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tv   France 24  LINKTV  February 3, 2022 5:30am-6:01am PST

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the headlines on al jazeera. surviving a to attempt and saying the situation is under control. he says the attack was aimed at killing him, the prime minister, and cap members. there was gunfire around the capital. >> today, we are facing an assault. i was in the middle of a counsel including the prime minister, and we were attacked with very heavy weaponry for five hours. now, everything is under control. one thing i can assure you, there is no side of that is
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linked to this to attempt. it is an isolated force, but it is also linked to the people we fought when i was elected president of the republic. i promised to fight two things. corruption and drug tracking -- drug trafficking. i knew with this -- what the risk was,. . >> he met with ukraine's president in kiev and says that moscow is trying to change the architecture of european security. meanwhile, russia's president vladimir putin hopes that talks will avoid what he is labeled negative scenarios. he says the u.s. and his allies have ignored his concerns. >> we are analyzing the response from the u.s. and i have already said that our concerns have not been addressed. we have not seen any guarantee that nato will move its presence . our country also has its right to choose its own security.
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we cannot allow one country to increase its security at the expense of another country. >> denmark has become the first eu country to left all coronavirus restrictions, despite a surgeon covid-19 vaccines. -- in sections. machination passes and masks are no longer required to enter restaurants, shops, or use public france work. pfizer has asked u.s. drug regulators for permission to offer its covid-19 vaccine to children as young as six months. the drive to vaccinate children has been inspired by the cope -- omicron variants. discuss north korea's latest missile launch. the request was backed by double knots in the u.k. and france. sunday's test was pyongyang's seventh round of launch and the mother january. -- january the i'll be back with more news after inside story.
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a year after the military coup, other institutions and the economy have collapsed. international dip emetic pressure has stalled. how long can the army resist giving power back to the people? this is inside story. >> hello and welcome to the program. a year ago, military seized
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power. the army has ignored international pressure to reinstate civilian rule. the united nations has them added more sinks -- sanctions pick calling it a committal enterprise. elizabeth: this video was one of the first signs of the army takeover and a memorable image of the day. a fitness instructor doing her exercises while tanks rolled into the capital. elected leaders were arrested and jailed. mozart commander imposed a state of emergency and declared himself prime minister. the two triggered some of the biggest protests in history. it was swift and violent. some cities held small them as rations on tuesday's anniversary, but most marked 32 with silent strikes as part of
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the campaign of civil disobedience. state media says military leaders have extended the state of emergency for another six months. he has ignored a plan by the association of southeast nation -- asian nations to restore democracy. >> drive around myanmar, cities everyday life might look like it is normal. roads are closed with barriers, military position, and uniformed soldiers on the streets. >> i saw the army destroyed the protest. after that, i was very afraid. that is why i am afraid to go out again. myanmar has been ravaged by covid-19 in the last 12 months. the situation intensified after
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the military targeted medical workers for their involvement in protests and civil disobedience. anywhere arrested the other side into hiding. today, even basic health care services are scarce. >> i will not forget the day that health-care workers were arrested and treated very badly by the army. they even killed a medical student. >> in the cities, food remains plentiful, but prices have riven that's risen sharply. the world food program estimates and needs to provide food for 4 million people across myanmar in 2022. four times the number before the scoop. -- two. banks limit withdrawals. fourth investments are pulling out fast. >> many people lose their job. it is impacting the market.
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also, many people are jobless. the many jobs are getting paid less than normal. >> even basic services like trains and buses are failing. the nationwide rail network has ground to a halt after workers joined the civil disobedience movement. but strike that prices have tripled as operators have abandoned standard rules. >> in my opinion, if we get rid of army rule, transport services go back to normal with properly working buses and normal ticket prices. >> historically, they are used to military rule. after a decade of progress and develop my, the last 12 months is leaving many feeling as though they are returning to the past. elizabeth: let's bring in our
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guest. under an coordinator of on sciences po in in london, the book -- in vancouver and canada, we have yasmin. a very warm welcome to the program and i will start with you. given the state of the country, has the litary to and a failure? >> this too has been a tragic failure. tragic for the people in the country, but definitely a failure for the junta. they certainly did not expect the level of determination and sustained resistance. mainly from young people. they still have not been able to
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gain territorial control of the country a year after trying to seize power. >> we look at the resistance that they are talking about to the military coup and that resistance has led to so much violence in many parts of the country now. the department for me on my has said that the country is on the verge of civil war. do you agree? >> i do. the simple reality is that they have used their military with every tool of violence and oppression at their disposal to convince them to quietly accept to a military coup. 12 months they are still not in control of the country. it has been a disaster for the military. it has been tragic for the people of myanmar. this is by no means a successful coup for the military. 12 months and i still cannot embed their coup.
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the question that must seriously ask now is if they can achieve that cap -- cannot achieve that involvement, can they ever. get involved in this. what seems to be happening is the military cannot win. the people are not prepared to let them when understandably. the military are prepared to fight to the last person standing in myanmar to have a chance at winning. we simply should not allow that to occur. >> there are so many people in myanmar that seem to be willing to fight to be very last person. at the military coup, it has been a disaster for most of people in myanmar against it, but what impact has it had on the countries ethnic minorities? yasmin: it is indescribable.
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we have had the military targeting us with all kinds of violence and intent to destroy entire communities. for many decades. this is just, for a community, another day of being part of the ethnic community. just recently, it has been a lot of rest arrest -- arrest. we have 200,000 people that are still stuck in apartheid like conditions and internment camps who are not receiving the aid from outside or the authorities involved. the conditions have worsened and worsened for people and other ethnic community. elizabeth: elizabeth: while we
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are seeing increasingly is that people who are against the military to are joining the ranks of different ethnic armed groups around the country and challenging the military. we've seen in recent months, the military has lost control over territory, how does that impact vm -- militaries hold on the country? how stretched is the military right now? >> the junta is relying on airstrikes. including an airstrike recently. what has happened is that besides myth -- stretching out all of the human resources to protect people, the military has also lost thousands of defectors . soldiers and police who defected from them because they cannot
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bear what is going on. instead, the military is now recording retired veterans to active duty and forcing soldiers wives and children to do military training. what this is telling us is that they have locked themselves on a path to fight to the last person standing. they are not willing to make any compromise or show any mercy. this in itself has forced the population to realize they have two choices. fight or flee. most of them cannot run away. folks are being forced to fight back in order to guarantee their own survival. also remember that what they are facing is a scale of atrocity crimes and conflict that since september, every month, the
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number of attacks hurting people, it's actually been -- thousands of civilians have been killed in a protest following the military coup. often military -- peace -- peaceful. many others have been killed in the fighting that has been going on in the countryside. what is it going to take for the international community to do more? we've had the united states, britain, and canada impose new sanctions over the past year of chaos. blacklisting more people who are linked to them. do you see this latest round of sanctions making any difference to what is been happening the last year? >> sanctions targeting the cop base will serve me help.
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the international community needs to do much more than impose sections. it needs to be a global arms bio. the myanmar military should not be able to tomorrow -- today and tomorrow to buy weapons to turn on its own people. that is our response ability of united nations security council. there has not been a vote on that at the security council. it is about time the usa and the u.k. and others stepped up and put this into a vote at the united nations security council. let's work out where the political will inspiration and where it is in. the problem here is that china would threaten to veto or would veto, this becomes china's political problem. china will not want that. china has a very long land border with myanmar. it does not want to catastrophe in a store. philosophically is against intervention of a can avoid it. it will be signaling to others that in my veto, but i don't know if it will enter the garden -- certain curtain --
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circumstances. that was on christmas eve. it was a peaceful protest during december. the military drove a truck after protesters at full speed. other instances throughout the country where we have seen collective punishment of civilians. if there was militia accident -- action against the military, and a military losing often, they punished the local community by burning alive 11 people, including children. this is a brutal and cruel military that should not be in power in myanmar. elizabeth: there are a number of people who are saying that there needs to be, there cannot be any weapons or money being supplied to the military. who is it about us applying those weapons and money?
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>> china and russia are selling weapons among others to the agenda. china is the big arms supplier to them. russia has also emerged since the coup. russia gains access to a port on the bay of bengal because of that. russia does not share a border with myanmar. russia really cares a lot less than china. i do not think china once, i think china indicated that it was not happy with the fact of the two, but i don't think china once to face the potential of years and years of catastrophe in a country where it shares a 1500 mile land border. people flee across the border and it will be a problem for china. it is in china's interest is much as it is in the interest of the people of myanmar to resolve
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this as quickly as possible. elizabeth: i want to talk is a little bit about how we got there to this point. how much do you think the international community lack of action so far has been reminiscent of the lack thereof during the 26th 17 crisis. how much do you think the lack of action has contributed to the military's decision to launch the current coup. and winston might face condemnation but little else from other governments. >> there are a lot of elements of economic interest within myanmar. there are very specific enterprises, including the mehl, mec, and military in oil gas coming.
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that includes the u.s. canada, south korea, many other democratic nations. during after 2017 genocidal campaign. in that case, the genocide has proven to be quite profitable to the myanmar military because it did not stop foreign companies and international community from investing with myanmar. from investing and adding onto the power. that resulted in so many the tears that deterioration within the domestic institutions of myanmar. that includes criminal justice system. it has helped embolden the military so much. today, we are seeing the two and
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cycle of violence never ending. elizabeth: recently we have seen energy companies, pulling out of myanmar. are you hopeful by those corporate actions that they could lead to more and more pressure on the military given that the military does earn a lot of revenue from those countries that companies? >> they announced their withdrawal from the country because their reputational and occupational risks they were facing outweighed any benefits of profits they could get now or in the future. that is because they junta itself has wrecked the economic and protector of the country. between now and six months a head, they are scheduled to hand
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over a couple hundred million dollars of revenue to myanmar oil and gas enterprise. this is why we have been advocating for sanctions so these companies are compelled to put this revenue in a trust account instead of handing it over to the junta. that money could be used to kill more people. on the 20 of january, china's are presented of shocked us all by talking about the urgency of halting violence in myanmar. beijing is halting what is happening and the country and it does happen that affect china. hopefully china will backup those concerns by not supplying any more weapons.
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these space is now there for some kind of action to be taken and we should not be afraid of countries exercising any veto on burma bmr. it is time for them to own their support for this brutal junta instead of preventing things are been tabled in the first base. elizabeth: it was really interesting for china to make that comment. given, what does that mean for its part? is this the time to strike while the iron is hot? his china signaling that perhaps it will use its veto power to vote anyway that you would not expected to at the unc county -- u.n. security council? >> they made a very posh strong
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public statement for chinese investor. it was that the coup was not in china's interest. that was a strong signal at that time. china did not want to work on the coup. chinese authorities have a very good relationship with the national league for democracy government. they were not keen on a coup. at a the issue for china now is that what they are faced with is a situation where it is a prolonged conflict within myanmar on its doorstep. that is the choice. continue backing the military and except that there will be a prolonged conflict, because the military will not go quietly, or take action and bring this to a head sooner. but the people at me and rb the people who would determine who governs their country. the alternative for china is they can have peace within myanmar with the people deciding
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who is in charge are they can have chaos by continuing to back the military. i thing it is insightful to that those major nationals are announcing now that they are withdrawing. i think in some ways that is an indication that they see the writing on the wall too. i think the military is likely to lose. they want to have a working relationship with the new civilian government in the future. elizabeth: yes, what about their role in this? do you see it's playing a more effective role in stopping the violence in the moment? yasmin: unfortunately i don't. that is not mean that we cannot continue to engage them. i think there needs to be more international pressure, mounting up on us to actually do more. especially because of the tie,
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burma border. the airstrikes and ways of violence that have happened, there are many roles that they can play and at the very least ensure that people are kept safe. elizabeth: i want to ask the question to debbie because she is in bangkok, and they have been one of the supporters of the military, but while there is so much violence along the border and you have thousands of people crossing into thailand from myanmar, which talent does not want, can you see the thai authorities changing their view on the support of the junta. >> at this point when we are talking about the pressure on the junta and the international community, there needs to be active encouragement and pressure for them to get there pressure -- stuff together.
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allowing humanitarian aid, millions and millions of dollars to flow across thai orders towards communities in urgent need in burma, also means a potential for economic recovery in a country that is already hit by the covid pandemic. i think it potentially is a win-win situation for thailand. it is not within thailand's interest for chaos to rain and myanmar because of the border situation. alongside this violence, there is a covid pandemic in progress. it is in thailand's interest to contribute to a buffer zone for ethnic and displaced people. but we have seen in the past few months is when the military
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junta does artillery fire, watches mortar fire on people in current state, somehow that has affected thai people on the tie side. in terms of human security, in terms of economic stability come, it is actually in thailand's interest to work with the international community to ease the situation. elizabeth: let's see if these countries can work not only in their own interests, but most importantly any interest of the people of myanmar. we have run out of time. i want to thank all of you for this discussion that is -- thank you to for watching. you can see the program again any time for visiting our website. for further discussion, go to our facebook page. you can also join the conversation on twitter.
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from me and halting here, by for now. exçñ#
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