tv Democracy Now LINKTV March 11, 2022 3:00pm-4:01pm PST
roll back alliance on russian oil. they have a five-year plan. he also promised military aid to kyiv and sanctions on moscow. the u.n. calling it the fastest growing refugee crisis since world war ii. we report from the polish city where thousands of refugees are crossing the border from ukraine every day. ♪ >> i am the culturally -- nicole verrilli. welcome. we start with russia expanding its military campaign in ukraine, hitting targets with bombs, missile strikes and attacks on cities already under siege. civilians bear a rowing share of
the suffering. the u.n. says over 560 civilians have been killed but the full toll is likely far higher. over 2.5 million people have already fled the country. >> this city in eakin -- eastern ukraine, a new front in russia's war. emergency services said at least three missiles hit civilian targets here, including a shoe factory. from ukraine, another sign that russia is targeting civilians. >> we see more destruction of civilian infrastructure, murder of ukrainians by a terrorist state, the russian federation. russia also launched attacks on two cities in western ukraine far from them in battle zones. the kremlin announced commend terry and corridors it in places including mariupol, kharkiv and others. the first residents of the city
who managed to flee by one of the corridors arrived in the western city of lviv. >> i have seen planes fly over us and bomb our street several times. it was horrible. i took the kids and headed. -- hid. >> they bombed our streets, our buildings, our homes. one of the bombs killed 22 people. three of them children. the whole family died. >> outside the capital, ukrainian forces battle russian troops. ukraine says military victories here have stalled the russian offensive on the city. present zelensky sounded a defiant tone. >> it's impossible toay how many days we still have to free ukrainian land, that we can say we will do it because we wanted. we've already reached a
strategic turning pnt. we are moving toward our goal, toward our victory. >> in central kyiv, air raid sirens rang out. russian forces are within striking distance. the battle for kyiv will be decisive in the outcome of the war. nicole: let's bring in our correspondent in kyiv. we just heard the ukrainian president talk about a strategic turning point in the war. are you seeing any signs of that in and around kyiv? >> well, it's hard to say. russia, as far as western intelligence estimates had counted on gaining control of kyiv within a few days, but the whole country within two weeks. the weeks are over and the russian advance is mostly stuck. but they are still advancing,
though at a slow pace. the ukrainian military, there is no doubt, has been impressive in holding back and fighting back russian advances. but they are far from driving them out of the country. the turning point he is talking about might be that ukraine has been able to hold. there have also been retreats by russian forces. overall, we are seeing the sides engaged in battles throuout lines where russia has invaded, and i don't think many experts share the view that there is some kind of turning point. things look like they are going -- they are heading down for a protracted battle and war. nicole: russia promised to open humanitarian corridors across ukraine on friday.
has that promise been kept? >> russia has promised to open military and corridors not only on friday but also on ursday, on wednesday and many other times. there have been some civilians escaping. yesterday i was at one of these so-called military and corridors were able to escape one suburb of kyiv. there was another one the next town where there was another corridor supposed to open at this other town. buses could not leave the people could leave via bridge and places that i was. so there are possibilities to escape but overall, there was also even shelling heard when we were there. so a corridor would basically an a cease-fe. and then civiliansould be able to leave. in some places, civilians have been able to leave, but to the wors places like mariupol that
has been cut off from the rest of the world, the rest of ukraine by russian forces. besieged for more than a week now. nothing has changeand nobody has been able to leave the city. conditions are still dire and there is fighting going on around the city. the city is being shelled by russian forces that have laid siege. so the overall answer is while there are some sparksf hope and some people have beenble to escape some places, overall the promise has not been kept. nicole: many thanks for your update. in the 16 days since the war started, the u.n. says more than 2.5 million people have fled. you may poland. our correspondent traveled to the city near the border with ukraine and filed this report.
>> after escaping the war zone, they are trying -- the train arrives in poland. hundred of women and children disembark to safety at platform number five at the station. olga and her children have been traveling for three days and freezing nights. they are exhausted but relieved to be getting help. their house in kharkiv was destroyed in in air raid. >> they kept bombing. did not stop. we had to take shelter in the bunker and we were trapped there for days. that is when we decided to flee. >> it was horrific. the children did not stop crying. we tried to comfort them and stay calm, but inside we were also shaken. >> they show us blurry photos of kharkiv, the city in ruins. their husbands are still there because they are not allowed to leave the country.
the four-year-old does not understand why. >> i miss my daddy. we were on the train and we were going and going. it's >> in the entrance hall, hundreds of volunteers provided new arrivals with food, water, clothes, sim cards and advice. many don't know where to go from here or what to do next. >> every day, five to 10 trains from ukraine arrive at the station and the number grows. to help arriving refugees has become a challenge for this small city, which has only 60,000 citizens. >> the mayor is coordinating the humanitarian relief effort. since the war began, he says he has not had more than or hours of sleep. he has proud his city has managed to help but is worried. he does not know how long they
can keep it up. >> we are a city, not a humanitarian organization. so we will not do this for a long time or forever. will try to talk to organizations to help us for a long time. >> the key he tells us is to relocate refugees other cities. olga has decided to continue her journey. before a train leaves, she addresses nato states. >> i want to tell them to impose a no-fly zone. because our families are still there. my parents, my brother, our husbands. i want my family to survive and the bombing to stop. >> once in warsaw, she plans to call her husband and her parents. she does not have the strength yet because she is afraid they might not answer. nicole: we cannot speak to the
deputy director of the ukrainian red cross. she joins us in central ukraine. welcome. last time we spoke to you here, you were in a suburb of kyiv. i understand you had to flee. can you tell us what happened? >> yes, that is true. i was close to a village not far from kyiv, around 30 kilometers from there. the location was scary because every day we saw missiles flying over us to the airport not far from us. but there was one moment when the missile hit the ridenal area and destroyed houses. it was a couple of kimeters from us so we decided we are next. that wasery stressl. i am pregnant it months. there are risks of delivering a baby two months in advance because of the stress. that is why we fight. so now i'm in central ukraine.
-- fled. so now i am in central ukraine. we have no warnings at the moment. nicole: do you have news on how evacuation efforts are going? we heard from our correspondent that the so-called humanitarian corridors are not really holding. >> yes. although i am sitting here, i am working 24 hours a day from here , coordinating with the rest of the staff in volunteers of the red cross. had problems with the so-called humanitarian corridors, last week, this week. but in a couple of days, a few days, three days ago, the corridors seem to be working. although i cannot say they are efficient. this is not far. there have been several attempts
of organizing the corridor from the third attempt. together with the state, governmental institutions, we as a red cross in ukraine managed to find people from other neighboring cities these days. while speaking about other cities of ukraine, the green corridors are also partially functioning. recent -- there is an agreement but today will be a green corridor from this region. it opened and then closed immediately because the shooting continued. with mariupol this is a disaster. we have not been able to organize the corridor from the fourth attempt. we know that even the route was prepared. all of the equipment was removed. people started moving on this route and shooting began so
coidor had to close. nicole: so are not able -- you are not able to reach the civilians trapped in maupol. >> yes, we cannot reach them. had a small success in the past two days together with our colleagues. we have curated 50,000 -- evacuated 50,000 people already. with mariupol we cannot reach the city. nicole: that was the director of the ukrainian red cross. think you for your time and stay safe. >> thank you. nicole: eu leaders seem to be drawing lessons from the complicated situation they are finding themselves in since the russian invasion. they say they are working on a plan to phase out imports of russian fossil fuels. speaking after a two day summit in versailles, the commission chief said that set deadline to
end imports of russian oil, gas and coal. the french president outlined in a package of half a billion euros for kyiv including military assistance, leaders stop short of fast tracking you membership for ukraine. they say the russian invasion of ukraine threatened energy security of all of europe. >> this crisis has made us face up to the responsibilities in the face of a new reality. first, our duty to continue ensuring reliable, secure and affordable supply of energy to european consumers. in the midterm, this means getting rid of our dependency on russian gas by diversification of supply, massively investing in renewables. nicole: i am joined by our correspondent in versailles
where the informal eu summit came to an end today. strategic autonomy, energy security, is the eu admitting they were too naïve in making himself so dependent on russia? >> yes, they are admitting it. and the french president, when he came to office five years ago , he had been talking about more autonomy in europe, more independence to be more self-reliant. he had this i told you so moment. he could hardly keep himself from reiterating it. he was proven right, and other countries including germany have proven to be naïve, they are too trusting in their relations with russia and to trusting that good economic relations will relate into a closed political -- close clinical and reliable political relationship. all of this has been thrown down the drain, all of this is gone and they have to completely
reorient their industrial policy, energy policy and geopolitical stand because they have recognized that everything they have done in the few years in that regard was not right. this is what they are doing now. they're trying to become more self-reliant. they have to have an energy policy. the green revolution will have to be sped up. but, and that is the big but, all this is not helping ukraine in the short run. this is about the eu shoring up its own future, but this is not what the ukrainian government and people are expecting from europe at this time. nicole: ukraine wanted a fast track of its application to become an eu member at the end of the summit. was there movement? >> there was no real movement.
there was a diplomatic formula that they would be on the track to exception later and be -- there was a fierce battle. i can hardly imagine during last night between european leaders, eastern european states of government pushing for better gestures, and more direct gesture, better answer for the membership bid. western once, particularly from the northernmost european countries were saying we can really do this. this is never been fast-track to before. there are rules. so on and so forth. so they did not give in and in the end they won. what kyiv is left with is a hollow diplomatic wording. nicole: eu leaders are facing pressure at home to ramp up assistance to ukraine. what more are they willing to do for ukraine? >> there is plenty of
assistance. they're going to give 500 million more dollars proposed to be given for military aid. there is humanitarian aid they can manage to get into the country, it is difficult. they have open the doors for refugees and said they are willing to take in everybody. but one thing they're not doing, and this is the main point, they are not ready for a boycott of russian oil and gas. this is what really would hurt putin's war machine. because it is fed by what europe is paying every day, up to one billion euros of imports from russian energy. so this is the last thing and they are not there. they are not willing to do it at this point, maybe later, but not now. nicole: thank you so much. meanwhile, ukrainian president
zelensky urged the u.k. to do more to hurt russia financially when he addressed the british parliament this week. london is seen as a key front in the economic battle with large amounts of russian motor -- money flowing through the capital each year. >> we have an appointment at the ritz, one of the slinky's addresses in london, with bill, one of russia's former top foreign bond investors. he became an opponent of putin before being expelled from the country. he lives in london and is one of the kremlin's biggest critics. >> britain has been a soft spot for dirty russian money for the last 20 years. they like the rule of law, the property rights. and they like the fact that nobody is going to ask any questions. >> we are heading to the district of belgravia, eton square, nicknamed red square.
asking prices for a flat here reach over 20 million euros. as for who the real owners are, no one needs to know. anticorruption activists estimate that russians with ties to putin have invested 2 billion euros in real estate alone in recent years. >> there are shell companies and trusts and offshore trusts, nominees and proxies, all working hard to shield the true ownership of these properties. >> it has earned the capital a nickname, london grad, which -- not all of them have earned their income honestly. british parliament is passing a new law to curb the corrupt flow of money from russia to untangle opec ownership structures, but this is only a first step, experts say. >> legislation is not enough. enforcement needs to happen and
it needs to be properly funded and resourced. what happens now is that the agencies have been underfunded for a generation. so what we need to see is for law enforcement agencies to be funded to ask now and use the tools they are given at the moment. >> security personnel on eaton square tried to prevent us from recording. despite us having the right to film on the street. >> you can film as you like. >> i would like to see hundred oligarchs on the sanctions list having their properties frozen. secondly, i would like to see assets identified and frozen after that. thirdly, i would like to see all of the russian banks, not just a few of them, disconnected from swift. >>'s criticism also has a personal motivation. his friend and company lawyer died in a russian prison. he has long known how dangerous putin is.
russian oligarchs and anyone else who wanted to launder money have so par bash far been served well in london. it is easy to find anchors, lawyers and estate agents to work with. tecumseh property, it is possible to hide behind sophisticated shell structures within an offshore trust. critics are wondering whether it has taken a war in europe u.k. government to seriously change that. nicole: let's take a quick look at some other developments in the world today. last-minute demands by russia are threatening to derail the iran nuclear talks, which are aimed at curbing iran's nuclear capacity. the eu announced negotiations will be put on pause even though a new deal is close to being finalized according to the chief diplomat. saudi blogger released from prison after 10 years according to his wife.
the activist was detained in 2012 for advocating for an end to the influence of religion on public life in saudi arabia. he was given a 10 year jail sentence on the charge of insulting islam. >since russia launched the invasion last month, the country has been facing what can be described as a cultural boycott. a growing number of institutions are going to great lengths to distance themselves from moscow, cutting ties with renowned russian artists. critics say such blanket boycotts could burn the very bridges the culture seeks to build. >> high-profile artists like this opera diva, one of russia's biggest international stars, where the first to come under fire for having close ties with putin and the kremlin. this conductor was fired by the munich the harmonic for refusing to denounce the invasion of ukraine.
the state backed ballet had its summer season in london canceled . some say boycotts have gone too far. a course on dostoevsky was canceled by russian -- by an italian university even though he has been dead since 1881. the enemy is putin, said the german president of the writer association. this conductor warned against blanket boycotts. >> we cannot allow a witch hunt on russian people and their culture. bans and boycotts of russian music and literature but we worst associations for me. >> the cannes filmestival h chosen to differentiate and will no ban russian filmmakers but
will not accept anyone linked to the government. after ukraine called for a boycott of russian movies, any small festivals dropped state backed russian films. the crime comedy no looking back will not be shown at the glasgow film festival even though the director has family ties to you made and has taken a strong stance against the war. >> we want to use culture as a bridge for exchange, but the question is with whom am i working there and can the russian state use it? one should always check this, and if you feel something misused, it is better not to touch it. >> thousands of russian artists have called for a military withdrawal from ukraine, including a pular hip-hop artist a the director of this philharmonic. not speaking out can have
consequences. art might be the only way to make sure all voices are heard. nicole: you are watching dw news. a quick recap of the main story we are following. the central ukrainian city that becomes a target of russian aerosols for the first time. emergency services say an apartment block and kindergarten were hit. russian troops edged closer to kyiv while hundreds of thousands made -- remain trapped in the port city of mariupol amid bombardment. stay with us, i will be back after a short break to take you through the day. ♪
>> it is 10:00 p.m. here in the french n here are world headlines. russia expands its assault on ukraine, shelling cities in the west as ground forces closing on the capital. western officials say a full-scale attack on kyiv could come in a matter of days. as the russian attack broadens, people are fleeing the country in huge numbers. so far, about two point 5 million refugees have crossed into neighboring countries. millions of others are expected to do the same. u.s. president joe biden is calling it another crushing blow
to russia's economy. the u.s. and european allies propose suspending normal trade with moscow. you are watching live from paris. ♪ hello, and welcome back to our continuing coverage of the war in ukraine. russia is broadening its military assault and bearing down on the capital of kyiv. satellite images show russian forces regrouping northwest of the capital. end russian officials said a full-scale attack on kyiv could come in a matter of days. battles are already being waged by ukrainian troops on the outskirts of the city, where they are tying to protect the capital. meanwhile, russia is stepping up attacks elsewhere.
airstrikes attacked the city for the first time, hitting civilian buildings, destroying a shoe factory and homes nearby. people took cover in an underground metro station. we want to give you an overview of where the invasion stands right now, as russia closes in on kyiv. it is launching new assaults in at least two cities and airstrikes in civilian areas of kharkiv and mariupol in the south. our correspondent cyril is 20 kilometers outside the capital. he sent us this report voiced by nick rushworth and we warn you, some images are disturbing. nick: the european bridge is a strategic location. russian troops have been present in the town of irpin outside the ukrainian capital for several days. ukrainians are resisting. >> let me give you this.
from the other side of the park. there were a lot of people, civilians. they purposely shot at civilians. they killed everyone. this is their checkpoint. the russians? yes, they are just 200 meters away. >> you can see a tank. nick: this is the irpin front line, the heart of a town of 60,000 people. if teen hundred volunteers and ukrainian forces are here as civilians continue to flee. the resistance vows to fight until the end. >> we are not hiding.
there is no going back. this is our country. all these [expletive] russian invaders will regret coming. we will make fertilizer with their corpses. nick: the doubt is a war zone, russian tanks now just 15 kilometers from the ukraine capital. >> that was our correspondent cyril reporting 20 kilometers outside key --kyiv. many people have fled the capital in anticipation of a full scale invasion. some have remained including our next guest, the chief editor of "ukraine world" and a professor at kyiv academy national university. tell us where you are and what the situation is. >> i am in kyiv. the city is calm.
it is like a fortress right now. many streets are blocked with barricades. many people have joined in our defense and are preparing to defend the city. it is extremely noiseless right now, so it is a columnist -- a calmness, and the atmosphere is very dense. >> there must be a sense of fear, given an attack is expected in coming days. what is your sense? >> i don't think the people who stayed here have a sense of fear. they have a sense of the sightedness -- decidedness and courage. the city, it is like parents,
london -- like paris, london, and it has been interesting, we are in the heart of europe. [indiscernible] western suburbs are places of disaster and genocide. ukrainians have been killed and the russians are not letting that humanitarian corridors function. >> tell us about your personal experience, how are you feeling? you have friends and colleagues there? >> of course, many people, women, kids, the elderly, have left the city. but many are staying, staying in their apartments and not willing
to me anywhere. there is also a decisiveness of people because they want to stay on their land. and there is a feeling primarily of anger. we are normal people and we have living our lives and ukraine is an incredible country and in the past three years, developing so fast. it is so creative that so interesting, and there are remarkable things going on in society. and basically, russians are trying to destroy our way of life. and why they are doing, there is not a geopolitical explanation but there is a psychological explanation because it is a form of destruction, conquest and destruction. and we are seeing horrible videos. >> do you have plans to stay in
kyiv for the duration? at what point might you leave the city? >> i'm trying to help people who are here and for those who decide to go, to help them leave this city. it is primarily about our lives and the lives of ordinary people. i have three children, so of course i think about them, the family, their welfare, but it is remarkable how many men and women decided to stay, and how many men and women are really willing to defend the city. laura: thank you -- >> thank you, the chief editor of "ukraine world" and our best wishes for the safety of you and
your family. thank you. france 24 has reporters covering the conflict from many cities. tonight, luke schrager reports from a city which is home to the nation's air force headquarters. he sent this report. luke: since the war's outbreak with russia, ukraine has consistently been calling for aid. they have managed to put up stiff resistance, but the russians have more advanced technology, more systems and more of them. that was not helped during russia's initial attack, regula -- really targeted ukraine's defensive and defensive capabilities, targeting sites across the country. an air force spokesperson was speaking to us and told us that any choice to help is now in the west's hands. let's listen. >> ukraine receives different weapons. it has been made public --
antitank weapons from great britain, java no -- javelin missiles from the usa and german weaponry. we are talking antitank and antiaircraft weapons that can reach 4.5 millimeters in height and six kilometers a range -- 4.5 kilometers in height and six kilometers in range. we are talking with our partners about much more powerful weaponry, antiaircraft systems and if they don't provide it to us, ukraine will be destroyed. without a strong ukraine, there will be no strong europe. >> all this comes amid further calls of what people are calling to close the sky and set up a no-fly zone. they have been consistently demanding it for some time now. >> that is our duke schrager reporting from inside ukraine. as the violence and ukraine spreads, people are fleeing the country in huge numbers.
about two point 5 million people have crossed into neighboring countries. today, switzerland's justice minister said the war could eventually displace 15 million people, or about one million per week. he based the projection on information from the u.n. refugee agency. the majority of refugees have made their way into poland, an eu member. our correspondent is on the polish border and found this report. magdalena: for more than two weeks, this border crossing has been one of the busiest entry points for refugees from ukraine. every day, hundreds come through here. after a difficult journey, the refugees are mostly women, children and elderly. they took with them only what they could carry. some managed to bring pets. when they arrive, it is a relief after the horrors they went through.
this person is from a city northwest ukraine where bombs have killed civilians. >> when i came to this place, i feel good. but my city, it was very bad. we had bombing, we have many dead persons. magdalena: in this town, humanitarian aid depends on poland and europe. this woman brings clothes to the refugees. >> it is quite a spontaneous thing that has happened. people are organized as much as they can come up for the time they have been for the, to work they have to do. i still think a lot has to be done, and more people have to be involved in order to be able to work with so many people. magdalena: in the midst of
destitution, a moment of grace. a german who travels the world like music by john lennon to give comfort to people in distress. >> i am trying to welcome the refugees here, because they are coming from a war zone. maybe they hear a lot of bombs or guns, so they come here and can listen to music and it is like, we are safe, and it is like a good feeling. magdalena: while some refugees may spend the night in the cold and hastily-erected tents, they will be in what has become a land of welcome. >> that is magdalena reporting along the polish border. members of the european union met this thursday and friday here in france to discuss the
crisis in ukraine. leaders set t block is ready to impose harsher economic sanctions on russia and might give you great more money for arms. but they stopped short of allowing ukraine a fast track to join the you, a process that normally takes years. here is the french president, speaking earlier. >> we are ready to impose more sanctions. all options are on the table. we discussed ways to prepare for these sanctions, whether they would succeed in stopping the aggression, and how best to prepare for consequences in the coming weeks and months. >> it is time now for business. good to see you. the west has come out with new sanctions, including a downgrade of moscow's trade status. >> u.s. president joe biden said he is working with congress to revoke moscow's favored nation trade status. at the head of the european
commission said the block would do the same. now, this will mean that trade hurdles such as heavy, punitive parrot -- tariffs and regulatory requirements could go on some russian goods. it doesn't mean favoring a country, it is a basic principle of the wto requiring equal treatment of trading partners. the downgrade essentially places pressure on par with pariah states like iran and north korea. james ssina has this report. james: days after banning imports of oil, gas and coal, the united states continued to up the ante, barring more russian goods from the country. alcohol, seafood and diamonds are the latest products to be added to joe biden's blacklist. this time, it is more of a symbolic move, considering the smaller impact the band will have on moscow, but still in-line with the aim of cutting off pressure russia from the rest of the world. >> putin is an aggressor.
he is the aggressor. putin must pay the price. each of our nations is going to take steps to deny most favored nation status to russia. >> a viewpoint shared by g-7 countries as well as heads of state on the other side of the atlantic, as european leaders met in versailles. most favored nation status provides optimal trading conditions between states and without it, countries will be free to impose tariffs on a wide range of russian goods paid the move, set to batter the russian economy. the block also aims to distance itself from moscow's fossil fuels. >> by mid-may, we will come up with a proposal to phase out our dependency on russian gas, old and -- gas, oil and coal by 2027 paid by the end of this month, the commission will present options to limit the contagion effect of the rise of gas prices to electricity prices. >> the eu is set to announce
further measures this saturday. french president emmanuel macron said they are ready to impose, quote, massive sanctions of pressure be uses to stop its aggression. >> as economic pressure mounts on russia, uncertainty over war worried financial markets. wall street shares at a choppy session this friday, the selloff accelerating in the final hour of trading. the tech-heavy nasdaq capped the week down more than 2%. crude futures rose this friday by 3%, branch pricing at $112 per barrel, but they still posted their steepest weekly decline since november. oil prices have skyrocketed since the invasion, hitting their highest levels since 2008 recently, then plunging after oil-producing nations suggested they could increase output. the war in ukraine has thrown not only global energy security but also food security into
uncertainty as russia and ukraine are both top exporters of cereal and other agricultural products. the u.n. food and agriculture organization is urging pressure to keep trade open for crucial feed supplies, warning food could go up in 20% in coming months. most affected is sunflower oil, the two countries accounting for more than half of global exports. there is increasing fear over how much, if any, could be harvested this year. we have this report. reporter: feels like this are deeply embedded in ukraine's history. the country is one of the world's leading exporters of sunflower oil. ukraine produces over half of the global supply while russia counts for one third. those exports are under threat following the war in ukraine. fearing shortages, customers in spain are stocking up. >> [speaking spanish]
>> to beat panic buying, supermarkets have imposed purchase limits. customers here are allowed just one five-liter bottle each. 75% of spain exports passed through the black sea and traffic there is at all, beaking havoc on supply chains. experts say the crippling effects are set this day. >> [speaking french] >> uncertainty over the future of supply has inflated prices. this french crisps producer is already feeling the impact. >> [speaking french] >> countries like india may start looking to the u.s. and beyond to make up for
shortfalls. but the timing of the conflict will make a switch to american manufacturers difficult. farmers there have not even started planting crops for this year yet. >> this at reality is, the most impoverished nations will bear the brunt of food price rises. >> thanks. that is it for now. want to leave you with the latest images out of ukraine. we will be right back. ♪
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03/11/22 03/11/22 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from new york, this is democracy now! >> the bare minimum is to stop humanitarian corridors or people are tried to get out and military aid and get in. and any attack on civilians is a violation of international law. it is a war crime. amy: as russia escalates its attack on ukraine, nato is