tv [untitled] September 29, 2010 9:30am-10:00am EDT
the germans were forced out from here after world war two and the chicks moved into their home shortly afterwards. his family have lived in this german mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the church. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain to of its . germany was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe was he breached not a year later. according to many researches it was the conflict over these who doesn't and that in effect triggered to. the division of czechoslovakia have been referred to which went on behind the scenes of
these tools and was played the decisive role in the people in various countries including russia still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventeen years on directly related to the events of those times. that. may take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the variance. on such occasions. here the sausages. just get a better guy to watch in general traditions are respected in this family they know the back is a suggestion german when he was only. each years old he and his parents were
deported from czechoslovakia and now that he has gone away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially valuable to him. like family who was among the three million germans for specific tips from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banished in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. the speaker. always said here is our police sees it but he didn't get the answer and i tell you if czech prime minister would come to. me. people would cry.
reynaldo beck is the director of the archive for the headquarters of the citizen dia spread in central new nick the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off suit as insurance is in munich. is an archivist she was one of those who make. a moral through seeing so for a year. one interesting seeing is a huge cooking book that is written in germany. it's the same. jake. each time he looks at the feta graphs.
back it recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. eighty or ninety years old. not knowing where we go and that was. we know the best. reasons arizonan the germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and naturally wish or belongs to us. just laugh a foamer both this house ten years ago like most of the prophecies in the suggestion region his house belonged to the citizen germans the czechs settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty s. after the germans were to put it on a mass scale but it is not going to give his towns back to those who used to own it
. mike his neighbor she has this few most chicks agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. so happened historically did cherubs took possession of these lands well so be nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. i am. a fool will talk to these citizen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia the ethnic minority was in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber the slovaks the germans living use who doesn't have the. universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as the states in more amenable topical with ammonia got their conflicts flared up right off the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to. the czech historian young
men which it is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for that active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the siddhis regency germany was signed by a need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. where the signatures later of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still leader of germany hitler a leader italy muslim and. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty.
if schools have see dissention and nice if they had cooties for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it if one is going to a consolation to public nature and history to remember the younger days of class of mine. this is old news there's a secure story all. the quotation. hundreds of books explain why these c.d.'s and germans will eat it's a leaf within germany but the archival director has first hand information. in german right over the front there was
a development and development no i mean brought persons that post perhaps one reason for that they are. to chicken sandwiches to france to mutiny in the street as a reason instead to then see thirty eight gently used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against any a few days mason she addresses phone was to call for an end to the genocide of the german people. her apparel choir might happen like in your ira were sure and mr campbell and i are a printer here no one really. ordinary money no foreigner territorial problem in europe we want no. she does a place to make sure the fisa doesn't reach and was the ceded to germany historians
are still trying to understand what. stood behind the fence. one of. the german. had a conference concerning the main agreements of the ship. so once they answer to an important question the dismemberment of czechoslovakia had been prevented and could world war two have been avoided there is some reason to believe that this could have been done the czechs had signed an agreement on mutual support with france and the soviet union. the world war one ripping countries including france and england where we really the prospect of launch still has to choose what war and france on the dollar deal most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the in two thirty eight the british prime minister has never changed and held several meetings
with hitler in a bid to persuade him to start a war in central europe. this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain these two decimation. on his part chile fearful of the prospect of the spirit of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new shampoo if the czechs decided to go to war be taken benish was ready to surrender everything else healthy facility it's apparent that the chicks were. to pack their government s. just. needless to say and literally the czech government was categorically against sitting on the same date in the region to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies england and france that sent waves of anger with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the
streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain all the territories all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near. the russian historian valentin shannon was in new nine hundred forty five he was employed at the soviet embassy at the time and supplied stone and bit on the elliptical loops in fields that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe . news there. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course so that they would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle all go such top level state. police. received intelligence reports from.
his refusal to. it was ready to help its part now under that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support. troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontline divisions and also warplanes bombers fighters all ready to shuttle up at the pool with one hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful in. last september david forney journalist working israel has written a book about the leak agreement one of the most important parts president spanish is a tryst on the czech radio station on the day when he decided to see things through decimation to germany. and here. all our citizens czechs and slovaks germans and. distinction of
fact we all have the same view me all can make a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty nine thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries. to sign the agreement. the german historian. slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over the meeting seventy years ago the mansion house built on the. docks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. is situated in the streets. building
where the many conference are full powers were seldom between june ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. when he was very emotional in my. miscellany power as leaders true along the streets. it was was waiting for them inside this building for them as an industry over there on the second floor it's over. the it was. the last of the national music school played witness to the participants off the music agreement who ascended this model state case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. know we are in hitler's study but it's that year in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight. chamberlain. lenient he
had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria is just as it was then. we will leave the conference was told to in a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict it illustrates that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea definition only the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the facts that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more know you're not that conference was a rare occasion when a country street was decided without its participation lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last day until three in the morning without
a break finance the text of the munich agreement was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. people stood in the other side of the road. everybody realized that's where the war would break out in europe depended on the outcome of this particular conference . there were scenes of jubilation on it had become clear that there were being no one. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. often and parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and here it could very well. would.
never have bothered martin. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear early a few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter when the gas mask in anticipation of a possible german attorney. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troops to be able to sign a peace memorandum under the terms of the cream and signed by hitler must illini chamberlain and elijah here the checks were to leave the citizen and within nine days ago four off the agreements said that the territory would be occupied by german troops on living by the tenth when german troops entered czechoslovakia plain old earl barracks the director of the archive. of c.d.'s in germany was just over a year old place or his mother often told him that the citizen germans hailed theirs
days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted and not because of the troops but. because in germans that was an oldish zunes and eighteen. the small town of home it off situated one hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago and after the war the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests and. had few kournikova a german woman has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. head fake spent her
childhood in a check kindergarten and a check school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect butchering the wall chicks to change their attitude to the suggestion germans. german soldiers ones sent hedrick she was a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones. so snarly could. do and i know my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted us with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying heil hitler. but. after the year of the su dessen land was returned to czechoslovakia the czech
president. returned from london after hiding. his first degree deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated their property. and was accompanied by the so-called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these suggest and return to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing the truth. to be all incivility was destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from houses not trees africa trees and this is the only thing you can recognise here was once you reach there of nearly solace and the
inhabitants that means i think. three hundred houses. they all have gone only this one is here. we know this is the region where the germans lived. and is the representative. in prague anything he can do for the time being. territories the germans but only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here once germany was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special
conditions for our return or assurance to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system. only thing that could be discussed similarities in mentality. here do you love this land and the no check lifestyles but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has a free lease and to see himself as someone of. he is a see distant german. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro check position. the debate on how the lunatic remained affected the course of european history in
the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. historian from the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. law of the historians changed their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place seventy years ago in a situation in one nine hundred thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined by the time it was in the league of nations. or guided only by national interests gives rise to a dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish the classified documents compiled by intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone
he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. the main lesson to be drawn from fits into very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor you must be countered by the joint efforts the efforts to establish a system of collective security in nine hundred three field but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything but the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first place. on
a tissue and seemed to find it difficult to take to heart these apparently obvious conclusions in the twenty first century is wild. every month we give you the future we help you understand how and what to bring the best in science and technology from across russia and around the world join technology update on our jeep in indonesia oh she's available in hotels. resort and spa. resort and spa. remote have been turned bone. up on sunday a beach hotel the wiston result. the
. ground many as you call it a full seasons hotel the sultan who took. tens of thousands of people from all across europe that's a protest all stare at the march in brussels is expected to be the biggest protest . moscow's mayor will reportedly challenge his sacking in russia's supreme court in the polls all to the president's decision. plus. a parliamentary election simmering fears of more violence in a country which has yet to fully recover from the summer's deadly clashes. it is a good of you to join us here on. live from moscow. people in countries across europe
protesting in. cuts to job wages and pensions there's a general strike in spain while tens of thousands are gathered in brussels to voice their opposition to the austerity measures that have gripped the e.u. . reports. this is the biggest march two thousand and one when eighty thousand people gathered or at least they hope it will be if they reach the one hundred thousand mark and it's particularly ironic and apparently coincidental that it is timed as the e.u. commission me to discuss whether they're going to punish countries that have run up huge debts countries like what we're now calling the pigs portugal italy. and spain so now they have to forward money then they have to save it up and repay those loans and the way that they are proposing to do that is by.