>> you are watching "live from paris" here on france 24. beirut's worst street violence in a decade leaves at least six dead. a dispute over last year's port last leads to snipers in protest. police say a suspect acted alone when he murdered five people, but the motivation remains unknown. and france ordered by its only court system to step up action
against climate change. judges told the government to repair the damage caused by missed targets. for several hours thursday, beirut's streets became a war zone with at least six people killed. rival sectarian militia groups faced off following weeks of tensions over an investigation into the august 2020 port explosion. many gathered to demand the removal of the investigator of the blast. then the shooting began. >> endless rounds of gunfire rang out in the streets.
here a man struck by bullets is seen being carried away by residents. elsewhere, someone fires a machine gun in the middle-of-the-road. it all began with this demonstration. they gathered in one of beirut's christian neighborhoods calling for the removal of the judge in charge of the investigation into august 2020's port explosion. they have accused christian forces of positioning snipers in nearby buildings and firing at protesters. >> what we heard was there were snipers on rooftops. they began shooting. it was clear they were also
armed. we were seeing images of gunmen on the street also responding to the snipers, and then it completely escalated. >> street clashes really descend into such violence in beirut. the prime minister has called for calm to be restored. >> at the center of thursday's deadly violence was the man overseeing the port in beirut explosion investigation. protesters want him dismissed, but to supporters, he is a white knight unafraid of taking on lebanon's elite. >> for these protesters, he is a biased, unfair judge bent on going after shiite and has below officials. -- shiite and hezbollah
officials. speaking foreign language] >> the judge has landed at the center of a battle of wills after the port blast that killed 215 people and destroyed a vibrant area of the lebanese capital. since his predecessor was removed in february, he has tried, so far unsuccessfully, to question government ministers and high-ranking security officials. he has been undergoing severe pressure and subjected to a smear campaign, but he has not budged, issuing arrest warrants -- going so far as to issue arrest warrants for those who have ignored his subpoena.
hezbollah's leader has repeated called for his dismissal. a court on thursday dismissed the complaint, allowing the judge to resume his work. >> our next guest saw today's violence with her own eyes. she is a well-known lebanese pediatrician with a clinic located on the streets where the shootings took place. thank you for being with us. we are glad you are safe this evening. if you could start by telling us this evening, what was the first sign something was wrong? >> we heard mute gunfire's coming from the street.
[indiscernible] >> i think you may be covering the microphone with your hand. if you could just adjust a little bit before this next question. you mentioned you had childn in your clinic, there was a school nearby. how has this affected the children who witnessed this horrible violence? >> they were very scared. their mothers were unsure how they were going to go back to school. we had an electricity breakdown i guess because of the gunfire coming from everywhere.
besides that, like i was telling you, we saw snipers on some of the buildings surrounding the clinic, and the main entrance of our clinic was in front of the er, so all of the kids were coming and running, so it was really a scary situation. some of the kids who were close to the clinic coming from the biggest french school in beirut were coming with their parents just to settle down for a little bit. it is where we give medicine and milk for kids, so we were
waiting for a lot of people. some of them came crawling between the cars or under the cars because they were so afraid to walk in the street. those medicine are not available right now in lebanon, and they are absolutely necessary for diabetic kids, so it was a huge day. >> let's not forget, lebanon also going through this energy crisis with shortages of medicines.
>> i don't care so much about politics and politicians. i guess i have witnessed it all. i remember at the beginning of the war in 2005, i was at school, and i ran out of the classroom, and what i heard was exactly reminiscent of this period. i had children saying, i love you, i don't want to go back to school. i feel safe. who is eight years old. he was absolutely terrified.
we heard a bomb blast, and the ca becoming crazy, driving without knowing where they were going because of the fear, so it was terrible. >> terrifying day. we really appreciate you taking the time to share what you saw with us here on france 24. thank you again. next, norwegian authorities say wednesday's deadly bow and arrow authorities also believehe. spect did act alone when he killed five people. the 37-year-old danish citizen was arrested after the evening attack. police say he randomly targeted people at the supermarket and
other locations. >> there is no doubt that the act itself appears to be a possible act of terror. but it is important nowhat the investigation continues and that we establish the motive of the suspect. quirks -- >> for the latest, let's cross to our correspondent in oslo. what else do we know right now about the suspect and his potentiamotivation here? >> we could say this afternoon that the initial notion of an unknown killer with a bow and arrow now has a face and name and has been labeled a possible act of terrorism. the suspect is a 27-year-old danish citizen living in norway.
i just heard from authorities that he has admitted to being the perpetrator of this crime. it will be brought to court tomorrow morning where the likely outcome of some sort of preventative imprisonment. new details emerged about his first confrontation with police, and it appears he was able to che police from the supermarket in which he was first approached by police, after which, he started the shooting spr, even entering the homes of the victims. leaders also confirmed what was rst a rumor, that the suspect is a convert to islam. police have been very careful not connect tse crimes to the suspect's allegedly religis beliefs. an acquaintance of him has also
told me these atrocities might have nothing to do with islam and everything to do with a very serious mental illness and a very difficultouth. we know forensic psychiatrists are investigating the perpetrator to see if he was mentally saying or not in the legal sense of the word. this will be the salient point both in determining the nature of these atrocities as well as in the coming legal case. >> norway is a country where violent crime is rare. what has been the public retion to this crime? what is the debate going on in the country right now? x absolutely. you can imagine how the country is appalled and shocked, people out in the streets, lighting candles, placing flowers on the crime scenes. police have been instructed to
wear firearms on a national level, which is absolutely nothing usual case. the new prime minister took office yesterday and has said that he will visit the town where this took place tomorrow, which is in a very deep state of grief. norway just marked the anniversary of the massacre of 2011, and this is a point of reference as people try to grapple with last night's atrocities. one of the focal points of the debate was the supposed alleged lack of police readiness, and this will be the focus of debate last nig's terrorist attack and the trady could have avoided. the new government that took office today will have to deal
with the aftermath of this atrocity for years to come. >> thank you so much. a paris court has ordered the french government to do more to meet its commitments on reducing carbon emissions. 4 environmental ngo's suit the state for an action on climate targets. the government has until next year to make good on its climate promises or face penalties. >> a new ally in france's fight against climate change -- the legal system. a paris administrative cou found the french government had failed to meet its own carbon emission target between 2015 and 2018. he gave government until 2022 to make up the shortcomings, a ruling that could have far-reaching ilications. the nga who took on the case
said it is an historic win. >> for the first time ever, the court ordered the french state to repair the damages caused by the environment. france emitted 15 million tons of co2 in addition that they should not have. basically, they need to double the rate of duction omission in 2022. >> the court said failure to meet the deadline would result in 78 billion euros in penalties every six months until the target was achieved. ants as committed to reducing its carbon emissions by 40 percent by 2050. it is not the first te in europe a court has ruled against the state in climate change cases. top courts in germany and the netherlands also ordered their respective governments to update
laws and step up action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions faster. >> next, it is time to run the numbers, and that means business today with kate moody from our business desk. we start in italy where a national airline is closing shop . it's last ever flight today. >> yeah, from sardinia to rome. dozens of airlines have collapsed over the last few years, but this is perhaps the most high profile. once an industry leader, it struggled to adapt to competition. thousands of employees stand to lose their job >> the end of the line. italy's most emblematic airline had been on life-support since taxpayers more than 10 billion euros over the past two decades. after benefiting from multiple government bailouts, the covid-19 pandemic proved the
final blow. >> it makes us very sad. it carried the italian flag. it represented us throughout the world. >> since its first plane took off in may 1947, it has transported over a billion passengers, including an array of italian celebrities. it became the world's third biggest airline in the 1960's. it was also known as the preferred carrier of popes, including pope francis, who boarded his last alitalia flight last month. >> hundreds of employees took to the streets on monday to protest the closing of the company, which is set to be absorbed by new low-cost carrier ita. >> we want all 10,005 hundred employees to be rehired, not
just 2300, as has been announced. >> for n, ita says it only plans to hire about a quarter of alitalia's workforce. >> some record closes at wall street as we saw the indices closing firmly in the green. the dow jones up over 500 points. the s&p 500 with its biggest one-day jump since march. trade was powered in part by financial heavyweights bank of america, morgan stanley, wells fargo, and citigroup, all reporting stronger-than-expected earnings. gains of about 1% in london. a bit more in paris and rank for. the number of americans claiming unemployment benefits dropped again. that is the first time those weekly numbers have dropped below 300,000 since march 2020.
the overall unemployment rate has also dropped to a pandemic low of 4.8 percent in september, but the decline was largely driven by a sharp drop off of people looking for jobs. new data showed 300,000 women left the workforce in september. they continue to bear the brunt of job losses since the start of the pandemic. a group of ngo's has accused the french state of ignoring environmental and human rights standards by supporting a controversial oil project in uganda. critics say projects in uganda would deprive thousands of their land. an energy company said it did t expect meaningful output,
but it is a sign it is hitting dustries as well as households. e worl's largest producerf microchips said profits rose in the third quarter as global demand remained high. the taiwan semiconductor manufacturing co. said it was opening a new factory in china but expects supplies to remain tight throughout the next year. a shortage of semiconductors has affected industries around the world. finance ministers of the group of seven advanced economies has said they will cooperate on the global supply chain strain. manufacturers and retailers face unprecedented disruption due to high demand and shortages of key components like those microchips. the governments as they are doing everything they can to fix the issue there. those issues a being compounded by brexit. >> these be assured we are doing everything we can to mitigate
some of these global challenges. they are global in nature, so we cannot ask every single problem. we are working on ways to improve blockages where we can. >> there is a lot more on this global supply chain crunch on this week's "people and profit." >> people already trying to get that christmas list checked off. >> stores will be empty in december. >> thank you for that update. next, the philippines is one of the most dangerous countries or reporters, but journalists working there say they feel newly motivated to fight for press freedom. a journalist won the nobel peace prize last week. she was convicted of libel last week for her work. she spoke with france 24 earlier today about the importance of the nobel committee's recognition. >> they have maintained power
since 1988 and used a legal lohole t keep the philippines guessing after filing certificates of candidacy. now because of a legal loophole they have used in the past, we will have to wait until november 15 to figure o who the final candidates are for president and vice president. i think the problem is this is going to be the battle for facts , our elections, and american social media platforms, these american companies, are going to play a crucial role. the second thing is -- will our institutions recover? within about six months of the first year, you could see them caving in from within, and these
cases, in a normal time, five years ago, they would not have been in court, so we fight them in court, and i certainly hope there is a rejuvenation of the institutions. >> you are alluding to what has been happening at facebook the last few weeks. we had that whistleblower accusing the company of effectively putting profit over the need to curb misinformation. is that what you see happening as well in the philippines? >> it is what is happening everywhere around the world. we blew the whistle on this -- in 2016, we demanded an end to impunity to the president, and we continue to demand that because there has not been effective change for the better.
i think the problem we have here is that social media, facebook, which is the world's largest distributor of news, is governed by algorithms that actually -- and this research has shown -- spreads lies laced with anger and hate faster than facts. our news is being distributed on a platform that is biased against facts and biased against journalism. if you don't have facts, you cannot have truth. it you don't have truth, you cannot have trust. without trust in the room, facts are the beginning of any kind of human endeavor. if we don't restehat, trying to deal with existential problems like coronavirus or climate change or the battle for
amy: from new york this is democracy now! at least five people are dead in beirut after snipers opened fire on a protest. the violence comes as lebanon faces a devastating economic crisis. over the weekend, lebanon fell into darkness for 24 hours after the nation's electric gricollapsed. we will go to beirut for the latest.