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tv   Whats Eating America With Andrew Zimmern  MSNBC  February 16, 2020 9:00pm-11:00pm PST

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families safe. a safer, more prosperous mexico means a safer, more process pus america sit boff it. >> "what's eating america with andrew zimmern," msnbc's new original series, starts now. ♪ oh my god. to say that food is my passion is, well, an understatement. i'm andrew zimmern. wow, wow, wow. i'm a chef and world traveler with an appetite for politics and culture. so delicious. cooking has always been my joy. my way of connecting to the world. as a young chef, restaurants enabled me to hide my worst self. then saved me from it. i always like a place where the dead animals are hanging right
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in the dining room. i've spent the past 13 years experiencing the unique cultures and unusual foods of people all over the world. those experiences reveal the deeper truth. now are you doing making me cry? food is much more than sustenance. it's how we find common ground. cheers. sharing a meal reveals that there is more that unites us than divides us. >> he's so crazy. >> i believe that applies here at home. now more than ever. join me as i explore our country looking at the biggest social and political questions of the day through the lens of food. i mean, there is no one solution. sharing a few good meals along the way. minty, hot and fresh. and trying to figure out what's eating america.
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immigration is fundamental to who we are as americans. i've spent 40 years in the food business, and i can tell you, without immigrants and migrant workers, our food system would collapse. the truth is, these hard-working men and women put food on our tables. i'm heading out across the country to share the inspiring stories of the communities who feed america. joining me on this journey is one of my dearest friends. >> whoa! >> they're very good. every time you have a bite, sauce, bite, sauce. >> jose andres is a renowned chef and humanitarian. he feeds millions in the aftermath of natural disasters through his nonprofit, world central kitchen. no chef in the world has done
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more to shine a light on immigration issues than he has. >> i keep repeating the phrase that, immigration reform is not a problem for america to solve, it's an opportunity for america to seize. >> for jose it's personal. he came to the united states from spain 30 years ago. in 2013, he became a u.s. citizen. when you examine the food system in america, people who are immigrants, migrants, refugees, documented and undocumented, are touching our food every single step of the way. yous. how important it is to engage with people of other countries in a way that makes sense. jose and i went on to engage with every american on the issue of immigration. every american. >> president trump, two years and a half ago, you had a conversation with me on the phone, and you told me that you would love to hear our ideas on true immigration reform.
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i think enough time has passed. i'm inviting you here to join us on this documentary to try once and for all to pass immigration reform. are you up for it? >> let's have lunch, we'd love to talk. >> bye, sir. boom. ♪ >> to show the connection between the food americans eat and the immigrants who make it possible, jose and i figured there's no better place to start than right here, inside our nation's capitol. >> today we are savoring the food we produce, especially the people behind the entire process. >> finding out where the food eaten by our most powerful politicians comes from is difficult. our requests for food information from the white house and senate yielded nothing. so we found an alternative route. the house members dining room can be rented for catered
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events, which is what we did. the u.s. capitol's famous navy bean soup. beans from laverne, tennessee. and the country ham from missouri. our farm to capitol event attracts dozens of lobbyists and industry insiders, all stakeholders in our food system. >> there are food entities who get shorted in this process. routinely it's the farmers and workers. >> lawmakers from both parties show up too. >> i've learned that there's still a lot of people in the united states of america that go hungry. >> many of these same dishes are served to members of congress on any given day. appropriately, all of the ingredients for this meal come from right here in the usa. what are you guys making? >> bison kabobs. >> ooh, nice. where are you getting the bison from? >> alexandria. >> alexandria, virginia? >> virginia. >> sudexo is a global food
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company serving 75 million meals a day in offices, hospitals, schools, government fa sills like the house members dining room. they gave us photos and records to trace all 39 ingredients used in our buffet back to their sources. we can show you that all the food served tonight, somewhere along the way, has been touched by immigrant and migrant labor. feeding the most powerful people in the country, the people who create the laws that affect their lives. the duck breast tostada is made from kale from richardson farms in white marsh, maryland. they can hire foreign guest workers on temporary work visas to fill seasonal jobs. richardson farms received work visas for 24 migrant workers in the 2019 season. the crab in the fritter is
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marketed as best yet maryland crab meat. that's from w.t. rourke and company in fishing creek, maryland. this harvest season, they have work visas for 35 migrant workers. from the strawberries on the salad bar to the watermelon in the gazpacho, every ingredient, no matter where it comes from, traces its way back to immigrant and migrant labor. so how do we know about all these visas? well, simple. just like we did you can go ahead and check the publicly available department of labor database, and you can see which farms around the country are using the foreign guest worker visa program. and i'm headed to one of these farms to see what life there is actually like. ♪
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♪ >> 2,906 miles away from washington, d.c., giant fields of beautiful california strawberries. those folks right there? they're the ones putting those strawberries onto the plates of the heavy hitters in the congressional dining room. here in the salinas valley, the ocean breeze tricks nature into thinking it's springtime for nine months a year. welcome to the heart of california farm country.
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>> meet sarah ahmad dough, edgar ramirez, and bautista, migrant workers from mexico working at the season at good farms by way of the foreign guest worker program. >> so the strawberries that you picked are being served in the congressional dining room in washington, d.c. on capitol hill. >> do you have a message for those lawmakers?
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>> we're all connected in more ways than we might realize. that's where i live. that's the baseball cap and colors of the university of minnesota. i work hard because someday i want my son to be able to do to school there. gracias. >> gracias. >> because they're here under the h2a guest worker program, employers must provide meals, transportation, and housing. the irony is not lost on any fan of american literature that the harvesters sleep four to a room here at the steinbeck lodge. this town being the home of john steinbeck, author of "the grapes of wrath." hi, can i come in? >> hola.
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>> that's my kid. bautista's story reflects the experience of nearly 250,000 people in the foreign workers visa system who help feed america. studies show that the average american worker doesn't want to do this kind of work. >> i fully agree. in my tenure i have not seen an average american come apply. ♪
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♪ california's salinas valley is known as the salad bowl of the world. home to an $8 billion agriculture industry. many of the biggest names in the business are based here.
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>> thank you very much. >> tanamura and mantle, a top supplier of lettuce and greens. food from both companies is served in the utah capitol, so we reached out to them to discuss the role immigrants play in each of their workforces. neither company responded. >> there is a huge labor crisis in california. >> good farms did. they sell strawberries to stores like costco and whole foods. jackie vasquez is the director of operations. >> eight years ago we didn't have enough people, and fields there was literally tractors plowing them down. >> agriculture labor shortage in america is so acute that you don't have a choice, you have to rely on this h2a program and bring workers up from mexico? >> if i'm going to harvest the amount of acreage that is in my
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budget, that i have agreed to with certain retailers, i absolutely need h2a. >> in addition to h2a, good farms relies immigrant workers already living in the united states. studies show that the average american worker doesn't want to do this kind of work. >> i fully agree. in my tenure, i have not seen an average american come apply. >> this is difficult work. >> very difficult. i think a lot of people consider this unskilled labor. the reality is that this is very skilled labor. this is -- a person doing multiple things in seconds. >> barbara sendes lives in the area and has been with good farms seven years. she works in this field with other local harvesters. >> aah. no good because it's bruised? >> uh-huh. >> she's showing me exactly what it takes to do this job. >> i don't know about your back, but mine's already in a lot of pain. >> yeah, i took seven advil
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prophylactically. my back, my legs. >> your pride. >> my pride. [ speaking foreign language ] >> she said, if you were a normal harvester, yeed have returned you. >> she's saying, send him back? >> yep. tables have turned, how do you like that one? >> these people are paid by piece, by box. >> yes. >> so how much a box? >> it's $2.50 a box. an average harvester is probably doing 40 or 50 a day. the higher-level ones are doing 100. 100 a day. >> wow. a nice chunk of change. >> yeah. >> if you can hustle out and get a few more boxes per hour, that's a few more dollars. the local harvesters pay taxes on their income. like any hard-working american. a food truck arrives to signal break time. and ensures everyone has access to a meal.
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beautiful, and everything looks so good and fresh. roasted serranos. we've been up in the other field with some of the other visaed workers who come up from mexico. they were really, really eager to talk to us. a lot of the workers here in this field, they're more shy. is that because of what's going on politically in america right now? >> estimates are that 50% of our labor force in the food system here in america is undocumented. people are presenting papers that they get from somewhere that -- >> 100% of my employee is documented. >> fair enough. >> yes. >> as an employer, you're only required to see a couple of pieces of paper from -- >> valid documentation. >> period? >> period. i am not immigration to question what the documentation that you are presenting -- >> you are not the police?
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>> i am not, nor do i want to be. >> right. as restaurant owners, jose and i are in the same boat. >> a little bit of the chili oil. >> hiring workers, accepting their paperwork, and complying with the law. like many businesses, both jose and i use e-verify, an online system that checks employee information to confirm they are authorized to work in the united states. >> if you genuinely believe -- the document s are here and the look to be true, and you send them and the social security administration is not telling you anything but taking the
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money, many, many of those undocument ee eed are contributo america in tax they pay every month. >> and taking jobs that statistically and quantifiably other americans don't want to do. >> 12 miles down the road from good farms just outside of salinas, california, i met up with teresa romero. >> without these workers, agriculture is not going to exist in this country. >> once an undocumented immigrant from mexico herself, ms. romero is now a u.s. citizen and president of the united farm workers of america, the union cofounded by cesar chavez. >> pleading for social justice to the farm worker and his cause. >> all these workers, they don't want to speak. they don't want to say anything. especially with the atmosphere that is happening right now. they want to be in the shadows. which is exactly what trump wants and that's exactly the
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wrong thing to do. >> what do you think when you hear those words coming out of our president's mouth? >> it is infuriating. we have people who feed not only democrats or republicans, men, women, everybody in this country, and the world. these lawmakers are enjoying the fruits and vegetables that are harvested by undocumented workers. i would invite all of them to come in the fields and work one day so they could appreciate the contribution of this community. i can guarantee none of them would last a day. >> no matter who's doing it, farm work is incredibly hard. it's skilled labor that deserves to be recognized. >> teachers educate our kid. policemen protect us. farm workers feed us. we feed america. we feed you. and people need to understand that.
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♪ o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave ♪ ♪ i'm one of the nearly 69 million people who attended a major league baseball game in 2019. just imagine how many ballpark snacks we bought. this is target field, the home of my minnesota twins. last year, a low year for attendance, they sold 67,000 pounds of chicken tenders. the amazing thing about this chicken tender isn't how it's cooked or what it tastes like. but this chicken tender is made by a very unique group of people in a very special place in the country. i think it says a lot about how
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america's food winds up on our plate. tyson foods produces 1 in 5 pounds of all chicken sold in the united states. including those chicken tenders i ate at the ball game. this is the barry street plant in spring dale, arkansas. the company's world headquarters. spring dale is a city of nearly 80,000 people. and the name tyson is everywhere. >> look at all those tyson trucks lined up. >> here you go. >> thank you. >> we do about 11 million pounds of chicken a week out of here. >> that's a lot of chicken. >> looking good. >> i look great in brown.
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>> while i've cooked tens of thousands of chickens, this is the first time i'm seeing the hard-working people responsible for processing them. it's humbling. tyson employs more than 1,500 workers in spring dale. nearly one-quarter come from a surprising place. >> we're the largest population of marshall islanders in the country here in spring detail. >> and you're the largest employer of marshall islanders outside of the marshall islands. >> correct. >> the marshall islands is made up of more than 1,100 islands in the pacific ocean, and 29 coral atolls. the most famous of which is called bikini. >> the united states government
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now wants to attempt to turn this great destructive force into something good for mankind. >> between 1946 and 1958, the united states conducted 23 nuclear weapons tests here. the nuclear fallout affected every aspect of life here. fishing, farming, health. >> in 1986, the united states and the marshall islands entered into the compact of free association. the deal allows the marshallese to live, study, work, and pay taxes in the united states. though they are not granted american citizenship. a few traded the ocean waves for the freshwater lakes of
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northwest arkansas and jobs at tyson foods. many more followed. engli english, spanish, marshallese. how long have you been working here? >> working here? ten years. >> and why spring dale? what made you come here? >> to live here, to have a better life. ♪ >> a lot of us come from places in the marshall islands that perhaps we never had a job. and it's an island life.
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think about it. >> melissa founded the arkansas coalition of marshallese. >> in the marshall islands there aren't clocks. >> we don't have any clocks, i mean, come on. the clock is the sun, you look at it and oh, it's noon. >> exactly. >> melissa and i are having lunch at jojo's that specializes in marshallese food. >> just look at that, it's gorgeous. >> redfish is very common in our cuisine. eating with your hands. >> yeah? >> without places like this, where you don't have access to the real authentic marshallese food, you're just kind nerve a way disconnected from your culture. >> when the marshallese first started coming over here, first ones, then twos, threes, fours, there were good jobs here. the tyson plant primarily. >> it's a good thing for them, because now you have documented. now we want to be careful with this. documented nonimmigrant. >> the term nonimmigrant is
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important. defining their noncitizen status in the eyes of the u.s. government. melissa was able to become a u.s. citizen in 2011 through her military service. [ praying in a foreign language ] >> amen. >> amen. that was very, very sweet. >> really? >> yes. i have no idea what those words meant. zero. but i know exactly what they meant. it's thank you. take care of the people around us. you know? >> we were brought up to be caregivers. and we were brought up in a way
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that everything is shared. >> fish heads simmered in coconut milk with red fruit? wow. >> it's really good, huh? >> mm. oh my god. i had to come to northwestern arkansas to have redfish and red fruit with coconut soup? i'm really glad there's a place now community can gather in common and taste what home is like. if you could wave a magic wand for your community here, what would it be? >> the first wish would be that we have equal access to a lot of things. including medicaid. our children don't have access to the s.n.a.p. program. but we're here documented. we pay tax just like anyone else. and still don't have access to a lot of things. ♪ >> 40% of marshallese in the
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united states live below the poverty line. because of their noncitizen status, the marshallese can't access many government benefits and programs designed to help the poor. and they don't have the right to vote. i've just read a study that several of the islands are still ten times more toxic than the chernobyl site. liberty biberty- cut. we'll dub it. liberty mutual customizes your car insurance so you only pay for what you need. only pay for what you need. ♪ liberty. liberty. liberty. liberty. ♪ it's either the assucertification process. or it isn't. it's either testing an array of advanced safety systems. or it isn't. it's either the peace of mind of a standard unlimited mileage warranty. or it isn't. for those who never settle,
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i'm frances rivera with the hour's top stories. more than 1,000 former department of justice officials are calling for attorney general william barr to resign. this comes after the doj reduced the prison sentence recommendation for trump ally roger stone. residents of jackson, mississippi, are expecting more torrential rain and historic flooding at the pearl river continues to rise. the governor of the state says it will be days before the water begins to recede. now back to "what's eating
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america." ♪ my exploration of the communities that feed america has brought me to springdale, arkansas, home to tyson foods. they're a key employer of the largest population of marshallese outside of the marshall islands. the nonimmigrant status of this community is an obstacle to creating a new life here. >> what dishes are you guys making? >> that one is made from pumpkin. >> ooh! see, now we're starting to get interesting here. >> both lucy and ty want to become u.s. citizens. >> what's your favorite guilty pleasure american food? >> i would say that it is pizza. >> yep. you're not alone. you're not alone.
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>> they both need to be sponsored by an adult family member who is also a citizen. >> your siblings are on the fast track because they're in the military. your parents are getting fast tracked because their children are in the military. >> yes. i'm waiting for my parents because that's a faster path. if i wait for my children, i have to wait maybe another 20 years or so. >> it seems very complex. >> uh-huh. >> and what's the most important reason for you that you want to become a citizen? >> i get to use -- a few years back we encouraged our young people to register to vote. the more we vote the more people say, they care and they want to be part of this community. >> i've just read a study that several of the islands are still 10 times more toxic than the chernobyl site. i mean, it's just a staggering thought. >> i came from one of the islands that was affected from
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the bomb. my family -- they have cancer. here is better than home. but i miss our island. it belongs to us. >> it's heartbreaking. to hear. >> cancer and diabetes-related diseases remain the leading cause of death among marshallese. a concrete dome entombed radioactive waste cleaned up during the late 1970s, but many of the islands remain uninhabitable. rising ocean levels also threaten to make the marshallese the planet's very first climate refugees. soon there may not be a home to go back to.
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♪ ♪ creating a home here in springdale, arkansas, is more important than ever. >> amazing. >> this stroll the atolls festival encourages locals to learn more about marshallese culture. >> what are you guys making? >> ametaba. >> coconut candy. >> i'm always nervous about trying new things. wow. that is delicious. >> yeah. >> the marshallese contribute to this community and to our country in many ways. and they pay taxes. since they don't get to vote in their own self-interest, that's taxation without representation. >> is there something specific that the state legislature is considering now that would help marshallese become citizens fastener. >> at at state level, really our
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hands are kind of tied by federal regulations and decisions for immigration. but something we did this past legislative session that i'm excited about is extend in-state tuition rates to marshallese citizens. >> as the top employer in springdale, tyson foods has stepped in. >> high school equivalency classes. citizenship classes. digital literacy, financial literacy. these folks are the backbone of this company. it doesn't happen without them. it's important for us that our team members feel like they're stable, but also welcome. >> when you discuss this in other places around the country, are people surprised that such a progressive idea started in the northwest corner of arkansas? >> yeah. >> the pathway to citizenship issue. that's a tricky road to navigate here, especially the marshallese, because of their unique citizenship puzzle. is the company doing anything?
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you're a big american corporation. you can lobby d.c. you have an incredible story to tell about these people. >> sure. i don't know where that will go and whether or not we'll be able to have a larger impact on that conversation or not. >> so why aren't we making the pathway to citizenship easier for the marshallese? they gave us their atolls for the greater good. in return, u.s. military testing destroyed their home. united states citizenship means far more than access. it's the opportunity to share in the promise of the american dream. >> we create too many hoops for you to jump through to actually become real citizens and vote, to all the other things that are necessary. >> yeah, that has been pretty tough. but i am a soldier. i'm an american. and i am marshallese. and nobody will ever take that away from me.
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he uses so many immigrants to run this operation. i thought a businessperson, a successful businessperson, will understand it. [sfx: doorbell] hello, i saw you move in, and i wanted to welcome you to the neighborhood with some homemade biscuits! >>oh, that's so nice! and a little tip, geico could help you save on homeowners insurance. >>hmm! >>cookies! uhh, biscuits. >>mmmm, is there a little nutmeg in there? oh it's my mum's secret recipe. >>you can tell me. it's a secret. >>is it cinnamon? it's my mum's secret recipe. call geico and see how easy saving on homeowners and condo insurance can be. i'll come back for the plate. saving on homeowners aremember, you have out be. the hilton app. can the hilton app help us win? hey, hey-we're all winners with the hilton price match guarantee, alright? man, you guys are adorable! alright, let's go find your coach, come on! book with the hilton app. expect better. expect hilton.
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♪ do you recall, not long ago ♪ we would walk on the sidewalk ♪ ♪ all around the wind blows ♪ we would only hold on to let go ♪ ♪ blow a kiss into the sun ♪ we need someone to lean on
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♪ blow a kiss into the sun ♪ all we needed somebody to lean on ♪ the new xc90 plug-in hybrid electric. xc90. recharged. ♪ there is one person in america who has done more than anyone in modern history to shift the immigration debate. the well-documented irony being, of course, that donald trump built his brand with the help of foreign-born labor.
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jose and i are going up the very escalator that he went down to announce his candidacy. >> i am officially running for president of the united states. >> we're going to show you how the restaurant industry really works. >> hey, how you doing? two for lunch. >> by dining at trump grill. we brought in our cell phones and some small cameras to document our lunch. >> how are you today? >> como estas, how are you? >> you are espanol? pennsylvania i am from barcelona. where are you from? >> mexico. >> our friendly mexican-born server takes our order. >> he's going to have the taco bowl. what am i going to have? maryland crab cakes. >> steps away from where trump said this. >> when mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. >> this is the statement that also caused jose to pull out of
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a restaurant deal with the trump hotel. >> jose andres, the celebrity chef who cut his ties with donald trump's new luxury hotel in d.c. after trump's controversial remarks about immigrants last month, was in d.c. today. >> in 2015, the trump organization sued for breach of contract. two years later, they released a joint statement announcing the lawsuit had been settled. >> he uses so many immigrants to run his operations. i thought a businessperson -- >> would understand it. >> a successful businessperson will understand it. and then i thought, well, he ran on that and the immigrant rhetoric. hopefully maybe now he's president, his rhetoric will change. this has not changed. >> yeah. >> i'm highly disappointed. >> it also hasn't changed the fact that immigrants make up the
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majority of the staff here. including the head chef. >> where are you from? >> i'm from guyana. >> you're guyana? >> this isn't unique to trump grill. across the country, an estimated 22% of restaurant workers are foreign born. and restaurants are only the most public-facing point of the industry. immigrant labor drives the entire food supply chain. >> ooh! >> oh my god. jumbo lump maryland crab cakes. you can see those nice, big pieces of lump in there. >> you know about crab cake? >> very good. >> the journey of maryland crab is a long one, and it starts 227 miles away from here. trump grill sells maryland crab
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cakes. maryland crab comes from the chesapeake bay. we're looking at one of the most vibrant cultural and culinary elements in the entire eastern seaboard. >> i've lived here any entire life, so of course to me it's very special. i think the chesapeake bay's very unique. >> aubrey vincent is the co-owner of lindy's seafood, a crab processor that's been in business here for the last 40 years. >> every maryland picking house is family run. so it's someone like me and my dad that are running multi-generational family businesses, and that's how that product's getting to your version. >> it's the waterborne version of the family farm.
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>> up to 140,000 pounds of crab are steamed, picked, and packed every day. >> when our community, our last census i think was like 165 people. i hire 105. based on the census, every single person would need to be unemployed and interested in this job to even begin to fill the job openings. >> there just aren't enough local residents to fill this seasonal job. >> so the only way you can make it all work from a labor standpoint is how? >> well, the only solution we've been able to find so far is to supplement the american labor that we have with the h2b program. >> there are two kinds of h2 guest worker visas. h2a is for seasonal agricultural work with no limit to the number of workers companies can hire.
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h2b is for every other type of temporary, nonagricultural work, like crabbing. but the number of these visas is capped each year. >> about 26 years ago, we started supplementing our american workforce with h2bs in our peak season. >> how has that changed over the years? >> well, there's been more of a demand for seasonal workers than there have been visas. >> reporter: in 2018, american companies applied for three times the number of available visas. the first come, first served system pits industry against industry. with nowhere near enough visas to go around. >> there was times we'd have conversations of, can we stay alive? we've lost a lot of family-run businesses in this area simply because they didn't have the labor to keep running, because they couldn't turn to this program. >> there is one family business that has received the foreign worker visas it has applied for year after year. >> president trump wins visas to
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hire 70 foreign workers for mar-a-lago in palm beach. mar-a-lago isn't the only foreign hotel that hires workers for its seasonal jobs, but is the only one whose owner was elected president while repeatedly and relentlessly promising this -- >> my administration will follow two very simple rules. buy american and hire american. so he's very brave. tomorrow after anybody watches this, somebody can grab you and kick you out of the country and put you in jail. so you only pay for what you need. only pay for what you need. ♪ liberty. liberty. liberty. liberty. ♪
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♪ if you see maryland crab on a restaurant menu, it's most likely picked by migrant workers like those at lindy's seafood in hoopersville on the shores of the chesapeake bay.
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these people are paid by the amount of crab that they pick. so you don't want to waste a single bit of meat during the process. every person here is doing around three crabs a minute. you have amazing skill. not only are you very fast, but you're not even bothering to wear a safety glove, so you must really be good with that knife. >> translator: yes, not too much, just a little. >> people like ysidra ariana's crews pick crabs for restaurants like trump grill. for the last 28 years she's been coming here from oaxaca, mexico, through the h2b program. >> do you like the system you've been given, or is it your desire to live here in the states permanently?
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>> ysidra and her co-workers spend eight months away from home. though not required under the h2b program, lindy's provides housing for $45 a week, located just a short walk from the plant. >> that must have been very hard when your children were young, to leave them behind.
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>> you must be so proud of that house. and what you've been able to do for your family. >> congratulations. >> thank you. >> just with one visa to you? >> si. >> that's amazing.
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>> these workers are the linchpin of tourism to the bay. supplying crab for menus throughout the chesapeake. along with the entire supply chain of haulers and drivers, right down to the 2.3 million foreign-born restaurant workers bringing it all to our tables. a lot of people think that people like you are dangerous. i don't see anything dangerous when i'm talking to immigrants and migrants in america.
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>> they are drug dealers, and they are criminals of all kind. we are taking mexico's problems. we have some bad hombres here, and we're going to get them out. >> this is jesus lira, undocumented immigrant from mexico. for the past decade, he worked as a banquet chef for donald trump. jose has invited jesus to come to his home for lunch. this is the first time jesus is
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allowing himself to be identified on television. >> so i'm making a dish for you from south of spain. it uses garlic, olive oil, and tomato. how many years you've been in the united states? >> 19. >> you work at a trump property? >> tramp national, worchester. >> you were atmosphere hired there with papers, like if you were documented? >> uh-huh. >> for how long you were there? >> ten years. >> you worked ten years at the president trump property? >> yeah. >> and nobody ever realized that you were an undocumented? >> they know. you don't have to be a genius to see the difference between a real green card and a fake green card. >> been filling out your taxes like any other legal? >> i do my taxes like normal people, like legal people.
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>> but everybody is looking to the other side. >> of course. because they need us. >> over his decade working at trump national golf course, jesus amassed a trove of documents. pay stubs, tax returns, even an employee of the month award. >> i don't have nothing to hide. so you guys can see every single paper. >> jesus paid nearly $30,000 in social security and medicare taxes over 10 years. for benefits he will never receive. >> illegal immigration hurts american workers, burdens american taxpayers, and undermines public safety. illegal immigration costs our country billions and billions of dollars each year. >> the government's own data designates undocumented immigrants contribute $16 billion annually to federal retiree programs, helping to keep them solvent for the rest
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of us. jesus claims he was hired with the help of a trump accountant who coached him twice on how to get better fake papers. >> i showed the papers, and they told me, um, this is not a good one because they look too fake. the third time i get the good ones. >> during his time at westchester, jesus cooked for trump himself. he says any future he had with the golf club ended with a phone call in january 2019. >> the guy told me they're going to use e-verify. they want of want me back, but they can't have me. that was my feeling. >> within days the trump organization said it would start using e-verify at all of its properties. >> so he's very right what you're doing. you're risking a lot. tomorrow after anybody watches this, somebody can grab you and kick you out of the country or
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put you in jail or send you out. >> you know, i think about that, like, a lot. because my family and my kids and my wife -- it's not easy for me, doing this. again, nobody's going to do it for me. so i've got to fight my own battle. if i want to win. >> jesus' immigration attorney, anibal romero, represents 40 undocumented workers from eight trump properties. >> so i would tell him what he's doing is not in his best interests. why is he really doing it? >> yeah, that was a conversation i had with jesus and the other 40 workers. and what they are telling me is that, enough is enough.
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they understand the risks. and this was a way to tell america that this is a problem, and they want to tell their story. they think they can make a difference. >> is he in any legal trouble? >> he is. and that's why the system is broken. technically speaking, immigration can arrest him, detain him, and deport him from the united states. >> the new york state attorney general is investigating trump national golf club, westchester, after receiving complaints about wages and working conditions. >> trump, trump, trump, trump, trump! >> the trump organization has not responded to our request to discuss the allegations of jesus and the other workers. the last time jesus saw trump in person was the night the candidate celebrated his super tuesday victory at the golf club. >> we love our country, we love
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our country. >> what they should know about your story is who's the undocumented immigrant. >> this is a country of great people. so be brave, fight for the right thing. we can make america really great. we've got the power in our hands. >> i think these people, they finally decided that america loves them back, because they've been giving a lot of love to america. >> politicians are using this to divide us, when in reality the solution is very easy. legalize the 11 million and focus on border security.
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my friend jose andres and i are explaining the stories of immigrants and migrant workers who are feeding america every day.
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welcome to morristown, tennessee, population about 29,000. davy crockett grew up here. and the unusual elevated sidewalks were built after a flood destroyed downtown in 1962. lucky for me, i'm here during tomato season. granger county, tennessee, tomato valhalla. the acidity and the sweetness balance, they're so good. do you happen to be a granger county tomato farmer? >> yes, sir. >> the tomatoes are insane. >> thank you. >> now what makes morristown unique is while tennessee's
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population is 7% hispanic, in morristown that population comes in about 20%. there's a very good reason for it. jobs. morristown and the surrounding counties have become an economic hub for everything from manufacturing to meat packing. >> we have three active industrial parks, and we're looking for possible fourth somewhere down the road. >> the local hispanic population is more than double what the state average is. is that demographic part of what's helping the success story? >> the hispanic population's been growing in morristown since the middle '80s. there were large tomato farms
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and migrants would come in. and many of them stayed to work over the winter. we had a chicken processing plant here. >> as the local economy grew over the decades, so did the need for immigrant and migrant labor. >> are these workers able to get the proper visas for those that aren't citizens here? >> i know that the legal or illegal issue is a hot topic and has always been a bit of a topic here as far as job growth goes. and that was reflected in the i.c.e. raid, the one last year. >> breaking tonight, right now 97 people in east tennessee face charges or are in custody tonight after a federal raid by immigration agents on a meat plant. >> 2018 saw more than four times the number of workplace i.c.e. raids over the previous year. the aftereffects have become an all too real part of the immigrant experience across the
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united states. >> i.c.e. raids have begun across the country. >> i.c.e. expects to target -- >> i want to find out what happens to a community when i.c.e. comes to town. >> it was a typical day. if i'm not mistaken, it was a thursday. >> april 5th, 2018, started out like any other morning at southeastern provision, a meatpacking plant just 15 minutes outside of morristown. >> i was upstairs in the upper level, and i was about to go down to get a plug for the hydraulic pump. >> this worker wishes to remain anonymous. his friends still don't know that he is an undocumented immigrant. >> i remember i looked on my phone, and it was almost an hour after, they break into the building. >> 9:00 a.m., workers notice police cars pull up. >> gonzalo chavez had been
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working at the plant for a year and a half after coming with a friend to tennessee from mexico city. he is currently undergoing kidney dialysis through a catheter in his neck. >> when they handcuffed you, did anyone tell you what was going on? >> no. >> sounds scary. >> at least 55 armed i.c.e. and irs agents, as well as the tennessee highway patrol, surrounded the premises. a helicopter hovered above. >> they come in, they make us take our tools down, put everything down. they pat us down. i didn't know what was going on. when they put the zip ties, we walk out of the main area, there was a big whole line of people already detained.
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>> 97 employees were arrested that day. all of them latino. news spread quickly throughout morristown. >> i happened to be in a meeting, and i had one of my school translators run in and she said, there's a raid going on, i've received 10 phone calls. >> casey kerberson is the cofounder of a local hispanic leadership organization and a school administrator. >> i reached out to all of our principals in the district to make sure that those students that were going home were not going home by themselves. so we created a system that we had people to ride on the buses and ride behind the buses from there students got to the door and there was no one there, come back to the school and keep them there until somebody could pick them up. >> all in a matter of minutes and hours. >> yeah. i think it's the mama in us. >> yeah, i think so. that was our first thought, those kids.
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>> the babies, the kids. >> veronica galvan is the director of religious education at st. patrick catholic church. they first met at the local armory where the arrested workers were taken for processing. >> we were just making sure that the families were calm. >> i do need that list, if you have a list that tells us who's in there. >> this lady right here, she has die bites and might need medication. >> we told one of the police officers, said, if they're not being fed, we'll bring you the food. just take to it them. a lot of them had medical conditions. diabetic, high blood pressure. though needed to be fed. some of them were on insulin, they were weren't able to take the insulin with them, they were just picked up.
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>> throughout that day and into the night, 32 undocumented workers were released to their families, their deportation cases to be heard at a later date. >> the most heart-wrenching thing, wait in the dark, waiting for people to come out. they're shaking, i didn't know if i was going to get out, where are my kids? people on the other side, this is my mom, is this my dad? waiting for them. we would do it over and over and over again. till the last one. >> any more people coming? no? >> and then when we saw the buses and the vans leave, we knew that was the last person. >> you've got to turn around and say, that's it. your dad's not coming. we had little ones hold our legs, please bring mom, please bring dad. that was the hardest thing. because i would see my kids. what if that was me? what in it was my children asking for help? >> nine of the detained workers were deported. two remain in federal custody.
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54 were sent to detention centers in alabama and then on to louisiana. at least 160 children of the detained, many of them u.s. citizens, were left without a parent. >> i got home. and i asked my mom if she knew about it. and she was like -- and she's like, yeah, they got your dad. and i was shocked. i look up to him. many things i do is for him. because he's ill. i just want to see him. >> all i ask is that we're still -- just to help us and pray for everybody. that doesn't have their families. please unite them back together. where are we going and what do we have to do to change
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♪ in april 2018, i.c.e. arrested 97 undocumented immigrants in a raid on a meatpacking plant outside of morristown, tennessee. this area of the state overwhelmingly voted for donald trump. >> this raid that happened yesterday has sent a wave of fear throughout the community. people are afraid to leave their homes, people are unsure if it's safe to go to work, to send their children to school. >> in the weeks that followed, local nonprofit and charity groups banded together to provide everything from legal services and child care to food and beds for families of the detained. the community came together. and donations poured in. >> whenever we got to st. patrick's, people kept dropping off donations. i had someone step in literally
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crying and said, i voted for trump. i'm against immigration, but i did not know it was this. handed over a check, walked out the door. "i did not know it looked like this." >> can you tell me what the patch is on your face for? >> gonzalo chavez says he told immigration officers he has type 1 diabetes but says he was denied his medication for 15 days. >> the situation is so awful, they would assume that just by the way someone looks, you can diagnose a blood illness?
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>> i'm sorry. his deteriorating health affected his eyesight and left him unable to work. in response to gonzalo's claim, i.c.e. told us that detainees quote receive all necessary and appropriate care. gonzalo lost his apartment, car, and all his personal belongings after the raid. his medical bills have been paid through donations. he lived for free in a home owned by a friend before returning to mexico city to be cared for by his family. the other detained employee i met has been granted a temporary visa to work in the united states. his family's future remains uncertain.
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your wife is an american citizen? >> yes. >> your children? are american citizens? >> yes. >> how long have you been here? >> i've been here 20 years. i was only 15 when i was brought here. i had no choice. >> you came here as a minor? >> yes. >> that's right. >> i would hate to go back. i mean, i don't see why my kids have to pay for that. >> right. >> they probably say, well, let him stay here. but that's not a way to keep a family together. >> of course not. >> and what about the plant owner who hired the undocumented workers? james brantley was paying workers in cash and underreporting his taxes. since i.c.e. piggy backed on an irs investigation, they don't even call the raid a raid. on july 31st, 2019, brantley was sentenced to 18 months in prison for tax fraud and hiring people
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unauthorized to work in the united states. james brantley declined our interview request. at the plant, i meet his daughter kelsey. >> it's not in the interests of my family. that's all i feel comfortable letting you guys know. i appreciate you guys being respectful. >> absolutely. >> i understand what you guys are trying to do, and i hope to see it and i hope it raises awareness to a very important issue, that everybody has to eat. >> thank you. you know what? she's right. people do have to eat. if we better understand exactly who is feeding us, then maybe we can start making smarter decisions about u.s. immigration policy. it seems that farming around here, you can't do it -- >> you can't do it without the migrant work. yeah.
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>> i mean, with the few that we have, we still have plants that go to waste because we can't get it all picked, because we don't have enough workers and we don't have enough documented or legal workers. >> and if undocumented workers go away, our food system breaks down. >> it does, yeah. it really does. >> so what happens when i.c.e. comes to town? everyone feels the impact. clearly the system doesn't work. how about this country and citizenship? is that something that you want to be a part of your future?
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federal prosecutors and justice department officials are calling for attorney general bill barr to resign. this comes after he intervened to lower the doj's sentencing recommendation for trump ally roger stone. president trump took a lap around nascar's daytona 500 on sunday. he served as the grand marshal becoming the first to do so after george w. bush. now back to "what's eating america."
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behind me is independence hall, and it was right there that our founding fathers first put the idea on paper that all men are created equal. and every generation since then has struggled to define what it actually means to be equal. every immigrant community in america seems to go through the exact same cycle. come to america seeking a better life, arrive here, attempt to mainstream and assimilate, and instead get the crap kicked out of you until you sort of gain a foothold and start to expand your culture here. what's up, people? >> life's great. we're living the dream. >> how are you? >> fantastic, it's good to see you. >> just over a century ago it was the italians, persecuted and
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unwanted, who made a home here in philadelphia. of course they brought their food traditions along too. >> 90 days old milk never tasted so good. >> that's really good. >> yeah. since the turn of the century, it's always been an immigrant market. people coming over after the war. even before that, escaping world war i. the people that are emigrating now aren't the same immigrants from before. to have more diversity and variety is a blessing. >> today philadelphia's long tradition of sheltering those seeking freedom is playing out here. south philly barbacoa. it's where my friend the celebrated chef christina martinez makes her contribution. you can get tacos. you can get the consomme. but it's the barbacoa by the pound. you kind of go nuts.
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so, so delicious. mm! it's hard to describe how perfect christina's lamb is. but melt in your mouth is probably the first thing that comes to mind. and don't be afraid to dunk it in the consomme, right? as a business owner, christina relies on dozens of immigrant employees. she's also an advocate for foreign-born workers in the local restaurant scene. and an undocumented immigrant herself. you are so public in your advocacy, and your restaurant is so popular, are you ever afraid of being detained or deported yourself?
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>> it's a united nations in here. uh-huh, that's how we like it. >> with the support of her husband and business partner ben miller, christina makes sure that everyone who comes here feels welcomed. >> this is a very safe place. >> we can stop i.c.e. at the door, we can demand a warrant, we can refuse cooperation with i.c.e. >> you understand you have the right to do so. >> yeah. >> a lot of other business owners don't. that's what leadership is. >> christina and i have long ago had the conversation of the risks and consequences involved
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in telling her story. we would lose a lot if we got raided. we have certainly that we're fighting for the right thing, it's worth it. >> you guys met in a restaurant? >> working together all day. after a year of so of me asking her to go out, she finally went out with me. in my naivete, i thought i could help her out with her immigration status right away, just get married to an american. >> a lot of the people think that that -- >> that's the way it was for the '70s, '80s. you could marry someone from here and get your thing. >> that's right. no longer true. christina was caught attempting to cross the border in 2006. that means that she is subject to deportation. it also means that she must move back to mexico for ten years before she's eligible to apply for u.s. citizenship. >> wait ten years. which is incentive for people to stay. okay, you're trapped here ten years? well, [ bleep ] it. i'm going to stay here, work for no rights in exploitable conditions. >> christina and ben created a regular meeting with others in the industry to build a coalition for change. >> thank you so much for coming in support. >> we were just recently talking to you.
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you said that working itself is not a crime, it's that hiring a worker without papers is a crime. so the responsibility falls on the employer. >> right. the federal law prohibits employers from hiring undocumented workers, but engaging in the act of undocumented work is in and itself is not illegal, it's not criminal. but in i think our popular imagination or in our society, we think of it as criminal. >> isn't that part of all of our problem? the crime is on the employer's side of the ledger, and yet the people paying the price for it, like so many, that's what happens in a two-tiered system. >> right. >> there's an inequitable piece to this when it comes to the law itself. >> and that's the rub, right? is that if you talk to workers, they don't see it as illegal. you talk to a bunch of employers, they say, hey, we
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hire a bunch of undocumented folks, we think it's okay because they're contributing to our workplace, we consumers of the various businesses that use undocumented work are okay with it. so in some sense everybody's okay with it, but yet we have these laws on the books that make it so that they are a subclass of people that are subject to abuse and exploitation. >> the asylum program is a scam. some of the roughest people you've ever seen. get out, sorry, get out, can't handle it. our country is full, can't come it, i'm sorry, very simple. >> these are the stakes christina and the nearly 11 million undocumented immigrants in this country face every day. i always find over a meal, you break bread, you find solutions. >> we may break that rule. whatever happens out there today, remember,
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i love those. there's nothing like a farmers' market to find these tiny, tiny peas. they are so tender. oh my god. you may be supporting immigration reform or not. you may be supporting immigrants or not. right now the political discourse is making all of us somehow take sides. but trying to find answers gives me a sense of understanding, where are we going and what do we have to do to change everything as it's happening right now? because let me tell you, what's happening right now, it doesn't work. >> fixing our dysfunctional
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immigration system can seem impossible. as consumers we can have a positive impact through our food choices. >> hey, how are you? >> how are you today? >> where are you from? >> serbia. >> like supporting local farms that treat their workers fairly. in the grocery aisle, we can vote with our food dollars. >> so what this sticker right here means is that the farm worker was respected, that their concerns were taken into account. >> efi, equitable food initiative, is a new certification program that aspires to be the fair trade coffee of u.s. agriculture. efi currently unites 34 farms with big-chain stores like costco. stores pay a bit more for the product, consumers make a purchase they can feel good about. conditions in the field are vastly improved.
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and safer. and the farm workers receive monthly bonuses. >> their dignity and respect, the empowerment that they receive, the knowledge that they acquire, they take that home. and they're saying, i'm really proud to be a harvester. that's a culture change. >> changing the immigration laws that affect our food system is much tougher. >> h2a program, it's for temporary work. well, in today's agriculture it's not all temporary. there's a lot of things that are permanent. >> while there is permanent support for expanding the seasonal division to year-round systems are numerous. >> we think it should be renamed harness to abuse, because that's what's happening. >> one innovative alternative is the blue card. it's basically a green card for undocumented agriculture workers
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currently living in the united states. >> this is something that would give legalization here. not only them, but their spouses and their minor children. >> it allows for illegal status for people working the farm, cut and dried, pure and simple? >> yes, and that would protect agriculture industry. people are saying, oh, no, you're giving legal citizenship for people coming to this country and creating problems. they're not crediting problem, they're putting food on our table, they are the backbone of our culture. >> any immigration reform requires massive legislative fix and that means compromises are needed here on capitol hill. so why is passing immigration reform so difficult? jose and i grab lunch at one of his d.c. restaurants with a couple of lawmakers.
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>> this notion of comprehensive immigration reform, i think we have to address these issues piecemeal. >> will hurd represents the 23rd district of texas. his district spans 820 miles along the united states/mexico border and 70% of eligible voters there are hispanic. >> if we're to be proud to our economy, society, culture, you're welcome, come in. but let's streamline and it make it legal. >> joe kennedy represents the 4th district of massachusetts. as robert kennedy's grandson, he carries the legacy of his family's name. >> the challenge with a piece mail approach is that the harder pieces to fix never get done, because you can never quite get there. >> joe is a vocal proponent of comprehensive immigration reform. >> our country is being devastated by this. the people bearing the brunt of it are the folks that can least shoulder that burden. >> it's really great that you two decided to join us here, in a mexican restaurant,
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nonetheless. >> we have to get back to these refried beans. i've never had anything like this. >> no. >> boom. >> i always find over a meal, you break bread, you find solutions. >> we might break that rule. >> i hear the republican side, and they want to pass immigration side. and i hear the democrat side, and they want to pass immigration reform. it never happens. what do we have to do to make it happen? >> this is how hard the problem is. when president obama was in office, he had a democratic senate and super majority in the house and still wasn't able to get immigration reform. >> president bush was the same way. >> yeah. >> in 2007, senate republicans stopped the president bush-backed comprehensive immigration reform act. >> it is impossible for this country to rout people out of our society and quote send them home. it's just -- it's not going to
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happen. >> right now it's up to republicans in the house to decide if we can move forward as a country on this bill. if they don't want to see it happen, they've got to explain why. >> by 2013 with his democratic majority in the house gone, president obama's hopes for an immigration bill also disappeared. and now we have president trump. >> if you're going to try to do something that is as hard as immigration reform, the president's going to have to lean on it. and i haven't seen that inclination yet out of this president to lead on an immigration policy that is anywhere near would i would say is reflective of the values the vast majority of the american public holds. >> the presidency in general is absolutely critical to trying to get something done. the only way we're going to get big things done is by doing it together and doing it in a bipartisan way. we need to recognize, and if we pass something big like this, there will be enough credit to go around that you can go home and talk about, hey, i solved this problem. >> our food system is something that connects all of us. without immigrant and migrant
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laborers, food prices would skyrocket. we'd go hungry. we have so many reasons to do this. is it going to take some sort of bigger disaster to move the needle? >> may 2019, we had 144,000 people come in the country illegally. all of the previous year of 2018, you had 400,000 people. so the crisis is here. >> i agree 100% with will, we're at it. you're kind of well past that crisis point. >> one of the things i get frustrated, when somebody agrees with me. they want to say, why are not you part of the other party? why cannot we just agree? here's what happens. the most extreme views then taken to applied to the entire group. >> the democrats want open borders. they want everybody they want, including ms-13 pouring into the country. >> the point that will makes is accurate. those that hold the most extreme views those that get the oxygen
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them dominate media conversation. >> all the people in the administration who have done this, who have permitted it, are guilty of child abuse. >> that's the reality of our political debate and the discourse. the discourse is how do you find a way to inoculate yourself against those factors trying on hold us apart for political purposes torsion actually address one of the deepest and most systemic fix that's our country actually needs. >> sitting here and chatting, i believe this is how most americans want to see our lau lawmakers interacting with each other. bipartisanship has become a rare commodity in an era of us versus them. it just got harder for the house of representatives. will herd won't seek re-election in 2020. joe kennedy is running for the senate. >> i'm waiting to embrace it.
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>> oh! what's your name? >> caroline. >> thank you! it will be ready in a couple minutes. >> washington, d.c. this is where jose and i began our cross country exploration of immigration and our food system. >> that's the best sandwich i've ever had. >> best sandwich she's ever had. yes! >> food trucks are one of the cheapest entry sbinlts the food business. perfect for him. how did you start this truck? >> i work with someone, training. six, seven months. then i learning everything.
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then i buy other one. >> you have six trucks. that's the american dream. >> yes. >> mohammed! where's my buddy? there you go. good luck with everything. >> i think they forget they're the ones that don't give excuses. they're blessed with opportunity to belong to a new place. they don't want to take anything from anybody. they only want to be part of it. >> i asked him what was his secret. do you know what he said? he worked hard. it is one of the themes we heard over and over again across the country. america is an immigrant country. we need to he will brace it and we need to see it as the true opportunity it is. for the ones that arrive from far away and from the ones that belong here already.
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>> we're coming here for a reason. to make a better living for our families. >> i am an american. i'm a soldier. i'm still a soldier at heart. nobody will ever take that away from me. >> we feed you. people need to understand that. >> this is a country of great people. so fight for the right thing. we can make america really great. >> a very wise man once told me that immigration is not a problem for america to solve. it is an opportunity for america to seize. raise your hand if you believe immigrants make this country are great.
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>> despite all the angry rhetoric, positive public opinion of immigration is actually growing. a 2019 survey from independent organization democracy core shows the number of americans who believe that immigrants strengthen our country because of their hard work and talents rose by 11% following the 2018 mid-term elections. we tried but we didn't chat with the one american who has most changed the immigration debate. the white house press officed us his schedule was full. >> so president trump, are you up for it? >> let's have lunch. we just want to talk. >> bye, sir. >> molly, where are you? chicken sandwich, my friend. >> we're ready when you are, mr. president. lunch is on us. //
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over the next four episodes, my pursuit of the vexing questions will take mow some epic journeys. with our environment in crisis, and climate deniers muddying the waters, what does climate change mean for the food we eat? >> this is what we're dealing with. >> these are all dead. >> as health care costs riseful are we addicted to unhealthy foods? >> processed food is made to make you eat faster and to make you eat more. >> over mexican classics and southern comforts, i'm dining with voting rights vif. >> there is no way politicians should have that much power to decide which american citizens get to vote and which don't get to vote. >> i'm also asking those in power. >> why wouldn't we do everything we can to make sure everyone can vote? >> we do. >> as 20 million americans struggle with addiction, just like i did.
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>> i slept every night on a pile of dirty clothes of the. >> can the restaurant industry help bay the road to recovery? >> i want you to know dinner is being prepared by alcoholics. >> they need what we have of the will. >> some hopeful. >> join me as i try to figure out, what's eating america? she hadn't answered her phone cause. she hadn't answered her text messages. i could see the window pane was broken. >> a valentine's day that started with roses ended in a different shade of red. >> everything stopped. i was just in shock. >> we knew that there was somebody bad throughout doing something. >> she was a wife, a mother, a missionary. >> denial east sounds like a saint. >> she probably was. >> but something had been happening behind closed doors. >> there is nothing more important to me than youis


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