tv Global 3000 LINKTV December 6, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
welcome to global full speed 3000. ahead. why a huge rail project has people in mexico's yucatan peninsula worried. fresh eggs online. how china's farmers are going digital to survive the coronavirus pandemic. but first, helping those who need it most. how volunteers are helping albanian women to escape bitter poverty. worldwide, women are more affected by poverty than men. they're generally expected to
look after the family. when they can work, they earn far less, can save less and their jobs are more insecure. in times of crisis, women are generally hardest hit. the united nations says that more than 70 percent of domestic workers lost their jobs in the first few months of thpandemic, the vast majority women. according to a u.n. study by , 2021, around 435 million women and girls will be living in extreme poverty, 47 million more than today. and the situation isn't likely to improve by 2030. >> these ngo workers are on their way to a woman who lives rural allives.th he a group of 7 volunteers has been sent here by a foundation. the organization has 12,000 volunteers in all.
the woman calls herself shkurte. she's doesn't want us to use her real name. she and her children were repeatedly beaten by her husband. he was eventually sentenced to 18 months in prison, but is being released in a few days. >> he always threatened me, saying when he got out he'd find , me, wherever i was hiding, and kill me, me and the children. i said, ll me, but i beg you to spare the childn. i have to protect them. they're good kids. they deserve a better life. >> shkurte isn't used to people listening to her. she talks for hours, telling the young volunteers about her life, the poverty and hardship she endures. the ngo is currently setting up the first women's shelter in albania. it's still under construction. but shkurte and her children are going to be brought to
safety. in tirana, the capital of albania, 26-year-old lawye arbër hajdari is on his way to the foundation's main offices. he's used to explaining th projecs unusual me. a different weekenddevelo. when was still student, want to help pr people. during a vation, i snt a weend voluntring with when was sorphans.dent, it was a public holiy and everyoneas celebrang exceptthe . so i packed a few bags with itfo and toys d went to e orest partof tirana. the ws >>e holds meeting th a fferent weekd volunteers every morning. the team dcusses theay's tasks. it's aighly effient operation. next dr, more vonteers a fielding phone cal.
a call h just come in fr a widow calleddvana. the familyf her la husband have throwher and hethree daughters out, and they're now living in a cowshed. with no ating, nfridge, and nothing to eat. their case is given top priority. two hours later, the volunteers visit idvana bringing clothes, fo and almarch. her in-laws wasted no time throwing her and the children out of the house and they're now living here, trying to get by on the equivalent of about 20 euros a month in welfare benefits. these photographs are all she has to remind her of her husband and somewhat happier times. although the family was always bitterly poor. >> i never had a birday partyl.
i'm turning 14 soon, but we won't celebrate this time either. our mother has no money. i've neverlown out cdles on a birthday cake. >> the cowshed is barely habitable. at night, rats and snakes crawl through the holes in the walls. ameli is so scared she can't sleep. there's no electricity and no fridge, so the little food they have spoils quickly. >> just in this area here, in lushnjë, we've done 35 houses up until now.i reallyt house to be for this family very soon. when i say soon, i mean mamum 20 days. >>ens of thousands of donations from all over the world have allowed the foundation to help some 50,000
families in albania. sometimes their circumstances have been improved only temporary, but somof them have been able to escape poverty for good. hopefully, idvana's luck has now changed. anks to nations, t foundaon has found a new home for her and her daughters. they've also found idvana a job, a school around the corr for orela ansuela and eir little sister ameli will go back to day care and be able to sleep at night again. >> escapg povertand leadin a se-determid life mething that shod be cessibleo women ound the >> escapg poworland leadin on o facebk chanl, dwfe women, you'll find stories about women tackling problems and taking a stand. dw women gives a voice to the women of our world. venice inormally swaed by
tourists, some 30 millioof them every year in a city with just 50,000 residents. tourism is a moneyspinner, but in many places, it has become a curse. back in 1950, there were just 25 million international tourists compared to 1.4 sex billion -- 1.46 alien in 2019. t around t world, there are more grand projects in the making designed to pull in ever more tourists. not always to the delight of local people >> the jungle means everything to claudio lopez. it's the only place he feels truly happy. we met the tour guide and animal welfare activist in his element , one of the most species-rich rainforests on earth. >> nature always has wonderful surprises in store for us. right now, i'm waiting for the bats to comeut. >> it's the daily dance of the vampires. millions of bats leave their underground caves here every
night. this remarkable place is known as the bat volcano and claudio lopez is always thrilled to watch. but these days, he's also worried. >> the new train route will pass very close to these caves and the resulting vibrations could cause them to collapse. that could happen when the train passes through here. >> the new railway is called tren maya. it's one of the largest infrastructure projects in modern mexican history. work has barely begun, but promotional films produc by the government are already showing what lies ahead. 1,500 kilometers of tracks will crisscross the yucatan peninsula. the project will cost billions and will be partly financed by private investors. there will be new settlements next to ancient mayan cities and a rail connection for
nearly three million tourists a year. deppe -- >> the goal is to support a region that has been forgotten for the last five decades. at the same time, it's a region with resources that can benefit the rest of the country. >> profits for some, but anger for others, like guadalupe caceres, who lives in campeche, a town located along the old train tracks, which are to be extended for the tren maya. her house is set to be demolished. >> my home means a lot to me. my life, my history. this is where i lived with my parents. this is where i raised my children. >> in this area alone, there are hundreds of families who will be forced to resettle. in early june, mexico's president, andrés manuel lópez obrador, traveled to the region to announce the official start of the track's construction.
critics say he took advantage of the coronavirus crisis to push through processes in the controversial train project. and yet, there are also many peop along the tren maya route who support the project. the train line could set a lot in motion, especially after the pandemic. >> a rail connection like this would have great economic advantages. there would be more visitors and therefore more jobs. it would make it easier for people to get here by train from cancun and other tourist centers. >> for now, travellers to the yucatan region have to rely on cars. the further you travel inland and away from the coast, the more isolated and green it gets. here there are eagles, spider monkeys, jaguars and other endangered species. the new railway line also threatens their habitat. in the jungle town of xpujil, we met up with claudio lopez again. the government's infrastructure plans are a big issue in the
village. soon, the population will increase ten-fold from what it is now. >> the problem is that everything will grow without control. prices will rise. and as in other parts of mexico, organized crime will take over. >> so who benefits from the development and supposed progress? in the land of the maya, the legacy of history is omnipresent. claudio lopez takes us to meet an important representative of the indigenous population. deppe -- >> the name tren maya is a disgrace. we, the maya people, are the ones who bear this proud name, but nobody has spoken to us. >> this is not true. we are in contact with all groups and there will be further consultations. because of the pandemic, contact might have been reduced a little. but again, if anyone benefits from the train, it's the indigenous people.
>> but, once again, many indiginous people feel that their concerns have not been taken into account. the last stop on our journey is the bacalar lagoon. a turquoise paradise, which is also under threat. biologist melina maravilla regularly takes water samples here with alarming results. >> bacalar has such vivid colors but if the pollution continues like this, this could get dangerous and very quickly. >the visitors have arrived and with them the hotels, garbage, , and sewage. the lack of sewage treatment plants and the shortage of water have become a huge problem and as of the tren maya is expected 2023, to bring thousands more tourists every day. >> we cannot afford mass tourism. even now, we can hardly protect our ecosystem.
>> the railway is coming to yucatan. that much is clear. but there's still time to check the signals and change its course. >> shuttered shops and food markets. covid-19 is a huge headache for retailers and farmers. e-commerce is stepping into the breach. industry turnover is due to grow by over 25 percent this year to more than 2 trillion euros. in 2020, 3 .5 billion people are expected to shop online almost , half the world's population. the biggest market is china. >> his days of poverty are over. wu xiansheng was able to pay for a brand new tesla with the money he made in just two months. the farmer's son sells duck eggs.
♪ one factor contributing to his success is that he is in constant communication with his customers, livestreaming via the video-sharing app tiktok, or douyin as it's known in china. >> this is a very good sales platform. it's much better than the traditional routes with agents and middlemen who always cut. >> duck eggs cured in salt and , steamed are a chinese speciality. they are a much-loved snack. for woo shan-sheng, business is booming. output has quadrupled. >> we now process 200,000 eggs a day. and that's the number we're able to sell each day. >> wu lives in the far-south of china in a small fishing village where everyone knows everyone else.
for generations now, the young have earned their living by fishing before switching to breeding ducks in later life. wu's streaming idea didn't go down well at first. >> the people here find livestreaming shameless. they don't understand what you're doing when you run around talking into a cellphone all day. they looked down on me because they didn't understand what i was doing. >> but his idea has paid off. wu is entertaining, and he knows how to build trust. last month, the village cooperative made as much profit as they used to in six months. 250 kilometers away, livestreaming courses especially for farmers. along with douyin, alibaba and jd.com, the chinese equivalent of amazon, are involved in the project. young, up-and-coming farmers
are getting lessons in direct marketing. there are special studios where they can practise. mr song has sweet potatoes to sell. trained live streamers are helping him. talking into a camera for hours on end doesn't come naturally to him. >> the influencers help me to create the right mood. at the beginning i was really , nervous, but gradually things got easier. >> the farmer now sells more than half his produce online. jd takes a commission of one percent of turnover. but the platform also organizes the transport. >> jd's logistics infrastructure works for us. if someone orders online, jd organizes everything. that saves us a lot of work.
>> during thcoronaviru pandemic, ganizing transptation became a problem one that couldn't be resolved by , individual farmers. tons of produce was left stranded across the country. for mr song and his cooperative, the streaming project came at just the right time. the rather retiring farmer has now got used to being accompanied by a smartphone camera when he's in the greenhouse. >> during the coronavirus cris in february and people weren't march, allowed to go to the market or to stores. so they looked around online and discovered they could get fruit and vegetables delivered to their homes even fresher than in the supermarket. >> since the start of the pandemic online sales linked to , livestreaming have rocketed. this farmers' cooperative used two employ 70 people. now it's almost 300. >> they would are no less in the city than they do here.
and it is practical. it's close to home. people can look after their grandparents and their children. they no longer have to go to the city to work. >> back wu xiang she's duck egg facto, wu is feeling confident about his future. before he discovered live streaming, he had always thought he would have to leave his village to find work in a large city. >> we can communicate with the world over this platform. we can share our cuisine and our culture and history with the world. that's very exciting for us. >> who would have thought that live-streaming duck eggs could attract so many followers and bring so much business success? ? in this week's global ideas, we
will take a look at a particularly successful conservation project. africa's majestic wildlife is often the target of poachers. however reporter went to kenya where he met some of the people whose project has made it onto the international union for coervation of nare's green li. >> theewa wildli conserncy in central kya is a paradise for animals and animal lovers. the 250 square kilometers are home to thousands of giraffes, elephants, lions, rhinos a many other species. thland used to be part of a cattle ranch owned by a british farmer. in the 1980s, when poaching was decimating the black rhino population, the family turned the land into a sanctuary. today around 170 black rhino , live in the conservancy.
they're protected by 123 rangers, a pack of specially trained dogs and a high-tech surveillance system. most of e rangers e locals. >> 98 percent of rangers who work in lewa are from the neighbouring communities and this is very important because also it sends a message to the community that they have an ownership, because people in the community see lewa as, they are us so it is very important to , work with people, the locals, who are our neighbours< >> the lewa conservancy says that working closely with local commities is aeffective rategyt poachers. >>ommunitiesre playing a critical role inerms of conservation. without putting th in the boatwe are notinning in terms o. poaching h been assisted b the counities aneven by the
rangers. and it's just because of the money. and that is why now we are focusing in terms of putting a lot of programs outside to the communitso we can ally win the communy to get a lot of information and at least they can be eyes and ears of us. >> if the locapeople note anythi suspiciou they port it to ranger purity wamuyu. she grew up here and knows almost everybody in the area. >> rightow we are five female , rangers at the moment. i was the first one to be employed. i was employed in this 2012. conservancy means everything to me. myum, we have a microfinance program at lewa,y mum is o of the benefiters of that micro-finance prograshould iha. right now, he is getting funds from lewa education bursary. >> the lewa wildlife conservancy invests about 70 percent of its earnings infunds frprograms benefiting local. communities, such as bursaries for 450 school-goers and
peirrigation schemes for locals frfarms. one of lewa's topl. priorities iempoweringomen. uline karau owns a small fbut in a lewa conservancy 2017, program helped her secure a microcredit. >> la has real helped me becausit gave me a loan. it w 10,000 shlings, abo a hundred dollars. i did a lot wi theoney. bought seeds to planonions, i also bout two pigsso there s been lotof progres i am moving forward. i have gained so much. there are many benefits. foexample, ty bring in trainers who teach us about many issues that have to do th health d how we c help rselves as women.
>> 1800 women have so r receed microcrit's. there are also classesn business, the environment and mutuma work fothe lewa cons puty mwenda d lawrence empowerment program. >> previously men have bn so , disadvantaged in terms of accessing capital, in terms of engaging businesses. that is why we engage with the women around the conservancy, so that they can reaze that tential th they have. >> we come tthe farms or the groups where they meet, we do trainings, we link up with specialists, technical experts, agro-dealers, so that this farmer can benefit with the best knoedge and techniques for farming and producing for consption and for the market. >> the pgrams haveelped improve the standard of living in neiboring comnities. working closely with the local government, the conservancy supports four clinics and runs
one of its own.local peop recee medicacare, including medicine and vaccines, and medical services forregnant won and new mothers. >> the aim of setting up this clinic was to provide much needed primary healthcare services to communities that live around the conservancy. monthly this clinic alone serves , 8 people. >> there's a dire shortage of medical care in kenya's rural areas, so locals wcome the clinics. >> it would be a big problem if this clinic didn't exist, many pele would he died. the nearest hospital is in the next town which is quite far. , it's good that there's a clinic here. >> the efforts made by the lewa wildlifeonservancy not only to protect wild animals but also to support local communities have found internatnal recognition.
since 20, it's beeincluded in the prestigious iucn green list of protected areas. the seal of approval is a huge boost to the project. >> it helps us in terms of our marketing strategies, it helps us in terms ofundraisingnd it hps us so that we can be a model for others to emulate, for others to come and learn from us. what we are ing here on lewa, iglobal heritage, it's for thee kecommunity heritager the >>he lewa wildfe consvancshows that protecting wildlife is compatible with the needs of local counities. with theight straties, both can flourish side by side.s ♪ >> that's all from us ats of
global 3000 this week. we hope you enjoyed the program. drop us a line to email@example.com or check out our facebook pages dw global ideas and dw women. ,bye-bye for now. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]