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tv   France 24  LINKTV  November 22, 2021 3:30pm-4:01pm PST

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anchor: catch up on our world news headlines here on live from paris. austria back in lockdown, the first european country to close down non-essential shops as well as cafés and bars since the vaccine rollout. a hard-line conservative has won the first round of chile's presidential race. he will now face the leftist candidate in a december runoff. and in the united states, five people have been killed, 14 more injured after a vehicle plowed into dozens of people at a christmas parade in wisconsin. ♪
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protests have rocked the sudanese capital overnight, after the country's deposed prime minister signed a deal with the military that saw him reinstated. the agreement officially restores the civilian government to lead sudan through a transition period, nearly a month after a military coup. large crowds took to the street to reject any deal involving army. medics say at least one demonstrator was shot dead. for more, we are joined by our international affairs editor. despite the reinstatement of the prime minister, the military rule are not about to let the
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pressure up, are they? >> absolutely not. demonstrations have already taken place since the prime minister wasn't reinstated and that tells us the demonstrators believe there was some kind of deal cooked up instead of a real, meaningful political transition, which is what they are demanding, and of course they are saying they want accountability first of all, for the way the protests have been repressed over the last few weeks. dozens of people have been killed. activists are saying they want accountability for those dozens of people killed and hundreds that have wounded. the military have pledged to release civilian leaders, and according to a guest we spoke to on the channel half an hour ago from human rights watch, the military has not actually released many of those people
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that it has pledged to free. obviously there are a lot of obstacles standing in the way of people believing that this is a genuine transition. anchor: one of the big questions is how much power the prime minister will have, how independent this new power-sharing arrangement that includes at least some civilians will be. armen: absolutely, there is a general perception that he agreed to become prime minister again because the military pushed him into some kind of arrangements. the perception is he was acting under duress, and obviously tied to that, this notion that the military needs him to give themselves credibility, which begs the question, how much credibility does the prime minister himself have? of course he is trying to put a
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brave face on the situation, saying despite these criticisms, he has the freedom to form a technocratic government, that he will hold a constitutional conference and aim to hold elections by june 2023. but of course a lot of people will be asking what constitutional changes, what is the weight of the military going to be in a new constitutional framework? as for elections, what will b thrules governing that and who will be allowed to run? those same questions about what the deepole of t military will be going forward. he probably calculated he has a little morinfluence inside this transition, if you want to ca it that, than continuing outside the transition. it does seem as if the military have the upper hand for now in terms of the actual power structures, and therefore there
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will be huge scrutiny going forward and lot of questions ether the prime minister can deliver on these promises of meaningful constitutional change and credible elections in 2023. anchor: thank you so much for that analysis. starting today, monday, austria back in lockdown. germany will also tighten restrictions. this as europe ups the ante to combat another wave of the pandemic. a controversial vaccine mandate expected to be adopted. today, the czech republic and slovakia have taken the steps to ban unvaccinated people from certain services. push back against those restrictions, rioting breaking out in dutch cities. three nights of rioting in rotterdam. in brussels, also clashes between police and protesters on sunday. major violence on the french
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island of guadalupe, present macron calling it explosive. for more on austria and the new lockdown, here is our reporter in vienna. reporter: there is a lot of anger at what is perceived to be contradictory messages that have run-up to this full hard in the lockdown. we have heard people say they had one message one day and a couple of days later, it was a 180 degree turn, basically. we heard there were not be a lockdown for vaccinated people and now we have a lockdown for everyone. these contradictory messages and the perception that the government is changing its strategy virtually by the day has helped to fuel the anger that is really quite widespread here. we heard it in the bites, there
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are plenty of people who support the lockdown and say it is necessary to alleviate the strain on the hospitals, particularly in certain provinces, where hospitals are at breaking point. but there are a large number of people, many of whom turned out at the demonstration a couple of days ago where we saw tens of thousands of people go down into the streets, catching it would appear, the government by surprise. it was largely peaceful but clashes did breakout. nowhere near on the scale of rotterdam or brussels, some of the footage we saw a short moment ago, but nonetheless, a lot of anger here both at the manner in which the government has implemented its strategy or failed to implement it coherently, and also at the decision to impose a national law for vaccination in february.
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the extraordinary thing in the view of many is both that announcement that there would be a national law obliging everyone to get vaccinated and the announcement about a full fourth lockdown came on exactly the same day. both announcements represented a 180 degree reversal regarding prior statements. the government had said there were -- there would not be compulsory vaccines, and that there would not be a national lockdown. there is anger both at the essence of these statements, what they represent, the far right party saying it is an assault on democracy, totalitarian, and also the manner in which the government has been implement in decisions. it is so serious in the view of the government that there have been a series of apologies in recent days, starting at the top with the chancellor, but that has done little to alleviate the
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anger. if we are looking at the vaccination rate in response to these moves, it has been edging up. in edged up a few percentage points, that it is still really low by western european standards. around 60% or so. -- 68% or so. not a lot moving, a lot of anger on the streets and at the government. anchor: guadalupe has seen huge pushback against covid-19 measures. schools were shut across the caribbean island on monday. this after protests and days of rioting and looting. paris sent in police and special forces to try to restore order. the demonstrations were triggered by mandatory vaccination for health care workers and the implementation of a covid-19 health pass for restaurants and other venues across france. in chile, major political changes afoot after an election
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there. a conservative candidate has narrowly defeated a leftist candidate on sunday. this sets thetage for a runoff in december. he also took power away from the congressional leftist coalition in the senate and weakened the power in the lower senate also. this after two years of dramatic street protests and the election of a left-wing body to rewrite the constitution. we have more. reporter: he is in pole position for the second round of the election, and he assures investors in the market in general. it is kind of a surprise because leftist voters will have been demanding change for the past couple of years. remember the widespread protests in october 2019, and the new
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constitution being written at the moment by feminists and indigenous people and every day citizens. now it looks like what most of the voters wanted was to feel secure. remember, there is a rise in the quantity of immigrants entering the country the past couple of years, especially from venezuela and haiti. there is also a rise in insecurity, especially since the beginning of the pandemic, and clearly the part of the population that feels threatened by these issues was higher than the leftist part of the population, and kast during his campaign knew how to use insecurity and immigration to persuade voters. the second round of the election will be on the 19th of december and nobody knows what will happen, but to be fair, experts say kast is clearly in pole
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position now. why? because the three vanquished candidates from centrist parties are ideologically closer to kast than they are the other candidate. the voters from these centrist parties are more likely to vote for kast in the second round. the challenge to persuade viewers -- voters will be easier for kast than his opponents. three of the vanquished centrist candidates, one of the candidates already said they would not vote for a communist, meaning the opponent. basically it would take a huge mistake from kast in between these two rounds to not be elected in december. anchor: thank you for watching france 24. stay tuned more news. ♪
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coast: hello -- host: welcome back to strasberg for talking europe. today we are talking about health care, specifically cancer, an illness that in various forms claim the lives of a million people across the european union in 2020. is projected cancer cases will increase by more than 20% by 2035 unless quick and decisive action is taken. the commission has launched a wide-ranging beating cancer strategy that we will be discussing today with members of the european parliament that are also medical doctors. from germany, and you are also a
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member of the parliament special committee on beating cancer, is that right? >> yes. catherine: and from portugal, thank you for being with us. >> a pleasure. catherine: i want to start with the general question to both of you. why is focus on this one specific disease, cancer, and why an eu wide level? peter: cancer is a huge problem for europeans, as in all of us know somebody who died from cancer or was seriously affected by cancer, and we talked a lot with scientists and experts, and they said we can only be to cancer if we work together. this is in particular true for cancer in children. i work in pediatrics and i know that cancer is rare in children, but when it affects a family, it
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is a huge problem. like with other rare diseases, cancer in children and rare cancer in adults can only be addressed if you have enough patients for clinical trials and if you have specialists for this typical cancer. big cancers like lung cancer and breast cancer are treated more individually now. we have modern technology to be more targeted with less side effects that it makes big numbers to small numbers. we need cross-border cooperation to address this. if we do it right, cancer can be a role model for better cooperation in the health area in europe. catherine: same question to you, why this focus again across the eu level? what is the advantage of doing that? manuel: it is a huge problem across europe.
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it is the leading cause of death for 15 years or something like that. there are a lot of changes that can be made at the european level. on the prevention side, they should be organized at the european level to fight against products like asbestos or air pollution. and there are a lot of inequalities between european countries. not only in screening for the disease but also in the treatment of the disease. if we make a european global approach, as we have seen how in the covid crisis, we can do much better for all europeans, and mainly we can create a european union for health, as was stated in november 2020, and i think that the european beating cancer plan can be key to this idea. catherine: there is a very
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specific budget for this plan, 4 billion euros earmarked. what do you make of that budget? it is a lot of money in the absolute, compared to 2020, france nationally spent 200 billion euros on health care. peter: i think it is clear we cannot beat cancer if we don't cooperate in europe and if europe does not do its bit. but also the figures show we need efforts by the national government and regional governments. everybody has to do their bit. europe has to concentrate on those areas where we need cross-border cooperation. for example, joint procurement for early detection, that is a good point where we can join forces like we did with the vaccine against covid. join forces in every european should have access to this equipment. here, europe can help, but there
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will be issues the member states continue to have to deal with it. manuel: the european approach is the solidarity principle. we must add to budgets the support from the european union, to target very specific measures that can make the difference. if we can use the best experiences of some european member states in the early screening of cancer to all of the european member states, we are going to get a huge advantage in fighting against cancer. i think this is the idea of the plan. catherine: if we look at w whats in the plan, it covers prevention, screening, health care, aftercare aspects. i'm wondering how far 4 billion euros will go to help so many
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different parts of this mosaic. manuel: it depends because they have national budgets, and they can be improved with the budget. some provinces can be mobilized. but related to the european digital health space, this is only one -- money is only one aspect of the problem. we can win a lot in the global approach, not depending directly on mon. catherine: picking up on an eu research program, in the latest budget negotiations, the member states, heads of government said they will cut for this research program in 2022.
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is there a conflict between what the commission and parliament want in scientific research and what the heads of state are saying? peter: there definitely was a conflict and i was in particular angry with the so-called frugal four who said we need to reduce eu spending, even though sebastian kurtz said in a meeting that if there is a priority for europe, it is research and innovation. still they wanted to cut the budget. but the european parliament did not accept. we insisted on an increased budget for research and we have a specific point where we already delivered on our fight against cancer. we will have a cancer mission. one of the biggest priorities of the research policy is the fight against cancer, and that is very important. catherine: you obviously support the cancer plan. do you think you can talk the heads of state and government around? manuel: this is about perspective from some members,
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because -- is a bad perspective from some members, because i agree that research is central to the modern perspective of europe. we can profit in various ways. for instance, we have used now organized vaccination, and to discover vaccines against covid. investigation paid by the european union to find instruments against cancer. this level approach is essential if we want to deliver better care with less spending. catherine: a message to certain heads of state and government perhaps. specifically in what area -- in one area, a smoke-free generation by 2040. a quarter of eu citizens regularly smoke. but we already have more
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expensive cigarettes, neutral packaging, those really big photos of illnesses you can get on cigarette packages. it feels like is the only thing left to ban cigarettes. peter: it is very clear that smoking is the most important cause of cancer. 50% of cancer cases we don't know why they happen, but when we know, the reason cancer is number one by far, and then other issues like obesity, la of physical activity. later on, pollutants. they are relevant, but tobacco is the most important. catherine: a specific link. peter: that's why everyone should stop smoking and younger generations should not start smoking. it is very difficult. i have understood the united kingdom, they are going to ban cigarettes. i don't know if that will work out because people are used to doing it.
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if somebody would introduce such a dangerous product like tobacco on the market in europe, it would not be allowed under any regulation. for me, it is important to have two points, we need to prevent young people from starting smoking, but we need it to be easier to quit smoking. that's why i am in favor of also using e-cigarettes. they are less harmful than normal cigarettes. the best would be nothing at all. but if people cannot quit without e-cigarettes, we should allow this. catherine: disagreement over here. manuel: i think we don't know enough about e-cigarettes. of course, i can agree they are less risky than tobacco, but there is a huge risk that in the long term they can get people to start smoking. mainly the people we agree they should be away from the idea of
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smoking. they could be conducted to addiction of tobacco by using e-cigarettes. i think we should have the same regulation, the same tax system on e-cigarettes as tobacco. and we should not allow those products. catherine: we won have to -- we will have to wait and see if the sme-free generation can be achieved. thank you for very much for taking part in this discussion. thanks to you for watching the program. hope to see you soon on talking europe. ♪
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11/22/21 11/22/21 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from new york, this is democracy now! >> we find the defendant not guilty. as to the second count of the information, we find the jury not guilty. amy: protests have taken place across the country after a jury in kenosha, wisconsin, acquitted 18-year-old kyle rittenhouse on all five counts of fatally shooting two people


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