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tv   [untitled]    September 22, 2010 4:00pm-4:30pm EDT

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he's available. from turning into a battlefield scientific forces over the future. territory for dialogue or in this hundreds are gathering in moscow for the international market for all the details. compliance with the latest u.n. sanctions on the islamic republic. and tough talks at the u.n. millennium summit gripping the big. meeting on missile defense and talks on how to deal with iran although. we bring you all believe just ahead.
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hello it's midnight here in moscow this is r.t. thanks for being with us the. top story in the arctic some tough natural wealth as a source of great temptation for the countries surrounding the billions of barrels of oil lie beneath the sea in the arctic nations are keen to secure some of the finer scientific minds of moscow to make sure a different kind of cold war doesn't break. the reports. fifty billion tons of oil one thousand trillion cubic feet of gas that's enough to supply the entire world for more than a few years and it's just an estimate of what's hidden in the arctic sea bed. the underwater riches of the north pole are a temptation for the five arctic states russia the us canada norway and denmark but
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how does one determine who gets the bigger slice of the pie so we're going to work today we really need a national geography a geography that would help us assume the national interests of the territorial dispute tottered on the brink of conflict for years but lately they need to fight it out seem to fade away suddenly everybody is talking about the vast amount of riches on the sea floor and and how nations will carve up the region for themselves in the arctic states the coastal states and take particular of also talked about their stewardship responsibility the stewardship is in the interest of all mankind so at the same time there are expressions of national interest there are expressions of common interest and so really the balance is one of of achieving national interests and common interests not just for the card states themselves but for the world as a whole the north pole glitters with possibilities and it's not just the arctic states that feel the pull of their region i was in the arctic and you know i was
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only five of the two thousand and six in the north pole and then also last year we all met one article in the arctic region that represents a very important part of the world in a very fragile. environment in a fragile eco system that we need to protect strategic interests in the arctic is global once this northernmost part of the world is better explored there are only a few minor points where there are disputes most of this is undisputed sovereign territory. there's a number of calls this night in europe. like germany the united kingdom and china and others who are also very it's now in the arctic ocean some because of the shipping not because of the resources because of the potential for making a shorter route from you you're giving up the arctic is like walking on thin ice
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and the chance to tread lightly and work out existing differences is about right. this is as close as most people will ever come to the arctic but its unique nature and vast natural resources are more than enough to entice one and all those attending the forum hope the enticement will help bridge differences keeping everybody on the same pole catherine as our r.t. moscow i spoke to the keeper of seller coffees an arctic expert who just returned indeed from the planet's northernmost region he says precautions must be taken to protect its unique wildlife but the situation is that we can just see the changes in the arctic and you weakens a few of the scheme as a save the changes in the climate changes which are impacting wildlife particular most vulnerable spaces like color you know if we're careful and if we're milledge show it david is properly it's ok by the political will of course when we work in
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our field would take precautions but that's a political decision to make this a rule that nothing is done vertically that could really damage the arctic environment too much damage has already been done by previous exploration of the arctic and we already destroyed a lot of it we didn't a lot and then we have to invest huge money just to clean that. the president of iceland dollar for regular told r.t. that russia had made a positive step to launch a negotiation by planting a flag on the arctic sea bed in two thousand and seven. i had been trying for ten years still speak about the arctic issues to people in europe in the united states and elsewhere and there was very little interest but suddenly where the russians put the flag of the bottom of the article shut everybody woke up but i realize. times are hard to write so i think when we look back only to east of warsaw well
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opening court to the rest of the world now we need to come together and and create a successful framework for corporation. and just remind you can watch the full interview with the president of iceland in our spotlight on our spotlight program throughout the day on thursday here on r.t. . president hu event of a sort of a ban on the supply of russian advanced air defense missile systems to random moscow says it shelved the sales because the missiles fall under the latest u.n. sanctions on tehran to tell enough to cover reports. bring to the russian people step russia is not anymore going to sell its ass three hundred and say missile defense systems to iran you to the recently imposed by the un security council sanctions against the country's nuclear program and it was then she was suggest
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that any sale of weapons delivered to the country including military planes that the three helicopters tanks and of course anti-missile defense shield now then you shouldn't have been moved into on the signs back in two thousand and seven when launches we still find that have been hundreds to the countries now they didn't have been reversed but according to the russian people doubt whether this contract would be canceled altogether would depend on iran's actions we're still waiting to see here at home runs on this decision of the russian authorities but russia has already once was soon the delivery will best thing hundred missiles to iran last winter and that the decision was not at all welcomes in iran so it is unlikely that it will be welcomed at this time but russia. defines what they did here peaceful nuclear energy recently and they built together a nuclear plant the first nuclear front in iran in the city of shares so it doesn't
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look like there's this somewhat ration between the two countries not here so we still have to do our hear from iranian authorities he go. to institute of world economy and international relations he told us the brushes decision to stop selling missiles to iran will be a serious blow to iran's defense capabilities. iran is totally dependent on a contract on its contract with most call if it wants to provide security for its airspace and there is no other way to get similar missiles but to purchase them from russia russian as three hundred complex it's not only missiles those launch pads it also read our facilities and so on is the state of the art equipment and international experts all agreed was there i guess it will for the relations with current and the judge regime in iran but i think the iranian authorities have to understand the message the message from international community here they have to change something in the attitude towards the outer world and they have to think
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twice before going on with their nuclear program this is r.t. from moscow coming up a little later in the program this series is the view of moscow's streets is the russian capital is marking international carfree day not great was it but all good guys is nonetheless hailed as a success see why in just a few minutes. first the u.s. has vowed to expand cooperation with russia on missile defense global security and conventional arms limits in europe they were discussed at the russian nato council on the sidelines of the u.n. summit in new york let's get more now from a check you know she's been following the major issues of the talks the high so there's been some real progress than in russia u.s. talks here. quite a bit to have and basically at this meeting between nato and russia here in new york several important areas of cooperation were touched upon among them is the stepping up the fight against drug trafficking and in afghanistan secondly security
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in europe and of course last but not least missile defense cooperation between russia and nato in the last couple of days we have been hearing a lot from nato secretary general saying he believes the best idea would be for russia and the north atlantic treaty organization to cooperate to try to come up with some sort of joint project to work in missile defense together the areas that nato and russia still disagree on are georgia moldova as we know of course ties between russia and nato started getting somewhat shaky because of the conflicts between georgia and south that sets you back in two thousand and eight and needles eastward expansion so these issues still remain a but the nato secretary general giving a press conference earlier today said he believes russia and nato can find mutually mutual positive steps for both sides if the cooperate more especially in missile defense take a listen to what he had to say. the joint review of the twenty first century common
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security challenges. more call peroration on afghanistan. more practical cooperation in try to cherish from all piracy hopefully from my point of view a star controller's corporation cherry tauriel defense today corporation with russia in addressing these challenges is no longer just an opportunity to build a better relationship with russia it has become a necessity if we want to be effective in preserving our common security and that is the charlotte from beijing from which we can and will move forward. well basically the main message of that meeting was the secretary general saying he believes both nato and russia need each other and he hopes that ties can warm up and hopefully develop into a more trusting relationship and other news coming from new york the five permanent
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members of the u.n. security council and germany of all for the around another chance to enter negotiations over its controversial nuclear program what sort of breakthrough is not being seen as. well haven't we haven't really seen any breakthroughs come out in terms of over iran as of yet meeting between the five members of the security council plus germany on iraq did take place we know that there was a draft proposal circulating around the united nations today with members of the security council plus germany really hoping to push the process of trying to make iran cooperate with the international community forward and of course we know that the united states wanted in this meeting to assess exactly what kind of impact the existing sanctions that were adopted in june had on iran while logged russia earlier said that mr foreign minister sergei lavrov said he believes that further
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additional unilaterally economic sanctions against any developing nation is not a very good idea he didn't really name any specific countries but of course the link was drawn between the united states and iran and of course from iran so far we have been seeing very mixed messages from saying that iran's doors of cooperation and dialogue are open and we also heard the radian president see that he believes that if the united states tries to launch some sort of attack on iran's uranium facilities that would mean more war also a lot of media attention focused on the meeting of the middle east quartet as well was really positive news from them. well uh positive or not we're going to have to wait and see but definitely we saw an outcome when these talks of the quartet were held between russia the u.s. the e.u. and the united nations basically the main outcome has been an urge to wards israel to extend its freeze on settlement construction in the west bank and gaza and the
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reason this is important is because this has been one of the main milestones in the talks between israelis and palestinians because the palestinian people have been seeing them that if settlement construction there continues israel can forget about dialogue and this is of course something that's absolutely essential to trying to improve the ties between the two sides because talks were all halted for as much as two years before that they were on and off and on and off again and for the first time earlier this month these release and palestinians had sat down together for direct negotiations and of course the entire international community hopes that these talks can to continue so the clock is ticking there we're going to have to wait and see if israel extends this freeze so far it has hinted that this is not going to be the case most likely also speaking of israel i'd like to mention that earlier we had comments from bill clinton really ticking off israeli officials because the former u.s. president had said that he believes it's the russian people living in israel who
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are getting in the way the middle east peace process really getting better and beginning to work and basically these really officials has said that from a man who is in a position who has a spouse trying to negotiate in the middle east peace process of course meeting hillary clinton that he should know better and take his words back so that's a wrap up of the israeli situation thanks for yourselves very. new york appreciate it. we'll be brief you know least ten people have been killed in the explosion the town of muscle in northwestern iraq but twenty others remain it happened during a military parade is the country to say if you thought of the beginning of the war with iraq a provincial governor. believes that kurdish separatists were behind the attack. china has demanded the japan release the captain of a fishing boat who was detained at least china sea the country's premier wen jiabao is threatening to take action against japan if the situation isn't addressed the chinese vessel crashed into two japanese coast guard boats new taiwan two weeks ago
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the crew were arrested calls a great thing to suspend contact with tokyo. the commonwealth games in new delhi have been hit by further setbacks after two athletes pulled out and others cancelled their flights for next month's event over forty official said competitors from the scottish team already spoke of the journey that comes after questions over safety were raised following the collapse of a foot bridge which injured twenty seven laborous games take place every four years among many former british colonies. the us supreme court refused to block the state of virginia as first execution of a woman in nearly a century three said lewis is convicted of two hired killings to collect insurance money judges rejected her lawyers appeal that this will be unconstitutional because the woman has a low i.q. the execution is planned for thursday. well stories of course online and a lot more to his taste of what we've got for you tonight georgia street vendors finding themselves forced out of
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a livelihood saying their country failed them when it's imposed new and old street traders get up to speed on that story not quite so far. the optimistic a russian scientist says that we can change the material world around us simply need a positive attitude is a nice thought isn't it again if you want to know more about that r.t. dot com is the place to go. now jump on a train train or bus but leave the automobiles at home international car free day which started in switzerland in one thousand nine hundred forty been held in moscow for the second time. since the streets of the russian capital now to judge the day's successes or not. consistency reigned in russia's capital as moscow motorways i told him there are cars in praise patiently and the frustrating traffic now gridlock is nothing new to moscow motorists in fact people can wait up to two and a half hours just sitting there waiting to move forward and it's even worse in the
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winter time but if you asked supporters of the international car free day if this event was a failure they'll say no and that's because all they wanted was to get people talking about what improvements must be made and public transportation in moscow there was also a push by the bit to get politicians to fill their promises many of them with that yes we are behind the idea of an improved railways the subways trams trolley buses and regular boxes and city leaders lead by example today many of them left their cars at home the city also tried to lure more people out of public transportation by cutting some of the road by. they said they had no way thought that all motorists would leave their cars at home that's unrealistic and that was the point they want to get people talking and they also want to put pressure on politicians who have made promises to build more roads and to prove the infrastructure so that public transportation could be more comfortable and more
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timely. i'll have the headlines in ten minutes first though a former us presidential advisor speaks about dangerous times in the past and gives his take on the modern day war on terror it is coming up in just a moment here and i'll tell you tonight. he's advised presidents for decades and served as the national security advisor under the carter administration he sits down now with dr brzezinski thank you so
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much for joining us we do appreciate this opportunity it's very nice to be with you i want to ask in an interview with a french magazine in one thousand nine. union was to a degree more important than quote. and that you don't stand by that statement now yes although that version of the interview was not really an interview the interview was an extensive interview which was supposed to be translated and sent to me never was excerpts from it was sort of amalgamated and published but basically the facts are correct the united states decided to provide. funding to the i've got a resistance when it became clear the soviet union was big getting to intervene more actively and directly. when it did intervene directly it was
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expanded and continued under republican administrations after the president carter left office in turn the resistance in afghanistan led directly to the collapse of the soviet union. from the international scene the horror of a pause. nuclear war between the soviet union and america. has made possible the kind of reconciliation but it's not under way in eurasia but more important to remove a paralyzing. dilemma paralyzing danger that hovered over the entire international community thoughts about the future implications of that decision that was made all those years ago. what did you expect the mujahideen what you're calling the afghan resistance to do with the weaponry that the u.s. and other countries provided to them after the soviet union fell on did you expect this weaponry to be given. back the civil war which insinuate after to lead to the
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formation of what we have now which is the taliban but i think the problem you know has to be looked at closer historical perspective the war lasted almost a decade it was a terrible a brutal war for the soviet union the way against guns they killed close to a million of guns they drove about four to five million afghans out of their country so the process of consolidation the rehabilitation of going to stone was bombed to be prolonged and the west unfortunately roughly ten years after the attack started and then the soviets left did very little to rehabilitate afghanistan and the taliban phenomenon i wrote was several years after the soviet union departed the taliban it was not involved in fighting against the soviets to drive out the foreigners from augusta. capitalized on the opportunity to develop in
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afghanistan after the end of the war when it was largely ignored by everyone knows to weapons you know the guns from tradition of being armed individually the weapons are provided mostly very simple weapons mostly and there are a few exceptions the current most guns could handle with a. difficulty so you don't believe that the funding of the dean led to the formation of the taliban today no i mean i look look look what osama bin laden himself said. osama bin laden described the reasons why he engaged in terrorism against the west and in fact the so was not involved in international terrorism the taliban was involved in imposing a no understand in medieval concept of society but unfortunately it gave a haven to al qaeda osama bin laden and al qaeda had global aspirations and engage in global terrorism we would be having this conversation now if we
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didn't expect the soviet union to the former soviet union to invade prior to our funding the mujahideen so i knew he was already involved directly in through the south for several years by the time to funding started the funding started at a time when the soviet union was already making preparations to invade afghanistan did you think that that would provoke the the so far i have no way of knowing but i was assuming good they would go in because they were going in you know approach that was evident there was an escalation of soviet involvement and by the time the funding started the soviet union was already involves quasar militarily with guns there so i want to switch gears to another region that were influential on the middle east with the israeli palestinian conflict now you helped draft a letter with with lee hamilton that suggested that hamas should be part of this equation what do you make of the current day peace process the one that's taking place right now hamas is not part of that equation how far do you think they'll get
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in finding a solution to the problem a two state solution ultimately i think it would be very difficult to settle this problem totally unless the more extremist parties on both sides in some fashion. and coverage become engaged because on both sides. you know how people who are against the system and so at some stage maybe not right away but at some stage the sort of extremists will have to be drawn into the dialogue because otherwise don't undermine it do you predict that the obama administration before the next election cycle comes that they will engage mosques in this discussion and i'll take it as such protection because that would be a wonderful headline there's no basis for making such a protection because how can one read it and dissipate so precisely a specific historical event but in some fashion there is going to peace we don't know this everyone involved knows it that hamas will have to be involved in some
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fashion syria and israel will have to be involved in a joint direct dialogue in some fashion but hezbollah will have to be fitted into the process so we're dealing here with more or less known pieces that will have to be at different stages drawn into a process if it is to be a lasting one but in present circumstances for the negotiations to begin by the most moderately inclined participants on both sides makes sense i'm wondering though if we could also now switch to iran since that's been a very big topic now for actually decades. iran has seen defiant despite sanctions and despite their threats coming from outside forces including some of their allies they've remained defiant do you think that it will eventually lead to airstrikes on their nuclear facilities well i certainly hope not. because i don't think
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a wider war in the region is to be desired and the us should not support israel if they choose to do that independently i think a wider war in the region is not desirable but we have to be conscious of that and it is a lot of what a possible war on iran if it is launched the threat and america's. standing in eurasia i think a war. in the region it will spread and of all the america whoever starts it and i think that's not in america's interest i don't think it's in the regions interest i don't think it's in the interest of the international community dr brzezinski thank you so much thank you india greatly appreciate it nice to talk to you nice to talk to you as well.
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her. mum. knew her going to unplug. this history still keeps its secrets but now it's time to reveal the truth of the soviet files house on the embankment on oxys. wealthy british style site. that's not on. the. market why not. come the. find out what's really happening to the global economy with mike stronger
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for a no holds barred look at the global financial headlines tune in to kaiser report. if lines. would be soon which brightened if you knew about song from funniest impressions. please f'rinstance on t.v. dot com. more news today violence is once again flared up the film these are the images the world has been seeing from the streets of canada. china up for a.


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