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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  December 8, 2020 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ >> 100 million shots in the first 100 days. >> u.s. president-elect joe biden outlined his plan to bring the pandemic under control. ♪ this is the world news from al jazeera. the work as well underway in britain. already, a vaccination drive for the most at risk citizens begins in the fight against covid-19. in mexico, there is a mammoth task as authorities outline a strategy to immunize over
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100,000 people by the end of this year. ethiopia says a u.n. team is shot at after not stopping at two checkpoints. ♪ in the united states, covid-19 cases have passed 15 million with no slowdown in sight. even with the pfizer vaccine rollout beginning across the atlantic in the u.k., -- the country's leaders are promising a way out. starting with president-elect joe biden, he says he is going to get a grip on the pandemic once he is sworn in. has a plan for the first 100 days. >> this team will help get at the last 100 million covid-19 vaccine at least 100 million covid vaccine shots into the
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arms of the american people in the first 100 days. 100 million shots in the first 100 days. >> the u.s. has secured enough doses of the pfizer shot for 50 million people but the drugmakers say the trump administration had the opportunity to double that order after clinical trials had proved it was effective. the president promised to make sure americans get vaccinated before aid goes to other countries. >> we are working with the world. we have great companies and we are working with the world. in just a few minutes, i will sign an executive order to ensure the united states government prioritizes getting out of the vaccine to american citizens before sending it to other nations. >> the need is very real. these immunizations in seen as a savior for the u.s., which has failed to turn around the spread of the virus. look at the last seven days. more than 15,000 people have died, the total to almost 300,000. health experts like dr. anthony fauci says the worst is still to
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come because of the expected surge from the thanksgiving holiday. >> i have been through many public health crises before but this is the toughest one we have ever faced as a nation. the road ahead will not be easy. we have got to -- got a lot of hard and demanding work to do in the next year. >> we are going to the latest on the biden translation -- biden transition. starting with mike hanna in washington, d.c. operation warp speed vaccine summit was where donald trump was speaking today. what did it amount to? >> what it was was coming just a few days before the food and drug administration completes its review of the vaccine from pfizer. president trump the and quick to claim responsibility for the unprecedented development of that particular vaccine, making
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the implication it was he and his administration who were highly responsible for the speed of this development. however, representatives from pfizer and moderna, the other vaccine developed for fda review were not present at what was styled as a vaccine summit. part of the reason was there were some fda personnel present. the drug company not wanting to mingle with the fda while the review is going on. pfizer and president trump had been at loggerheads in recent months, heightened by the fact administration turned down the offer to buy an additional 100 million doses of the vaccine. pfizer representatives having said in the past they received literal federal -- received little federal assistance from the trumpet administration, that the development of the vaccine was done largely by themselves. >> for four years -- for five years, donald trump has said america first. he is trying to apply that to
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this vaccine in a global pandemic. can you explain that to us how he is trying to do that and what if any success that can bring? >> during that meeting at the white house, president trump signed an executive order. this executive order purports to prevent the vaccine from leaving the united states till every single american has been treated. this may be a good idea in transferring an executive order but legally, it is highly unenforceable. besides the fact that the contracts have been signed by pfizer and moderna, the other company involved in the trials, with a number of international agents. also, some of the doses have already been shipped out by pfizer. this is something that would be very difficult to enforce. president trump hinted at using the national procurement act. this is something that once
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again is exceedingly unlikely and very few courts would uphold any action against drug companies in terms of president trump's executive order. >> that is mike hanna in washington, d.c. now, heidi in wilmington, delaware with news on probably the most important announcements in this biden administration. plenty of important posts to fill, but this year, health tops the list. >> that is right. president-elect joe biden has nominated the first latino who will be the the leader of the health and human services. that is the attorney general of california. it is interesting because he does not have much of a medical background, however, he has been leading california as well as 19 other states in the defense of the affordable care act, which
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is president obama's signature legislative achievement. that having won him the credibility and confidence of president-elect joe biden, to distribute the covid vaccine. that was not the only glass ceiling shattering announcement on the cabinet that biden made today. he also wrote in an op-ed published in the atlantic that he wants lloyd austin to become the first african-american leader of the defense department. austin is a retired four-star general who was also leader of the u.s. central command and biden wrote in the op-ed that austin gained his confidence by not only being a very able commander on the battlefield but also a diplomat in overseeing the withdrawal of u.s. troops from iraq. there might be a one -- might be one heck up. these are positions that require
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confirmation. in austin's case, he requires something else from congress, which is a waiver because u.s. law says a person needs to be out of the military for at least seven years before becoming defense secretary. austin has only been four years out of uniform so he would require congress to buy in to giving him a waiver, which recently was just used for trump's first defense secretary, jim mattis. >> heidi castro and a woman can, delaware. british health -- in wilmington, delaware. british health chiefs say the rollout will be a marathon, not a sprint. this report in london. >> it is happening. a turning point in the global fight against a virus that has killed more than a million people around the world.
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margaret keenan became history, becoming the first person to be vaccinated outside a trial. she encouraged others to follow her lead. >> because it is the best thing that has ever happened at the moment. do please go for it. >> in a somewhat dramatic term, the second vaccine went to a man called william shakespere, a new chapter in the fight against the coronavirus. where the half the people who died of the coronavirus in the u.k. are over 80. unused doses are going to frontline medical staff. the british government has called this v for vaccine day. the prime minister warned it is too early to call this v for victory. >> people are having the vaccine for the first time and it will gradually make a huge difference
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, but i stress, gradually, because we are not there yet. we have not defeated this virus yet. >> batches of the drug approved for use in the u.k. last week have been arising -- have been arriving from pfizer's factory in belgium. the vaccine needs to be kept at -70 degrees celsius. in england, dozens of hospitals with facilities to store the drug are the first place is to administer it. scotland, wales and northern ireland have begun similar programs. the government has ordered 14 million doses so far and and initial 800,000 will be available in the first week. capable of inoculate and for hundred thousand people with two elections -- two injections to anyone days apart. lives have been cut short and elderly people separated from their loved ones. we have known for some time that
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the only surefire way out of this pandemic is a vaccine. and now, a shred of hope that in the not-too-distant future, things might start returning to normal. it is hoped to severally and people will be vaccinated before the end of the year when boxes of the vaccine will be split up and sent to doctors' surgeries and care homes around the country. it is a day of mixed emotions, joy and hesitation. most vulnerable people will not get the vaccine until next year. with infection rates going up in london and elsewhere, restrictions may have to get tighter before they get easier. [applause] but it is only a matter of times -- a matter of months since scientists set their minds on defeating this common enemy, a process that normally takes many years. against all odds, a sense that the long march out of the pandemic has begun.
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>> the oxford university astrazeneca coronavirus vaccine has been deemed safe and effective in the first peer-reviewed of its phase three trials. a medical journal says more work is needed to prove the 90% success rate. that was achieved when some trial participants are mistakenly given a half dose of the vaccine followed by a full dose. fewer than 6% of participants that dose and all were under 65. it is seen as particularly important for tackling coronavirus in the developing world. it is cheaper and easier to distribute. in donald trump's quest to overturn the election, it has suffered another defeat as the supreme court rejected an appeal to throughout votes in pennsylvania. the republican wanted to dismiss over 2.5 million ballots, arguing the expansion of melon
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voting was against state law. the highest court did not explain its reason for denying the emergency request. state officials had already certified joe biden as the winner. in the news ahead, -- dealing >> this will keep -- the news ahead -- >> this will keep my sisters legacy alive. >> the discovery of a brutal murder and years of sexual assaults leads to policy changes on u.s. military bases. the arctic records at second warmest year -- records its second warmest year. the fx for the rest of the planet -- the effects for the rest of the planet. ♪ >> once more, we see the winter leakage out of the northeast producing eventually some snow.
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if you are not there, it is just fine. the sun is out. unless you are shanghai where it is cloudier, it has gone back to being reasonable we ath there ae big showers going tor. , singapore, all seeing afternoon showers develop. this is kuala lumpur's forecast. repeating what i have just said. the northeast monsoon has weakened a little bit of the forecast for the next few days is wet but not excessively so. a disturbance in the atmosphere and a westerly way coming out of afghanistan into pakistan and the far northern plane of india is good news. as long as the wind on the
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surface does not pick up, thunderstorms and showers do tend to turn the atmosphere and improve the air quality. ♪ >> in 1958, charles de gaulle made a famous speech in algeria. but, h could not hold back the tide of algerian independence or keep france's colonies in africa and the pacific. in the final episode of the series, al jazeera explores how the long and bitter fight for the frch empire resonates today. blood and tears: french decolonization on al jazeera. ♪ ♪
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>> you are with al jazeera and these are the top stories. u.s. president-elect joe biden has pledged he will get a grip on the pandemic in his first three months in office. he has announced his medical team and promised to provide 100 million vaccine injections in the first 100 days of the administration. president donald trump signed an executive order to prioritize vaccines for the u.s. before sending aid to other countries. the signing comes amid reports the president rejected an earlier offer from pfizer to double their order of the medication. the world's first fully tested coronavirus vaccine has been administered in the u.k. 90-year-old grandmother margaret keenan eight history as the first woman to be vaccinated. mexico's plans now.
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it wants to vaccinate one under 25,000 people before the end of the year. the deputy health minister unveiled that program on tuesday with health workers and the elderly prioritized. when the jab is administered, officials are hoping to roll a number of vaccines. >> with 125,000 doses secured, health officials have announced phase one of mexico's national vaccination program. they say despite initial shortages, everyone in the country can expect equal access as supplies permit. >> everyone will have access to the vaccine. the vaccines do not arrive in single dose. some will be prioritized over others. the most vulnerable and health workers on the front lines. >> the announcement that covid-19 vaccinations will begin at the end of december comes at a critical time from xcode.
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in the capital, at least seven hospitals are operating at full capacity and nearly a dozen others during their limits. >> today, the city is in a critical situation with this increase in hospitalizations. that is why we call on the population to stay at home and only go out if they have to. >> ahead of mexico's busy holiday season, authorities have issued guidelines asking people to avoid large gatherings, gift exchanges and to postpone their travel plans on christmas and the new year, although there is resistance. >> we have to activate the economy. i know there is a lot of fear, but people also need production. they need to sell. they need to produce. we cannot just stay home waiting with arms crossed. >> even traffic appears to be nearing pre-pandemic levels. as hospitals in the mexican capital continue to fill up, so
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do streets and department stores. health policy experts warn people should not be lured into a false sense of security is because a vaccine is on the way. the limitations on social gatherings are recommended. state and federal authorities have stopped short of enforcing major restrictions. many expect the announcement of a partial lockdown could be inevitable before the end of the year. >> in the u.s., a brutal murder in texas could andy up having -- could end up having broad impacts for the army. an investigation has found rampant problems with fort hood. 14 officers and soldiers have been fired or suspended and policy changes ordered to address leadership failures that led to a widespread pattern of violence. more details now. >> when vanessa disappeared in april, her family and friends protested outside of the base where she was stationed, fort hood, amending the army do more to find her.
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who are -- her remains were found a few months later. another soldier bludgeoned her to death and dismembered her body. her family said she was being sexually harassed but was too afraid to report it and it turns out she was not alone. >> what we found is there was a fear of retaliation, all forms of retaliation. stigmatism, ostracism, career derailing, work assignments and that sort of thing. >> kressa led the investigation and found rampant problems with sexual harassment and assaults. in the last four years, there have been 150 noncombat related deaths at fort hood including seven murders and 71 suicides. >> i am gravely disappointed that leaders failed to create a climate that treated all soldiers with dignity and respect. because of this, to restore trust and confidence and account ability, i directed the relief
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and/or suspension of commanders and other leaders from the core to the squad level. >> in all, 14 people have been fired or suspended and the army's promising widespread changes for the entire service. the family has been demanding it , taking their case to the white house. >> the fbi and the doj are involved. we got them involved. the people at fort hood where it took very much involved. we did not want to have this swept under the road, which could have been. >> and to congress, where they say the laws that govern service need to be changed. >> i ask everyone who hears about vanessa's name or sexual violence any the military or anywhere to endorse the bill, the act i mean, because this will keep my sister's legacy alive and believe me, it will save lives. >> the army plans to make one permanent change, renaming the
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gate for vanessa at the spot where friends and family brought attention to her story where we now know was shared by thousands of other soldiers. >> iran's parliamentary speaker has ordered the information of the law that could stop inspections of nuclear sites. it would prevent unannounced visits and less the other parties to the deal lift sanctions within the next two months. it is opposed by the foreign ministry and the president. more from tehran. >> it gives the united states and the europeans, france, germany and the united kingdom, two months for iran starts enriching rhenium to 20%. this was passed despite opposition from president romney and his reformist government. the speaker of parliament has published the law. the president has said it was
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harmful for diplomacy and that parliamentarians should let diplomats do their job. but it does show is a split in the country be between -- the country between reform in power and conservatives who have the majority. reformists have been for the 2015 nuclear deal and waiting until president-elect joe biden comes into office and hopefully lifts the sanctions and has the united states rejoined the 2015 nuclear deal in a tactic called strategic patients. the conservatives if you speak to them, their perspective is iran entered the nuclear deal in good faith and they entered negotiations, they made compromises. they say, do we get in return? the united states pulled out of the deal. president trump imposed sanctions on the oil sector and individuals and institutions. the europeans were not able to find a way around the sanctions. to add insult to injury, there have been two assassinations.
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one of general soleimani carried out by the united states and one of iran's leading scientists assassinated at the end of last month on iranian soil. conservatives say enough is enough. i ran needs to be -- i -- what it shows is this internal battle between the conservatives and performance. the president and his reformist have lost out on this particular battle. >> ethiopian security forces have shot at and detained u.n. security officials who were trying to reach tigre region. u.n. says the four officials were assessing roads for delivering aid to refugee camps. a government spokesman says they drove through two checkpoints and ignored instructions not to be in the area. more than 950,000 people have been displaced since early event prepared more from -- since early november. more from our diplomatic editor.
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>> it is now a week since the u.n. signed a deal for humanitarian access into tigre province with the ethiopian government. however, the u.n., its agencies and international ngos are struggling to get supplies in. they have aid workers, food, medicine and other humanitarian supplies that cannot get across the border. the u.n. secretary general has had a number of phone conversations with the ethiopian prime minister. spokesman has said somewhat delicately they are trying to operationalize the deal. >> if the question is are we getting unfettered, clear humanitarian access at this point, no. that is why we are still in discussions with the government to try to get to where we want to be. >> the u.n. is particularly concerned about an incident on sunday when four members of its
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advanced security team were fired upon and detained for a time by the ethiopian authorities. for now, it does not look like the situation is going to be further discussed at the u.n. security council. african members of the council say regional mediation should take priority. currently, this month, the security council is chaired by south africa. >> good man's are awaiting the outcome of the country's general election. they are expected to release preliminary results shortly. the incumbent president's main rival is the man he replaced four years ago. donnghana is regarded as one of africa's most stable democracies. an annual report measuring warming in the arctic has found the region has had its second warmest year since the year 1900.
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continuing a pattern of heat, icemelt and environmental transformation at the top of the web. arctic sea ice reached its second lowest point ever, just three point seven 4 million square kilometers of ice since september. in 2005, the average was 5.6 square kilometers. thin air sea ice is leading to warmer arctic waters. the average sea surface temperatures in august were one to three degrees above celsius, above the average. it also led to the lowest june snow cover in eurasia since records began in 1967. the annual snow cover hasçç?ñó
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classic north american downtown: shining towering forest of steel and glass. standing here, toronto could resemble so many other cities. i've only ever spent three days of my entire life here, in canada's largest city. but now, i'm here. i'm on the ground. i'm coming in fresh, i'm coming in curious. i'm ready to seek out toronto's unique urban fingerprint. and in order to do that, i have to escape this anonymous faceless place.


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