tv DW News LINKTV July 16, 2019 3:00pm-3:30pm PDT
♪ brent: this is dw newsletter from berlin. the european union gets a new commission president. european parliament has elected the germans conservative politician. she is the first woman to hold europe's top job. she says climamate change will e on top of her agenda. we will speak with her in just a moment. also, the world marks 50 years
since apollo 11 blasted off on a mission to put a man on the month. the fight to combat the sprea ofof hiv-aids. we report from south africa on signs of progress in the battle against the disease. to our viewers on pbs in the united states and around the world, welcome. today, members of the european parliament made history by electing the first woman to be european commission president. germany's outgoing defense minister is now president-elect. she will succeed jean-claude juncker after being voted in by a very narrow margin of just nine votes. she will be the first woman to
serve as commission president. she has promised a unified and a strong europe saying she will work pragmatically to get things done. >> i feel so honored and i am overwhelmed and i thank you for the trust you placed in may. if the trust you placed in me is confidence you place in europe. your confidence in a united and strong europe from east to west, from south to north. your confidence in a europe that is ready to fight for the future rather than fighting against each other. your confidence in a europe that will take the challenges of our times together. the task ahead of us humbles me. it is a big responsibility and my work starts now. i think the president and all of
the group leaders. i think all of the members of parliament who decided to vote for me today. my message to all of you is, let us work together constructively because the endeavor is a united strong europe. [applause] brent: over brussels bureau chief spoke to the president-elect of the european commission shortly after the vote. >> she is with us today and i have a simple question. how are you feeling? >> relieved and happy. it was a tough ride over 13 days now. i had to formulate the political guidelines and convinced the parliamentarians. this was not a lot of time and i made it and i am happy. >> does the majority bother you
that it was only nine votes ahead? >> majority is majority. two weeks ago, i did not have the majority. i understand that was bececause the pararliamentarians wanted to know more of me and my programs and the details and topics. it was a difficult time and the most intensive of my political career. now, i am happy. >> are you happy with the speech? >> yes it showed my conviction. it is worth it to fight for europe and to tell the story of our europe united and strong. how i see it for the future. this was an important moment. >> you made a lot of promises today. you realize it will be tough to keep all of those. >> it is not promises it is politics and policy we are going to bring forward. if we are talking about the climate neutral content --
continent, that is necessary. we have take old action. we needed for our planet and for our lives. these topics are extremely important and we have to be ambitious. >> what would you say about all those topics? which is your top priority. >> top priority is the climate neutral 2050 with a goal for 2030 and digitization. those are the two against concerns or opportunities that we have to tackle. >> you're going to work with a divided parliament where it is hard to get a majority. also, a divided council because you have a rift between eastern europe and the other european countries on migration. how will you handle this? >> i know that people in the east and central european
countries often think they are not accepted as they should be. i have a lot of friends that trust me. i know how to work together that we can improve the relationship. there is a division between north and south. it has to do with questions of the competitiveness and flexibility. we have to solve that because europe has to be united. there are many big questions that we have t to tackle and europe has to play a role and we can only do that when you are united. >> what are you doing over the summer? >> [laughter] i will spend it in brussels getting be measures -- secretaries on board. >> president-elect of the european commission, thank you very much. brent: there we were speaking
with the president-elect of the european commission. here are some other stories making headlines around the world. at least 10 people have died after a building collapsed in mumbai. they are looking for several others trapped in the rubble. collapses are common during monsoon season as heavy rains we can poorly constructed buildings. the first ebola patient in the democratic republic of congogo s died prompting y years that the disease could now take hold of there. the victim was a pastor. he became infected last week when visiting a town heavily hit by the outbreak. activists from the group extinction rebellion have blocked the entrance to a concrete factory in london. they are trying to stop the construction of a tunnel under the river thames. they plan a week of disruption in five british cities. trying to urge the government to take action on climate change.
a u.n. report shows the number of new hiv infections is falling but that the downward trend slowing. the report's authors blame the slowdown on a reduction in funding for public information. south africa is one of the countries worst affected by hiv-aids. one in seven south africans lives with the virus. health professionals say a hard-hitting educational campaign is open to ease the crisis there. our correspondent sent us this report from the town in the province. >> engineering s student is on r way tththe campus h health ceer. students canan get tested for hv here for free. in the waiting room, there is a video advertisement for prep, and preventative medicine that protects against the virus.
she began taking it a few months ago which involves one day and a checkup every two months. >> hiv-aidids is spreading very fast. i thought it would be a good thing to protect myself. i am proud of. i wish everyone could do it. this is thee easiest wayay to prevenent hiv-aids frorom sprea. >> she is trying to persuade more students to use prep to protect themselves. while she wowould not talk to hr parents about it, the subject is no longer taboo amongst your peers. >> in our youthth, most of us do not like using condoms. just in case we are not feelilig like using condoms, we can use itit because we don't have a problem because we know we are still protected. >> the college i is one of the first to offerer a hiv h hlth
centerer on campus.. it is part of doctors without boborders and d has been hugeley successfsful. it is with the help of the project that the area has been ablele to reach the 1990 goal ahead d of schedule. the goal was conceived as a target to health and the aids epidemic worldwide. the aim is that by 2020, 90% of those living with the disease know their status. 90% will receive insight retro viral- antiretrovirals prescriptions. >> the success of the project is mamainly driven byby the way inn which we approacached it. the e community entry whwhich allowed the community leadership to be patterned -- part and parcel of the project.
>> one of them is this traditional leader who is open about being hiv-positive. >> whehen i first told peoplelei was hiv positiveve they werere shocked. they took one e look at me and said you can't have it and not look sicick world's weight. no one had suspected a anything untitil i told them. only then did some people believe me and even have ththemselves tesested as well. >> young womenen are still a ate highest risk but health workers are also concerned about men. many of them they say are very difficult to reach. atat the main bus station, docts without borders have set up a testing center just for men. workers try to convince passersby to have themselves tested for free. often without success. less than half of young male hiv carriers take into retroviral
drugs. >> i think they are afraid to test. we are using pamphlets and flyers to encourage them. when they go home and they look at it, they think i have to go backck and test. >> he is -- she is convinced that her country is on the right path. she wants to continue to bring attention to the virus among her friends. brent: 50 years ago today, july 16, 1969, neil armstrong, buzz aldrin, and michael collins were poised to make history as part of the 11 -- apollo 11 mission. millions tuned in to watch their rocket, the most powerful ever bubuilt liftoff. it these arere the original blak and white images taken as the first manned mission to the moon took to the skies. lift off from kennedy space center in florida and or days
later, it would reach its lunar destination. the apollo mission was america demonstrating its power to the world at the time. today it is images are available in color and they bring in a new generation. bring it closer to one of the 20th century's most defining moments. >> for neil armstrong, michael collins, and buzz aldrin, it was the mission of their lives. the estimated probability for success was put at only 20% by nasa technicians and engineers. the launch was followed by multiple complex maneuvers, each of which would have disastrous consnsequences if anything wenet wrong. to get t to the moon, the pilil had to ignite an enginto the nearest second then dock the
lander fairy and separated from the rocket. charlie duke was one of the team members at the control center. he kept in touch with the astronauts on their mission. >> the enthusiasm for space was building. we were behind in the space race withth the russians so that motivated the united s states to commit to it. >> there was a tense moment for days into the mission when neil armstrong and was aldrin flew towards the moon. the radidio cut out agagain and again. then, the navigation computer sounded the alarm. neil armstrong took control and landed the lunar module gently on the lunar surface. >> the eagle has landed. >> when neil came back and s sad the eagle has landed, very excitedly i said roger
tranquility we copy you on the ground, , you have a bunch of gs about to turn blue we are brbreathining again. >> buzz aldrin filmed armstrong setting foot on the moon along with his words. >> that's one-stop -- small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. >> neil armstrong went about collecting dust and rock samples. was aldrin set up scientific equipment.t. together, , they planteded the s && stripes on the moon''s surfa. then, the last big challenge, the lunanar module has only one engine. if it failed, it would mean the astronauts would be stranded on the moon. the module makes it into orbit
around the moon without any problems and almost four hours later, it docs onto the command capsule. what seemed like an impossible feat had been accomplished. on july 20 fourth, the three astronauts returned to earth. first, they went into quarantine. they c cld have brought dangerous microbes w with them.. later,r, they were hailed asas heroes. all of thevisisibly touched by their part in the adventure of the century. brent: it is still moving to see those pictures 50 years later. i am joined by an astrobiologist. it's good to have you on the show. what have we learned 50 years on after that incredible day half a
century y ago after we landed on the moon? >> what t we h have learnrn it s changed over t time. we are n now learnining that we should have gone back a long time agogo. we have learned since we sent humans there in the 1960's that the moment is not t a bone dry place. there is water ice at the south pole. wewe've also learned not just te definition of we in terms of humanity. it is not justt the u.s. and russia,, it is japapan and china and india and israel and aa whoe bunch of other couountries. whwhat we have l learned h has d over time. the consensus is now that it has been over 50 years and it's time to go back. >> 50 years ago, we were in the cold war. space race was between the u.s. and the former soviet union. now you mentioned the other countries that are going to the moon. what is this correct space race about? is it about science or are we talking about political prestige
and showingng military muscle? >> the t thing about a a race is everyone i in the race has to agree that there is one. someme peoeople are goioing to e moon for s scientific reasons. some arere goingng for prestige. there a another player now thaa is the private sector. elon musk and jeff bezos are buildingheheir ownwn rockets and they will have the ability to go to the moon whenenever they w wh to go. itit is an amalgam.. it i is a mix and it iss everhahanging. the more people who getet involved, the e more recent thee are to go. it is markedly different from the 60's which is we have to be the other guys. >> i want for you to listen to a russian cosmonaut. what he had to say about today. he was a boy at t the time of te moon landing but listen to his thoughts. >> back then, i was 10 years old
and i had dreamt about becoming an astronaut for a long time. neil armstrong was one of my heroes. what my heroes did they did for all mankind. it was a pity that it was not us russians that space travel was developing fast and it was clear that many countries would send astronauts into space. now i am at the end of my career as an astronaut but i have never been to the moon. >> he is saying it was our humanity, a bigger part that we discovered we went to the moon. what about at nasa? what have we discovered? you know the problems with financing g and funding. what can be improved today? >> i was 14 at the time.e. what he says resonates with m me very much. part of the problem, g going bak
to the moon has never been rocket science. it is s political. can you maintain a program f for enough yeaears and justify the expense to congress and go through elections and still have the next administration one to supportt something and thehere a lot of risk there that is political. i i guess what w we have also learned n now is w wisest sewero do something now that we did 50 years ago?o? nobody has the answer. ththis is the thirird time we ee tried toto go back to the moon. i hope it is the last time. only time will tell. brent: are you concerned about the militarization of space? we have the u.s. president and vice president say we're going to go to the moon and mars and the creation of s space force which h is another military brah in thehe u.s.. >> the spapace force is renaming things we have already been
doing. as far as thee m militarization- militarization of space, that started with rocket launches in the 1940's. people who arere afraid that t s somethining new, it is not. it is just that the president likes to say the words space force a lot and that's why we are doing it. brent: keith, we appreciate your insisights and sharing your memories. thank you. this week, we remember that fit -- 50th anniversary of humans landing on the moon. lunar exploration also has a future. nasa plans to send -- s sent humans back to thehe moon and further. >> new rockets are said to carry modules for a space station to orbit the moon.
the lunar orbital platform gateway is a mododest successsso the international space station. like the iss, this project will be developed through international cooperation under nasa leadership. astronauts will be able to lunch and monitor missions on the lunar surface through the new station. first, they will study the moon with remote-controlled robots to determine the extent and location of the moon's resources. later, astronauts will be able to reach the moon from the gagateway. the aim m is to buiuild a permat base on the lunar surface where technologies could be developed and tested.
then, they can advance ratheher into spapace toward mars. the long-term goal is to use the gateway as an assembly line and transfsfer statation or the astronauts on their long journey to the red planet. that probably wiwill not be possible until over 10 years from now at the earliest. brent: soccer's preseason is well underway for some of europe's biggest clubs. fitness and finance are under focus. manchester united is hoping that a glamour getaway will persuade their test player to stay. >> it might look like the start of holidays but the 12 hour journey to california is the beginning of serious preseason business. still, no amount of jet lag could stop the players from
why travel over 9000 kilometers st to prepare? >> no one is doingt just foror fun. we have e big sponsor contracac and theyy expectt us to presenet ourselveves internionanally as wellll as nationallyly. when we e started doing thehese trtrips around 1 10 years ago, e had three fan clubs here in america. now we have 100 d. clicks in japan, chelsea is coming to terms with a player transfer banan. that means the new coach will have to leave his magic with existing players. >> w we can't bring any players and we k know that this yeye bui am very happy with the squad and determined for us to be successful. >> manchester united are also on the move. the manager was candid about the
same question. >> there is always speculatition and rumomor about players. when the l league starts, we buttoned the hatches down and stick together as a team. >> words of unity from down under from a coach who loves to get united back on top. brent: finally, to new zealand where to intruders forced the owner of a sushi stand to call the police. the intruders were penguins. at first, this duo resisted but we understand the police convinced them to fly the coop. >> caught red leopard. to penguins hiding in a sushi shop. they were not after the fish. they were looking for a nest. >> penguins around the hopper -- however are looking for a place
to lay their eggs in august. >> the two lovebirds cover was blown when a worker sensed something fishy. the police rushed to the site and carefully detained them. despite their criminal energy, the two abatements will not have to face jail time. >> penguins are absolutely protected which means you can't touch them or handle them or harm them in any way. >> they were released back into wellington harbour and will now have to start looking for a new private breeding spot. >> here is a reminder of the top stories. we have a new president-elect of the european commission. that she is from germany and she is the first woman to head the commission. the world is celebrating the 50th anniversary of the apollo 11 mission to the moon. you are watching dw news live from berlin.
. live under lay in it narrowly elected president european commission the parliament installs mu approving the center right former german defense minister. by at nine vote margin. france's environment minister resigns afterer yet more revelations about parliamentary expenses. for national said the speaker falso delusion none the less intent. on returning to his old job of m. p.. for the white zulu johohy clegg was nineteen eighty seven hit i see monongah. paying tribute to nelson mandela
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