anchor: it is 9:00 p.m., live from paris. these are the headlines. afghanistan hospital under attack, 25 people dead, 50 injured. leaders gathered in glasgow for the cop26 summit, amongst them, a pledge to stop deforestation and cut methane. the biden administration facing tests and local elections across the u.s. the people of virginia are
choosing their next governor. ♪ good evening. at least 25 people have been killed in afghanistan and more than 50 injured after the biggest military hospital came under attack in central kabul, rocked by two explosions, followed by an assault by armed men. according to the armed men, all assailants were killed within 50 minutes of the attack. they say it was the work of the islamic state group, which has carried out similar attacks, but no group claimed responsibility. we have this report. reporter: this time, the attack struck a hospital in central kabul. the hospital, afghanistan's
largest military hospital, the taliban dispatched fighters across the area to stop potential assailants. >> [speaking in foreign language] reporter: witnesses also say they heard shooting, and the taliban save the blast were four suicide bombings. >> [speaking in foreign language] reporter: since the taliban, took control of afghanistan -- taliban re-took control of ala afghanistan, they are tryino
stop islamic group fighters. in recent weeks, gunmen attacke shiite mosques in two towns, killing dozens. anchor: a state of emergency was declared in ethiopia, after forces from a northern region said they are gaining territory and considering marching on the capital. two days ago, the ethiopian prime minister called on citizens to defend themselves against the people's liberation front. u.s. president joe biden has decided to cut ethiopia from a u.s. trade program for failing to end that war in the region, adding gross violations of human rights have taken place. the greek island that is home to thousands of migrants who live in makeshift camps, where many call the camp home fleeing the
violence, but here, they say they feel safe, while the french interior minister has called the camp a model for others. it is still far from ideal. we have this report. repoer: it is covid-19 vaccination day for the residents of this nter. after the jab, they go back to their activities. the camp can accommodate up to 3000, and boasts wi-fi, sportscenter, and a playground, but with barbed wire, security gates, and x-ray scanners, this mp is located in a deserted area and is segregated from the rest of the island. the 360 asylum-seekers currently living there are divided by origin in differently colored containers. the rules are harsh, 8:00.m. curfew, and agreement to be under constant supervision. >> [speaking in foreign language]
reporter: the 43 million euro camp financed by the eu is equipped with cameras directly linked to the migration ministry in athens. alice arrived here three weeks ago from sierra leone. her perilous journey left her with deep wounds she is struggling to heal. >> they put me in a big house. then one day i decided to run away from the house, and some people with differen nationalities, i decided to follow them in the bush, walking at night. i know that greece is safeor .
porter: authorities are hoping to welcome the migrants, with other such camps to be inaugurated soon. anchor: leaders gathered in glasgow for the cop26 summit reaching some agreements today. amongst them, protecting the earth's forests, cut methane gas emissions and help south africa wean itself off of coal. the u.n. secretary general said signing decorations is the easy bit. campaigners say much more and still needs to be done. let's get more on the halting and reversing deforestation over the next decade, part of a multibillion-dollar package. the deal has been hailed as a
milestone, but experts say there is not a moment to lose for implementation. we have this report. report: it is the biggest pledge yet to protect the world's forests. in a joint statement monday, over 100 heads of state committed to reverse deforestation by 2030. countries will provide some $12 billion in public fundingand ivate investors an additional $7 billion to restore the degraded land, support indigenous communities, and mitigate wildfire damage. this marks the first time such a pledge is backed by tangible funding. >> with today's unprecedented pledges, we will have a chance to end history as natures conquer, and instead become its can custodian. reporter: fo: forests have
been disappearing alarming rate. in 2020, 4 150,000 square kilometers of force were lost. monday's pledge was cautiously welcomed by climate activists and experts, yet many expressed accountabity, and sai my details, including how the money will be spent still needed to be clarified. some pointed to previous failed efforts to halt deforestation, like the 20 new york declaration on forests, which has produced few tangible results. a key difference this time could be the participation of major forested country used like indonesia, brazil, and the democratic republic of congo, and industrial powerhouses like china. anchor: let's get more analysis and speak to a tropical forest ecologist. thank you for joining us in glasgow. let me ask for your reaction to this pledge to end deforestation. >> this is a significant
announcement, no doubt a bout it. if you compared it, you compared it in your report to the 2014, for example. this is different from that. this is substantial money, major powers coming together to commit to fight deforestation. 2 billion to $3 billion a year is what has been pledge the 2025, and we expect to see more after that. this is about half of what is needed. it is an important first step. anchor: you mentioned the money. $20 billion in the pledge in all. people are wondering, just throwing money at a problem, does that solve it? what matters is how the money will be spent, so how will the money be spent? >> we are waiting to see the details. yes, you are right. there are questions about that, brett protecting forests -- but protecting fours does cost
money, the congo rain forest, the brazilian amazon, indonesia, huge areas, so policing and protecting them and marking the boundaries of protected areas, working with the communities to improve e livelihoods in these areas and work with them, this costs billions of dollars to do across these regions, so these are the amounts of money that are needed. in fact, we think more will be needed beyond this. anchor: significant, as we heard in the report, 85% of the world forests are covered in the list of countries that signed up to this pledge. do you think brazil's signature was the most significant of all of the signatures? i would like to ask an extension of that question, when you look at president bolsonaro's record on issues, many worry that his word can be trusted. >> president bolsonaro has an
appalling track record on human rights of the indigenous communities that live in the rain forests, and protection of the force themselves, so the big -- forests themselves, so the significances he has signed this the remit. has he had a change of heart? i doubt it. will he play along with the international community due to political pressure from europe, the u.s., potentially related trade deals and other aspects? that seems to be happening. this is a positive step, but we have to wait and see whether he really follows through on the ground. anchor: ok, looking at the timeframe of this deal, let's end deforestation by 2030, i mean, people are wondering, what on the earth is the point of waiting nine years to end deforestation, why not next wednesday, for example, given we are talking about here in emergency?
what is your reaction when people say things like that? >> i think that is exactly right. here at the cop26, scientists are callin this a climate are used to hearing fm thee we scientific community, so i agree , 10 years to end deforestation, it seems like a long time. we know that doing some of this in some of these countries will be hard, but we know that some of them can do it quicker. i'm worried that setting 2030 deadline gives comfort to those who want to do it more slowly than they could, so i hope there will be pressure to increase the pace of action consistent with the climate emergency. anchor: ok, i want to ask you, we touched on this earlier, this is not the first such deal. there was the 2014 deal to end
deforestation. it did not work. why do you think it did not work and achieve what it set out to? >> this is very different from the 2014 deal. i was in the room at the united nations when leaders of business primarily sign that deal, and committed to take voluntary action to stop deforestation in their supply chains are products like soy, cocoa, coffee, beef. this is different. this is government saying i think that did not work. government needs to step in. e largest governments that, the countries that import tse prodts, they are saying we will take over the situation and implement regulations that will force companies to stop importing deforestation as part of these products, and putting money on the table to help make this happen, so this is very dierent from what we have seen before. i think it is president-setting,
but we need to see more, and the devil will be in the details. anchor: thank you. we are out of time. it has been a pleasure talking to you. thank you so much. a second day of talks was held today between the u.k. in france with the goal of defusing a row over fishing licenses. it could escalate to a trade war. the talks are still in progress, and emmanuel macron's office at sanctions are off the table. on thursy, david frost is due in par paris for talks. according to a source in the french presidency, paris is waiting for a response from london on the latest french proposals. more talks are scheduled to take place tomorrow. the former french president nicolas sarkozy appeared as a witness in a criminal court in paris today.
he has been convicted twice in recent months, but today, he was summoned to give evidence in the trial of five former aide's accused of misusing public money. they awarded polling contracts during his presidency. the five denied the charges. sarkozy decided not to answer questions, describing the court summons as an "completely unconstitutional." francis 120 catholic bishops began their conference today. throughout the next seven days, they would discuss how to respond to the shocking report published last month which detailed the abusive hundreds of thousands of children over seven decades. amongst the issues, they will be discussing how to compensate the victims. we have this report. reporter: it is an annual affair, but this year there is a darkloudanging over the french catholic ips
conference. 120 will dedicate half of their seven-day meeting to find ways to fight child s abuse in the church. follows the release of a report last month revealing systemic criminality within the catholic institution. victims groups help the bishops will follow the report's recommendations. >> [speaking iforeign language tranator: for a vicm tha caot go before the court, it is important to have first, acknowledgment, the acknowledgment of their status as victims, an secondly, going all the wayn a reparation procesinvolving a physical gesture, symbolic gesturebut not that symbolic, because it is an indemnity. reporter: the iuiry estimated 33000 children had been abused within the french catholic church over the last seven decades. some victims have been invited to attend the conference in southwestern france, but only
handful will make the trip. victims groups lament the fact that the report will not be the sole subject of the assembly. >> [speaking in foreign langua] anslator: on the fif of october, not when bishop acknowledged thehurch's institutional responsibility, expressing shame,uffering, and everything else you n imagine, but the acknowledgment is not there. reporter: finding a mechanism to pay reparations to the ends is said to be one of the priorities of the conference. the commission that compiled the report said compensation should be financed from the assets of the aggressors. anchor: people across the state of virginia are today casting their ballots to choose the next governor. the race between the candidates has narrowed in recent weeks and looks too close to call. the outcome looks like it will depend on voter turnout. we have more. reporter: it is seen as a
barometer of how voters feel about joe biden's presidency. the former democratic virginia governor is in a tight race for his old job, against the newcomer. >> that spirit in the sky is telling us this is a moment, a defining moment for the future of our commonwealth, a defining moment where we get to stand up and say no to this left, liberal progressive agenda trying to take us over. reporter: he has closed in on his rival, thanks to his persona , while focusing on culture war issues like the teaching of america's racial history, mask mandates, and abortion. >> he says he will ban abortions as your governor. folks, after texas, wake up. we thought for 50 years that roe v. wade would protect us with the supreme court, but now with the trump supreme court installed. reporter: his early lead has
titan as joe biden's approval numbers have slouched, amid a stalemate over the president's economic agenda in congress, afghanistan, rising inflation, and the persistence of the coronavirus. elsewhere, like in new york, the issues of police and crime are at the forefront, after an increase in homicides in the wake of the pandemic, but also george floyd step, which led to a reckoning on law-enforcement. the democratic candidate has struck a nuanced stance as a former police captain. he is expected to win victory. >> thank you. >> [indiscernible] >> [indiscernible] reporter: in minneapolis, meanwhile, where george floyd died, voters would decide on a new mayor, as well as whether to replace the troubled police with the department of public safety. anchor: today is the international day to end impunity for crimes against journalists, a united
nations-recognized day on the second of november every year. a people's tribunal open today in the netherlands that will be examining evidence about journalists who have been targeted, with the goal of stopping them of doing their job of reporting. 35 journalists have been killed so far this year, and close to 350 are behind bars around the world. our team in washington decided to find out more about what is being done to protect journalists operating in the field. reporter: seven years ago, jim foley became the first american journalist to be executed by the islamic state group. his beheading filmed and uploaded online shocked the world. his mother, jim died for the values he held dear. >> jim died for what he thought was the truth, what was important. he felt it was a job that needed to be done. he was single. he felt he could do it. and he loved it.
he loved hearing what was going on, then writing the story, capturing the images to bring back to the world. reporter: three weeks after jim's death, she created a foundation calling on the u.s. government to do more to free hostag, reporters or not. today, 67 americans are being held against their will. >> it is becoming ever more dangerous to be a journalist, whether in this country or throughout the world, and i think that is mostly because there is so much misinformation, disinformation now. it is harder for the truth to come out, unless we hold people accountable for those who attacked, kill, torture journalists, there is no protection for them. reporter: she has made it a priority to protect her
journalist. after 20 years of reporting in hostile environments, she is sending teams into harms way, but tries to follow safety protocols. >> we try to find out about the place we are going, rather than parachuting in, so we work with local people on the ground who can help us and give us a lay of the land. i tried my hardest not toin people who have ro experience in hostile environments, especially if the whole crew is inexperienced. we try to balance that out. reporter: attacked, jailed, killed them of violence against journalists has been on the rise around the world. in 30 years, more than 1400 have been killed, with perpetrators really brought to justice. anchor: time now for truth or fake, our daily factor checking segment in association with the france 24 observers. i'm here with james. you have a video that appears to
show a packed stadium in the u.s. people in the crowd can be heard chanting abusive language about the current president joe biden. what is this about? reporter: this is a video that started on tiktok on october 27, over 100,000 views, migrating to twitter. there is some vulgar language, so we won't play it for too long, but just to give you a flavor if it. you have a packed stadium, right? and you hea that, right? i won't keep going, because it comeclear and clear as it goes on, but there is me rude language going on, and it is directed at the u.s. president, right? so if you dig a little bit further and try to figure out whether this is current or right about now, when jibe biden -- joe biden is not doing well in
the poll numbers, you can see that is lionel messi. this is the stadium in question. in fact, there are various clues that indicate this was actually a match between argentina and chile from 2016, so why was joe biden was vice president in 2016 would a crowd of these supporters in a stadium in new jersey, why would they being say that? in fact, if you go to, if you want to confirm that was not the authentic audio, you have this authentic audio. it is more akin tohe white noise you woul hear. anchor: it is the national anthem. reporter: there you go. toscertain the actual sound, if you go on tiktok, they have a feature calm original sound, ich can take you, and it keeps playing.
i will try to get its to stop playing. this was a concert by a country western singer. he was trying to get the crowd going and encouraging them at a concert in pennsylvania on 25 september to say that, and they did. they responded. the audio from that was pasted onto the visuals on this huge stadium event, which made it look like joe biden was getting abused basically from a much bigger crowd at a massive event. anchor: what is his name? reporter: aaron lewis. anchor: he has a way of getting his fans whipped up about the concert. that is where the audio came from. reporter: yes, from his event. the coext is significant, because why would people be sharing this now. it is in the context of a meme that has taken off connected to the phrase, let us go, brandon.
to explain what that is about. this is from another sports event, and nbc reporter was interviewing a pro-stock-car racing driver cold brandon brown. in the background, there was a champ, and it was what we have been hearing being said, but the reporter passed it off as something else. let's take a listen. >> oh my god. it is such an unbelievable moment. >> youlso told me, as you can hear the chants from the crowd. let's go, brandon. reporter: anyway, that became a massive slogan, if you like, on conservative media. you can see this is t washington times talking about how the anti-biden catchphrase became all the rage on the right. it is a way of saying that without saying it, and this in
the context of joe biden's poll numbers having taken a recent hit in weeks and months. 42%. there is public discontent being expressed in vulgar ways like that, so i guess that baseline of truth, it is fakery and exaggeration. anchor: ok. so it is code language for something else. something i will bear in mind next time. thank you very much. today's edition of truth or fake. that is it for me. i will be back in three minutes. don't go away. ♪
democracynow.org 11/02/21 11/02/21 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from new york, this is democracy now! mr. biden: this is a challenge of our collective lifetimes. the existential threat to human existence as we know it. and every day we delay, the cost of an action increases so let this be a moment that we answer histories call here in glasgow. amy: president biden vows to take action to address the im