tv [untitled] September 10, 2010 9:30am-10:00am EDT
fifty million tons this is still lower than the russian way weighs monopoly boosted its cargo handling by eleven percent to reach almost eight hundred million tonnes. and let's take a look at the markets now we start with where the r.t.s. in the mine is it's a down nearly point two percent and even trading energy shares are leading the drops hydro and gazprom are losing over half a percent bucking the trend is hydro gaining over eight percent on the lies next you know the news russia's biggest private bank alpha bank increased its net profit to almost three hundred million dollars in the first of this year. moving on to europe now where stocks are down falling from a four month high on news that back needs to raise more capital declined over five percent all the dax after it said it made so eleven billion dollars worth of shares more german banks are expected to follow the ten biggest may need one hundred eighty five billion dollars in fresh capital on the new capital rules. question
india will start the joint production of medium range transport aircraft agreement involves hindustan aeronautics and two russian companies transport needs someone at the end about all exports each country will invest three hundred million dollars into venture capital medium range transport aircraft are widely used for cargo a plan to build two hundred jets initially one third being sold on global markets opposed jet will roll off the line no earlier than in two thousand and sixteen. that's all the business for now but you can always find most always if you log onto a web site r.t. dot com.
every month we give you the future we help you understand how we'll get there and what tomorrow brings the best in science and technology from across russia and around the world join us acknowledging update on our jeep for the full story we've got. the biggest issues get the human voice face to face with the news makers. you want to go to live from the yellow sea level global policy for his recovery
what we're covering this hour present preventive says no one should be jealous about a new security agreement between russia and europe which would help everyone that has keynote address to the delegates the russian leader said that with the pace of development in the country accusations up to toilet terry in his home are simply a sign off for memories. or other headlines today as well russia's republic of north mourning the victims of yesterday's car bomb attack in its capital central market. blast killed seventeen hundred people. into why a growing number of americans have been converting to islam since nine eleven despite accusations the media is fueling and it islam or muslims.
or the polish president and dozens of other dignitaries. fact in one thousand nine hundred forty thousands of polish military officers were executed by soviet forces there are two now reveals the truth behind the law is that shrouded the case for decades. for decades this incident was rooted in speculation and fear the facts were either suppressed or cooped up in one nine hundred forty more than twenty thousand polish prisoners and disappeared and still be a territory without a trace of censorship control and the constant case in general under a strict ban. catchin forest in the smolensk region this is where
a mass grave of people in polish military uniform was first discovered that was in one thousand nine hundred three during the german occupation. the poles laying their graves in three or four rows side by side some were even layered on top of one another there. who ordered the execution of the polish prisoners of war when exactly would they kill. to eyewitnesses have to say about it after more than fifty years of silence why would the details of the captain tragedy kept secret for so long. in russia's north west lives among a straight on an island in lakes and again in one nine hundred forty eight house the prison camp where more than five thousand polish on the servicemen and police were imprisoned. it was just
a child at the time. she found out how the mona street had been turned into a prison camp for prisoners of war from a relative who was serving in the soviet union secret police the n.k.v.d. . raging every day a special train was coming to the city a mustache gov should you put a polish prisoners of war barely had any roof over their heads therefore all. all of the monasteries buildings were hastily adapted for their accommodation triple plank beds were made for that purpose. polish prisoners of war were brought to the soviet union soon after the start of world war two german troops had altered by poland in the autumn of nineteen thirty nine and so obvious entered the country's eastern regions the poles were sent to prison camps in stara belts and cars outside . the poles were held in order to prevent any potential
riots or attempts to restore poland's territorial integrity among them was career officer vida the father of polish film director j. vida yeah combin his fellow on the servicemen were sent to the cause else camp in the smolensk region to further the effect that i me unlike my father most of those taken prisoner when no korea offices rather they represented the polish intelligentsia. they were university professors high school teachers actors and autists among them. in short all those who had been drafted into the army in one thousand nine hundred thirty nine. in august that year the soviet union in germany signed a non-aggression treaty in moscow which later became known as the molotov rippon trial packed this covert document detailed the partition of eastern europe on
september the first nine hundred thirty nine germany attacked poland by september the seventeenth soviet troops entered poland as well this rare footage shows a joint parade in the town of brest the soviet brigade commander chris shane and general good rianne of germany share a viewing platform the polish army had now ceased to exist. all they. needed i never saw my father from that moment on there was no word from him until he. taken prisoner by the soviets so. most of the police officers and fronted troops were sent to the stash called camp one of three hundred for polish prisoners of war a dam built by the poles to link the island to the lakeside still serves as a reminder of that time that the poles stayed for just over six months in april nine hundred forty the first groups of prisoners were then taken to an unknown destination the poles move to the nearby railway station across the frozen ice of
lakes and again i knew are there were they were actually very joy singing the guards told them that they were being sent closer to the polish border board so that they could be handed over to the polish government when the time come when i meet you. secret from reporters dostum guards censor and kev a day headquarters. the prisoners of war are in good spirits it is apparent they have a strong desire to leave the camp go staying behind are envious of the ones who are about to leave they think they're going home. is proceeding in an orderly manner without incident. isabella sonnier scums because grandfather scum ski work to the polish prosecutor's office. when soviet troops entered poland on september the seventeenth one thousand nine hundred thirty nine she was arrested after being branded a suspect. when she was put in a p.o.w.
camp she had only one opportunity to send a letter that was in the late one nine hundred thirty nine years when once a week my granny sent to past college to the address of the prison camp my grandad had given her. for some time the past god simply disappeared without a trace. but starting with the spring of one thousand four take the boy sent back to the board to mark address on. nineteen forty three the pick up between the soviet union and hitler's germany. it was then that secret burials were found in the village of canton near smolensk the german on his medical course at the bodies of more than four fouls and polish army officers had been found seven ditches in a forest. they had been examined under the supervision of professor again brooks a well known anthropologist from breast versity but slater told the international
red cross committee about his findings. written on april thirteenth one thousand nine hundred forty three radio berlin announced that polish army officers and policemen who had been shot and killed by the end of a day in one nine hundred forty the soviets refuted it two days later they claimed that the polish officers had been executed by the germans in the autumn of one thousand nine hundred forty one for. in one thousand nine hundred three dmitri was thirteen years old he's lived in the county in forest area all his life the german authorities took him and many other local people to the exhumation site dimitri thinks the message was clear. nothing would have happened if the germans had uncovered anything it was a political matter
a polish army had been formed insolvent territory so the aim was to show those poles that they had no business fighting on the russian side can see what they've done you'll be in for it to. in the polish capital walsall the so-called catalysts began to appear towards the end of spring one nine hundred forty three. people queued for hours in front of news stands to reason the new names were added to the list every day. when they still have said that the name of my granddad appeared on one of the lists shortly after such an ist were made public and then gin my father often said he remembered the day when hello and that he had become an orphan after his father's death and his mother's death six months before. in late one nine hundred forty three soviet troops drove the germans out of the smolensk region soon another medical commission this time led by the well known soviet surgeon nikolai but then started work in the captain's forest it's time to find evidence that the
polish prisoners had been killed by the germans in nine hundred forty one after they'd invaded the soviet union. or when a german made a water pistol was found there that became the main argument in support of the claim that it was the germans that executed the polish officers of the theory that it was the nazis that killed them was based on this discovery on your. tongue and of saying is a former political prisoner whose father belonged to lenin's in a circle. he sent up a goon like museum commemorating the victims of political repressions. a friend who work. to the institute of forensic studies told how evidence in the counting case
had been faked in the soviet union in one nine hundred forty four. are not the woman was on duty at that chimey she saw the remains being hauled out of boxes and the pockets being stuffed with newspapers and letters bearing falsified dates the aim was to create the impression that all that had happened in one nine hundred forty one rather than in one nine hundred forty in all the evidence it was supposed to demonstrate that nobody but the germans were to believe that around the same time a manhunt was underway to spot locals who believe that the poles have been executed by the n.k.v.d. needless to say they also met a tragic fate yes but if you know and if i had believed the russians had killed him yet i would have been dead for sure. after the soviet medical commission led by but then could finished its work in nine hundred forty four a memorial cross was erected in cutting the inscription read polish prisoners of
war executed by hitler's troops in one thousand four to rest in peace here among those attending the unveiling were polish on the service because to speak division who were fighting in the soviet side. in the delegates in cotton represented various units including my fifth regiment of the second infantry division and everybody said they had no doubt that the crime had been committed by the germans. after the end of world war two poland joined the socialist bloc from then on any discussion regarding cotton was to boot. in contrast to the official soviet memorial in canton people in poland flocked to warsaw to commemorate the countryman who died in captivity. relatives of the dead had to hold them a memorial services in secret but not any longer. like ours are there for it's in
heaven hallowed be thy name thy kingdom come thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven doos this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us the silence lasted nearly half a century many relatives of the executed polish prisoners of war didn't live long enough to learn the secret truths of the county and tragedy. the dramatic example of the firmness of. courage. and honor. they managed not only to stay alive. but to keep their faces and souls in inhuman circumstances.
and nine hundred days in busines to leningrad truly highs of the survivors. of. culture is that so much as i wish of course the right moniker of them so here's a hint it's angry all pervasive right wing media particularly television and radio are enormously influential in the us for some. if the many he is the most senior economist officials had access to the soviet archives for most of the documents among top secret in one hundred ninety eight president mikhail gorbachev will do this full of containing reports on the counting
executions to be removed from the archives and handed over to. the most valuable document is a memo sent to stalin by. the people's commissars of internal affairs in april nine hundred forty. eight stalin the polish prisoners are trying to continue their counterrevolutionary it is in the camps each of them is only looking for an opportunity to join this struggle against the soviet government then the us asar feels it's necessary it's applied to them as special procedure execution by a firing squad signed beriah people's commissar of internal affairs of the u.s.s.r. if. that was the first time that soviet leader mikhail gorbachev officially declared that the soviet government was to blame and he offered his condolences and gave me a folder of documents containing a lists executed polish officers and asked them to the next day i went to
khartoum. and paid tribute to the memory of those who were killed. now it was necessary to find the secret graves of the prisoners. the trail led investigators to the town of a stash golf where one of the concentration camps used to be. there was still a few surviving witnesses to help the team and it was proved once again that in april nine hundred forty the poles were taken away by railroad. and nobody saw them alive again what is care. is were brought here to this railway junction. there were put into boxcars. and taken away in this direction my trains. much later we found out. that they had been taken
to the city one of. the train journey to took twenty four hours in one hundred forty the communist official michelle kalinin was among other high ranking officials indorsing the execution of the poles. the building standing opposite the monument to kellin in. the n.k.v.d. regional headquarters this is where the lives of the polish prisoners were cut short. fifty years later dimitri took around the local n.k.v.d. was interrogated by investigators from the military prosecutor general's office. afterwards showed me the talker of archive documents proving his guilt realized that it was in vain to deny anything and gave a detailed true testimony. my men didn't shoot more than three hundred people a day only once did they shoot as many. that had to be done under the cover of darkness because the nights were now too short. so they brought two hundred fifty
people in a time and we shot them during the night. those about to be shot would taken to the basement one by one supposedly to have their papers checked but once that they were stripped of their personal belongings and valuables only then did it occur to the prisoners that they were never going to leave that place alive. when questioned by investigators did to me treat talk or of told them the guns used for executions had been brought from moscow by. sheen was the ex superintendent of the central directorate and had a trunk full of walther pistols with him if they gave them to the executioners just shortly before the axe then the guns were collected in order to prepare them for more shootings.
after the biography of a polish prisoner of war was completely identified two men would take him by the arms and lead him into a cell just like this one the walls of the cells were covered with filth of cloth noise the third man fired a shot from a walther pistol at the back of the head of the prisoner. when dimitri tokoroa was interrogated in one thousand nine hundred one he agreed to sketch a route leading to the site where the bodies of executed polish officers had been buried there was a building here where senior n.k.v.d. officials relaxed talkative dasha a country house was nearby. it's a very place by the riverside and cadets socials spent a lot of time relaxing there the wives and children of minor officials lived here and large ditches only thirty metres. thousands.
down to the minute detail but in the. had to do their job as they could the bodies. were tossed into large ditches and covered with earth. used to be the n.k.v.d. in the region was examined in the summer of one thousand nine hundred one the first horrific finds were uncovered a few days later the investigators job was made to the fact that there is compact clay soil in the region which doesn't allow it to filter through. the bodies in that mass graves showed no signs of decomposition there was an easily identifiable polish military uniform. in the uniform of polish police their bodies were almost intact and this is listed fossilized remains.
seventy three sixty five bring to downplays. polish forensic scientists joined counterparts in identifying the bodies many of the personal items and papers that once belonged to the dead prisoners were later taken to an. institute of forensic studies for further examination. helps me to realize many things when i study all these items glosses lighters cigarette cases i imagine how they lived wrote letters play dice and smoke cigarettes each item reminds of a real person and i start to understand what life in the camp was like. there is a memorial museum in the med now forest it features documents and accounts of the poles buried here and also of the soviets who died during stalin's reign of terror the death penalty was handed down to more than five thousand people in the callinan
region their graves were found side by side with those of polish prisoners. it's impossible to identify the bodies of soviet prisoners soviet they timbs of oppressions were taken to the burial place in underwear or stark naked and later in a bid to cover up their tracks and used a special acid and line to dissolve human remains in the soil. several times a year activists from the med name a memorial complex in northwest russia go on an expedition through villages in the very known in soviet times as cullinan they meet relatives of the locals like the poles were executed. these people in the relatives of dead polish offices have something in common. left of them murdered loved ones or a few faded photos. i remember my father saw obs when i saw him in
prison. i adored him and he loved me. many years have passed since the relatives of the victims of the repressions were first interviewed gradually historians came to the conclusion that the poles had no chance of escaping death stalin's terror machine was crushing friend and foe alike making no distinction between them and caught in just two cases in point. given that system of government many polish officers and men had no chance of survival any prisoner discussing poland's future was immediately classified as a suspect at the time of stalin's reign of terror which people of any other nationality would have been dealt with in the same manner if they had found themselves in the same situation. twenty six seventeen years since the execution of the polish prisoners of. a
memorial service was held in the forest on april seventh the ceremony was attended by relatives of the dead and leading political figures. the polish military cemetery in cotton on april the seventh the prime ministers of russia and poland put an end to ask who was standing nearby my father thought it was a historic moment he's thought it. but marking the anniversary was to take a tragic turn the plane carrying polish president lech kaczynski and many other senior officials crashed near canton as he tried to. relatives of the time prison victims were heading for the memorial ceremony that they died along with the president. that was simply incredible our family couldn't believe it when tragedy struck again this time on april the tenth two thousand and ten my
mother kept saying this can't be true my granddad was murdered and my father was killed in an air crash almost in the same place to two sides are separated by only a few dozen committees. for many in russia the air crash was a personal tragedy for days people brought flowers to the polish embassy in moscow a russian state television channel showed on jay vidas poignant film captain walk. and. my dear admits he had a hard time making it there was not a single collection of stories about canton for that reason in his works based on memoirs including his mother's recollections of the fine good as a young man in that movie which i'm happy to know that the film caught him has been shown to such a vile story it's war or so that they could evaluate it and hear what
a polish film director has to say i'm fine quote all of those who made this possible that this is a good step forward towards reconciliation between us. a stash called at first sight nothing seems to have changed here over the years the great grandchildren of those who saw all the polish prisoners of war now play in the yards. morris carpet is eighty five he's been teaching in the local school of his working life for a long time he could not share his memories with enter and finally the days come when a documentary about the events of nine hundred forty will be shown on russian television several years ago film director came here in person to listen about how the polish prisoners with brought from the a stash called camp to their place of execution boris became blind two years ago now.