>> it is 9:00 p.m. this is "live from paris." these are your top stories. tensions between algeria and morocco is cleared further as three algerians e killed in a military strike. algiers is blaming rabat. president biden returns to the u.s. rated by news of a humiliating defeat of his party in the gubernatorial election in virginia. and we are following a hunger strike by a priest in calle. . the local authorities have soft and their approach to migrants and promised to systematically
offer everyone a shelter. ♪ welcome back. begin with the latest escalation in tensions between algeria and morocco. today algeria and authorities said three of its citizens had been killed in a military strike in an area close to the old jerry and border with mauritania, a strike algeria is blaming on moroccan forces in the disputed region of western sahara. it is a former spanish colony that was annexed by morocco. tensions between algeria and rabat have been rising, when they broke off diplomatic ties in august. our international affairs tells us more. >> quite a few reports in the
algerian media which are giving a few more details say that they must have extra sources and security establishments. these media reports are talking about a drone strike which happened in the region. let's show you a map with those two towns. the two towns are just inside western sahara, though i think we will have to zoom in. the two tones are just inside western sahara, a few miles away -- a few kilometers away from mauritania. the mauritanian authorities say that this strike didn't happen in mauritania territory. it seems pretty reasonable to assume that it happened just inside western sahara something
like 70 kilometers away from the algerian border itself. the algerian presidency has talked about our sophisticated weapon being used to target the trucks. the jury and media have gone further and talked about a drone strike, but we don't really have much more than that in terms of details right now. tom: quite a confusing geological area. lots of countries in close proximity to one another. what has morocco been saying? has there any reaction from rabat? armen: no, they are taking their time to work out whathey wl say. an analyst we spoke to on the french channel at france 24 actually was saying that it is very much in morocco's interest to not ratchet up tensions, to not respond in kind verbally to what algiers is saying, because morocco has notched up a few
diplomatic victories recently, essentially getting the diplomatic upperhand over algeria. you coul trace that back to when the former u.s. administration recognized moroccan claims to sovereignty in the western sahara, something that current u.s. ministration of j biden has not reversed. so biden has actually kept that in place. that was a big victory for morocco over algeria. and then just last week, the u.n. passed another resolution when it talked the question of western sahara. that resolution was seen in algiers as very biased, in favor of morocco, and seen as yet another slap in the face diplomaticly to alers. so morocco perhaps has an interest in sort of sitting on thesvictories and leaving it
to algeria to be, so to speak, hotheaded, quote", but to keep the lead on things -- to keep ta lidn things. even though the polisario front feel as though they are no longer bound by a cease-fire, we the american government are still bound by the cease-fire. so morocco is saying things to make itself seen as the responsible player on the international diplomati scene. it has not much interest in upsetting that balance now. tom: that was armen georgian speaking to me earlier. u.s. president joe biden has returned home to the u.s. for liga trip to europe when he attended the cop26 summit, but he returns to the of a humiliating defeat of the democratic party in the election
elections which pundits had had said would be a verdict of his presidency. republican glenn young kim bit democrat terry mcauliffe in the gubernatorial election. in new york, democrat eric adams became the mayor, making him the second african-american to lead the city. reporter: freshly elected as the mayor of new york, atrium front eric adams rated supporters following his landslide victory. the former police officer was keen to highlight his background not only as a cop, but as a black man who himself was the victim of police violence in the past. >>. >> my mother cleaned houses, i washed dishes, i was needed by police and sat in holding cells, certain my future was already decided. and now i will be the person in charge of that precinct and every other precinct in the city of new york.
[cheers] reporter: adams had been the clear favorite since winning the democratic primary in june and was endorsed by his two predecessors, bill de blasio and michael bloomberg. he now faces a stagger set of challenges as he prepares to take charge of the nation's largest city. these include lingering economic inequalities and a spike in crime rate, issues that have been compounded by the covid-19 pandemic. but for his supporters, there is no doubt he is the best man for the job. >>. >> he is from this community. he was the only politician that reached out to us in this community. reporter: a moderate democrat, adams has been a vocal opponent of calls to defined the police, and supports a strong and robust police presence to combat crime. he will not have a chance to put his ideas to the test as he steps into what is considered the country's second toughest
job after the president's. tom: we spoke earlier to a political analyst university of virginia and this is what he told us about the >> it is going to be hard. it is pretty common for presidents to have at approval ratings when they first get into office and then for various things, it starts to chip away. there could be various things gog on next year. cod may more in the past -- we all hope that is the case within the united states and across the world. there may be other issues that come up that prove important. one very significant one is abortion in the united states. the u.s. supreme court naval sometime in the next several months that the famous roe v. wade decision that essentially allowed for legal abortion u across the country, they may essentially train it down, and
that would threaten abortion rights. that could be an explosive issue that immigrants could capitalize on and energize their voters through. there are a lot of moving pieces. bottom line is president biden's approval stays low. that is a familiar pattern in u.s. political history. tom: we will stay in the u.s.. close to 60% of americans are fully vaccinated against covid-19. now begins the process of vaccinating children ages 5-11. this follows a recommendation by the cdc, to offer the pfizer/biontech shot to that age group. the deuce of the vaccination of these youngsters is about one third, of the strength of those given to adults. [applause] reporter: with a round of applause from his friends, six year old karim receives his first covid-19 vaccine. like him, 28 million americans
between 5-11 are now eligible for the pfizer jab. >> it doesn't really hurt. i do it for the sake of america because it is helping america and the world life is better for each and every person on earth. reporter: authorities cleared drug for the younger age group on tuesday, saying that while the risk of severe illness and death was lower in children the virus had a profound impact on kids' mental health and creative disparities in access to education. the vaccine will still be given in two injections three weeks apart, with only one third of the amount given to adults and teenagers. in a recent cdc survey of 1000 parents, 57% said they would get their child vaccinated. >> i believe in the vaccine, i believe in the science. i read all the articles where they say that the benefits outweigh the possible effects. reporter: some parents, disagree. their main concern is the
inflammation of the heart muscle detected in adolescents and young adults after vaccination with the pfizer or moderna shots. >> i do't thin parents should put that in your kids. reporter: in the u.s., more than 8305-11-year-olds been hospitalized with covid-19, with about one-third requiring intensive care, according to government data. tom: in recent years, french authorities have done everything possible to stop migrants from settling in camps in calais. even so, hundreds of people are living in the northern port city under bridges, in the woods, even on wasteland, as they continue to wait to cross the channel and reach the u.k.. the situation prompted an elderly local priest to start a hunger strike. 23 days into the hunger strike, local authorities have softened their approach. they have been promising that migrants will be systematically offered a place to shelter.
we can speak to a advocacy officer for amnesty international of france. she joins us now. thank you so much for speaking to us. start by talking about what life is like for grants i calais. what are your sights? manon:he situati has been evolving for many years. right now it is about 2000 people living in informal settlements, intense. we are talking about families, men, minors, and they are living in tents. the situation for the past five years has been to evict them from their tents, and if they are not in the tent, to destroy the tent every other day. that is the policy ethan kollie, to stop people -- that is the policy in calais. where they tell them to move 100 meters away from where they slept the night for, and we are
talking about sleeping in the woods in a tent, in the weather of northern france. that is the situation right now. a lot of police brutality and a lot of deaths -- 304 people died in calais. that is the situation right now. tom: but it sounds as though on the back of this hunger strike, perhaps the authorities are softening their stance and there will be perhaps less harsh on migrants who decide to settle and wait in calais until they can cross. what do you make of that promise? manon: i am not sure it will be certain. the offer is to offer temporary shelter to 300 people, so it does not cover at all the needs and these are temporary shelters away from calais, but
more of the peoe who were offered temporary shelter away from calais came back. that is where they want to cross the channel. so that is not a softening, it is just providing basic needs, and maybe a bit stopping the inhuman treatment that people face in a calais. but they didn't promise to stop the evictions. the winter is coming, and one thing people on hunger strike are asking and that amnesty is supporting, is to stop the evictions of the people that will not be receiving housing during the winter moratorium, so that is for five more months. tom: is there a dialogue between ngos and organizations like amnesty france with the authorities? do they listen to you? manon: the hunger strike, one of the recommendations of the hunger strike, what they ask for
is to have a dialogue. the government sent an envoy that local ngos and local nonprofits did not feel like they were heard -- but local ngos and local nonprofits did not feel like they were heard. they were not taken into consideration. it is not so much of a dialogue. that is really what is missing. but it is not just about dialogue with french authorities, it is also dialogue with the u.k., because what is needed to end this situation that is calais, is more legal and safe ways to reach the u.k., because that is where people want to go. and also change the european regulation that forces asylum-seekers to apply for asylum in the first country that they enter in europe, this first country being italy or a north
breeze. -- or greece. this regulation needs to be amended or modified. tom: but isn't part of the problem or the solution, to look at the source, which is in many cases gangs that profiteers from selling, in many cases, a false dream to people? would you say that tackling the problem could also be addressing the root causes, and tackling the issue of traffickers and people smugglers? manon: when we talk about root causes, we have to think about what is in afghanistan and sudan. people-smuggling is definitely something terrible. the root cause is the ason why people need to live in another country that is not theirs.
that is what people stuck in calais are looking for when trying to cross the channel is finding relatives in the u.k.. tom: thank you very much indeed for speaking to us. manon fillonneau, migration advocacy officer from amnesty international france, thank you. the winner was announced yesterday of france's literature prize, the prix goncourt. the winner is mohamed mbougar sarr, a young african writer. his fifth book is entitled "the most secret memory of men." he is the first sub-saharan african to win the award. let's find out more about him.
reporter: he is a young and mostly unknown senegalese writer, but not for long. wednesday, mohamed mbougar sarr became the latest winner of the most prestigious prize in french literature, the goncourt. >> [speaking in french] reporter: at 31 years old, mohamed mbougar sarr is one of the youngest laureates ever, and the first from sub-saharan africa. his fourth novel, "the most secret memory of me" is a thrillerhat as explores the destiny of an author. the board needed one round of voting to crown mbougar sarr . in september, he spoke about the internal urge to write.
>> [speaking in french] reporter: prix goncourt the prix goncourt awards just 10 euros in prize money. e real award comes in the form of book sales and fame. last year's winning novel has sold more than one million copies in 2016 laureate became an international bestseller at age 35. mbougar sarr is also a young author, and the jury says he likely has a long career ahead of him. tom: time now for check the top is nice and new story, or business editor kate moody is here. the u.s. federal reserve will begin scaling back its pandemic support this month. kate: pretty widely expected. the america central bank said it would keep interest rates on hold, near zero, said it would
reduce the amount of money it bumps into the economy. it had been buying $120 billion worth of bonds every mth. that will be reduced by $15 billion in november and december, and long-term, the program could be locked up altogether in june. the fed said this was in light of the substantial progress the economy has made since the pandemic. fed chair jay powell acknowledged that prices had been rising, but that higher inflation would remain transitory. let's cross now to new york and speak to the chief u.s. economist for oxford economics. thanks for being with us. we knew that tapering was coming. is the timeline pretty much as expected? gregory: largely as expected. we had anticipated that the fed would announce tapering to the tune of $15 billion per month, and that is exactly what fed chair powell announced in the statement.
it will be a reduction in asset purchases of $10 billion in terms of treasury and 5 million dollars per month in terms of mortgage-backed securities, so largely in line with the tapering powell had been discussing in the last few weeks . kate: inflation is the word of the moment, powell admitting that supply chain disruptions had contributed to the problem. you think the fed is taking the right appach to this sustained period of elevated prices? gregory: what power is made clear during his press conference is that there's still a lot of uncertainty as to the outlook for inflation. he highlighted something that had missing in the disk question -- in the discussion so far, that there is a strong imbalance between demand and supply and that has led to persistence in higher inflation. he talked about the possibility of inflation gradually falling back, but noted that this would
probably not occur before the second or third quarter of next year. so we will have to be patient in terms of inflation coming back down. it is no longer the case that inflation is simply transitory, it is expected to be transitory and then to fall back down in e course of the second and third quarter of 2022. kate: what can we say about the state of america's labor market. employers still trying to recruit? gregory: we are still in an environment where labor supply remains constrained, that is one of the elements that powell made clear in his remarks during a press conference, that we continue to have supply constraints both in terms of capital and in terms of labor. but we have a relatively flexible economy, a flexible labor market. and as we move into 2020 two, we should expect in improving health situation as well as a gradual normalization of the supply chain issues we have been facing to allow for stronger
activity, growth, and stronger employment growth. these can be induced into an environment that will help alleviate some of the inflationary pressures you have seen. kate: gregory, thanks for joining us. gregory: thank you. kate: investors had been waiting for that announcement. wall street recovered from earlier losses, the nasdaq outperforming, over one-percentage point up at the close. the s&p 500 closing at a new record high. the fed's decision is seen as a good island for investors. interest rates will remain low, the economy strong enough for that too. to begin. a mixed close for the european indices. the correct current managing a new all-time high -- the cac 40. unemployment in the eurozone had fallen slightly from 1.5% 7.4% in september. the cop26 clan -- the
cop26 climate summit has led to leaders committing millions of dollars in investment. it puts huge amounts of money towards net zero targets. but many of the participants are still putting funding into fossil fuels, as claire explains. [applause] reporter: is being healed by some as a watershed moment. the financial sector has announced plans to pour trillions of dollars into curbing global warming under the umbrella of the glasgow financial alliance 40. made up of more than 450 banks, insurers, and investors, the coalition has more than $130 trillion in assets, accounting for roughly 40% of global capital. money that will now be invested in projects seeking to transition the economy towards a decarbonize future. >> such initiatives give finance the confidence to invest to forward the adjustment in our
economy, smoothing the transition to net zero, and critically driving growth and jobs affords while they force -- upwas where they force emission standards. reporter: the announcement reflects t financial word's growing embrace of climate change as both a business necessity and opportunity as companies seek to profit from the drive to build a low carbon economy. >> the old notions of why the private sector should decarbonize, because planet must report before profit, are no longer universally true. many renewables are now cheaper than carbon-based fuel alternatives. in many cases, it is simply cost-effective to go green. reporter: some climate campaigners have warned of corporate green washing. some funds in the alliance still invest in oil and gas, which would undermine efforts tlimit global warming to 1.5 degrees
celsius, compared to preindustrial levels. kate: the scotch and whiskey industry is also fighting climate change, committing to reach net zero emissions in its operations by 2040. that is ahead of the target set by both the scottish and british governments. one biotech company in scotland is going one step further, turning left over waste from whiskey making into an alternative fuel that could replace petrol. >> the benefit of this particular fuel is we are not producing it from petrochemicals. this is made from living carbon, from a residue in an industry that is one of the most important industries in the scottish economy. and we can turn it into something we need right now, from sustainable resources. kate: that is a new spin on sustainable fuel, a never ending supply of whiskey. [laughter] tom: thank you so much indeed, kate moody, our business editor. i will be back in a couple of minutes with all the top stories. thanks for watching. ♪
11/03/21 11/03/21 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from new york, this is democracy now! >> my fellow virginians, this is our moment. amy: in a shocker for democrats, republican glenn youngkin has won the virginia gubernatorial race, while the new jersey governor's race is too close to call. we wge