tv DW News LINKTV October 2, 2018 3:00pm-3:31pm PDT
phil: this is "dw news," live from berlin. indonesia's desperation deepens as the death toll following last week's earthquake and tsunami surges to more than 1200. people wait for news of loved ones and recall the moment when disaster struck. >> when the ground started moving i went outside. the whole street rose up. it was like a wave, and we were swept away. phil: we will hear from an aid worker about the difficulties of getting supplies to this
devastated region. also on the program, drugs, crime and punishment. we have an exclusive report of what has he come known as europe's most dangerous and violent refugee camp. u.s. first lady melania trump is in ghana at the start of a five day tour of africa. this is her first foreign trip without the president and to a continent he insulted. our consultant has been gauging reaction to her visit. and the nobel prize in physics goes to a woman for the first time in more than 50 years. donna strickland and two other scientists were honored for the ir groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics. ♪ phil: i'm phil gayle. welcome to the program. authorities in indonesia say the death toll from last week's earthquake and tsunami is now more than 1200.
meanwhile, survivors are growing angry at the government's response with aid slow to arrive. people in the disaster zone are runnining short on food, fuel, d other essentials. reporter: : days after the devastatining earthquake a and tsunami, survivors are still struggling to get hold of aid. fuel is in short supply. here, people are trying to collect as much petrol as they can. officials are trying to assure them that more is on the way. >> logistical aid is coming in, so the support being offered to refugees is better compared to day one, day two, and even yesterday. but we still need time to take care of all the problems because supply chains have been disrupted in the disaster zone. reporter: aid shipments wilil have too contendith h power
outagegeand damageged ruins like this. the damaged infrastructure is also making harder to recover the dead. amid all this, rescuers continue to search through the rubble in the hope of finding more survivors despite longer and longer odds. >> we remain optimistic that they are alive. but scientifically spepeaking, y this time after such an event, the chance of a body being able to survive such an ordeal are slim. reporter: but there are moments of joy. some people are still being rescued. phil: matthew cochrane speaks for the international federation of red cross. he joins us from geneva. welcome to dw. how are you getting aid in given the region's damaged infrastructure? matthew: it is incredibly difficult.
the airport is not back u up to full capacitity. asas your colllleague mentioionn heher report, the road network, which was not good in n the best of times, and these are not the best of times, the network is severely limited. we are encountering mudslides, landslides, and soil turning essentially into water and swallowing roads and buildings whole. it has been extraordinarily complex. the indonesian red cross has deployed three barges worth of supplies from jakarta making its way up as we speak. the first arrival on friday. the challenge then will be to get that aid into where it is needed, where still after four days many communities have not been reached. phil: and what are you providing? matthew: at the moment the focus is on search-and-rescue.
there is also a lot of work being g done to provide emergeny medical assistance. the red cross has set up a clinic in a city jusust tohe south of f where th w were the first to reaeach a couple e days ago. frighthtening scenes of collapsd churches andnd schoolchildren trapped and killed. they were able to provide physical medical assistancnce in the form of treatment fofo fractutures and open wounds, as well as support for people who have illnesses. there is a push to get clean water out as soon as possible. we often see this aftern emergency where people cannot access c clean water or food. at t the moment it is medill carere, search and resescue, cln wateter. behihind thahat will be non-relf items. mosquiuito nets,s, the kinds of supplieses people have losost tt
give them the basics to face the weeks and months of uncertainty ahead. phil: when you are providing the sort of services you are talking about, especially when you talk about health care, how do you workrk alongside worork will healththcare services? how does that wor matthew: in indonesia, our primary identity is t the indonesisian red cross. when you talk about local it does not get much more local than the red cross. some images you were just showining were red cross m medi. theyey are from thee communitie, they speak the same languages from the areas affected. they k know local customs, they know the danger spots. our rolee as an international rd cross community is to get behind those efforts. these are people who know how to respond to emergencies. they said to us this is beyond what they can respond to and have asked for our help.
we do everything we can to give them all the support and expepertise theyey need. phil:: we wish you well. thank you for joining us. matthew: thank you. phil: now for an exclusive undercover report from the greek island of lasbos, home to a notorious migrant cap. with an 8000 people are cramped into a facility built for just 3000. drug deals and prostitution are said to be rented. -- rampant. people say they are being terrorized by islamic jihadists. dw has been there to investigate. reporter: a bloody attack last may. suspected isis members were apparently the driving force. several were injured severely. some attackers were arrested here. >> when the attack it is about
22 gang up on you. they hit you with metal bars. they are merciless. they will shout the same slogans that isis will. reporter: he escaped from iraq to lesbos. he lived directly next to the presumed isis group before he fled the cap in fear for his life. many of the residents of the camp tell us a similar story. >> they are killing, stealing. if you are not islam, i cannot help you. they have spies everywhere. reporter: we want to see what is really going on inside the camp. we're not allowed in. two former residents go in for us and take a hidden camera. it is like a lawless slum. 8000 refugees live here under
inhumane conditions. the camp is increasingly being controlled by criminal gangs. he's o one of the group's ringleaders. you can buyuy anything here, our informants telell us. the man behind the coffee machine is a henchman. he is one of our informants. he leads us to level three, apparently under isis control. the group consists of about 50 men. independent sources confirm that. 50 in a campp of 8000. we recognize this window from the video footage we saw earlier. here, isis g graffiti on the wa. apparently the group feel so safe that claims an entire zone within the camp as its own. he feared for his life here. now he lives in safety in his own apartment. >> he choked me and pressed the
blade to my throat. then he told his friends to come, and he said, hold him down so i can slit his throat. reporter: the fact that openly professed membership speaks against that. german security staff confirm, they have information about isis affiliates in the camp. but what are greek authorities and the police doing to stop the violence? the greek ministry for migration policy refused an interview. they say they are too busy to provide a spokesperson. the police, too, remain silent. if the cap closes down, as the governor recently stated, it is uncertain what will happen to the violent gang. sources say some of the alleged isis leaders have already made it to athens. phil: now to other stories making news around the world.
germany's coalition government has reached a deal on immigration reform. they say it will help europe's largest economy phil more than 100 -- one one million positions and removing qualified non-eu citizens. iraq has a new president. the kurdish moderate was elected in a parliamentary vote after months of political deadlock. iraq's presidency is a largely ceremonial post. the country has nonot had a new government since may. u.s. president donald trump has told reporters that this is a scary time for young men. he made the remark while speaking in support of his embattled supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh. judge kavanaugh is accused of a sexual assault that is said to have taken place when he was a teenager. he denies the allegations. mr. trump went on to say that women are doing great.
meanwhile, u.s. first lady melania trump is an ghana, the first stop of a weeklong visit to four african come -- countries. she was greeted at the airport by her ghana counterpart as well as government officials. she visited a hospital as part of her be best initiative. after ghana, mrs. trump will visit kenya and egypt. our dw correspondant joins us from ghana's capital. donald trump has a history of charged language when talking about africa. how are people in ghana reacting to his wife's visitit? >> the reaction really y has not been that of much signifificance because many ghanaians do not know she is in town.
ththose who know the lococal me. the reaction is they dnonot see much impact ththat this trip wil haveve. you get reaction from some ghanaians on the streets. >> i feel this will be any normal visit. a dramatic mission to a country like ghana. >> what trump is telling us is the same thing his wife is doing. it means 02 us. -- it means zero to us. >> i don't see any improvements in relations. everything stays the same. >> i don't think it will change any of our relations because trump is always trump. if maybe we have some bilateral discussions and stuff, otherwise there is no news. phil: so not t much in the e waf expectctatio what is the first lady's agenda?
isaac:c: the agenda really has been t to promote her be best campaiaign. the focus in ghana has been on the health sector. she visited a local hospital today basically to just see how care is given toto babies. she also donated a therapy machine, which is to show her commitment to promoting proper health care for young children in ghana. she will be traveling to the central part of the country tomorrow, just to help better understand the history of africa. basically that has been the agenda in ghana for the beginning of her trip for africa. phil: thank you for that. this year's nobel prize for physics has gone to three scientists from the united
states, canada, and france. one of them becomes the first woman to receive the prize for more than 50 years. they are being recognized for their research in the field of laser physics which is turning science fiction into reality. reporter: they did it in "star trek," making objects move with a laser beamam without tououchig them.. inhe tv series they calllled it the tractor beam. >> engaging tractor beam. >> where are we now? reporter: it is not science fiction anymore, at least on a microscopic level. one of the three winners of the nobel prize in physics invented a laser-light trap known as optical tweezers. it works like a ping-pong ball over a hairdryer. a lens focuses the laser, creating a spot of high light intensity. paparticles are drawn to that point and held in place. the opticacal tweezers c can trp viviruses, bacteria, or other smsmall objects without damaging them.
>> the first part of the prize has been extremely important for measuring small forces on individual molecules, small objects. and this has been very interesting in biology to understand how things like muscle tissue works. reporter: lasers also fascinated donna strickland. along with her mentor, she won the other half of the nobel prize for physics. they invented a new method for creating ultrashort high-intensity laser beams called chirped pulse amplification. the technique produces strong and very precise pulses that do not damage surrounding material that's useful in a wide range of applications. >> that means that we can operate with high precision. that is important both for soldering, but also important if you u make small p parts that ao be inserted in the body. there you need to have the precision and also the reproducibility and making the small details. reporter: donna strickland is
only the third women to win a nobel prize for physics. in a phone call during the press conference, she said -- >> well, obviously we need to celebrate women physicists, because we are out there. and hopefully in time it will start to move forward at a faster rate, maybe. i am honored to be one of those women. reporter: the e laser technology will burn her name and those of her physicist colleagues into the history book of science. their findings will not only be used in research, but also in practice. in fields from medicine to industrial machinenery. . spock would probablyly be happy. phil: mr. spock is never happy. let's get more on this. much is being made of the fact that donna strickland is the first woman to win a nobel physics prize for 55 years.
why have there been so few? anna: first is history, of course. the nominations are an examination of gender balances and science 30 years ago. 30 years ago there were fewer females and science. there were a lot but not nearly as many as today for different reasons. the second reason would be because scientists are overlooked a lot of times. not so today. this happens so often that there is even a name for it. gender bias is a real thing and it is not just a feeling, there is data for it. phil: yesterday when of the stories kicking round was somewhat suspended from the european nuclear research center after he said physics was built
by men and male scientists were being discriminated against. you touched on it in your first answer, but this issue of gender, is it a big issue in the sciences? anna: of course it is a big issue, but it is a big issue everywhere. if you picture a scientist, that person is probably pale, male, and probably old. representation matters. so we have to see more women out there in order to accept that more females are in those roles. did you know that 70% of biographies on english wikipedia are about women? even nobel prize winner strickland did not have an entry in touch shortly after the announcement. we have to resent them more. -- we have to represent them more so people kenexa them and we have to -- so people can accept them. phil: anna, thank you.
if you have ever cheered for someone after an endurance race or raced yourself, you know what a mess those events are to clean up. especially in the water, where thousands of plastic bottles end up clogging the water. a company has developed a novel solution to this plastic's problem. reporter: this little ball could savehe streetsts and the seas from the scourge of plastic cups and bottles. these balls are made from plant and seaweed extracts, making them entirely edible. if they are not consumed, the producers say they will biodegrade in four to six weeks. at the marathon in london, they went down a treat. >> bazaar, but such a good idea -- bizarerre but, such a good idea. reporter: we have long known what a pain plastic can be.. these biodegradable drinking vessels are an important innovation.
>> real good idea. removing the bottles from the race. you take a couple steps and throw it away. reporter: these weird little water bubbles are due to be trialed at more running events in the near future. if they continue to receive a positive reaction, they could be a permanent placement for collective -- for plastic. phil: javier has your business now with more fallout from the never-ending deals to get -- never-ending dieselgate. javier: volkswagen has officially cut loose the former head of its subsidiary audi over his alleged role in the dieselgate scandal. volkswagen reports by mutual agreements, the suspended bosses to vacate his place on the board of vw and audi immediately. in jun hee was jailed on charges of fraud in connection with the omissions cheating scandal. -- omissions cheating scandal.
at the same time the german government has come up with a plan it believes will avoid banning cars from city centers. it will cover 1.4 million diesel cars but the government wants carmakers to foot the bill. the measures include incentives to buy newer cars and engine upgrades for older diesel cars. experts say it could cost the car industry billions of euros. the government needs carmakers to back the package if it is going to work. most carmakers have been pushing for trade bonuses, rather than engine upgrades. we stay on the subject, because while berlin is troubling with a way to avoid widespread bans for diesel cars, in paris one solution has taken center stage. the latest generation of electric cars is on display in the paris motor show. reporter: problems old. that could be the theme of this years paris water show.
the diesel scandal has dogged carmakers here. it has pushed long-held resistance for retrofits into the spotltlight. >> because we undederstand it vy well, , we do not support hardwe upgrades because they would take three to four years of development, they would not help to develop -- the environment. reporter: this is a setback for carmakers amid a glittering showcase of what they are actually trying to get right this time. electric cars like a bmw's i3 are supposed to help them ride into the environmentally conscious future and steel brand dominance from the u.s. market tesla. it is not going to be easy. electric cars is still only represent a tiny fraction of car sales. but carmakers are going to need them to meet strict co2 reduction requirements in the eu. it is in the real world that these cars will be tested.
paris is a tough examiner. it was one of the first to announce plans to ban diesel and gasoline cars from the city center. electric cars is only part of the answer. > we have to share the public space with auto users. pedestrians and cyclists. if you change one million cars, you will have of course more breathable air, but you will still have congestion. so we have to understand then that the future of mobility is shared mobility. reporter: it was here in paris that the first motor show in the world was held in 1898. the world in 2018 has gotten a lot more complicated for carmakers. how much time they still have as kings of the road will depend on how fast they are able to change. javier: let's cross over to our financial correspondent at the
new york stock exchange, jens korte. it is good to see you. we are going to keep talking about the auto industry because it is not only in europe we are seeing headlines. apparently there is trouble in the u.s. auto industry as well. what are the numbers telling us? jens: it is not an easy time for the u.s. car industry and u.s. carmakers. first of all, we already have a lot of costs pressure with higher prices for aluminum and for steel, now also sales figures are starting to struggle. in the past months board reported double digits sales to clients. in the fourth quarter general motors also reported sales fell in the double digits. at least fiat chrysler is doing well. actually from the first time in more than 10 years for the months of september they sold more cars than ford. why sales figures are down is difficult to say at this point.
maybe it might be because of higher gasoline prices. it might be because interest rates are increasing so financing becomes more expensive. also last year's september was a record month for the u.s. car industry, so comparisons were skyhigh. javier: tesla is also making headlines, and there is more bad news today. jens: there is bad news but also some good news. so, maybe let's start with the good news. tesla came out with their production and delivery figures, and at least for now, tesla achieved their production numbers, producing more than 5000 model 3 vehicles per week, so that is some good news. on the other side, tesla is struggling with countermeasures from china. in july china increase the tariffs on car imports by 40%. tesla is saying that this might
be hurting the chinese business. they are starting to build their own factory in china, but this is going to take time. by the end of the day the stock of tesla was down by another good 3%. javier: thank you very much jens in new york for the analysis. that's all for business, and also for dw news. but phil gayle will be back with the day after this short break, so do stay with us. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]