ones. that there is something special about this s project. it is funded by green bonds, or bonds whose proceeds are used to finance environmentally friendly projects.
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france's state-ownened raililway company is a worldwide leader in the use of green bonds. the company has already raised 2.5 billion euros with them to renew its infrastructure. funds we have raised thanks to green bonds have been allolocated to projects that hae produced a total of 2.9 tons of co2 over 40 years. but green bonds are just one of many ways for companies to combat climate change. locacal govovernments, bubusine, and banks are scaling back investment on projects that involve the use of fossil fuels. we have decided to decrease support for energy sources with high greenhouse emissions, and to significantly increase our support for renewable energy. in october, we announce we will no longer finance oilsands or shale gas. reporter: despite the shift in the business and finance
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sectors, environmental organizations remain skeptical. french banks rececently allocatd 1010 billion euros for the construction of new coal plants. sector: our private company stepping up when it comes to putting cash into climate friendly policy. it's here again from the world bank ceo. >> w we have to accelerate. that means we have to be concentrating on why investments are not happening, and remove the obstacles for investors. they are into categories -- perceived risk, and there the world bank plays the big role information.a and we issued a report called doing business that helps investors orient themselves in different countries. the second are real risks -- political instability, the risk of new investments where you do not know if you could get your
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money back, and developing insurance instruments that allow these risks to be brought down. stephen: one of the world's biggest oil companies has to start publishing details of the impacts that climate policies are having on its business. exxon mobil has a report on the effect of those policies to combat the increase in global temperature. the move follows pressure by shareholders but was opposed by the board who felt their systems already addressed climate related risk. exxon supported the climate agreement two years ago and has signed up to other efforts to decrease climate emissions, and adapt to a low carbon future. the price of oil has jumped after news that a scottish pipeline will be shut down for repairs. it is a pipeline that brings
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about 40% of the oil from the north sea onto land. it had to be shut down three weeks for repairs, sending the price of brent crude oil jumping on the markets to over $65 a barrel, the highest it has been in two years. that is stopping oil and gas shares on european markets this lunchtime. that is the picture a short time ago. gains across london, paris, and frank for it. thatly, a new airport promises to not only be a mode of transport, but also a work of art. i chinese artist created an angel. she said it is a piece of performance art. she doubles as flight attendant and entertainment. she aims to fly people to art events around the world. costs $3500 per person, but a m more affordable verersis apparently in the works. there she is, singing, entertaining the passengers while serving them their food. annette: i am not sure i would
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sign up for a 24 hour journey to australia with entertainment. time now for the preress review. welcome back to the press review. we are going to be taking a look at what is making headlines across the world and here in france. to help us with that exercise is so launched. -- solange. the climate summit is happening two years to the day after the climate pact was signed. this isch: -- solange: being held in the french press as a necessary a and timely meeting. one says that being green can be deal forre --a good
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companies. they say businesses need to get out check box and it is a moral necessity. in an editorial, the financial newspaper's sake clock is literally taking on climate change. this summit is all about timing. the timing is right. in one of their editorials, they 'agehat it is 'age -- faire. it is a play on words because ferre is iron. annette: when does the subject of one of the articles you have been looking at. reporter: the american magazine "the week" has an argument about wind and sustainable energy. talking about a
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recent study that says one of the greenest of renewable energies for wind farms may not be as good an investment as hoped. the summit found the winds are changing. in the northern hemisphere, they are decreasing. in the southern hemisphere, they are decreasing. if you are a wind farmer, it is best to set up your business in regions like eastern australia and west africa. investing in sustainable energy in africa is one of the main issues that is going to be discussed at the summit today. the pan african news aggregator had an opinion piece that pleads for such investments. it says 600 people across the continent do not have and that promised investments for africa for clean energy need to start coming quickly. annette: cutting across to the atlantic and taking a look at u.s. politics, the american conservative media is up in arms over coverage of roy moore leading up to today's special
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election in alabama. solange: "molested by the media." the is the headline in conservative paper "the washington times" today. blames outlets like "the washington post" for bragging o -- draggin moooore through thehe mud. it's is the testimony about the women is dubious at best. they decided to find out -- another paper decided to find out why supporters are still on roy moore's side. many see him as a folk icon. when you idolize someone, it is easier to ignore uncomfortable realities. yorker" ishe new talking about the election and what it will mean for the republican party. solange: the online article that will be in the magazine is
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entitled "how low will they go." amy serkin wonders what the republican -- with the alabama senate race has done to the republican party, which has been torn about supporting moore. she argues the gop is willing to turn a blind eye to things like accusations of pedophilia if they can hold on to their two-seat majority in the senate. she ends her article by saying that if the republicans are willing to go that far, she wonders what they are willing to ignore when it comes to donald trump's behavior. annette: especially when you consider the press conference held in new york yesterday. little something about the winter olympics, which will be held next year. come february, if you decide to watch speedskating, check out the color of the outfits the skaters are wearing. that is what "the new york times" tells us to do in an article entitled "what is the
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fastest color." ofre is a specific shade blue. recently, skaters from three different countries, including norway, which is only in red, showed up at the world cup in
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announcer: this is a production of china central television america. lee: solving some of the world's biggest problems often takes novel or creative ideas, and for those who think outside the box, the results can be very successful. this week on "full frame": conversations with those who are tackling issues like world hunger, climate change, and other global problems in unusual ways to make the world a better place. i'm may lee in los angeles. let's take it "full frame."

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