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tv   [untitled]    September 29, 2010 5:30am-6:00am EDT

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mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the czech government. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain two of its . germany was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe which he breached not only a year later. according to many research as it was the conflict over these who doesn't and that in effect triggered to. the division of czechoslovakia have been affirmative which went on behind the scenes of these talks and was played the decisive role in them people in various countries including russia are still looking for the answers documents declassified by the
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foreign intelligence scientists seventy years on are directly related to the events of those times. back into his family take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the very insulted just last served on such occasions. here the sausages. just put up they're going to launch in general traditions are respected in this family they know the back is a suggestion german when he was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that he is cower away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially found equal to him.
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family was among the three million germans force being evicted from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banish in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. to speak. germans always said here is our police seize it but he didn't get the answer and i tell you if czech prime minister would come to this would be. meeting. people would cry. do you know the opec is the director of the archive for the she caught as if he said yes and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is
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the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off suit as an germans is in munich. is an archivist she was one of those who may. be seeing so for here. one interesting seeing is the huish cooking book that is written in germany. it's the same. each time she looks at the fate of grant's. recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the.
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eighty or ninety years old. not knowing. that. this is are based on a new germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and naturally were sure it belongs to us. both this house ten years ago like most of the properties in the region his house belonged to the germans the czech settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty is to the germans were to put it on a must scale. but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own it. his neighbor shares this view most czechs agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. that sort of happened historically ordered cherrix
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took possession of these lands just well so be you equal nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia is the ethnic minority but in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber the slovaks the germans living in this who doesn't land had their own schools universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as the states. more amenable to kabul with a man and a god complex split up right off the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to it and. the czech historian young amateur that is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on
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the secession of the citizen regency germany was signed by leaders of four european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. local or in the signatures the leader of great britain chamberlain the leader of from mr levy the leader of germany hitler and the leader of this league muslim. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty.
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if you month schools have seen disenchantments me satanical headquarters for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a consolation to public nature and history to remember the younger days of mine. just as i was used as the city history of. the quotation. hundreds of books explain why the suit s. and germans will eat its a leaf within germany but the archival director has first hand information. in german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that was perhaps one reason for that they are seeing.
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the chickens thing which is the transition missing in the siege as initially said to then see thirty eight gently used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against any a few days mason kid dresses phone was to call for an end to the genocide of the german people. brought her a perennial choir might happen mike in europe i heard her and mr campbell and i are a pretty good here no one really. ordinary money no foreigner territorial problem in europe we want no track. she does a piss to make sure the fisa doesn't reach and was the ceded to germany historians are still trying to understand what stood behind the events. one of them. had
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a conference concerning the munich agreements of the ship. so once they answer to an important question could the dismemberment of czechoslovakia have been prevented and could to have been avoided there is some reason to believe that this could have been done the czechs had signed an agreement on mutual support with france and the soviet union. the world war one european countries including france and england where weary of the prospect of launch still has to choose what war and france on the dillard year most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the one nine hundred thirty eight the british prime minister has never changed and held several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him not to stall the war in central europe. this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain these two decimation. on his part
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fearful of the prospect of the spirit of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new shampoo if the czechs decided to go to the head count benish was ready to surrender evidence healthy facility it's apparent that the chicks were. to plant their government s. just. needless to say and literally the czech government was categorically against ceding mr dayton regional to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies england and france for that sent waves of anger with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain all the territories. all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near . the russian historian valentin fine was in berlin hundred forty five he was
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employed at the soviet him to see at the time and supplied stone a bit on the elliptical loops fails that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. news there. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course so they would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle although such top level state. police. received intelligence reports from. hungry for the full story we've got it first hand the biggest issues get the human
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voice face to face with the news makers on. cultures that so much misery it is a lot of the oil area africa the next to kill isolated and impoverished north korea is badly in need of change how will this happen and who will. lose such kerf russian historian and a former officer with the foreign intelligence service has been working with archives in recent years to get detailed information on the cipher communications of salvias agents now that the documents have been declassified such cough says despite france's refusal to help czechoslovakia was ready to help its part now under that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support.
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troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontline divisions and also warplanes bombers fighters all ready to help the well up until the bomb was when hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and balanced in september david forney journalist working israel has written a book about the only could print one of the most important parts as president spanish is a trend on the czech radio station on the day when he decided to see the suggestion reach into germany. and hear. all our citizen czechs and slovaks germans and my drawers. distinction of barack we all have the same view this oil can make a great. i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm
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talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries met in munich to sign the agreement ceding this who doesn't want to germany. the german historian you're going so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over meetings seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners all fittler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for a berry is situated in the street. the building where the many conferences are full powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it
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was waiting for them inside this building for the mission here just room over there on the second floor it's off. the walls of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study so that was here in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight he said of all the chamberlain. selenium. had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it was just as it was then. we will leave the conference was told to in
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a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions all sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict it was stressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea debt an issue the new the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the facts that czechoslovakia is destiny is being decided without its representatives. more know you're not there conference was a rare occasion when a country's feet was decided without its participation lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last day until three in the morning break finance the takes different cream and was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. people stood in the other side of the road. everybody real oist that's where the war would break
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out to europe depended on reality chromosphere split secure conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become clear that there were no one. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. government parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and we. could well. imagine. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear only a few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter where a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german attorney. many historians regard the day when the munich
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agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troop to be able to sign a peace memorandum. under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler. chamberlain and. the czechs with sleeves a citizen and within nine days to go for off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops are moving to the tenth when german troops into czechoslovakia plain old earl becks the director of the archive. sued us from germany was just over a year old place or his mother often told him that the suggestion germans hailed this days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer awaited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted because of the troops but. because
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germans that was old rich. eighteen. the small town of home it off situated a hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests india. had few kournikova a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the chicks school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect in the wall the chicks to change their attitude
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to the suggestion german. german soldiers once sent hedrick who is a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones that get. into a line my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted with with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying heil hitler. but our fear. after the earth the su dissonant was returned to czechoslovakia the czech president. returned from london after. his first degree deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated their property. and was accompanied by the so called death marches
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tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archive for these students and returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing but. to be all incivility lost destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from houses not trees after trees and this is the only thing you can recognise here was once we each there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think. three hundred houses. they all have gone only one year.
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we know this is the region where the germans lived. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans would be too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here works german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special conditions for our return or assurance to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system. only thing that could be discussed similarities in mentality. here the love this land
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and the no check lifestyle but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has a feel easten to see himself as someone who. he is a citizen german. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position. the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as yet as a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both the. historian from the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their
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views on the subject. law of the change their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place years ago in the situation in nineteen thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined then tom it was in the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests gives rise to dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish declassified documents compiled by intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. with the main lesson to be drawn from prison to very simple formula instead of encouraging an
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aggressor you must be countered by ensuring there for its efforts to establish a system of collective security in nineteen three fields but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything with the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first place. on a tissue and seemed to find it difficult to take to heart these apparently obvious conclusions in the twenty first century is wild.
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moscow is reportedly planning to stay on the political scene after the russian president said he had lost trust in him. to europe's massive strikes in motion tens of thousands throughout the continent. government's austerity measures. parliamentary poll violent clashes wreak havoc in the central asian republics we look at one politicians chances to bring the country back from the brink. airflow it is to start it's own budget carrier that could increase revenues by two thousand and twenty five that and more business program at twenty past the hour.
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well why news live from moscow this is a very warm welcome to the marrow of moscow has reportedly insisted he will not retire and wants to stay in politics having been sacked by the russian president he would scoff showed his plans with his colleagues. said that he had lost trust in the country's most powerful regional leader. has the latest. early on wednesday moscow's former mayor came to his former office to gather some of his personal belongings and he said that he's going to have to make several further visits to his office because he does have a lot of personal below me previously he was called officially got the united russia party.


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