tv [untitled] RT July 21, 2010 9:30pm-10:00pm EDT
to have a. gun sent to old bones at a hydroelectric plant and russia's republic of converging of o'connor yes off to shooting dead two goal is to gain entry to the complex russian security services say they know who's responsible but are not co-founding media speculation that's local militia and so much of the day. was experimenting still faces every trial at the hague the murder and torture charges against subs the biggest double crimes tribunal abandons their original trial. two years ago due to lack of evidence but has not ruled that witnesses one to date. on the cost of suffering human rights activists and at an aids conference in vienna and he's pharmaceutical companies of keeping the price of drugs to come to the disease come home like scientists how i would say they're getting closer to a great for pure and the bossley gains the condition which has killed over twenty five million so all. there's the headlines up next also he brings you
a special report on the space race between the u.s. and the soviet union and the two remarkable man on both sides of that logic who drove it. that was in the sixteenth century. once there lived a chinese nobleman by the name of one who is most cherished ambition was to go to the moon using the resources available seven powder kegs to a bamboo then he put on his best clothes and ignited the barrels. when the smoke cleared after the explosion there was neither a trace of nor of. history is rich with ill fated attempts to get into space but in the twentieth century to remarkable men did conquer the skies but this time around they used rocket engines rather than exploding armchairs to propel them into. their names then. they were the
architects of the american and russian space programs. eternal rivals in the battle to reach out to space. and make their first attempts to reach for the stars in their childhood as a boy in the soviet union designed simple ideas but as time went by he came up with a more sophisticated. craft as for venice at the age of twelve he created a prototype rocket by equipping a crate with fireworks he also built a wagon that he launched in his hometown and apparently this wagon in the ad had. rockets he had made on it and it. ran down the main street of his hometown and. who was von braun's long time private secretary says venet attracted police attention many times for firing things into
the air nowadays buckbee often takes people on a tour of the space museum in huntsville where each exhibit is related to von braun . but the best storyteller of. exploits is his only daughter natalia she wrote about him in three volumes of memoirs simply titled my father. with this this is a picture of the first soviet rocket it was launched on august seventeenth one thousand nine hundred thirty three though it spent only eight hundred seconds in the air flying in an altitude of four hundred meters it was a spectacular success going to. moscow in the one nine hundred thirty s. was a time of daring ambition and breathtaking endeavor it's for one group of young scientists infusing a hand to try and turn fantasy into reality they were so desperately short of money that they had to hire a tram to take this second rocket to its launch pad. was the driving force behind the team researching propulsion they kept saying to each other we will go to mars
yes we will. rested for high treason in nine hundred thirty eight but for many years he didn't know why he protested his innocence despite brutal questioning and only broke down when interrogators showed him a picture of his daughter saying she'd be orphaned if he didn't confess he got ten years in prison at the height of stalin's purges. i was five years old when my mother and i went to see him i did not know he had been arrested i had been told that he was away because he was a pilot when we entered small room a warden came in through another door. i said papa how could you possibly lend your airplane in that small courtyard at that moment the warden chipped in you know dear landing here is no problem but getting out of here is a very difficult. after his prison term was moved to russia's remote northeast where inmates were forced to mine for gold. every day. drop to just forty
five kilos during his time that he lost more than half his teeth due to scale but he survived because stunning needed rocket scientists for the soviet union's meteors shield. was released six years later he told his daughter wife. and mother about his life in the camp only once he asked them not to bring the subject up again and to steer clear of gold ornaments. served his term in a good light then a von braun was in nazi germany rising through the ranks on the s.s. command he started work on a secret project after had ordered his scientists to create a weapon capable of hitting distant targets.
up to several setbacks the infamous v two rocket was created it was the world's first ballistic missile ready to fire. and this is an old house in a small provincial town in central germany it's a place of simple beauty and quiet gentle life. the town also has a special newseum the wagon outside the entrance is like those used to bring thousands of people to this tranquil place in one nine hundred forty three to a notorious concentration camp and most of the exhibits though are underground. the v. two was made here at this secret some to raney and plant its workman with inmates
from the metal back door of labor camp which was a part of booth and vote now we're entering the original tunnel a see huge tunnel as you can see with about twelve mistress. in this model you can see two. crossed. a and b. and forty six crossed tunnels built by concentration camp prisoners in the last years of the war if you look don here you can see an original and which was moved from the behind here to show it to visitors. the prisoners spent half a year on the ground without seeing so much as a sliver of daylight at the time they didn't know the purpose of the tunnels but they later realized that they had been putting together a monstrous weapon designed to destroy the homes countries and loved ones they had
to sleep in bets with thought any equipment only on the wooden nothing. the cemetery conditions were catastrophic people died after just two or three months of intolerable work the dead were replaced with new inmates. people made up one third of the door of prison population. the v two we once were unique weapons because these were the only weapons where more people died. then people died by using these weapons. half of the six thousand rockets made to the underground plants during the eighteen months of his existence were faulty the inmates did all they could to make sure all the weapons remained on the ground they breached production ruse and use defective components. thirty five thousand inmates died during the plant's lifetime.
cost six human lives. without doubt venner von braun paid several visits to the facility when he went down into the tunnels he saw hundreds of dead inmates but apparently. did not seem fazed much later his face appeared on the cover of time magazine he shook hands with president kennedy and was awarded medals his impassioned glorification of american democracy came much later too but in may nine hundred forty five the s.s. major was faced with a choice. did have a choice so. he was reflecting with his colleagues what to do after the german defeat. in forty four they decided most of them decided to go with the americans. surprisingly the americans welcomed their former enemies despite the
fact that a new conflict was on the horizon the cold war. who flew with russians their first job was to learn how to fly an airplane to go bomb russia the american people looked at these these people the local people anyway as being able to assist us in developing a new system for defense of the country the americans won the space race but did we win the space race when you look at the fathers of space in the last century you have one of the was german and then you look at the russians have. he had spent time in the gulag and some of his first designs that he did on aviation where we're from the uk. was eventually released from prison and was no longer an enemy of the soviet people in fact he became his country's protect and made chief
designer of a ballistic missile called item number one. even lost his identity and was now a top secret somebody working on a top secret. get a mind when they went to germany they started to study german. technology. was first so long an able to perform his job and diving deeper into the work he loved so much. made a faithful replica of the feet on stalin's orders although it was successfully launched realized that the rocket was not good enough he was sure he could make an even better one and he did it was cold the king. the soviet union and the united states were neck and neck in the construction of long range missiles but that changed in one nine hundred fifty seven in the midst
of the cold. case became the space race. on the morning of october fifth years in the united states began picking up signals from space a couple of hours later president eisenhower was told about the russian of the first satellite he cut short his vacation stock exchange shares took a shop down to exactly the motions of space was totally unclear we couldn't even figure out what sputnik meant we kept referring to it as a bomb we were trying to write a headline right soviet union put a bomb in space they said oh no don't call it a bomb though we eventually realized it was a scientific satellite. the world sputnik was soon to become familiar in the english language large numbers of people stayed away from work to try and hear the
peeping sound from the satellite they gathered on rooftops in the hope of seeing a little spot of manmade light blinking up in the sky all they did was take this small extra payload on top of the long range ballistic missile and sent him into orbit and then someone had the idea to do the beat beat so you would hear it and that transform the world as we know. women's has changed for example had to strike this came into fashion in japan. only a handful of people at the sputnik being designed by sergei cut you off his name did not appear anywhere it was soviet leader nikita khrushchev the one. with our sputnik asserting the earth and the waiting for american and other sputniks to show up side by side with it before commonwealth of sputnik's. i. won bronze attempt to launch the first u.s.
satellite ended in the fan going to explode. when you. called my father to tell them that he should launch another sputnik in time for the anniversary of the one nine hundred seventeen october revolution which was close at hand but people had gone on vacation and had to be summoned back. khrushchev wanted something more than just another sputnik he wanted something entirely new. given less than a month to invent one that would need the blueprints no quality control the whole enterprise depended on trust throughout his career it was always looking for people willing to forgo food and sleep and work through the night just to slough spoke to chefs is a psychologist from russian space research center star city he used to work under a kind of. he was a great man it was enough for him to look at you and you got a wealth of information we didn't even though he was with his subordinates he had
a very delicate soul. it was a four legged cosmonaut that was the first living creature to head towards the stars a dog called like when she was launched into space there were tears in her size time magazine called. the world's most lonely and miserable dog that was true it was a one way ticket for like it a monument was unveiled in moscow to mark the fiftieth anniversary of a space mission. but there is this monument to commemorate the dogs greatest. treats you know what would look someone has even brought a candy here for the. show some even bring sausages for the puppy. at that time it was impossible to retrieve a sputnik from movies people around the world accuse the soviet union of animal cruelty but like his sacrifice was of undoubted benefit to science scientists were unsure whether the biological functions could work in zero gravity i mean there are
so many things we take for granted today but with the heart pump in zero gravity would blood flow and zero gravity would your mind you know be alert in zero gravity meanwhile the americans too would launching animals into the stratosphere notably monkeys they were put under anaesthetic but they also died in their missions. but eventually there was a happy ending with two dogs called delta and that both were well behaved. just as they became fitness even so one day flight was problem free and they became the first creatures ever to safely return from orbit. the soviet mongrels one instant fame from donors something the pedigree could ever dream of soon after returning to
his snow white smile could millions of cops he was a welcome guest around the in the epitome of mankind's dreams. the first man in space. was among those who wanted to take part in the national celebration. that is coming down from the red square. movie recognized. from a skimpy when the nobel committee asked to disclose the name of the chief designer who made it possible for the first sputnik and forgotten to go into space that said the entire nation created the advanced technology that. never complained about the fact that his health has been affected by the prison camp all the public could not
associate him with the space program he had no time for that he was busy turning his dreams into reality. of love do you regard him as though he were his own son still get both. garden compliments of each other as personalities they were competent all with each other sometimes they didn't even meet. the first u.s. astronauts alan shepard went into space a month after. but spent only fifteen minutes there and had spent two hours in orbit from braun was clearly losing the race he was tired of being coming in second he was it was pretty well. i think disgusted with with the system the government system that we that we were operating under not realizing that the russians were really technology smart. was very much in the public eye. on television and even helped disney sell the
ambition of space travel so the american public he was the first astro salesman. if we were to stop the big organized and well supported space program i believe a practical passenger rocket could be built and tested within ten years. the press also joined in on the space race italian and american newspapers claimed that eleven cosmonauts went into space before gagarin did and never return to earth alive they were known as the so-called missing cosmonauts the reports even gave their names to lend credibility to the stories. i was married to one of the names of. these homes.
under these tests not true it was a form of relaxation. it was a tester he often told her about how he had spent six months in a camp into the ocean he was compelled to live high in the mountains where there was a severe shortage of oxygen and he went through training in a fast spinning centrifuge they were asked to press a button even the speed was too much for them but they never did because they had an overpowering desire to serve their country in space exploration chose to ignore this train so that they would be allowed to go into space. needless to say. he was stunned by a newspaper report claiming he was dead. he immediately called his mother to tell her he was ok then he supposedly missing cosmonauts wrote an article for a soviet newspaper headlined faces gentleman. so you were awarded the i saw it as
something of a joke they even liked it because they meant somebody knew them and had put them on the map so to speak. wasn't into but it had nothing to do with any fabricated space experiment. there was a time when the dreamy hutto wanted to be a cause minerals a special kind of cosmonaut soon after god in space flight so they kind of announced he was going to draw on engineers at his enterprise to put together a group of cosmonauts their job would be to assemble three parts of a giant ship one obeys the spacecraft would then head to miles from there it was kind of great dream von braun's ambition of the time didn't extend beyond reaching the moon. spoke of the lunar race was an invention in reality there was no lunar rates. shows off his secret notebook it contains drafts and other
details relating to the mas project. surface i put down it would sergei curry had sold me and launched a morse was scheduled for early one nine hundred seventy four. if his notes are anything to go by so it did not start on a new no project until one thousand nine hundred sixty four but von braun had been working on it for three years following president kennedy's announcements of plans to conquer the moon. but what compelled to focus his attention on the moon instead of mars and other planets he's known to have regarded the planets as his priority objective to ship shit your one thousand in sixty four who shot had the illusion that we might outstrip the americans. if we failed to land on the moon then at least we could fly around it and head of them that soon might be nice in political terms before. khrushchev surprisingly declared don't give the moon away to the americans. did not believe he could outpace phone broom too much time had already
been wasted it was venner von braun's heyday. we raised a flag the american flag on the surface of the moon congrats. i really believe that the soviet union drove the us to the moon. in our day and we did that in the sixty's and i think it was because there was serious competition between the two countries and. didn't get to see strong take the first step on the lunar surface he died in one thousand nine hundred sixty six during some routine surgery his anonymity died with him and his identity was finally. triggering a wave of the. streets when. monuments and plaques were unveiled in his own
even the room said. that he never realized all the work could be done by just one person. my father liked to say that people can travel into space and issued by train he was absolutely sure that outer space was not empty and people must live and work there he said you know. seeing americans and russians in space together. in one hundred seventy five the so he. put an end to the space race. i'm approaching so use. less than five meters. three meters.
i like chocolates. most of all like the trickle of chocolates along this. part of the project and often visits this museum he remembers every minute of his mission the food what they talked about and how they welcomed the crew aboard soup vapor labels from. go with us. and when we were up there i randomly tasted them on a couple of cubes and one of them turned out to be filled with borsch and the other with some kind of a tomato paste. and it went american astronauts stafford and dick slayton said sound on the table. i show them that you and you know yeah good idea they
said. today new cosmonauts are set to go into space one by one of the countries are creating their own space programs india and japan and china has already launched its own cosmonauts into space even wealthy tourists pay for a trip to the stars filling prophecy. maybe one day the time may come when space flights will be routine excursions curious travelers might take pictures of themselves against the backdrop of an extinct volcano tough to venice on or in front of a crater to set off. is