anchor: hello and welcome to live from paris. here are the headlines this ur. this wednesday, the trial of the people accused of orchestrating the attacks of november 2015 begins in paris. we will have an early look at the courtroom custom-built for the proceedings. it is a war of words in the afghanistan, the taliban saying they have taken over the panjshir valley, but a spokesperson with the resistance front said it is still defending territory in the mountains and valleys. and the death of a freh cinema legend, we will look back at the
extraordinary life and career of jon kyl del mondo dr. jean-paul belmondo. -- of jean-paul belmondo. ♪ it is said to be a landmark trial in french history, the trial of those accused of and involved in the november 2015 paris attacks will begin this weekend. 130 people were killed when gunmen and suicide bombers attacked several venues in and north of paris. to accommodate the high number of civil plaintiffs and their lawyers, a large, temporary courtroom has been built inside the historic court house in paris, with proceedings expected to last nine months. we were able to get a look at the location. reporter: built inside the great hall of france's most historic
courthouse, this courtroom is where the trial of those accused of involvement in the november 2015 paris attacks will take place. 45 meters long and 15 meters wide, the supersized temporary structure cost 10 million euros. >> [speaking french] reporter: 1008 hundred victims, including survivors of the attacks and the families of those killed, have filed a civil lawsuits. over 300 lawyers represent them. in the french in justice system, these civil plaintiffs take part in the criminal trial process. behind these glass panels is where the 11 defendants, currently behind bars, will sit. in front of them, three other
defendants not currently in detention will be seated here. the trial will be filmed and images stored in archives. for the first time, and audio recording will be made available for civil plaintiffs prefer to stay home. in this law firm in paris, samia is preparing 40 lawsuits filed by victims. >> [speaking french] reporter: the trial is expected to continue until at least the end of may next year. anchor: joining us via skype is andrew smith, a lecturer in contemporary politics. thank you for being with us. first of all, tell us a bit
about who exactly will be on trial. andrew: there are about 20 defendants, people who have been involved in the orchestration of these attack i think 14 will be there in person, in custody. only one of the survivors -- i should say, perpetrators, survived police action during the attacks, and of course there were suicide bombings involved as well. some were tried in absentia, they are overseas, missing, captured or killed as a result of action with the so-called islamic state and so on. these are people tied up in the broader conspiracy. really important that we remember these are not soldiers on trial, not people in charge of a message, these are criminals on trial for their crimes against ordinary people of france, and heinous crimes. anchor: this trial is a must six
years in the making. what does it mean for both survivors and families of the victims? andrew: i think that is one of the most important things to remember, 130 people were killed as part of these horrific attacks. that has got to be the focus, as well as the many hundreds of people injured as well. i think this idea of how the trial will take place -- we talked about how it will be nine months in total. much of that will be taken up eyewitness testimony. it is really important this trial is captured on film, and as you mentioned, broadcast to the families at home who cannot or will not attend the courtroom. there are difficulties involved. it is worth noting the extraordinary bravery of those who were injured, those witnesses coming forward to testify. this has been an extraordinarily occult period for them, -- difficult period for them, those affected physically and mentally by these events, and it is an
important stage for those stories to be heard. but it is also a rational, legal response to horrific violence. it is important the civil cases are being rolled in with the criminal cases and it is hoped it will help francis seek justice. anchor: i think this will be a few trying months for the country, as we will probably hear periodically trying testimony. people might be tempted to think the chapter will be closed for good, but the attacks of 2015 have left a lasting legacy on this country, including in some of the laws passed to end, for example, the state of emergency. andrew: absolutely, the state of emergency was mea to last 1 days and ended up being at lea twoears in rms of length. that ended after macron's election, but many people spoke about how he only ended the
state of emergency by making it permanent. shortly after, we entered a state of health emergency. there was a two-pronged approach to intensifying the antiterrorism laws. we have seen the global security law, which entrenched police powers, and likewise, the very controversial recent passing of the anti-separatism bill, the ideas, challenges to those who feel loyalty is other than to the state. it doesn't name islamism, but we can see in the drafting of that law that it is strongly at the heart of it. macron along with his interior minister have very clear about their intention to tackle ideas of separatism and islamism, as they call it. they want to stick wish that from islam as a religion. many people have -- they want to distinguish that from islam as a religion.
this is a concern for many people. especially after the horrific murder of samuel petty -- pati just a little while ago. as we move toward the presidential election, security is a big topic of discussion and macron will see challenges from the right on security. he will want to put up a strong front on his commitment to security. that legacy is very important and crucial in france's security law, but the testimonies we will hear from witnesses, from survivors, is i think the most important testament to all of this. anchor: as you said, a story that has almost never ended for the past six years. andrew smith, thank you very much for your time. turning our attention to guinea, where colonel mamady doumbouya
has banned officials from leading the nation, as he attempts to tighten his grip on the country. they have vowed to create a national unity administration after they dissolved the government and parliament on sunday. we have the latest. reporter: a day after the ousting of guinea's president condé, the streets of the capital under patrol by soldiers. land and air borders have been closed, but on monday it was announced that air frontiers have been reopened. >> we are announcing the reopening of air borders and the resumption of commercial and humanitarian flights only. reporter: members of the ousted government are barred from leaving the country and have been ordered to hand back official vehicles. they were also summoned to a meeting at the parliament on monday. the junta warned that any
refusal to attend will be called an active rebellion and are asked to turn themselves in. >> the cnrd is ordering ex personnel to join immediately. otherwise, a sweep search will be made throughout the country. reporter: after monday's meeting, the military junta announced the resolution -- dissolution of the -- condé was reelected following constitutional reform roundly criticized by opponents. anchor: earlier this evening, a guest was with us, a researcher in the african security analysis program in pretoria. he has more on the popularity of
this military coup. >> the feeling of the protesters stem from the difficult two years before the amendment of the constitutions and the decision to hang onto power through condé's third term. they embraced the opposition that created the conditions for this process. unfortunately, because of the appetite for political power, what needed to be carried out has not been completed, making for military intervention. anchor: there is conflicting information out of afghanistan tonight. the taliban claiming they have taken control of the panjshir valley, the final holdout in the country, but a spokesperson with the national resistance front
says it is still defending territory in the mountains and valleys. we have more. reporter: this footage posted on social media appears to show taliban members hoisting their flag above the offices of the governor of panjshir province. this comes as the group claims to have taken full control of the last pocket of armed resistance to afghanistan's new regime. >> in the streets of panjshir, the enemy created a problem for us but finally retreated. last night, we have control and the islamic emirate of afghanistan has full control of the country. we wanted to resolve the panjshir problem with negotiation and without firing a single bullets. reporter: fighters from the national resistance front have an entrenched in the panjshir valley since the taliban takeover of cabell -- kabul. the region did not fall during
the soviet occupation during the 1980's or during the taliban's rise to power between 1996 and 2001. the national resistance front says the taliban's latest claims are inaccurate. a spokesperson for the group to our team that it still holds strategic positions in the area. >> we came under heavy attack sunday night in panjshir from taliban forces on the ground and pakistani drones from the air. it is true that the taliban capture the main road and urban areas. but the panjshir resistance continues in the valleys and main road. reporter: he accuse the taliban of spreading false information. >> the rumors about our commander fleeing are false. he and the acting president are in panjshir. they had a meeting early monday to organize resistance from strongholds in the mountains. reporter: two battles are being fought in the valley, a campaign between the taliban and the fighters of the national
resistance fronts. anchor: for 12 days, france 24 was in kabul reporting on history, the taliban takeover and final evacuations from the airport. many are wondering how he would leave the country. he is back in france after driving across the border into pakistan. here his -- here is his report documenting the journey. >> [speaking french] >> [speaking french]
anchor: he was a french cinema legends. jean-paul belmondo, star of the new wave, has died at 88. he became a household name thanks to movies like "breathless," and his career spanned have a century. our correspondent has more. reporter: france has lost a national treasure. those were the words of president emmanuel macron to describe the pulsing -- passing of jean-paul belmondo. he was more than an actor.
i think it's fair to say across the country, people knew bell mondo -- belmondo and many people love him. he rose to fame in the late 1950's thanks to art-house cinema, in movies from fgoddard and others in the new wave. he went more commercial and got criticism, he did not care for the criticism. he took part in comedies and action movies that were always huge hits at the box office. what was important for him was to produce quality movies but also movies that is public, his fans enjoyed. here at the american film festival, the world of cinema was extremely sad when the news of his death came. we also spoke to members of the public and ask them what jean-paul belmondo represented for him, and why they liked him so much. >> i feel sad because i liked
him very much. both as an actor and as a person in his interviews. i know he was never quite the same after his stroke. it is sad, we have lost a great one yet again. >> he was just an absolutely great actor, especially in the golden days. it is quite sad. anchor: a journalist at a renowned french film magazine joins us to reflect on the life of jean-paul belmondo. he was one of the first familiar faces of the french new wave, that mement often linked to famous directors, but it was actors like jean-paul belmondo who popularized it. charlotte: he is remembered as more of a popular action actor, but if you go back and watch again the movies he made with jean-luc adar -- goddard, he was
already very physical and that is what goddard likes. that generation of french film critics before they made their own film, they really enjoyed american cinema, they had seen dozens of films that were blocked during the war and they sell them all at once right after the war and they loved gangster films, for example. with belmondo, he can have a much more physical way of acting than the french, very theatrical, old-fashioned actors of the time. there was a connection between belmondo if he said he did not understand these directors like goddard and trauffaut, belmondo
was already a popular star and he did not really understand why he would play a character that did not have the kind of virility and energy shown in other parts of the time. in fact, if you looked at the art house films, you realize sometimes forcing him to play against type, to play against his own sense of what he should look like and be like actually resulted in, i think, some of the masterpieces of french cinema. late goddard. still today, and explosive film. it is very subversive. at the time, it was forbidden. i think the reason was moral and
intellectual anarchy. that wasn't because of belmondo, but belmondo happened to acin a way that had a bit of a distance, like a nonchalance that contributed to this new kind of cinema. anchor: you talked about him taking his roles to hea. one thing i did not know personally is he did a lot of his stus himself and many of those movies. charlotte: yes. he started, he had i think a very brief career, but a successful one as a boxer at the end of the 1940's. he remained very physical and he kind of publicized the fact that he did his own stunts. that was the later part of his career. i guess starting in the mid-1960's with "that man from rio," and during the beginning
of the 1980's, becoming a little repetitious, but it doesn't matter because people loved seeing the same type of character over and over, like they did with the previous generation of french actors. and we could say belmondo was the next, because he personified something french, something very rile and yet with a slight touch of vulnerability. lost a cinema icon today.has charlotte my thank you very much for your time. -- charlotte, thank you very much for your time. time for business. more of the same, you left over the summer and we are talking again about wrecks it. the u.k. further -- about brexit. the u.k. further extending a
grace. -- grace period. kate: regarding imports to northern ireland, it is to allow for further discussion with brusls and the government will continue to operate the northern ireland protol on the current basis, including the race your bank and easements -- grace periods and easements with european partners. the european union is not preparing further steps against britain for now although it had launched legal action over the previous unilateral decisions. the u.k. has been conducting light touch checks of imports and exports since the transition peri ended earlier this year. no new date has been set for now. there has been empty shelves in supermarkets across the country in recent weeks. many businesses warned of further disruptions and ongoing lack of clarity should the new checks come into play.
the french government has announced more financial aid for young people. during next june, businesses that hire young apprentices will receive funding to cover all or most of their pay. the scheme one of many support measures during the coronavirus pandemic, and has led to a huge jump in recruitment and more than 525,000 apprentices offered contracts last year, a 42% jump from 2019. let's check on the day's trading action. the major european indices higher, gains of nearly 1% each in frankfurt and paris, and about two thirds in london. a disk -- a disappointing job support in the u.s. has pushed back concern about a rise of interest rates. wall street is closed as the u.s. marks labor day. the global automobile industry still slamming on the brakes because of an ongoing shortage of semiconductors. the toyota factory in northern france has been closed for two
weeks. on monday, it extended the production freeze for another week, saying it doesn't have the computer chips needed. analysts say the shortage could stretch well into 2023, impacting not just production but car prices as well. this problem set to dominate a major car industry show that kicks off in munich on tuesday after moving from frankfurt. champagne corks popping again after a massive slump in 2020. oducers in france as a and international demand for bubbles is again growing. reporter: in the vineyards of champagne in northern france, sales are popping. between january and april, champagne exports to the u.s. alone surged by 48% compared to the same period in 2020, according to impact databank. a producer has seen annual orders jump 30% speed -- 30%.
>> [speaking french] reporter: only 20% of the bottles stay in france, the rest are exported. >> [speaking french] reporter: the winery has hired more employees to respond to growing demand, but there are other adjustable challenges, notably in regards to bottling. >> [speaking french] reporter: just south of here, it will soon be time for the grape harvest. despite poor weather conditions in recent months, winemakers are hopeful. >> [speaking french] reporter: champagne houses hope
09/06/21 09/06/21 democracy now! test [captioning made possible ■ amy: from new york, this is democracy now! >> the people would like to know where this roadmap leads because people are thirsty for peace. amy: in the special broadcast we look at the crisis in afghanistan with bilal sarwary, an afghan journalist who was based in kabul and reported on afghanistan for 20 years before he fled for hifamily's safety after the taliban seized power. plus, we will speak to the pulitzer prize