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tv   [untitled]    September 29, 2010 4:30pm-5:00pm EDT

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showmen name. is the germans were forced out from him after world war two and the chicks moved into their homes shortly afterwards. some of ladislav of his family have lived in this german luncheon for several years now. dad let's go home. is part of. the first world war two after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain to of its. germany was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe which he breached not only a year later. according to many research as it was the conflict over these two dozen and that in effect triggered to. the
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division of czechoslovakia have been affirmative which went on behind the scenes of these talks and played the decisive role in them people in various countries including russia are still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventy years on are directly related to the events of those times. at a no contest family take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional bavarian sausages are served on such occasions. here the sausages. just put up their actual loss in general traditions are respected in this family they know the back is they see desson german when he
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was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that he is away from his homeland anything reminding him of his past home is especially found people to him. family was among the three million john. as for specific tips from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banish in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. this speaker of the germans always said here is our police seize it. but he didn't get the answer and i tell you if czech prime minister would come to some big. meeting. people would cry.
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do you know the opec is the dynamite of the archive for the headquarters if he said yes and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization off suit s. and germans is in the unique. oh there is an archivist she was one of those who made. a moral through seeing so for a year. one interesting seeing is the huish cooking book that is written in germany . it's the same.
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each time she looks at the feta graphs reynaldo recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. he says are the germans have. a right to lay claim to these houses. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and literally wish or belongs to us. both this house ten years ago. like most of the properties in the region his house belonged to the germans the czech settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty s. to the germans who had to put it on a must scale. but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own
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it. his neighbor. most czechs agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. that sort of happened historically did cherrix took possession of these lands just well so be the week nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia the ethnic minority but in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber the slovaks the germans living used to death and learned how to. universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as the states in more amenable topical with ammonia got their conflicts flared up right after the emergence of czechoslovakia
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as a state. population was opposed to it and. the czech historian young namecheck is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the citizen region to germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. of the signatures leader of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still leader of germany hitler the leader of italy muslim. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty.
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if you months at schools have seen dissention and sneeze at their little head kutas for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a concert in the public lecture on history to remember the younger days of class of mine. this is all used as the sickest story of. the quotation. hundreds of books explain why these two deaths and germans were each it's a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information.
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in the german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that was perhaps one reason that they are. the chicken suit is the transition mutiny in the seat as a reason instead to see thirty eight gently used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against and he a few days mason his dress his phone was to call for an end to the genocide of the german people. per peril quire might happen like in europe i heard her and mr campbell an arab critter here were really abnormal around her ordinary money no further territorial problem in europe we want to know. she does a place to make sure the fisa doesn't reach and was the ceded to germany historians
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are still trying to understand what stood behind the events. one of them is your concern to ski the german. so. important question could. have been prevented and could have been a. reason to believe that this could have been done. with france. the world war one with all your opinion countries including france and england where we read the prospect of launch kill her suitors what worried france on the most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the one nine hundred thirty eight the british prime minister who never changed and held
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several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him to start a war in central europe. this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain these two deaths are legion. on his part chilling fearful at the prospect of the speech of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new shampoo if the czechs decided to go to war to take out benish was ready to surrender evidence healthy facility it's apparent that the chicks were. to plant their government s. just. needless to say initially the czech government was categorically against ceding on the same date in the region to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies and from that sent waves of anger
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with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain all the territories all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near. the russian historian valentin shannon was in berlin in forty five he was employed at the soviet embassy at the time and supplied stone and bit on the elliptical loops feels that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. news there. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course they would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle all go such top level state. received
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intelligence reports from. hungry for the full story we've got it first hand the biggest issues get a human voice face to face with the news makers. of the russian historian and a former officer with the foreign intelligence service has been working with archives in recent years to get detailed information on the cipher communications
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of salvias agents now that the documents have been declassified such cough says despise france's refusal to help czechoslovakia was ready to help its part now under that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support. troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontline divisions and also warplanes bombers fighters already to help build up until the bomb was one clear addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and. in september david for nature analyst working israel has written a book about the likud brilliant one of the most important parts president spanish is a trend check radio station on the day when he decided to see the c.d.'s and region to germany. and here. all our cities and czechs and
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slovaks and germans and my daughters. we don't just. back to we all have the same view we all can make a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries. to sign the agreement ceding this who doesn't want to germany. germany historian gergen so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over the meeting seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners off hitler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for
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a baby is situated in this street. the building where the many conference or full powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it was waiting for them inside this building for the mission industry over there on the second floor. the roof of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model state case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitler's polity. no we are in hitler's dolly so it was here in one thousand nine hundred eighty
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eight he said of all the chamberlain. miscellany and had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it was just as it was then. we will leave the conference was told to in a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict it was stressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea debt an issue i knew the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the facts that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more no you're not there in that conference was a rare occasion when a country street was decided without its participation. here had not even been invited to. the conference last day until three in the morning without
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a break finance the text of the munich agreement was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. people stood in the other side of the road. everybody realized that's where the war would break out in europe depended on the odds come of this particular conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become clear that there were no war. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. often and parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and here it could very well. read well.
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it would never have bought a man. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear early a few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter when a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german attorney. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries to be able to sign a peace memorandum under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler mussolini chamberlain and an idea that checks words leave the citizen and within nine days ago four off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops on live in the tenth when german troops into czechoslovakia plain old earl becks the director of the archive fifty three dozen germans was just over
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a year old place or his mother often told him the fisa distant germans hailed their stays as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted and not because of the troops but. because germans that was an oldish. eighteen. the small town of home it off situated one hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago and after the war the germans were resettled by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at the local branch of these deaths and. had few kournikova a german woman has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war years she
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and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally has spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the czech school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect but during the wall the chicks to change their attitude to the suggestion german. german soldiers once sent hedrick who was a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones. so snarly. into a nightmare brother came to the school. our classmates pelted us with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying heil hitler. but.
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after the earth the su disciplined was returned to czechoslovakia the czech president. returned from london after hiding. his first degree deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated their property that a politician was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these students and returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing but rooms where his name to be also village was destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from houses not trees africa trees and this is the
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only thing you can recognise here was once you reach there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think two or three hundred houses. they all have gone only this one is here. we know this is the region where the germans lived. in is the representative. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans would be only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell papers. under german whose parents lived here works or german who was born here. we feel germans must have
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some special conditions for their return here. or special conditions for returning to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system. only thing that could be discussed similarities in mentality. here the love this land and the no check lifestyle but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. check foreign ministry the thirty five year old has if he leeson to see himself as someone of. he is a suggestion german. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro check position.
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the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. the historian from the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. lot of the historians changed their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place seventy years ago in this situation in nineteen thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined. it was the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests gives rise to a dangerous situation. if third cove historian is going to publish the
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classified documents compiled by intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. the main lesson to be drawn from prison to very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor you must be countered by a joint efforts the efforts to stabilize the system of collective security in nineteen three eight field but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything but the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties tragedy is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the
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first place. on a tissue and seem to find it difficult to take to heart these apparently obvious conclusions in the twenty first century is wild.
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more than one hundred thousand people participate in a wave of strikes across europe as national governments oppose or propose austerity measures to pay off massive debts some run by big banks. moscow's depots to. the media he was planning to challenge these boards at the time you do the school promises to stay in politics. also today a long awaited stability or yet another round of violence we look to what the upcoming parliamentary elections in kyrgyzstan may bring following months of clashes and political turmoil of the.
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one i am in the russian capital i met treasurer good to be with you here on r t our top story it's been a day of angry protests across europe with more than one hundred thousand rallying against government policy in a number of crisis hit countries demonstrators expressed fieri over cuts to jobs wages and pensions trade unions say they're being ignored by their governments claiming the governments are more interested in helping out banks are laura and that brings us the latest update on the situation across europe and we've seen mainly peaceful protests but some small eruptions of violent brussels for us the unions have announced that it was indeed the biggest march that brussels has seen since two thousand and one they say that one hundred thousand people have come from europe and arriving on trains planes also bails germany poland british groups unions took part in that mocks the police barricaded banks and shops in fact race and.


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