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tv   Global 3000  LINKTV  April 28, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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today we visit afghanistan, where 40 years of war, terror, and oppression have left the countrtry's women deeply traumatized. we go to georgia, where a techno club is at the heart of a struggle foror the soul of the natition. but first we head toiberia, ere the gring chinese presence is leading to resentment and protest. when xi jinping pays state visits, business matters tend to top the agenda. on his recent visit to europe,
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several trade deals worth billions of euros were signed. the contracts are part of the new silk road project. china is planning to invest more than 800 billion euros in the global trade route linking europe, russia, and asia. the network will also include maritime routes between africa and the middle east. all of which requires new roads, rail lines, and port facilities, built with the help of the chinese. but beijing's growing influence is controversial. reporter: fear and loathing in siberia, the fear of thousands of chinese workers coming to live and work here. with the backing of the state. >> leave now. >> i'm not leaving. i'm going in.
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reporter: this public hearing at a cultural centeter was held o reassure people upset about a new housing project for chinese workers. some 3000 of them are set to come to omsk. but many people can't even get through the door, and they're angry. among them, gennady drozdov. gennady: do we go in or stay silent? reporter: the chinese workers will live on former farmland. local zoning laws forbid development here. but the project has political support. so now excavators and cranes are busy behind high fences to keep curious locals from seeing in. residents are suspicious. >> why should i let the chinese take over my country? this is my land, the land of my ancestors. >> they're building little chinese republics here.
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they're taking our land. >> how come they're allowed to work here? why is our government allowing it, expecting us to stay silent, pushing us around? why have they taken our men's jobs from them? >> they're recruiting chchinee workers from far away. they earn a living, while we're treated like filth. reporter: gennady drozdov is furious. a former soldier, he's married and a grandfather. he used to serve as a communist party reprpresentative in the municipal council until he was voted out of office. but he's still politically active, and like many here, still misses the soviet union and clings to the old traditions. gennady: i'm a pensioner. i could just sit around at home. but it hurts my heart and soul when i see w what's happening n my country.. corruption is flourishing, and thanks to corruption they're
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slowly but surely taking over our country. if the land i live in no longer belongs to me, i'll end up a slave, a serf. reporter: representatives of the powerful petrochemical industry in omsk say these fears are exaggerated and that people will soon get ovever them. but they donon't want to go on camera. unlike the chinese engineers and specialists who work for an industrial construction firm that has a multi-year contract with russianan oil and gas compy gazprom-neft to modernize siberia's gaindustry.. right now, about 500 specialists with russianare here.d gas compy thousands of workers will come soon. alina: the chinese workers are friendly. they've just come here to work. and eventually they'll move onn
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or go back home. they're not here to settle down and start families. they just don't have the time. they're taken to work at 6:00 in the morning and they come back home at 11:00 at night. they just don't have the time to get to know the locals. reporter: gennady drozdov is skeptical. he takes us along to the taiga, a seven-hour drive north of omsk. russia is home to the largest forested regions on earth. nearly half the country is covered with birch, pine, oak, and other types of trees. these forests play a vital role in stabilizing the global climate. there's not much work to be had here, and what there is, is often badly paid. no one's keeping a close eye on what goes on. the world wide fund for nature estimates that around 30 million
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cubic meters of timber are felled illegally in russia every year and usually sold to china, in collusion with corrupt politicians and officials. drozdov wants to show us how that works. in the village of nova jekaterinovka he meets an old friend, oleg shadrin. he's a forester, and knows the region like the back of his hand. he leads us to a clearing where he says the chinese recently cut down trees. it's the size ofof six footbal pitches. oleg: this used to be a pine forest. now it's just a field. reporter: the deforestatation s ilillegal, he says.. he can't prove it, but thehere e several indications the job wawasn't done properly. oleg: this was done by the chinese. they should have pulled up the tree stump by the roots and planted a sapling in its place.
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reporter: what angers him most is that no one will be held d o account. back in omomsk, gennady y drov feels the same. gennadij: it's quite simple. the people in a position to do someththing about this, to mae susure things arare done accorg to the l law, have theirir own financial interests. reporter: corruption is hard to prove. locals are convinced the chinese are playing a role, or at the very least, profiting from it. host: afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. for 40 years, the population has lived in the shadow of conflict and war. in 2018 alone, nearly 11,000 civilians were killed or injured. of the 3.7 million children who don't go to school, three quarters are girls. many young girls become child brides, further reducing their chances of leading self-d-determined lives.
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they are also at risk of falling victim to honor killings, domestic and sexual violence. the result, entire generations of women in afghanistan are deeply traumatized. reporter: najia niazi is a doctor at one of the main hospitals in kabul. she's an oncologist. this morning she's seeing a patient called zarifa who has lung cancer. dr. niazi: how have you been since we last spoke? zarifa: the pain hasn't gotten worse, but i've been having trouble sleeping recenently, ani have terririble nightmares. i dream there are heavily-armed taliban fighters banging on the door, threatening us and demandndg food. i lie there in the dark, my heart racing, and all the old fears come back. dr. niazi: when n i began treatg zarifa f for lung g cancer i realized she was deeply traumatized.
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i advised her to leave her village so that she'd at least be able to find some peace of mind. but she's from a poor family and can't afford to leave. reporter: women in afghanistan are e victims not only of war d terror, but also patriarchal traditions. dr. niazi estimates that about 70% of her patients are traumatized by war. in a country mired in violence, their suffering often goes unnoticed. dr. niazi: i think i am the only doctor in afghanistan who pays attention to my patients' psychological problems. men are waging war regardless of the fact it's their own women who bear the brunt of it, and who are completely defenseless. reporter: zarifa lives surrounded by bombed out houses and streets. a blanket of snow covers up the worst of the damage. the taliban are active in the area and began attacking the village several weeks ago.
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this is where she and her children seek refuge from the gunfire and exploding bombs. zarifa: sometimes we spent days and nights here. we'd have a bit of bread and a jug of water, that's all. reporter: zarifa's village is 150 kilometers from kabul. the afghan army and the taliban and have been fighting for control of the area. people are hungry and frightened, and afraid to leave their homes. dr. niazi: i always ask thee women who come and see me what problems they're struggling with. poverty, sickness, fears related to the war. most of them feel a deep sense of hopelessness. reporter: many of the women she sees can't read or write, and aren't familiar with the idea of their illness being connected to the war. dr. niazi: with many of these women, body and mind, behaviors and physiological symptoms are interlinked. reporter: jamila's shoulder was injured in a rocket strike. she now suffers from acute
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anxiety. jamila: i jump whenever i hear a loud noise. i i think it's another missis. sometimes i faint, and when i wake up again i can't remember anything. dr. niazi: there is no awareness in afghanistan of these problems. anyone who seeks psychological help tends to be stigmatized. reporter: : d that is s why may people suffer alone, behind closed doors. dr. niazi often wonders if women's mental health issues are more of a burden than their physical ailments. afghan society is riven by war. men bring the violence they've experienced back home with them and often vent their aggression on their families. a hospital in herat in western afghanistan. many of the girls and young women being treated here are maimed or burned beyond recognition. they say they had an accident at
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home, or fell. sahib-jan is just 13 years old. sahib jan: there was a pot of boiling water on the stove. it tipped over and it burnt my legsgs. reporter: the girls are afraid to tell the truth, says dr. asem haidari. dr. haidari: they've self-harmed. and why? because of their domesestic situation. they've been forced into marriages and their husbands are violent. reporter: sahib-jan's husband bought her for the equivalent of 1000 euros. he used her asas cheap labor, o milk cows and feed sheep. she lived in a cramped and filthy room and was given leftovers to eat. sahib jan: i didn't know what it would be like to be married. i'm just a child. reporter: many young girls end upup pouring petrol onon themss and setting themselves on fire.
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an act o of sheer desperation. ththeir families forbid ththeo tell anyone. back in the hospital in kabul, zarifa has brought along photos of her wedding day and her family. it's as though she wants to prove there's nothing wrong with her. but in her village, people know she has psychological problems and treat her like a pariah. zarifa's c cancer has spread. but her will to live wasn't destroyed not by disease, but by war. dr. niazi listens to her. she's one of the few who understand what women like zarifa are going through. host: today in global ideas, we have a report from kenya. biogas made of cow manure reduces reliance on firewood and charcoco, which helps tackle deforestatioion.
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our r reporter julia henrichman met with farmers who've installed biogas plants and found out how they're not only saving money, but also protecting thehe environment. reporter: itit takes a weeeeko builild a plt lilike ts one.e. soon it wi be ready to accocommodate cow w manure. and after twtwo more weeks, the dairy farmerers will have e tr own susupply of biogas. the plant was major invemement for the e couple. joel: i wanted it because i ss using fifirewood, charcocoal, i need bioiogas. it's easier to c cook. porter: and how could you afford it? joel: i sold two cows from here and i managed to get that money. repoporter: a germrman ngo cad atmosfaiair and its lolocal par, susustainable enenergy strateg, lplped setp ththis biogas plpln
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and 800 more across kiambu cocounty near ththe kenyan capl nairobi.i. denis: with su f facilitieies,e cacan make u use of thcow dudg that is produced every d day n gagardens like t this to genee clclean biogas.. and if t there ino s smoke in e kitchen, there are no co2 emissioneither. so each biogas plantnt means fr tons less s co2 each yeaear. reporter: the biggest problem for people here is findinghe ney to pay for a plant. thsmsmallestodelel cos 300 euroro that's too mucfor r mo farming families who also hahave to py school fees s for their chchil. david: the market is huge in this county, but the problem is a lot of peoplplare not able to afford i sothey don't't have the e moneyo finance it, even though we get a
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subsbsidy from atmtmosfair. reporter: ththere are hundndref smalololder rms ininiambu. they gw mamaiz cattle feed, d vevegebles. the yid d is oen jususenough to feed the families f farming e land, so adddding a biogasas pt is a big d deal. phylis wambubui was able to aff. she had saved some of the mone she kes s with her 60000 egg-layingng hens and heher c, anand she was abable to geta micro-loan. the plant is f fed with manure mixed with w water. a pipe under the ground takesth. phylylis: i wanteded a plant afi had d seen one at t my nghbor'.
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a pipcookining is so easysy now. usused to have t to gather firewood andnd go and buyy charcoal, , and it was v vey expensnsive. now w i have nprproblems i come h home late and cook supr in ten m minutes. reporter: a byproduct of the biogas plant is a nutritious ferment, which c can be ed a e crop yields. the farmers can use it themselves or sell it. denis: t there is a sysystem in place for cocollecting prorode from farms, but therere is no certificatation here foror orgaganically grown frfruit and vegetables.. it would b be great if there we, and ifrorowers could c claim ty use no chehemical fertililizerr pesticides.. reporter: another problem facing farmers here is that the rainy season is at least four weeks late this year.
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theyey are worrieded that withe soil p parched, theieir crops t growow. these e men are on t their wao buy water.r. their well has d dried up. massive e deforestatioion hs trtransformed ththe water cyclc. the land is literally drying up. just since the year 2000, almost 10% of kenya's forests he bebeen lleded. illelegal loggg g remains a mao prproblem. phylylis wambui's s crops arnt doining well. phylis: we are suffering bauause thehe droht. we havave to buyatater now, ad it's verery expensive.e. it's hard fofor us. we n need water fofor our vegets anand our animalals. reporterer: but now ththat she a bibias plant, at least she doest t have tbuy y fiwood anymore.
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frfrying eggs fofor the childn after scschool takes j justa moment. phylisis will haveve paid offr loan in onone's year timime. she dodoesn't regret the investment in the slightest. the biogas plant has changed her life for the better. host: word has it that nightlife in the georgian capital tbilisi is among the best in europe. for the country's young people, the city's clubs are islands of freedom. but far-right groups, the orthodox church, and reactionary elements in the government disapprove. the party scene is feeling t heat, th frequendrug raids eand the threat of lengthy jail sentences.. in tbilisi, the situation is escalating into a culture clh
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between traditionalists and a more liberal younger generation. reporter: sasali gvichianini is getttting ready fofor a night , clubbibing in tbilisisi. sali: i value e freedom ovove l elelse. a place where you feel fre meanyou u alsoeel atat he. reof memenentos from herer favoe big arart instclub.ion, collagae she's stuck tickets fromom the first fi e events held there on the wawall. tbililisi has transfsformed itf into a h hub of excititing nightltlife. this repurposed factory is now home to a hostel, workshops and activity of some s sort going n y or niat the f fabrika. sali and her friend start theni. she'e's well acquauainted withe w mumusic scene, m modest in se
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bfor r techno fans s across eur, georgia a is very muchch on the. sali: ththere are geororgian s who e inin bigemand d abad, which makes me proud.thths evolved imimmensely. word has spread, and that also includes bassii,i, whi people are now w lling one of theestt clubananywhere. porterer: bassia i is a ve cave located underath ilisoutside opopening hours.s. privacy y is closely g guarded. tata getia co-founded the e clb in 201014. think bassiani is a youngniusust nenerationf gegeoran peoplple. this is a moveme w whichtrives in this ununtry r freedo for
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a tterer fure. reporter: momoveme thatt tcebrates aiberal lestyle,inclus in this ununtry r freedo for and sbians, and laxer ws on ug use. a police raid basassii anddo8 tcebrates aiberal lestyle,inclus in this ununtry r freedo for was se a as anttack k that lifestyl off the mumusic, get up p agnn the wall reporter: eit pepeople wer arresteded and then prprosecutn charges ofof selling drurug. the event triggered a protest mo the e streets in d defense ofe clubs.s. tatato: it was t the only movet whicich brought lilike0,000, 5000 people to protest, and ototest nojustst likradicaca ideas suchs s chan the vernment or someining, b
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for women'n's rights, idideasr ideas for habuse. righ, idides reportrter: but this liberal movement only has the backing of a minority. over 80% of people in georgia are orthodox christians. and the church has been protesting against the potential liberalization of drug legislation. konstantine morgoshia is a right-wing political activist who makes serious accusations against the liberal club scene. konstantine: they've gotten very aggressive. they began to insult our culture. they dananced on sites we consir sacred. they'v've attacked pole officers, and ended up insulting everybody. reporter: the orthodox christian faith is very important to morgoshia. he goes to church every sunday if he can, and once a year he goes on a fast. he lives his life, he says, in accordance with religious doctrine. but it's a kind of life he sees under threat.
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konstantine: they attack our religion every day. and every day they insult our patriarch. they set up entire groups on social media for that sole aim. reporter: he's one of the leaders of the georgian march movement, which has contacts with other right-wing nationalist groups across europe. morgoshia lives on the outskirts of tbilisi. he and his wife want to see their five children grow up in a georgia with conservative values. konstantine: family is like the church. when y you come home to your family, you have t to leave al your negative emotions at the door so that you're in a good mood and everyone's happy to see you. family is the most important thing in our l lives. reporter: around midnight, sali gvichiani makes her way over to bassiani.
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li: insidede, you can jujust e yoururself. nobody will criticize you on l ororientatiooror youappeararce. in there, yocacan be fre rereporter: sali will be celebrating that freed f for the rerest of the ninight. ishe's often one e of the last o emerge frorom the underground plpleasure dome. host: for momore inspiring stories, c check out our new fafabook page, dw wome for eryone dermimineto fight repression and discrimination. for everyone who believes in gender equality. dw women g gives a voicece tte that's all from us this week. we're always happy to hear from you, though. so write us at global3000@dw.com, or follow us
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on facebook, dw women. see you next time. take care. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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