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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  July 15, 2020 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> egypt asks for claririficatin after ethiopia announces it has started filling a controversial dam on the blue nile. this is "al jazeera" live from london. civilians dozens of have been killed in saudi-let airstrikes in yemen. the u.s. intensifies pressure on beijing announcing visasa restrictions on chinese technology companies including huawei. ad the u.s. trial of
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coronavirus vaccine could be developed by the end of the year. egypt has demanded urgent clarification from ethiopia over whether it started filling a mega dam on the river nile. ethiopian state media has announced reservoirs are being filled. the controversial project will transform the lives of millions, but control over its waters has led to nearly a decade of contentious negotiations. a final deal has not been reached. ethiopia is the source of the blue nile, which flows through sudan and merges with the white nile through egypt. at full capacity, the dam, the size of london, will be able to hold 74 billion cubic meters of water. hydropower will turn on the lights for 70% of ethiopians who currently have no electricity. egypt relies on the nile for 90%
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of its water for a population of 100 million. more on how the dam divided the region before it was even completed. reporter: it has taken 10 years to build and cost close to $5 billion. ethiopia's flagship infrastructure project is a great source of national pride. but the grand ethiopian renaissance dam has caused tension with sudan and egypt from the start. the ethiopian government says the hydroelectric dam is for the development of this landlocked country with a population of over 108 million. the country planes to export electricity across the region. and says the dam will stop seasonal flooding in sudan. but egypt says there are a number of outstanding legal issues that need resolving. filling the reservoir to quickly could reduce its water supply and may close -- pose an existential threat. >> both have concerns.
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egypt relies on the nile for 90% of its freshwater needs. the largest share of the river runs through egypt, egyptian territory. aat we have in egypt is situation where they have a significant gap between water they produce and the water they consume. with a rapidly growing population of over 100 million, it points to this problem only getting worse. reporter: ethiopia also has strong claims because it is the source of the blue nile, the largest of the nile's tributaries. ethiopia was never included in the colonial era agreement between egypt and sudan which gives the lion's of water to egypt. y balancedre man factors at play here. have someoneyou who wants to secure power and be
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reelected in ethiopia. in egypt you have president sisi with an economy that had been struggling, but also he needs to ensure he has the continued backing of the military establishment, which has an important role in that economy. june, ethiopia rejected a un security council meeting requested by egypt saying the council should not be involved at all. ethiopia's u.n. ambassadors had a dispute should be solved at the regional level. africa union talks ousted by south africa failed to forge agreements that month. in february, the u.s. and the world bank mediated what it hoped would be a roadmap on how to proceed with final technical and legal issues, which concerned egypt in particular. ethiopia did not sign the final document. ethiopia always said it would have preferred agreements before it begins to fill the reservoir.
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but if that was not possible, it would go ahead anyway. it has potential huge security implications for the entire region. ethiopia accuses egypt of repeatedly dragging its feet on the issue of filling the reservoir. something it says egypt new would be inevitable one day. >> sudan stands to benefit from the project through access to cheap electricity and reduced flooding. it has also raised fears over the dam's operation. more from lake nubia. the dam's capacity ofne is twice the capacity the blue nile, which contributes more than 80% of the nile's water. sudan has expressed concern over the impact of the dam and its safety on sudanese dams and water resources. it says it is worried about the safety of the operations of the renaissance dam, especially
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because ethiopia has yet to provide any guarantees. it is also worried about the impact it will have on water bodies downstream. one of those places we will see impact is right here on lake nubia, or as it is more commonly known, likeness or. by the dam ind egypt and most of the body of this lake is on egyptian territory. but this part, about 20%, lies on sudanese territory. lots of farmers rely on this water body to be able to make a living. they are saying they are concerned because this lake is largely reliant on the amount of nile water that was into it and the amount of water released by the egyptian high dam. should egypt release a lot of water, and should there be a reduction in the amount of nile water going into the lake, the size of the lake is likely to reduce and that would have an impact on the livelihood of people living here.
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concerns by sudan. also concerns by egypt over how much water it would be receiving, because over 90% of its population relies on the nile for freshwater. it has yet to get guarantees from ethiopia that filling the dam will not affect the amount of water flowing downstream. >> airstrikes in yemen have killed 24 civilians of earning two medical sources. the saudi and marauding coalition aircraft hit homes while a wedding was taking place. seven others are believed to be injured. it is the third such incident since june as violence researches. last month an airstrike killed at least 12 people, including four children.
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an analyst says the united nations must do more to hold the saudi-led coalition accountable for civilian deaths. >> from the beginning, they have killed more than 17,000 yemeni civilians. some media would say this attack -- saudi arabia with a ballistic missile and drone on monday. it came as retaliation because on sunday the day before, they killed 10 civilians including five children. point that ismain giving the saudi a green light to continue this type of attack against civilians is the u.n. security general secretary removal of the saudi name from killers of children about two weeks ago. they did this many times before that. will notited nations hold saudi responsible for this
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killing, they can continue. >> tensions are escalating as powerful economies -- between the worlds to must powerful economies. nowu.s. says it will put -- the white house is doubling down over a contentious maritime dispute saying it will back countries who oppose china's territorial claims in the south china sea. is not china's maritime empire. -- the ccp will take more territory. that happened in the last administration. our statement gives significant support to leaders who have declared the south china sea disputes must be solved through international law, not might makes right.
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world should not tolerate beijing's abuses. >> a leading u.s. expert says he is confident the country will have a coronavirus vaccine by the end of the year. anthony fauci's comments followed positive results from the first phase of testing on an experimental vaccine. the human trial run by moderna tested the vaccine on healthy volunteers. those who received two doses had higher levels of antibodies compared with others who recovered from covid-19. it sounds promising. >> one must treat it with caution given this is only in the first stages of testing. it will go to a second stage trial in july and finally into the third stage of the actual testing of the vaccine.
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certainly the results produced here are promising at this particular point. moderna had a head start on competitors because it was working on another coronavirus back in january. it was easy to switch research over to the covid-19 treatment. there are some who point out this company has never brought a vaccine to market. it has not even brought a vaccine to a third stage yet. the government has taken a massive gamble in the eyes of many by giving it some $418 million in terms of pursuing the research. the initial results are promising according to dr. fauci and certainly eyes will be very close on the next few stages of experimentation of this particular vaccine. dr. fauci has been at the center of another squabble, a squall. the white house has for a number of weeks been criticizing dr.
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fauci. this culminated in an article written in a newspaper by president trump's economics advisor peter navarro who lacerated dr. fauci saying he was wrong about everything. ,fter silence on the matter president trump broke his silence. he repudiated his trade advisor and this is what he had to say. pres. trump: we are all on the same team including dr. fauci. i have a very good relationship with dr. fauci. we are all in the same team. we want to get rid of this mess that china sent us. everybody is working in the same line and we are doing well in a lot of ways. our country is coming back very strong. >> president trump may be overly optimistic because figures show the coronavirus is continuing to spike in at least 11 u.s. states. many states are just unable to cope with the increasing flow of
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patients. the president saying we are doing very well, but many health officials say things like testing are still lagging far behind, as is contact tracing. certainly, the situation remains one of crisis in a large number of american states. come, anger on the streets. work begins to forge a truce between azerbaijan and armenia. and mexico rolls out a royal welcome for tourists to boost its economy. the u.n. warns millions across latin america could be the poverty. forced into ♪
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>> stormy condititions off the coast of new sououth wales. it is all coming from the system which has been sitting in the sea. amazingeen producing waves. look at the size of these just off the coast. some really are magnificent waves. that system will continue to produce waves along that coast. maybe one or two showers. it should be mostly dry into adelaide or melbourne. showers into the north island of new zealand. not so settled across western australia. the rain pushes in. temperatures lowering by friday. the bulk of the rain should clear through. a mostly dry day with sunshine. quite a bit of clouds and strong waves. maybe showers down that coast of new south wales. into the northeast of asia. now finally, into japan, the korean peninsula, it's the rain on the way, but it tends to say just to the south and really to the east of much of honshu.
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it has trailed back into china. the next couple days, very heavy amounts of rain. could pick up 150, 200 millimeters of rain. ♪ >> reminder of the top stories. egypt has demanded clarification from ethiopia over whether it started filling a mega dam on the river nile. ethiopian media has reported the reservoirs are being filled. airstrikes in northern yemen have killed at least 24 civilians, including chilean just children, according to medical forces. the coalition hit homes while a
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wedding was taking place. the u.s. says it will impose travel ban's on employees of huawei as tensions between beijing and washington escalate. the white house also says it will back countries who oppose china's territorial claims in the south china sea. defense officials in armenia and azerbaijan say fighting on their border has calmed down following days of deadly clashes. at least 16 people on both sides have been killed. in the latest flareup that began sunday. the former soviet republics have been locked for decades in conflict over the disputed region. reporter: large crowds of protesters demanding the government declares war on armenia. some demonstrators managed to enter parliament early on wednesday and were dispersed. unusual inare highly
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tightly controlled azerbaijan, an indication of the national mood. general was one of servicemen killed in three days of fighting on the border with armenia. the armenian government reports the deaths of four personal. north oft fighting is the disputed territory of nagorno-karabakh. internationally recognized as part of azerbaijan, it is contntrolled by armenian forces. some 30,000 people died in the regional war between the former soviet republics in the 1990's. azerbaijan has accused armenia's prime minister of undermining long-standing peace talks chaired by the so-called osce minsk group. armenia is not an example of undermining the process.
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ofis the annexation sovereign territories of azerbaijan. lull in: wednesday, a fighting allowed assessors to assess damage to homes. de-escalation is now the priority. >> there is no alternative. we remain committed to this. we will work toward de-escalation and establishing peaceironment which helps and the negotiating process. reporter: this is the biggest escalation since the four day conflict in 2016 that saw 200 people killed. russia and iran have offered to mediate. turkey says it stands with azerbaijan. unless the fighting can be resolved, the risk of wider conflict remains. >> the coronavirus pandemic will
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push many more into poverty as it ripped through latin america according to a human agency. the economic commission for latin america and the caribbean says more than 44 million people will lose their jobs by the end of the year. in mexico, tourist destinations are starting to reopen. there are concerns it could take years for the industry to recover. how hotels along mexico's caribbean coast have welcomed their first guests in months. ♪ the slow trickle of foreigners is a most welcome sign for the 4.5 million workers who make a living from mexico's tourism industry. >> it is good to know that right now they are restarting jobs and that tourists will come. the everything here in the hotel sector is reopening. we see a general invitation to all national and international tourists that they are welcome. therter: cancun was one of
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first mexican cities to reopen. while national and international flights to this idyllic destination are operating at reduced capacity, the city has already welcomed some 70,000 visitors since reopening it stores on june 8 -- it's doors on june 8. cry fromacked -- a far the days before covid-19. >> the recovery will not be fast. the travel industry has been one of the worst hit. the hotel sector, restaurants, the whole chain related to travel. we don't expect it will be easy. we will have to become more efficient, more optimistic, and creative. above everything, always placed public safety as a top priority. reporter: mexico's travel industry is undergoing a safety overhaul. efforts like the adoption of this thermal imaging system at cancun's international airport are a response to the demand for higher sanitation standards. while many of mexico's top
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destinations like cancun, acapulco, and mexico city, have reopened, mexico continues to struggle to mitigate contagion of coronavirus. ,ases are still on the rise such that mexico's government recently extended restrictions on travel of ross mexico's land borders through july 21. officials tell al jazeera the health crisis is improving, but expect it will be years before the industry begins to bounce back. met the expectations set by the health secretary to control this pandemic. based on europe's experience with their contagion curves, we expect to see recovery toward the end of 2022 to reach tourist numbers we had for the pandemic. reporter: every year more than visitlion tourists mexico, ranking the country among the top 10 most visited on the planet.
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>> at least 70 people have been detained in moscow after protesting reforms that allow vladimir putin to remain president for another 16 years. about 500 demonstrators demanded putin step down. the president won a referendum that amended russia's constitution, allowing him to serve two more terms after his current one expires. opposition activists say the vote was rigged. beeneds of people who have arrested in belarus after protests against the exclusion of opposition candidates from next month's election. the president is seeking a sixth term in office, with most of his rivals in jail or under investigation. the summer of discontent in belarus is heating streetshundreds on the of the capital minsk demanding
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to be heard. >> in my country i don't have a name or voice. i feel like i'm just not here. i decided to show everyone i exist. i have a voice. these are all my people, my neighbors, brothers, sisters, and we exist. reporter: soon there were more police than protesters. been are arrested it has similar scene for months with anger against the government's response to the coronavirus, the economy, and the growing crackdown on dissent before next month's election. >> we cannot just stay home. the more people come out to these marches in solidarity, the better it is for everyone. reporter: tuesday, the electoral commission barred two of the candidates from staring -- standing. one is the former ambassador who was rejected after signatures supporting him were deemed invalid. seen as the biggest
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rival to a sixth term by president alexander lukashenko. the banker was detained last month accused of money laundering. say --n administrators >> today we were spat in the face and they try to take away our future. they are waiting for the end of the struggle. they don't understand it is now that everything begins. reporter: many of president lukashenko's rivals are in jail or under investigation. some have been able to run. lukashenko aall cockroach. the president's victory is almost certain. he has spent 26 years in power. the u.s. once dubbed him the last dictator in europe. alexander lukashenko wanted to prevent any single slightest chance for political change in belarus. that is why he reacted so
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harshly to registered candidates and police brutally dispersed the crowd. reporter: alexander lukashenko has dismissed protesters as criminal gangs. critics say he has never faced unrest like this. many argue they are less afraid of detention then another five years of lukashenko rule. >> the twitter accounts of several high-profile people and companies, including barack obama, joe biden, bill gates, apple, and uber, have been hacked. hackers posted tweets trying to dupe people into sending bitcoin, promising they will double their money. bitcoin is a form of digital currency traded on the internet also known as critical currency. comments and posts on twitter suggest thousands of dollars in bitcoin may have been sent to scammers' digital account. twitter says it is investigating. u.s. tech giant apple is celebrating a big win in ireland.
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the european high court has ruled apple does not have to pay $15 million in irish back taxes. judges ruled it has not been proven that apple had an illegal tax react -- relationship with ireland's government. a sculpture of a black lives matter protester has been erected in bristol in the same spot where a statue of a slave trader was pulled down by members of the public last month. the temporary installation was put up by artist mark quinn. he says he was inspired by the antiracism demonstrator photographed standing on the empty plinth in june. protesters toppled the statue of edward colston and dropped it in the harbor during. . rallies on racial inequality the match -- the match schedule has been released for the world cup. organizers hope it will act as a
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global celebration of overcoming the coronavirus pandemic. >> this is where the qatar world cup will kick off on november 21, 2022. the stadium, which in arabic translates as the house, will be home to 60,000 fans for the start of the world's biggest sports event. the tournament schedule is different this time. there will be four games every day during the stage. a first in world cup history. >> scheduling four matches a day is going to be unique. it's going to get people the opportunity to attend more than one match per day. people get to watch the world cup it very convenient times just by the fact of qatar's location. about 3.5 billion people will get to watch the world cup at very convenient times. reporter: games will kickoff at 1:00 our time.
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meaning that some will still -- spill past midnight. it is the first world cup to be played in november and december, but this format allows the whole thing to be completed in 28 days rather than the 32 last time in russia, which limits the disruption to the european domestic football season. >> we all want the best players, the best teams, to perform at the highest level. with this match schedule, there are three days rest between matches, which is optimum for sporting performance. are twod of 16, there matches where teams will have two days rest. the third-place playoff match, one team will have two days and one will have three, which is not uncommon for that particular match. reporter: this will be the middle east's first world cup. organizers believe it has extra significance given what is taking place across the world right now. >> especially considering we are coming out of covid-19, i
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genuinely believe it will be the first global celebration where we will have collectively overcome covid and we will be able to celebrate this tournament and create a lasting bond. that's why i think -- i always thought it was previously significant. i believe the significance has become even more. >> the format is in place but there is plenty of work for
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narrrator: on n this episosode f "e"earth focus," how canan we mananage, protecect, and nourisr natural resources while meeting the growing global demand for food? a model of local control along the coast of madagascar provide a blueprint for ocean sustainability and community building, while in san diego, scalability is thehe goal as researchers work to build the first open-ocean fish farm in the united states. [film advance clickingng]


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